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Sample Test Questions from IIMs CAT
       Bulletin for December 2000 Exam
      For the Session beginning July 2001
3. A. He was bone-weary and soul-                      I asked for a popular shampoo
           wear y, and found himself ...
(2) Extension of the discount scheme                population, as a proportion of its
       to other routes.            ...
10. Cigarettes constitute a mere 20%         (3) Human systems, and natural
of tobacco consumption in India, and          ...
13. Animals in general are shrewd in        a bill for a friend to pay a bill for him.
proportion as they cultivate societ...
17. The MP rose up to say that, in      neglected his lessons to make him
her opinion, she thought the Women’s       under...
23. Bacon believes that the medical      terms and more as a regime of legal
profession should be permitted to ease      o...
effectiveness; these are values that those   teleological method represents an effort
responsible for administering any le...
25. The most likely reason for the            (1) Ambassador Kantor’s defence of
acceptance of the WTO package by         ...
declare it a work of God. People feel           them. But now, I believe differently. Firstly,
more comfortable with somet...
A cycle of abstract and representa-          (4) Paintings like Guernica do not
tional art began with the first scratching...
PASSAGE III                     inner certainty of being ‘revellers’ is
produce the rules of production, the            confirm or disappoint his foresights. The
measures, the criteria, and if o...
38. The art of writing manifests the          communities; it may even go so
dialectic of perception and creation         ...
militating for recognition of their group’s   “where we come from” and “where we
identity arbitrarily choose a limited    ...
40. According to the author,                               PASSAGE V
happiness of individuals was expected             The...
language. Not until Clausewitz, did the       army of the United States was designed
West produce a strategic theorist to ...
one that the United States had               attack on Kuwait even though it had
desperately wanted to fight in 1965.     ...
tremendous frustration. Sun-tzu’s great         (3) War is linked to politics.
disciples, Mao Zedong and Ho Chi           ...
Directions (Qs. 51 to 55) : In these            C. But its fortunes are presently
questions, arrange the sentences A, B,  ...
54. l.    High-powered outboard                          and theories of the current
            motors were considered to...
58. The remainder when 7 84 is            percent of the men earn more than
divided by 342 is                            R...
68. The figure below shows two              arranged that men and women
concentric circles with centre O. PQRS         alt...
74. There is a square field with each        (2) Q and S together get atleast four
side 500 metres long. It has a compound...
Directions (Qs. 81 and 82) : The            Directions (Qs. 85 and 86) : These
following table presents the sweetness     ...
87. Which of the following statements                         F1 (x)
is necessarily true ?
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  1. 1. Sample Test Questions from IIMs CAT Bulletin for December 2000 Exam For the Session beginning July 2001 Section I (Qs. Directions (Qs. 1 to 5) : Sentences in organisational life through given in each question, when properly the exercise of power and form coherent sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. influence. letter. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. (1) ADBC (2) CBAD Choose the most logical order of these (3) DBCA (4) ABDC sentences from among the four given 2. A. Group decision making, alternatives construct coherent alternatives to constr uct a coherent however, does not necessarily paragraph. fully guard against arbitrari- 1. A. In rejecting the functionalism ness and anarchy, for in positivist organisation individual capriciousness can theor y, either wholly or get substituted by collusion of partially, there is often a move group members. towards a political model of B. Nature itself is an intricate organisation theory. system of checks and balances, B. Thus the analysis would shift meant to preserve the delicate to the power resources possessed by different groups balance between various in the organisation and the environmental factors that way they use these resources affect our ecology. in actual power plays to shape C. In institutions also, there is the organisational structure. a need to have in place a C. At the extreme, in one set of system of checks and balances writings, the growth of which inhibits the concentration administrators in the of power in only some organisation is held to be individuals. completely unrelated to the D. When human interventions work to be done and to be alter this delicate balance, the caused totally by the political outcomes have been seen to pursuit of self-interest. be disastrous. D. The political model holds that (1) CDAB (2) BCAD individual interests are pursued (3) CABD (4) BDCA MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE 1
  2. 2. 3. A. He was bone-weary and soul- I asked for a popular shampoo wear y, and found himself mixture, consisting of olive oil muttering, “Either I can’t manage and flaked soap. this place, or it’s unmanage- (1) DCBA (2) DACB able.” (3) BDAC (4) BCDA B. To his horror, he realised that 5. A. Since then, intelligence tests he had become the victim of have been mostly used to an amorphous, unwitting, separate dull children in school unconscious conspiracy to from average or bright children, immerse him in routine work so that special education can that had no significance. be provided to the dull. C. It was one of those nights in B. In other words, intelligence tests the office when the office clock give us a norm for each age. was moving towards four in C. Intelligence is expressed as the morning and Bennis was intelligence quotient, and tests still not through with the are developed to indicate what incredible mass of paper an average child of a certain stacked before him. age can do—what a 5-year- D. He reached for his calendar old can answer, but a 4-year- and ran his eyes down each old cannot, for instance. hour, half-hour, and quarter- D. Binet developed the first set of hour, to see where his time had such tests in the early 1900s gone that day, the day before, to find out which children in the month before. school needed special (1) ABCD (2) CADB attention. (3) BDCA (4) DCBA E. Intelligence can be measured 4. A. With that, I swallowed the by tests. shampoo, and obtained most (1) CDABE (2) DECAB realistic results almost on the (3) EDACB (4) CBADE spot. Directions (Qs. 6 to 13) : Read each B. The man shuffled away into the short of the eight short passages given below back regions to make up a and answer these questions following prescription, and after a moment the passages : I got through on the shop- 6. Three airlines—IA, JA and SA— telephone to the Consulate, operate on the Delhi-Mumbai route. To intimating my location. increase the number of seats sold, SA C. Then, while the pharmacist was reduced its fares and this was emulated wrapping up a six-ounce bottle by IA and JA immediately. The general of the mixture, I groaned and belief was that the volume of air travel inquired whether he could give between Delhi and Mumbai would me something for acute gastric increase as a result. cramp. Which of the following, if true, would D. I intended to stage a sharp add credence to the general belief ? gastric attack, and entering an (1) Increase in profitability of the three old-fashioned pharmacy, airlines. 2 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE
  3. 3. (2) Extension of the discount scheme population, as a proportion of its to other routes. total income, will grow in the future. (3) A study that shows that air travellers (2) The insurance sector is under- in India are price-conscious. developed and trends indicate that (4) A study that shows that as much it will be extensively privatised in as 80% of air travel in India is the future. company-sponsored. (3) India is on a path of development 7. According to McNeill, a Brahmin that will take it to a developed priest was expected to be able to recite country status, with all its positive at least one of the Vedas. The practice and negative implications. was essential for several centuries when (4) If the working population builds a the Vedas had not yet been written stronger financial base, there will down. It must have had a selective effect, be a revival of the joint family system. since priests would have been recruited 9. Various studies have shown that from those able or willing to memorise our forested and hilly regions and, in long passages. It must have helped in general, areas where biodiversity—as the dissemination of the work, since a reflected in the variety of flora—is high, memorised passage can be duplicated are the places where poverty appears many times. to be high. And these same areas are Which one of the following can be also the ones where educational inferred from the above passage ? per formance seems to be poor. (1) Reciting the Vedas was a Therefore, it may be surmised that, even Brahmin’s obligation. disregarding poverty status, richness in (2) The Vedic priest was like a biodiversity goes hand in hand with recorded audio cassette. educational backwardness. (3) McNeill studied the behaviour of Brahmin priests. Which one of the following (4) Vedic hymns had not been statements, if true, can be said to best scripted. provide supporting evidence for the 8. Developed countries have made surmise mentioned in the passage ? adequate provisions for social security for (1) In regions where there is little variety senior citizens. State insurers (as well as in flora, educational performance private ones) offer medicare and pension is seen to be as good as in regions benefits to people who can no longer with high variety in flora, when earn. In India, with the collapse of the poverty levels are high. joint family system, the traditional shelter (2) Regions which show high of the elderly has disappeared. And a biodiversity also exhibit poor State faced with a financial crunch is not educational performance, at low in a position to provide social security. levels of poverty. So, it is advisable that the working (3) Regions which show high bio- population give serious thought to building diversity reveal high levels of poverty a financial base for itself. and poor educational performance. Which one of the following, if it were (4) In regions where there is low to happen, weakens the conclusion biodiversity, at all levels of poverty, drawn in the above passage the most ? educational performance is seen (1) The investible income of the working to be good. MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE 3
