A Study of Stress and Burnout in
Nursing Students in Hong Kong:
A Questionnaire Survey
Presenter: Fei-Yu Chang
Advisor: Dr...
Citation
Watson, R., Deary, I., Thompson, D., & Li, G. (2008).
A Study of Stress and Burnout in Nursing Students
in Hong K...
Content

1

2
3

4
5

Introduction

Literature Review
Methodology
Result & Conclusion

My future study
3
Introduction
* Background of the Study
* Purpose of the Study
* Research Question
* Research Gap
4
Introduction
• Background of the Study
*Stress in nursing students may be related to attrition
form nursing programs and l...
Introduction
• Purpose of the Study
The aim was to study the relationship
between personality, stress, burnout and
psychol...
Introduction
• Research Question
Is there a relationship between individual
traits and a range of psychological
outcomes i...
Literature Review
Stress is intrinsic to nursing and a highly
demanding job with poor support, rapidly
changing circumstan...
Literature Review
Burnout , a phenomenon that is
probably unique to people working in
human caring services, leads to
emot...
Literature Review
Wu (2007) demonstrated that burnout
amongst nursing staff was related,
amongst other things, to increase...
Research Gap
Psychological morbidity in nursing students
in Hong Kong is largely explained by
individual personality trai...
Methodology
Total 158

Hong Kong

Male 37

Female 121

Participants
Nurse students

Age 18-26

12
Methodology
Instrument
Emotion oriented-Inventory (NEOFFI) 60-items in the
NEO Five Factor becoming emotionally upset
face...
Methodology
Procedure
Step 3

Cross-sectional
Step 2
After 7 months
Step 1

Collect and Analyze
the Data

Questionnaires
•...
Is there a relationship between individual traits and a
range of psychological outcomes in nursing students?

Result

CISS...
Result
Mean and stability data for psychological morbidity, dimensions of stress and burnout
in nursing students at wave 1...
Result

SINS

17
Conclusion
The relationship among personality, coping
strategies and psychological morbidity decide
subsequent psychologic...
My Future Study
Variables

Job stress, job burnout, generation

Participants

800-1000 participants (police officer)

Rese...
Questionnaire
The reaction of stress
Work stress

20
Questionnaire
Personal information

21
22
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A Study of Stress and Burnout in Nursing Students in Hong Kong: A Questionnaire survey