  4. 4. 10. Cigarettes constitute a mere 20% (3) Human systems, and natural of tobacco consumption in India, and systems like food supply, follow fewer than 15% of the 200 million natural laws of growth which have tobacco users consume cigarettes. Yet remained constant, and will these 15% contribute nearly 90% of the remain unchanged. tax revenues to the Exchequer from the (4) Human beings can colonise other tobacco sector. The punitive cigarette planetary systems on a regular and taxation regime has kept the tax base on-going basis to accommodate a narrow, and reducing taxes will expand growing population. this base. 12. The company’s coffee crop for Which one of the following best 1998-99 totalled 8079 tonnes, an all bolsters the conclusion that reducing time record. The increase over the duties will expand the tax base ? previous year’s production of 5830 (1) The cigarette manufacturers’ tonnes was 38.58%. The previous association has decided to indulge highest crop was 6089 tonnes in 1970- in aggressive promotion. 71. The company had fixed a target of (2) There is a likelihood that tobacco 8000 tonnes to be realised by the year consumers will shift to cigarette 2000-01 and this has been achieved smoking if cigarette prices were two years earlier, thanks to the emphasis to reduce. laid on the key areas of irrigation, (3) The cigarette manufacturers are lobbying for a reduction on duties. replacement of unproductive coffee (4) An increase in duties on non- bushes, intensive refilling and improved cigarette tobacco may lead agricultural practices. It is now our to a shift in favour of cigarette endeavour to reach the target of 10000 smoking. tonnes in the year 2001-02. 11. Thomas Malthus, the British Which one of the following clergyman turned economist, predicted would contribute most to making the that the planet would not be able to target of 10000 tonnes in 2001-02 support the human population for long. unrealistic ? His explanation was that human (1) The potential of the productivity population grows at a geometric rate, enhancing measures implemented while the food supply grows only at an up to now has been exhausted. arithmetic rate. (2) The total company land under Which one of the following, if true, coffee has remained constant since would not undermine the thesis offered 1969 when an estate in the Nilgiri by Malthus ? Hills was acquired. (1) Population growth can be slowed (3) The sensitivity of the crop to down by the voluntary choices of climatic factors makes predictions individuals and not just by natural about production uncertain. disasters. (4) The target-setting procedures (2) The capacity of the planet to feed in the company have been a growing human population can proved to be sound by the be enhanced through bio- achievement of the 8000 tonne technological means. target. 4 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE
  5. 5. 13. Animals in general are shrewd in a bill for a friend to pay a bill for him. proportion as they cultivate society. He invites a friend to go for a ride just Elephants and beavers show the after the friend has finished a long car greatest signs of this sagacity when trip. He is eager to offer services which they are together in large numbers, but are not wanted but which cannot be when man invades their communities politely refused. If he is present at an they lose all their spirit of industry. arbitration, he stirs up dissension Among insects, the labours of the bee between the two parties, who were and the ant have attracted the attention really anxious to agree. Such is the and admiration of naturalists, but all their unseasonable man. 14. He tends to sagacity seems to be lost upon (1) Entertain women. separation, and a single bee or ant (2) Be a successful arbitrator seems destitute of every degree of when dissenting parties are industry. It becomes the most stupid anxious to agree. insect imaginable, and it languishes and (3) Be helpful when solicited. soon dies. (4) Tell a long story to people who Which of the following can be have heard it many times inferred from the above passage ? before. (1) Humankind is responsible for the 15. The unseasonable man tends to destruction of the natural habitat (1) Bring a higher bidder to a of animals and insects. salesman who has just closed (2) Animals, in general, are unable a deal. to function effectively outside their (2) Disclose confidential informa- normal social environment. tion to others. (3) Naturalists have great admiration (3) Sing the praises of the bride for bees and ants, despite their when he goes to a wedding. lack of industry upon separation. (4) Sleep late and rise early. (4) Elephants and beavers are smarter Directions (Qs. 16 to 23) : In each of part the following sentences, a part of the than bees and ants in the presence sentence is underlined. Beneath each of human beings. sentence, four different ways of phrasing Directions (Qs. 14 & 15) : For each part are the underlined par t ar e indicated. of these questions, indicate which of alternative from Choose the best alternative from among with particular the statements given with that particular alternatives the given alternatives : question is consistent with the description 16. It was us who had left before he of the unseasonable man in the passage arrived. given below : (1) We who had left before time he Unseasonableness is a tendency to had arrived. do socially permissible things at the (2) Us who had went before he wrong time. The unseasonable man is arrived. the sort of person who comes to confide (3) Us who had went before had in you when you are busy. He serenades arrived. his beloved when she is ill. He asks a (4) We who had left before he man who has just lost money by paying arrived. MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE 5
  6. 6. 17. The MP rose up to say that, in neglected his lessons to make him her opinion, she thought the Women’s understand the need to persevere. Reservation Bill should be passed on (1) Severing the thread on her loom’s unanimously. shuttle whenever Mencius (1) Rose to say that she thought the neglected his lessons to make him Women’s Reservation Bill should understand the need to persevere. be passed (2) Severed the thread on her loom’s (2) Rose up to say that, the Women’s shuttle whenever Mencius Reservation Bill should be passed neglected his lessons to make him on understand the need to persevere. (3) Rose to say that, in her opinion, (3) Severed the thread on her loom’s she thought that the Women’s shuttle whenever Mencius neglected Reservation Bill should be passed his lessons to make him understand (4) Rose to say that, in her opinion, the need for persevering. the Women’s Reser vation Bill (4) Severing the thread on her loom’s should be passed on shuttle whenever Mencius 18. Mr. Pillai, the president of the neglected his lessons, to make union and who is also a member of the them understand the need to community group, will be in charge of persevere. the negotiations. 21. If you are on a three-month (1) Since he is a member of the software design project and, in two community group weeks, you’ve put together a programme (2) Also being a member of the that solves part of the problem, show it to your boss without delay. community group (1) And, you’ve put together a (3) A member of the community group programme that solves part of the (4) , in addition, who is a member of problem in two weeks the community group (2) And, in two weeks, you’ve put 19. Since the advent of cable together a programme that solves television, at the beginning of this part of the problem decade, the entertainment industry took (3) And, you’ve put together a a giant stride forward in our country. programme that has solved part (1) This decade saw the entertainment of the problem in two weeks industry taking (4) And, in two weeks you put (2) This decade, the entertainment together a programme that solved industry has taken only part of the problem (3) This decade, the entertainment 22. Many of these environmentalists industry had taken proclaim to save nothing less than the (4) This decade, the entertainment planet itself. industry took (1) To save nothing lesser than 20. His mother made great sacrifices (2) That they are saving nothing lesser to educate him, moving house on three than occasions, and severing the thread on (3) To save nothing less than her loom’s shuttle whenever Mencius (4) That they save nothing less than 6 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE
  7. 7. 23. Bacon believes that the medical terms and more as a regime of legal profession should be permitted to ease obligations, the WTO package was and quicken death where the end would acceptable as a means to discipline the otherwise only delay for a few days resort to unilateral measures by the and at the cost of great pain. United States. Countries like Canada (1) Be delayed for a few days and other middle and smaller trading (2) Be delayed for a few days and partners were attracted by the expansion (3) Be otherwise only delayed for a of a rules-based system and by the few days and symbolic value of a trade organisation, (4) Otherwise only delay for a few both of which inherently support the days and weak against the strong. The developing Directions (Qs. 24 to 50) : Each of countries were attracted due to the the five passages given below is provisions banning unilateral measures. followed by questions. Read each of Finally, and perhaps most important, these passages and then answer the many countries at the Uruguay Round questions following each of these came to put a higher priority on the passages : export gains than on the import losses PASSAGE I that the negotiation would produce, and The World Trade Organisation (WTO) they came to associate the WTO and a was created in the early 1990s as a rules-based system with those gains. This component of the Uruguay Round reasoning—replicated in many countries negotiation. However, it could have —was contained in U.S. Ambassador been negotiated as part of the Tokyo Kantor’s defence of the WTO, and it Round of the 1970s, since that amounted to a recognition that negotiation was an attempt as a international trade and its benefits ‘constitutional reform’ of the General cannot be enjoyed unless trading nations Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). accept the discipline of a negotiated Or it could have been put off to the rules-based environment. future, as the US government wanted. A second factor in the creation of the What factors led to the creation of the WTO was pressure from lawyers and WTO in the early 1990s ? One factor was the pattern of the legal process. The dispute settlement multilateral bargaining that developed system of the WTO was seen as a late in the Uruguay Round. Like all victory of legalists over pragmatists but complex international agreements, the the matter went deeper than that. The WTO was a product of a series of trade- GATT, and the WTO, are contract offs between principal actors and organisations based on rules, and it is groups. For the United States, which did inevitable that an organisation created not want a new organisation, the dispute to further rules will in turn be influenced settlement part of the WTO package by the legal process. Robert Hudec has achieved its long-standing goal of a written of the ‘momentum of legal more effective and more legal dispute development’, but what is this precisely? settlement system. For the Europeans, Legal development can be defined as who by the 1990s had come to view promotion of the technical legal values GATT dispute settlement less in political of consistency, clarity (or, certainty) and MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE 7
  8. 8. effectiveness; these are values that those teleological method represents an effort responsible for administering any legal to keep current policies consistent with system will seek to maximise. As it stated goals, and it is analogous to the played out in the WTO, consistency effort in GATT to keep contracting party meant integrating under one roof the trade practices consistent with stated whole lot of separate agreements signed rules. In both cases legal concerns and under GATT auspices; clarity meant procedures are an independent force removing ambiguities about the powers for further cooperation. of contracting parties to make certain In large part the WTO was an decisions or to undertake waivers; and exercise in consolidation. In the context effectiveness meant eliminating of a trade negotiation that created a exceptions arising out of grandfather- near-revolutionar y expansion of rights and resolving defects in dispute international trade rules, the formation settlement procedures and institutional of the WTO was a deeply conservative provisions. Concern for these values is act needed to ensure that the benefits inherent in any rules-based system of of the new rules would not be lost. The co-operation, since without these values WTO was all about institutional structure rules would be meaningless in the first and dispute settlement: these are the place. Rules, therefore, create their own concerns of conservatives and not incentive for fulfillment. revolutionaries, which is why lawyers The momentum of legal development and legalists took the lead on these has occurred in other institutions besides issues. The WTO codified the GATT the GATT, most notably in the European institutional practice that had developed Union (EU). Over the past two decades by custom over three decades, and it the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has incorporated a new dispute settlement consistently rendered decisions that have system that was necessary to keep both expanded incrementally the EU’s internal old and new rules from becoming a market, in which the doctrine of ‘mutual sham. Both the international structure and recognition’ handed down in the case the dispute settlement system were Cassis de Dijon in 1979 was a key necessary to preserve and enhance the turning point. The Court is now widely integrity of the multilateral trade regime recognised as a major player in that had been built incrementally from European integration, even though the 1940s to the 1990s. arguably such a strong role was not 24. What could be the closest reason originally envisaged in the Treaty of why the WTO was not formed in the Rome, which initiated the current 1970s ? European Union. One means the Court (1) The US government did not like it. used to expand integration was the (2) Important players did not find it in ‘teleological method of interpretation’, their best interest to do so. whereby the actions of member states (3) Lawyers did not work for the were evaluated against ‘the dispute settlement system. accomplishment of the most elementary (4) The Tokyo Round negotiation community goals set forth in the was an attempt at constitutional Preamble to the [Rome] treaty’. The reform. 8 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE
  9. 9. 25. The most likely reason for the (1) Ambassador Kantor’s defence of acceptance of the WTO package by the WTO. nations was that (2) The higher priority on export gains (1) It had the means to prevent the US placed by many countries at the from taking unilateral measures. Uruguay Round. (2) They recognised the need for a (3) The export gains many countries rule-based environment to protect came to associate with a rule- the benefits of increased trade. based system. (3) It settles disputes more legally and (4) The provision of a rule-based more effectively. system by the WTO. (4) Its rule-based system leads to 29. The importance of Cassis de Dijon export gains. is that it 26. According to the passage, WTO (1) Gave a new impetus to the promoted the technical legal values momentum of legal development partly through at the European Court of Justice. (1) Integrating under one roof the (2) Resulted in a decision that agreements signed under GATT. expanded incrementally the EU’s (2) Rules that create their own internal market. incentive for fulfillment. (3) Strengthened the role of the Court (3) Grandfather-rights exceptions and more than envisaged in the Treaty defects in dispute settlement of Rome. procedures. (4) Led to a doctrine that was a key turn- (4) Ambiguities about the powers of ing point in European integration. contracting parties to make certain PASSAGE II decisions. 27. In the method of interpretation of Have you ever come across a the European Court of Justice, painting, by Picasso, Mondrian, Miro, (1) Current policies needed to be or any modern abstract painter of this consistent with stated goals. century, and found yourself engulfed in (2) Contracting party trade practices a brightly coloured canvas which your needed to be consistent with stated senses cannot interpret ? Many people rules. would tend to denounce abstractionism (3) Enunciation of the most elementary as senseless trash. These people are community goals needed to be disoriented by Miro’s bright, fanciful emphasised. creatures and two-dimensional canvases. (4) Actions of member states needed They click their tongues and shake their to be evaluated against the stated heads at Mondrian’s grid works, community goals. declaring the poor guy played too many 28. In the settlement “ amounted scrabble games. They silently shake their to a recognition that international trade heads in sympathy for Picasso, whose and its benefits cannot be enjoyed unless gruesome, distorted figures must be a trading nations accept the discipline of reflection of his mental health. Then, a negotiated rules-based environment”, standing in front of a work by Charlie ‘it’ refers to : Russell, the famous Western artist, they’ll MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE 9