  1. 1. A Study of Stress and Burnout in Nursing Students in Hong Kong: A Questionnaire Survey Presenter: Fei-Yu Chang Advisor: Dr. Yu-Tsu Lin Instructor: Dr. Pi-Ying Hsu Date: November 4, 2013 1
  2. 2. Citation Watson, R., Deary, I., Thompson, D., & Li, G. (2008). A Study of Stress and Burnout in Nursing Students in Hong Kong: A Questionnaire Survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 20, 1534-1542. 2
  3. 3. Content 1 2 3 4 5 Introduction Literature Review Methodology Result & Conclusion My future study 3
  4. 4. Introduction * Background of the Study * Purpose of the Study * Research Question * Research Gap 4
  5. 5. Introduction • Background of the Study *Stress in nursing students may be related to attrition form nursing programs and lead to a shortage of nurses entering clinical careers. * Stress leads to psychological morbidity which may have profound adverse consequences for individual nursing students. 5
  6. 6. Introduction • Purpose of the Study The aim was to study the relationship between personality, stress, burnout and psychological morbidity in nursing students in Hong Kong. 6
  7. 7. Introduction • Research Question Is there a relationship between individual traits and a range of psychological outcomes in nursing students? 7
  8. 8. Literature Review Stress is intrinsic to nursing and a highly demanding job with poor support, rapidly changing circumstances, shortage of resources and staff, and dealing with death and dying all contribute. ( Chang et al., 2005) 8
  9. 9. Literature Review Burnout , a phenomenon that is probably unique to people working in human caring services, leads to emotional exhaustion. (Cox et al., 1993) 9
  10. 10. Literature Review Wu (2007) demonstrated that burnout amongst nursing staff was related, amongst other things, to increased level of occupational stress. 10
  11. 11. Research Gap Psychological morbidity in nursing students in Hong Kong is largely explained by individual personality traits. Stress in nursing students in Hong Kong is largely explained by individual coping strategies. 11
  12. 12. Methodology Total 158 Hong Kong Male 37 Female 121 Participants Nurse students Age 18-26 12
  13. 13. Methodology Instrument Emotion oriented-Inventory (NEOFFI) 60-items in the NEO Five Factor becoming emotionally upset face of stress & McRae, 1992) (Costa Task oriented- addressing the causes of stress General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ12) 12-items Avoidance oriented- doing something to avoid facing stress (Goldberg & Williams, 1988) * distraction oriented & social diversion oriented Neuroticism- a greater tendency towards feelings of worry Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) 22-items Extraversion- a tendency towards sociability (Maslach & Jackson, 1986) Psychological work, Confidence, Education, Finance Clinical morbidity- minor(not very serious) Openness- being open to non-psychotic new experience The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) Agreeableness- a tendency to be pleasant psychiatric et al., 2002) Emotional exhaustion- feeling unabledisorder on 48-items (Cosway to carry Conscientiousness- being careful and reliable Depersonalization-Students people as objects Stress in Nursing treating (SINS) Personal accomplishment- gaining satisfaction from the job (Deary et al., 2003) 43-items 13
  14. 14. Methodology Procedure Step 3 Cross-sectional Step 2 After 7 months Step 1 Collect and Analyze the Data Questionnaires •T-testing were distributed •Pearson’s correlation same people in Questionnaires •Partial correlation university were distributed •Stepwise multiple department of in one university regression nursing. Wave 2: GHQ12, MBI, SINS department of •Cronbach’s alpha nursing. Wave 1: NEOFFI, CISS, GHQ12, MBI, SINS 14
  15. 15. Is there a relationship between individual traits and a range of psychological outcomes in nursing students? Result CISS E- The coping inventory for stressful situations Higher scores in the inventory for stressful situations CISS T- The coping emotion-oriented coping dimension of CISS are correlated with higher significantly and Task-oriented coping correlates scores in all dimension of SINS andwith MBI PA(Personal accomplishment) positively MBI *Except MBI PA(personal accomplishment) FFI N- Five Factor Inventory (Neuroticism) FFI E- Five Factor Inventory (Extraversion) Higher neuroticism is correlated with higher scores It correlates negatively with SINS-E(education), FFI O- Five Factor Inventory (Openness) inMBI-EE(emotionalSINS with MBI EE(emotional all N- Five Factor exhaustion) and GHQ(health). FFI dimensions of Inventory (Conscientiousness) The openness correlates negatively with MBI-DP and exhaustion) and GHQ(Health) Show a similar pattern personal accomplishment) PA(depersonalization & of correlations to neuroticism, * Except MBI PA(personal accomplishment) though they are in the negative direction. 15
  16. 16. Result Mean and stability data for psychological morbidity, dimensions of stress and burnout in nursing students at wave 1 and wave2 Wave 1 Wave 2 p-Value for Stability n Table2 wave 2-wave coefficient GHQ – Total score SINS – clinical 11.7(3.9) 13.1(5.3) .01 .41 99 3.0(5.3) 27.7(4.8) <.001 .33 98 SINS – confidence SINS – education SINS – finances 27.9(5.3) 27.9(5.3) MBI – emotional exhaustion MBI – depersonalization 22.6(7.7) 24.5(9.2) GHQ–Total score 99 .214 .32 SINS–education 101 .001 .65 MBI– 103 .102 .39 emotional exhaustion .045 .40 & depersonalization 100 Increased between wave 1 and wave 2 101 .027 .26 28.0(5.0) 29.4(4.5) 13.1(3.6) 13.8(4.4) 10.4(4.3) 11.5(4.1) 29.1(6.2) 27.0(6.1) MBI – personal accomplishment .004 100 .32 16
  17. 17. Result SINS 17
  18. 18. Conclusion The relationship among personality, coping strategies and psychological morbidity decide subsequent psychological when standard measurements are made at entry to the program and later in the first year of study. 18
  19. 19. My Future Study Variables Job stress, job burnout, generation Participants 800-1000 participants (police officer) Research Cite Taichung, Chunghua, Nantou Time Instrument Delivery and collect questionnaires in 1 month Five- Likert questionnaire Items from Wang, 2010 Data Analysis SPSS 19
  20. 20. Questionnaire The reaction of stress Work stress 20
  21. 21. Questionnaire Personal information 21
  22. 22. 22

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