  10. 10. declare it a work of God. People feel them. But now, I believe differently. Firstly, more comfortable with something they I object to the argument that abstract can relate to and understand artists are not capable of drafting. Many immediately without too much thought. abstract artists, such as Picasso, are This is the case with the work of Charlie excellent draftsmen. As his work matured, Russell. Being able to recognise the Picasso became more abstract in order elements in his paintings—trees, horses to increase the expressive quality of his and cowboys—gives people a safety line work. Guernica was meant as a protest to their world of “reality”. There are against the bombing of that city by the some who would disagree when I say Germans. To express the terror and abstract art requires more creativity and suffering of the victims more vividly, he artistic talent to produce a good piece distorted the figures and presented them than does representational art, but there in a black and white journalistic manner. are many weaknesses in their arguments. If he had used representational images People who look down on abstract and colour, much of the emotional content art have several major arguments to would have been lost and the piece support their beliefs. They feel that artists would not have caused the demand for turn abstract because they are not justice that it did. Secondly, I do not think capable of the technical drafting skills that a piece must be logical and that appear in a Russell; therefore, such aesthetically pleasing to be art. The artists create an art form that anyone is message it conveys to its viewers is more capable of and that is less time important. It should reflect the ideals and consuming, and then parade it as artistic issues of its time and be true to itself, not progress. Secondly, they feel that just a flowery, glossy surface. For example, purpose of art is to create something of through his work, Mondrian was trying beauty in an orderly, logical to present a system of simplicity, logic, composition. Russell’s compositions are and rational order. As a result, his pieces balanced and rational; everything sits did end up looking like a scrabble board. calmly on the canvas, leaving the viewer Miro created powerful, surrealistic images satisfied that he has seen all there is to from his dreams and subconscious. These see. The modern abstractionists, on the artists were trying to evoke a response other hand, seem to compose their from society through an expressionistic pieces irrationally. For example, upon seeing Picasso’s Guernica, a friend of manner. Finally, abstract artists mine asked me, “What’s the point?” and representational artists maintain Finally, many people feel that art should different ideas about ‘reality’. To the portray the ideal and real. The exactness representational artist, reality is what he of detail in Charlie Russell’s work is an sees with his eyes. This is the reality he example of this. He has been called a reproduces on canvas. To the abstract great historian because his pieces depict artist, reality is what he feels about what the life style, dress, and events of the his eyes see. This is the reality he interprets times. His subject matter is derived from on canvas. This can be illustrated by his own experiences on the trail, and Mondrian’s Trees series. You can actually reproduced to the smallest detail. see the progression from the early I agree in part with many of these recognisable, though abstracted, Trees, arguments, and at one time even endorsed to his final solution, the grid system. 10 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE
  11. 11. A cycle of abstract and representa- (4) Paintings like Guernica do not tional art began with the first scratching have a point. of prehistoric man. From the abstractions 32. In the author’s opinion, Picasso’s of ancient Egypt to representational, Guernica created a strong demand for classical Rome, returning to justice since abstractionism in early Christian art and (1) It was a protest against the so on up to the present day, the cycle German bombing of Guernica. has been going on. But this day and (2) Picasso managed to express the age may witness its death through the emotional content well with his camera. With film, there is no need to abstract depiction. produce finely detailed, historical (3) It depicts the terror and suffering records manually; the camera does this of the victims in a distorted for us more efficiently. Maybe, representational art would cease to exist. manner. With abstractionism as the victor of the (4) It was a mature work of Picasso’s, first battle, may be a different kind of painted when the artist’s drafting cycle will be touched off. Possibly, some skills were excellent. time in the distant future, thousands of 33. The author acknowledges years from now, art itself will be that Mondrian’s pieces may have ended physically non-existent. Some artists up looking like a scrabble board today believe that once they have because planned and constructed a piece in their (1) Many people declared the poor mind, there is no sense in finishing it guy played too many scrabble with their hands; it has already been games. done and can never be duplicated. (2) Mondrian believed in the ‘grid- 30. The author argues that many works’ approach to abstractionist people look down upon abstract art painting. because they feel that (3) Mondrian was trying to convey (1) Modern abstract art does not the message of simplicity and portray what is ideal and real. rational order. (2) Abstract artists are unskilled in (4) Mondrian learned from his Trees matters of technical drafting. series to evolve a grid system. (3) Abstractionists compose irra- 34. The main difference between the tionally. abstract artist and the representational (4) All of the above. 31. The author believes that people artist in matters of the ‘ideal’ and the feel comfortable with representational art ‘real’, according to the author, is because (1) How each chooses to deal with (1) They are not engulfed in brightly ‘reality’ on his or her canvas. coloured canvases. (2) The superiority of interpretation (2) They do not have to click their of reality over reproduction of tongues and shake their heads in reality. sympathy. (3) The different values attached by (3) They understand the art without each to being a historian. putting too much strain on their (4) The varying levels of drafting skills minds. and logical thinking abilities. MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE 11
  12. 12. PASSAGE III inner certainty of being ‘revellers’ is added that of being inessential in Each one has his reasons : for one relation to the thing revealed. art is a flight; for another, a means of One of the chief motives of artistic conquering. But one can flee into a creation is certainly the need of feeling hermitage, into madness, into death. that we are essential in relationship to One can conquer by arms. Why does the world. If I fix on canvas or in writing it have to be writing, why does one a certain aspect of the fields or sea or have to manage his escapes and a look on someone’s face which I have conquests by writing ? Because, behind disclosed, I am conscious of having the various aims of authors, there is a produced them by condensing deeper and more immediate choice which is common to all of us. We shall relationships, by introducing order where try to elucidate his choice, and we shall there was none, by imposing the unity see whether it is not in the name of this of mind on the diversity of things. That ver y choice of writing that the is, I think myself essential in relation to engagement of writers must be required. my creation. But this time it is the created Each of our perceptions is object which escapes me; I can not accompanied by the consciousness that reveal and produce at the same time. human reality is a ‘revealer’, that is, it The creation becomes inessential in is through human reality that ‘there is’ relation to the creative activity. First of being, or, to put it differently, that man all, even if it appears to others as is the means by which things are definitive, the created object always manifested. It is our presence in the seems to us in a state of suspension; we world which multiplies relations. It is we can always change this line, that shade, who set up a relationship between this that word. Thus, it never forces itself. A tree and that bit of sky. Thanks to us, novice painter asked his teacher, ‘When that star which has been dead for should I consider my painting finished ?’ millennia, that quarter moon, and that And the teacher answered, ‘When you dark river are disclosed in the unity of can look at it in amazement and say to a landscape. It is the speed of our auto yourself “I’m the one who did that!”’ and our airplane which organises the Which amounts to saying ‘never’. For great masses of the earth. With each of it is virtually considering one’s work with our acts, the world reveals to us a new someone else’s eyes and revealing what face. But, if we know that we are has been created. But it is self-evident that directors of being, we also know that we are proportionally less conscious of we are not its producers. If we turn away the thing produced and more conscious from this landscape, it will sink back of our productive activity. When it is a into its dark permanence. At least, it matter of poetry or carpentry, we work will sink back; there is no one mad according to traditional norms, with tools enough to think that it is going to be whose usage is codified; it is Heidegger’s annihilated. It is we who shall be famous ‘they’ who are working with our annihilated, and the earth will remain hands. In this case, the result can seem in its lethargy until another consciousness to us sufficiently strange to preserve its comes along to awaken it. Thus, to our objectivity in our eyes. But if we ourselves 12 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE
  13. 13. produce the rules of production, the confirm or disappoint his foresights. The measures, the criteria, and if our creative reading is composed of a host of drive comes from the very depths of our hypotheses, followed by awakenings, of heart, then we never find anything but hopes and deceptions. Readers are ourselves in our work. It is we who have always ahead of the sentence they are invented the laws by which we judge it. reading in a merely probable future It is our history, our love, our gaiety that which partly collapses and partly comes we recognise in it. Even if we should together in proportion as they progress, regard it without touching it any further, which withdraws from one page to the we never receive from it that gaiety or next and forms the moving horizon of love. We put them into it. The results the literary object. Without waiting, which we have obtained on canvas or without a future, without ignorance, there paper never seem to us objective. We is no objectivity. are too familiar with the processes of 35. The author holds that which they are the effects. These processes (1) There is an objective reality remain a subjective discovery; they are and a subjective reality. ourselves, our inspiration, our ruse, and (2) Nature is the sum total of when we seek to perceive our work, we disparate elements. create it again, we repeat mentally the (3) It is human action that reveals operations which produced it; each of the various facets of nature. its aspects appears as a result. Thus, in (4) Apparently disconnected the perception, the object is given as the elements in nature are unified essential thing and the subject as the in a fundamental sense. inessential. The latter seeks essentiality in 36. It is the author’s contention that the creation and obtains it, but then it (1) Artistic creations are results of is the object which becomes the human consciousness. inessential. (2) The very act of artistic creation The dialectic is nowhere more leads to the escape of the apparent than in the art of writing, for created object. the literary object is a peculiar top which (3) Man can produce and reveal exists only in movement. To make it come at the same time. into view a concrete act called reading (4) An act of creation forces itself is necessary, and it lasts only as long on our consciousness leaving as this act can last. Beyond that, there us full of amazement. are only black marks on paper. Now, 37. The passage makes a distinction the writer can not read what he writes, between perception and creation in whereas the shoemaker can put on the terms of shoes he has just made if they are to (1) Objectivity and subjectivity. his size, and the architect can live in (2) Revelation and action. the house he has built. In reading, one (3) Objective reality and perceived foresees; one waits. He foresees the end reality. of the sentence, the following sentence, (4) Essentiality and non-essentiality of the next page. He waits for them to objects and subjects. MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE 13
  14. 14. 38. The art of writing manifests the communities; it may even go so dialectic of perception and creation far as genocide to ensure that order because prevails. (1) Reading reveals the writing till As one observes the awakening of the act of reading lasts. communities in different parts of the (2) Writing to be meaningful needs world, one cannot ignore the context in the concrete act of reading. which identity issues arise. It is no longer (3) This art is anticipated and a context of sealed frontiers and progresses on a series of isolated regions but is one of integrated hypotheses. global systems. In a reaction to this (4) This literary object has a moving horizon brought about trend towards globalisation, individuals by the very act of creation. and communities ever ywhere are 39. A writer, as an artist, voicing their desire to exist, to use (1) Reveals the essentiality of their power of creation and to play an revelation. active part in national and international (2) Makes us feel essential vis-a- life. vis nature. There are two ways in which the (3) Creates reality. current upsurge in demands for the (4) Reveals nature in its recognition of identities can be looked permanence. at. On the positive side, the efforts by PASSAGE IV certain population groups to assert their identity can be regarded as “liberation Since World War II, the nation-state movements”, challenging oppression has been regarded with approval by and injustice. What these groups are ever y political system and ever y doing – proclaiming that they are ideology. In the name of modernisation different, rediscovering the roots of in the West, of socialism in the Eastern their culture or strengthening group bloc, and of development in the Third solidarity—may accordingly be seen as World, it was expected to guarantee legitimate attempts to escape from their the happiness of individuals as citizens state of subjugation and enjoy a certain and of peoples as societies. However, measure of dignity. On the downside, the state today appears to have broken down in many parts of the world. It has however, militant action for recognition failed to guarantee either security or tends to make such groups more deeply social justice, and has been unable to entrenched in their attitude and to make prevent either international wars or civil their cultural compartments even more wars. Disturbed by the claims of watertight. The assertion of identity then communities within it, the nation-state starts turning into self-absorption and tries to repress their demands and to isolation, and is liable to slide into proclaim itself as the only guarantor of intolerance of others and towards ideas security or all. In the name of national of “ethnic cleansing”, xenophobia and unity, territorial integrity, equality of all violence. its citizens and non-partisan secularism, Whereas continuous variations among the state can use its powerful resources peoples prevent drawing of clear to reject the demands of the dividing lines between the groups, those 14 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE
  15. 15. militating for recognition of their group’s “where we come from” and “where we identity arbitrarily choose a limited are going“. number of criteria such as religion, Identity is thus a necessity in a language, skin colour, and place of constantly changing world, but it can origin so that their members recognise also be a potent source of violence and themselves primarily in terms of the disruption. How can these two labels attached to the group whose contradictory aspects of identity be existence is being asserted. This reconciled ? First, we must bear the distinction between the group in question arbitrary nature of identity categories in and other groups is established by mind, not with a view to eliminating all simplifying the feature selected. forms of identification—which would be Simplification also works by transforming unrealistic since identity is a cognitive groups into essences, abstractions necessity—but simply to remind ourselves endowed with the capacity to remain that each of us has several identities at unchanged through time. In some cases, the same time. Second, since tears of people actually act as though the group nostalgia are being shed over the past, has remained unchanged and talk, for we recognise that culture is constantly example, about the history of nations being recreated by cobbling together and communities as if these entities fresh and original elements and counter- survived for centuries without changing, cultures. There are in our own country with the same ways of acting and a large number of syncretic cults wherein thinking, the same desires, anxieties, and modern elements are blended with aspirations. traditional values or people of different Paradoxically, precisely because communities venerate saints or divinities of particular faiths. Such cults and identity represents a simplifying fiction, movements are characterised by a creating uniform groups out of disparate continual inflow and outflow of members people, that identity performs a cognitive which prevent them from taking on a function. It enables us to put names to self-perpetuating existence of their own ourselves and others, form some idea and hold out hope for the future, indeed, of who we are and who others are, perhaps for the only possible future. and ascertain the place we occupy Finally, the nation-state must respond to along with the others in the world and the identity urges of its constituent society. The current upsurge to assert communities and to their legitimate quest the identity of groups can thus be partly for security and social justice. It must do explained by the cognitive function so by inventing what the French performed by identity. However, that philosopher and sociologist, Raymond said, people would not go along as Aron, called “peace through law”. That they do, often in large numbers, with would guarantee justice both to the state the propositions put to them, in spite of as a whole and its parts, and respect the sacrifices they entail, if there the claims of both reason and emotions. was not a ver y strong feeling of The problem is one of reconciling need for identity, a need to take stock nationalist demands with the exercise of things and know “who we are”, of democracy. MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE 15
  16. 16. 40. According to the author, PASSAGE V happiness of individuals was expected The persistent patterns in the way to be guaranteed in the name of nations fight reflect their cultural and (1) Development in the Third World. historical traditions and deeply rooted (2) Socialism in the Third World. attitudes that collectively make up their (3) Development in the West. strategic culture. These patterns provide (4) Modernisation in the Eastern Bloc. insights that go beyond what can be 41. Demands for recognition of learnt just by comparing armaments and identities can be viewed divisions. In the Vietnam War, the (1) Positively and negatively. strategic tradition of the United States (2) As liberation movements and called for forcing the enemy to fight a militant action. massed battle in an open area, where (3) As efforts to rediscover cultural superior American weapons would roots which can slide towards prevail. The United States was trying to intolerance of others. re-fight World War II in the jungles of (4) All of the above. Southeast Asia, against an enemy with 42. Going by the author’s exposition no intention of doing so. of the nature of identity, which of the Some British militar y historians following statements is untrue ? describe the Asian way of war as one (1) Identity represents creating uniform of indirect attacks, avoiding frontal groups out of disparate people. attacks meant to overpower an (2) Identity is a necessity in the changing world. opponent. This traces back to Asian (3) Identity is a cognitive necessity. history and geography: the great (4) None of the above distances and harsh terrain have often 43. According to the author, the made it difficult to execute the sort of nation-state open field clashes allowed by the flat (1) Has fulfilled its potential. terrain and relatively compact size of (2) Is willing to do anything to Europe. A very different strategic preserve order. tradition arose in Asia. (3) Generates security for all its The bow and arrow were metaphors citizens. for an Eastern way of war. By its nature, (4) Has been a major force in prevent- the arrow is an indirect weapon. Fired ing civil and international wars. from a distance of hundreds of yards, it 44. Which of the following views of does not necessitate immediate physical the nation-state cannot be attributed to contact with the enemy. Thus, it can be the author ? fired from hidden positions. When fired (1) It has not guaranteed peace and from behind a ridge, the barrage seems security. to come out of nowhere, taking the (2) It may go as far as genocide for enemy by surprise. The tradition of this self-preservation. kind of fighting is captured in the (3) It represents the demands of classical strategic writings of the East. communities within it. The 2,000 years’ worth of Chinese (4) It is unable to prevent international writings on war constitutes the most wars. subtle writings on the subject in any 16 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE
  17. 17. language. Not until Clausewitz, did the army of the United States was designed West produce a strategic theorist to to fight on the plains of Europe, where match the sophistication of Sun-tzu, it could quickly move unhindered from whose Art of War was written 2,300 one spot to the next. The jungle did years earlier. more than make quick movement In Sun-tzu and other Chinese writings, impossible; broken down into smaller the highest achievement of arms is to units and scattered in isolated bases, defeat an adversary without fighting. He US forces were deprived of the feeling wrote : “To win one hundred victories of support and protection that ordinarily in one hundred battles is not the acme comes from being part of a big army. of skill. To subdue the enemy without The isolation of U.S. troops in Vietnam fighting is the supreme excellence.” was not just a logistical detail, something Actual combat is just one among many that could be overcome by, for instance, means towards the goal of subduing an bringing in reinforcements by helicopter. adversary. War contains too many In a big army reinforcements are readily surprises to be a first resort. It can lead available. It was Napoleon who realised to ruinous losses, as has been seen time the extraordinary effects on morale that and again. It can have the unwanted come from being part of a larger effect of inspiring heroic efforts in an formation. Just the knowledge of it lowers enemy, as the United States learned in the soldier’s fear and increases his Vietnam, and as the Japanese found aggressiveness. In the jungle and on out after Pearl Harbor. isolated bases, this feeling was removed. Aware of the uncertainties of a military The thick vegetation slowed down the campaign, Sun-tzu advocated war only reinforcements and made it difficult to after the most thorough preparations. find stranded units. Soldiers felt they Even then it should be quick and clean. were on their own. Ideally, the army is just an instrument to More important, by altering the way deal the final blow to an enemy already the war was fought, the Viet Cong weakened by isolation, poor morale, stripped the United States of its belief in and disunity. Ever since Sun-tzu, the the inevitability of victory, as it had done Chinese have been seen as masters of to the French before them. Morale was subtlety who take measured actions to high when these armies first went to manipulate an adversary without his Vietnam. Only after many years of knowledge. The dividing line between debilitating and demoralising fighting war and peace can be obscure. Low did Hanoi launch its decisive attacks, at level violence often is the backdrop to Dienbienphu in 1954 and against a larger strategic campaign. The Saigon in 1975. It should be recalled unwitting victim, focused on the day-to- that in the final push to victory the North day events, never realises what’s Vietnamese abandoned their jungle happening to him until it’s too late. guerrilla tactics completely, committing History holds many examples. The Viet their entire army of twenty divisions to Cong lured French and U.S. infantry puhsing the South Vietnamese into deep into the jungle, weakening their collapse. This final battle, with the morale over several years. The mobile enemy’s army all in one place, was the MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE 17
  18. 18. one that the United States had attack on Kuwait even though it had desperately wanted to fight in 1965. satellite pictures of Iraqi troops massing When it did come out into the open in at the border. 1975, Washington had already The exception that proves the point withdrawn its forces and there was no that cultural differences obscure the possibility of re-intervention. West’s understanding of Asian behaviour The Japanese early in World War II was the Soviet Union’s 1979 invasion used a modern form of the indirect of Afghanistan. This was fully anticipated attack, one that relied on stealth and and understood in advance. There was surprise for its effect. At Pearl Harbor, no surprise because the United States in the Philippines, and in Southeast Asia, understood Moscow’s world view and stealth and surprise were attained by thinking. It could anticipate Soviet action sailing under radio silence so that the almost as well as the Soviets themselves, navy’s movements could not be tracked. because the Soviet Union was really a Moving troops aboard ships into Western country. Southest Asia made it appear that the The difference between the Eastern Japanese army was also “invisible.” and Western way of war is striking. The Attacks against Hawaii and Singapre West’s great strategic writer, Clausewitz, seemed, to the American and British linked war to politics, as did Sun-tzu. defenders, to come from nowhere. In Both are opponents of militarism, of Indonesia and the Philippines the turning war over to the generals. But Japanese attack was even faster than there all similarity ends. Clausewitz the German blitz against France in the wrote that the way to achieve a larger political purpose is through destruction West. of the enemy’s army. After observing The greatest military surprises in Napoleon conquer Europe by smashing American history have all been in Asia. enemy armies to bits, Clausewitz made Surely there is something going on here his famous remark in On War (1932) beyond the purely technical difficulties that combat is the continuation of politics of detecting enemy movements. Pearl by violent means. Morale and unity are Harbor, the Chinese intervention in important, but they should be harnessed Korea, and the Tet offensive in Vietnam for the ultimate battle. If the Eastern way all came out of a tradition of surprise of war is embodied by the stealthy and stealth. U.S. technical intelligence— archer, the metaphorical Western the location of enemy units and their counterpart is the swordsman charging movements—was greatly improved after forward, seeking a decisive showdown, each surprise, but with no noticeable eager to administer the blow that will improvement in the American ability to obliterate the enemy once and for all. foresee or prepare what would happen In this view, war proceeds along a fixed next. There is a cultural divide here, not course and occupies a finite extent of just a technical one. Even when it was time, like a play in three acts with a possible to track an army with beginning, a middle, and an end. The intelligence satellites, as when Iraq end, the final scene, decides the issues invaded Kuwait or when Syria and Egypt for good. attacked Israel, surprise was achieved. When things don’t work out quite this The United States was stunned by Iraq’s way, the Western military mind feels 18 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE
  19. 19. tremendous frustration. Sun-tzu’s great (3) War is linked to politics. disciples, Mao Zedong and Ho Chi (4) War should not be left to the Minh, are respected in Asia for generals alone. their clever use of indirection and 48. The difference in the concepts of deception to achieve an advantage over war of Clausewitz and Sun-tzu is best stronger adversaries. But in the West characterised by their approach is seen as underhanded (1) Clausewitz’s support for militarism and devious. To the American strategic as against Sun-tzu’s opposition to mind, the Viet Cong guerrilla did not it. fight fairly. He should have come out (2) Their relative degrees of sophisti- into the open and fought like a man, cation. instead of hiding in the jungle (3) Their attitude to guerrilla warfare. and sneaking around like a cat in the (4) Their differing conceptions of the night. structure, time and sequences of a 45. According to the author, the main war. reason for the U.S. losing the Vietnam 49. To the Americans, the approach war was of the Viet Cong seemed devious (1) The Vietnamese understood the because local terrain better. (1) The Viet Cong did not fight like (2) The lack of support for the war men out in the open. from the American people. (2) The Viet Cong allied with (3) The failure of the U.S. to mobilise America’s enemies. its military strength. (3) The Viet Cong took strategic (4) Their inability to fight a war on advice from Mao Zedong. terms other than those they understood well. (4) The Viet Cong used bows and 46. Which of the following statements arrows rather than conventional does not describe the ‘Asian’ way of weapons. war ? 50. According to the author, the (1) Indirect attacks without frontal greatest military surprises in American attacks. history have been in Asia because (2) The swordsman charging forward (1) T h e Americans failed to to obliterate the enemy once and implement their military strategies for all. many miles away from their (3) Manipulation of an adversary own country. without his knowledge. (2) The Americans were unable (4) Subduing an enemy without to use their technologies like fighting. intelligence satellites effectively 47. Which of the following is not one to detect enemy movements. of Sun-tzu’s ideas ? (3) The Americans failed to (1) Actual combat is the principal understand the Asian culture of means of subduing an adversary. war that was based on stealth and (2) War should be undertaken only surprise. after thorough preparation. (4) Clausewitz is inferior to Sun-tzu. MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE 19
  20. 20. Directions (Qs. 51 to 55) : In these C. But its fortunes are presently questions, arrange the sentences A, B, restored, because the form C and D to form a logical sequence immobile queen, walled in between sentences 1 and 6. well below ground level, lays 51. l. Making people laugh is eggs not only in large tricky. enough numbers, but also in A. At times, the intended the var ying proportions humour may simply not come required. off. D. The hump is alive with B. Making people laugh while worker termites and soldier trying to sell them something termites going about their is a tougher challenge, since distinct kinds of business. the commercial can fall flat on two grounds. 6. How can we account for her C. There are many advertise- mysterious ability to respond ments which do amuse but like this to events on the do not even begin to set the distant surface ? cash tills ringing. (1) BADC (2) DBAC D. Again, it is rarely sufficient (3) ADCB (4) BDCA for an advertiser simply to 53. l. According to recent research, amuse the target audience the critical period for in order to reap the sales developing language skills is benefit. between the ages of three and 6. There are indications that in five and a half years. substituting the hard sell A. The read-to child already has for a more entertaining a large vocabulary and a approach, some agencies sense of grammar and have rather thrown out the sentence structure. baby with the bath water. B. Children who are read to in (1) CDBA (2) ABCD these years have a far better (3) BADC (4) DCBA chance of reading well in 52. l. Picture a termite colony, school, indeed, of doing well occupying a tall mud hump on an African plain. in all their subjects. A. Hungr y predators often C. And the reason is actually invade the colony and quite simple. unsettle the balance. D. This correlation is far and B. The colony flourishes only if away the highest yet found the proportion of soldiers to between home influences and workers remains roughly the school success. same, so that the queen and 6. Her comprehension of workers can be protected by language is therefore very the soldiers, and the queen high. and soldiers can be serviced (1)DACB (2) ADCB by the workers. (3)ABCD (4) BDCA 20 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE
  21. 21. 54. l. High-powered outboard and theories of the current motors were considered to be normal science as separately one of the major threats to and as nearly seriatim as the survival of the Beluga possible. whales. B. Those misconstructions render A. With these, hunters could revolutions invisible; the approach Belugas within arrangement of the still visible hunting range and profit from material in science texts its inner skin and blubber. implies a process that, if it B. To escape an approaching existed, would deny motor, Belugas have learned revolutions a function. to dive into the ocean bottom C. But when combined with the and stay there for up to 20 generally unhistorical air of minutes, by which time the science writing and with the confused predator has left. occasional systematic C. Today, however, even with misconstruction, one impres- much more powerful engines, sion is likely to follow. it is difficult to come close, D. As pedagogy this technique because the whales seem to of presentation is unexcep- disappear suddenly just when tionable. you thought you had them in 6. Science has reached its your sights. present state by a series of D. When the first outboard individual discoveries and engines arrived in the early inventions that, when 1930s, one came across 4 gathered together, constitute and 8 HP motors. the modern body of technical knowledge. 6. Belugas seem to have used (1) BADC (2) ADCB their well-known sensitivity to noise to evolve an (3) DACB (4) CBDA ‘avoidance’ strategy to SECTION II outsmart hunters and their powerful technologies. (Qs. Directions (Qs. 56 to 74) : Answer (1) DACB (2) CDAB each of these questions independently. independently. (3) ADBC (4) BDAC 56. The number of positive integer- 55. l. The reconstruction of history valued pairs (x, y) satisfying by post-revolutionary science 4x – 17y = 1 and x < 1000 is texts involves more than a (1) 59 (2) 57 (3) 55 (4) 58 multiplication of historical 57. Let a, b and c be the distinct misconstructions. digits. Consider a two-digit number ‘ab’ A. Because they aim quickly to and a three-digit number ‘ccb’, both acquaint the student with what defined under the usual decimal number the contemporary scientific system. If (ab)2 = ccb and ccb > 300, community thinks it knows, then the value of b is textbooks treat the various (1) 1 (2) 0 experiments, concepts, laws (3) 5 (4) 6 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE 21
  22. 22. 58. The remainder when 7 84 is percent of the men earn more than divided by 342 is Rs. 25,000 per year. If 45 percent of (1) 0 (2) 1 (3) 49 (4) 341 the company’s employees earn more 59. Ten points are marked on a than Rs. 25,000 per year, what fraction straight line and eleven points of the women employed by the company are marked on another straight line. earn Rs. 25,000 per year or less ? How many triangles can be constructed 2 1 1 3 with vertices from among the above (1) (2) (3) (4) 11 4 3 4 points ? 64. If r − 6 = 11 and 2q − 12 = 8 , (1) 495 (2) 550 what is the minimum possible value of (3) 1045 (4) 2475 q/r ? 60. For a scholarship, at most n (1) –2/5 (2) 2/17 candidates out of 2n + 1 can be (3) 10/17 (4) None of these selected. If the number of different ways 65. If n = 1 + x, where x is the of selection of atleast one candidate is product of four consecutive positive 63, the maximum number of candidates integers, then which of the following that can be selected for the scholarship is/are true ? is A. n is odd B. n is prime (1) 3 (2) 4 (3) 2 (4) 5 C. n is a perfect square 61. The speed of a railway engine is (1) A and C only 42 Km per hour when no compartment (2) A and B only is attached and the reduction in (3) A only speed is directly proportional to the (4) None of these square root of the number of 66. In a survey of political preference, compartments attached. If the speed of 78% of those asked were in favour of the train carried by this engine is 24 atleast one of the proposals : I, II, III. Km per hour when 9 compartments are 50% of those asked favoured proposal I, attached, the maximum number of 30% favoured proposal II and 20% favoured proposal III. If 5% of those compartments that can be carried by asked favoured all three of the the engine is proposals, what percentage of those (1) 49 (2) 48 (3) 46 (4) 47 asked favoured more than one of the 3 62. Total expenses of a boarding proposals. house are partly fixed and partly varying (1) 10 (2) 12 (3) 17 (4) 22 linearly with the number of boarders. 67. For two positive integers a and The average expenses per boarder is b, define the function h(a, b) as the Rs. 700 when there are 25 boarders greatest common factor (gcf) of a, b. and Rs. 600 when there are 50 Let A be a set of n positive integers. boarders. What is the average expenses G(A), the gcf of the elements of set A per boarder when there are 100 is computed by repeatedly using the boarders ? function h. The minimum number of times (1) 550 (2) 560 for which h is required to be used to (3) 540 (4) 530 compute G is 63. Forty percent of the employees of (1) ½n (2) (n – 1) a certain company are men and 75 (3) n (4) None of these 22 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE
  23. 23. 68. The figure below shows two arranged that men and women concentric circles with centre O. PQRS alternated and each woman was three is a square inscribed in the outer circle. places distant from her husband. It also circumscribes the inner circle Mrs. Charlie sat to the left of touching it at points B, C, D and A. Mr. Abraham. Mrs. Elmer sat two places to the right of Mrs. Border. Who sat to P B Q the right of Mr. Abraham ? (1) Mrs. Dennis (2) Mrs. Elmer (3) Mrs. Border A O. C (4) Mrs. Border or Mrs. Dennis 72. Navjivan Express from Ahmedabad to Chennai leaves Ahmedabad at 6 : 30 am and travels at S D R 50 km per hour towards Baroda situated 100 km away. At 7:00 am, Howrah– What is the ratio of the perimeter of the Ahmedabad Express leaves Baroda outer circle to that of the polygon ABCD ? towards Ahmedabad and travels at 40 (1) π / 4 (2) 3π / 2 km per hour. At 7:30 am, Mr. Shah, the (3) π / 2 (4) π traffic controller at Baroda, realises that 69. Three labelled boxes containing both the trains are running on the same red and white cricket balls are all track. How much time does he have to mislabelled. It is known that one of the avert a head-on collision between the boxes contains only white balls and one two trains ? only red balls. The third contains a (1) 15 minutes (2) 20 minutes mixture of red and white balls. You are (3) 25 minutes (4) 30 minutes required to correctly label the boxes with the labels red, white and red & white 73. There is a circle of radius 1 cm. by picking a sample of one ball from Each number of a sequence of regular only one box. What is the label on the polygons Sl(n), n = 4, 5, 6, ...., where box you should sample ? n is the number of sides of the polygon, (1) White is circumscribing the circle; and each (2) Red member of the sequence of regular (3) Red and White polygons S2(n), n = 4, 5, 6, ... where (4) Not possible to determine from a n is the number of sides of the polygon, sample of one ball is inscribed in the circle. Let L1(n) 70. If n2 = 123456787654321, what and L2(n) denote the perimeters is n ? of the polygons S1(n) and S2(n) (1) 12344321 (2) 1235789 respectively. (3) 11111111 (4) 1111111 Then {L1(13) + 2π} / L2(17) is 71. Abraham, Border, Charlie, Dennis (1) Greater than π/4 and less than 1 and Elmer and their respective wives (2) Greater than 1 and less than 2 recently dined together and were seated (3) Greater than 2 at a circular table. The seats were so (4) Less than π/4 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE 23
  24. 24. 74. There is a square field with each (2) Q and S together get atleast four side 500 metres long. It has a compound coins. wall along its perimeter. At one of its (3) R and S together get atleast five corners, a triangular area of the field is coins. to be cordoned off by erecting a straight (4) P and R together get atleast five line fence. The compound wall and the coins. fence will form its borders. If the length Directions (Qs. 78 to 80) : These of the fence is 100 metres, what is the questions are based on the situation maximum area in square metres that given below : can be cordoned off ? A young girl Roopa leaves home with (1) 2,500 (2) 10,000 x flowers and goes to the bank of a (3) 5,000 (4) 20,000 nearby river. On the bank of the river, Directions (Qs. 75 to 77) : These there are four places of worship standing questions are based on the situation in a row. She dips all the x flowers into given below : the river. The number of flowers doubles. Ten coins are distributed among four Then she enters the first place of worship, people P, Q, R, S such that one of them offers y flowers to the deity. She dips the gets one coin, another gets two coins, remaining flowers into the river and again the third gets three coins and the fourth the number of flowers doubles. She goes gets four coins. It is known that Q gets to the second place of worship and offers more coins than P and S gets fewer y flowers to the deity. She dips the coins than R. remaining flowers into the river and again 75. If the number of coins distributed the number of flowers doubles. She goes to Q is twice the number of coins distributed to P, then which one of the to the third place of worship and offers following is necessarily true ? y flowers to the deity. She dips the (1) R gets an even number of coins remaining flowers into the river and again (2) R gets an odd number of coins the number of flowers doubles. She goes (3) S gets an even number of coins to the fourth place of worship and offers (4) S gets an odd number of coins y flowers to the deity. Now she is left 76. If R gets at least two more coins with no flowers in hand. than S, then which one of the following 78. If Roopa leaves home with 30 is necessarily true ? flowers, the number of flowers she offers (1) Q gets atleast two more coins to each deity is than S. (1) 30 (2) 31 (2) Q gets more coins than P. (3) 32 (4) 33 (3) P gets more coins than S. 79. The minimum number of flowers (4) P and Q together get atleast five that could be offered to each deity is coins. (1) 0 (2) 15 77. If Q gets fewer coins than R, (3) 16 (4) Cannot be determined then which one of the following is not 80. The minimum number of flowers necessarily true ? with which Roopa leaves home is (1) P and Q together get atleast four (1) 16 (2) 15 coins (3) 0 (4) Cannot be determined 24 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE
  25. 25. Directions (Qs. 81 and 82) : The Directions (Qs. 85 and 86) : These following table presents the sweetness questions are based on the situation questions of different items relative to sucrose, given below : whose sweetness is taken to be 1.00. Seven university cricket players are Lactose 0.16 to be honoured at a special luncheon. Maltose 0.32 The players will be seated on the dais Glucose 0.74 along one side of a single rectangular Sucrose 1.00 table. Fructose 1.70 A and G have to leave the luncheon Saccharin 675.00 early and must be seated at the extreme 81. What is the minimum amount of right end of the table which is closest to sucrose (to the nearest gram) that must the exit. be added to one-gram of saccharin to B will receive the Man of the make a mixture that will be at least 100 Match award and must be in the center times as sweet as glucose ? chair. (1) 7 (2) 8 C and D, who are bitter rivals for the (3) 9 (4) 100 position of wicket keeper, dislike each 82. Approximately how many times other and should be seated as far apart sweeter than sucrose is a mixture as possible. consisting of glucose, sucrose and E and F are best friends and want to fructose in the ratio of 1 : 2 : 3 ? sit together. (1) 1.3 (2) 1 85. Which of the following (3) 0.6 (4) 2.3 may not be seated at either end of the Directions (Qs. 83 and 84) : These table ? questions are based on the situation (1) C (2) D given below : (3) G (4) F A, B, C, D, E and F are a group of 86. Which of the following pairs may friends from a club. There are two not be seated together ? housewives, one lecturer, one architect, (1) E & A (2) B & D one accountant and one lawyer in the (3) C & F (4) G & D group. There are two married couples Directions (Qs. 87 and 88) : These in the group. The lawyer is married to questions are based on the situation D who is a housewife. No lady in the given below : group is either an architect or an A rectangle PRSU is divided into two accountant. C, the accountant, is married smaller rectangles PQTU and QRST by to F who is a lecturer. A is married to the line TQ. PQ = 10 cm, QR = 5 cm D and E is not a housewife. and RS = 10 cm. Points A, B, F are 83. What is E ? within the rectangle PQTU and points (1) Lawyer (2) Architect C, D, E are within the rectangle QRST. (3) Lecturer (4) Accountant The closest pair of points among the 84. How many members of the group pairs (A, C), (A, D), (A, E), (F, C), (F, D), are males ? (1) 2 (2) 3 (F, E), (B, C), (B, D), (B, E) are 10 3 cm (3) 4 (4) None of these apart. MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE 25
  26. 26. 87. Which of the following statements F1 (x) is necessarily true ? 2 (1) The closest pair of points among the six given points cannot be (F, C) (2) Distance between A and B is greater –2 2 x than that between F and C 0 (3) The closest pair of points among the six given points is (C, D), (D, E) or (C, E) –2 (4) None of these (1) a (2) b 88. AB > AF > BF; CD > DE > CE; (3) c (4) d and BF = 6 5 cm. Which is the closest 90. F (x) pair of points among all the six given 2 points ? (1) B, F (2) C, D (3) A, B (4) None of these –2 0 2 x Directions (Q.s 89 to 92) : These F1 (x) questions are based on the situation given below : –2 2 In each of these questions a pair of graphs F(x) and F1(x) are given. These are composed of straight-line segments, –2 0 2 x shown as solid lines, in the domain x ∈ ( −2, 2) . If F1(x) = –F(x), choose your answer as –2 a; if F1(x) = F(–x), choose your answer (1) a (2) b as b; if F1(x) = –F(–x), choose your (3) c (4) d answer as c; and if none of the above 91. F (x) is true, choose your answer as d. 2 89. F (x) –2 2 x 2 0 F1 (x) 2 –2 –2 2 –2 0 x 2 x 0 –2 (1) a (2) b –2 (3) c (4) d 26 MBA ENTRANCE EXAMINATION AT A GLANCE