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Pinda Sweda's

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A Practical guide lines on Pindasweda's. Details of Patra Pinda sewda, Shashtika Shali Pinda Sweda.

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Pinda Sweda's

  1. 1. PINDA SWEDA DEMONSTRATIONDr Ananth Ram Sharma MD Panchakarma, Ph.D scholarAssociate ProfessorDepartment of Panchakarma
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION• The word “Pinda” means bolus. Pinda sweda refers to the sudation performed by the bolus of drugs.• Sagni sweda variety• Terminology used by Charaka is Sankara sweda• Ruksha and snigdha types• Named after the Dravya Used Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 2
  3. 3. VARIOUS PINDA SWEDA’S• Ruksha Sweda• Valuka Sweda/ Manal KizhiPatra Pinda sweda/ Ela Kizhi• Tusha sweda/ Thavidu Kizhi• Ruksha Churna Pinda sweda• Lavana Pinda Sweda/ Uppu Kizhi Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 3
  4. 4. • Snigdha Sweda• Shashtika Sali Pinda sweda/ Navara Kizhi• Jambeera Pinda Sweda/ Naranga Kizhi• Churna Pinda Sweda/ Podi Kizhi• Kukkudanda Sweda/ Mutta Kizhi• Dhaanya Pinda Sweda/ Dhaanya Kizhi• Kanthari Kizhi ( Pinda Sweda with special variety of Chilly) Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 4
  5. 5. PATRA PINDA SWEDA• The sudation given by using the bolus of the patra (Leaf) is called as Patra potala(Pinda) sweda. Various Vatahara patra like Agnimantha, Shigru, Chincha, Dattura, Arka, Nirgundi, Eranda are processed and used for the purpose of sudation.•• INDICATION:• Vata, Vata Kaphaja Disorders• Katishula, Gridhrasi• Pakshaghata• Apabahuka Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 5
  6. 6. METERIALS REQUIRED (For Preparing 2 Pinda)Sl.No Requirements Quantity 1 Droni 1 2 Finely chopped Vatahara patra like Agnimantha, 300 Gms Shigru, Chincha, Dattura, Arka, Nirgundi, Eranda 3 Small pieces of nimbuka 2 made to 16 Pieces 4 Grated Coconut ½ Piece 5 Rasna choorna 10 Gms 6 Shatapushpa choorna 10 Gms 7 Haridra 10 Gms 8 Methika 10 Gms 9 Saindhava Lavana 20 Gms 9 Eranda Taila 50 ml (for Preparation) 10 Thread 45 cms long 11 Cotton Cloth 4 pieces Each with the length and breadth of 45 cm each 12 Vessels: Frying pan and Spoon 13 Stove 1 14 Plate 1 15 Oil For Abhyanga and Preparation 16 Tissue paper 17 Green gram powder/ Snana choorna. Q.S Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 6
  7. 7. METHOD OF PREPARATION:• Grated coconut was slightly fried in an iron vessel and kept apart. Then fry small pieces of lemon with 5ml of Eranda thaila. To this, add small pieces of leaves and fried till it attains a brownish tinge. Remaining thaila is added to this preparation. Then fried coconut and powders are added and mixed well properly and tied in to Potali. Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 7
  8. 8. PREPARATION OF THE BOLUSES:• The prepared medicines are measured and divided in to 2 equal parts of 300 Gms each and put in to the pieces of the cotton cloths. The three corners are folded neatly together so as to come under the fourth fold. Fourth one is used to cover the other three corner folds underneath. Then one end of the thread is held tight with left hand and other end is tied around the folds. In short the bolus should be tied in such a way that the mouth of the sac leaves a tuft at the top of bundle, for holding it with ease. Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 8
  9. 9. POORVAKARMA:• Patient should be asked to sit on the Droni with legs extended. Abhyanga should be done with the prescribed oil in the seven positions mentioned below.• Sitting• Supine• Right lateral• Supine• Left lateral• Supine• Sitting Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 9
  10. 10. PRADHANA KARMA:• After the Abhyanga the Patient is asked to sit on the Droni with legs extended.• Frying pan is kept in mild flame and prescribed oil is poured (10-15 ml on each time of dipping).• When the pan gets hot the Patra potalis are dipped in oil and made warm.• Warm boluses are gently applied in a synchronized manner by two therapists positioned in each side of the patient.• The Therapists before applying the bolus on the body of the patient should ensure that the heat of the boluses is bearable to the patients by touching them to their own dorsum of the hand.• Heat of the boluses should be maintained throughout the procedure by dipping it in the hot oil repeatedly.• This Process should be performed in all the seven positions that are advised for Abhyanga.• The procedure of Patra potala sweda should be done till the attainment of the samyak swinna lakshana.• The Pinda should be changed in every 3 days. Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 10
  11. 11. PRECAUTIONS DURING THE PREPARATION:• The coconut should not be over roasted or burnt.• Avoid over frying of the patra.• Do not use excessive oil in the preparation of the medicine.• Tie bolus firmly to avoid leakage of the contents during rubbing.PRECAUTIONS DURING THE PROCEDURE:• Avoid excessive heating of the bolus in order to prevent rupture.• Ensure uniformity of the pressure and temperature on all the parts of the body.• Boluses should be applied with sufficient warmth.• The direction of the massage with boluses should always be Anuloma.• Therapy should be stopped when the Samyak Swinna lakshana are attained.• Ideal time for the performance of Patra potala sweda is 7-11 am and 4 – 6 pm.• The temperature of the bolus while applying on the body should be 45-55 0C.• Treatment Should be done on observing Jeerna Ahara Lakshana Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 11
  12. 12. DURATION: – Preparation time : 10min. – Procedure time : 40min. – Bath time : 10min.COMPLICATION AND MANAGEMENT:• Rashes are the common complication which can be treated by the application of Sheeta veerya dravya like shatadhouta, Sahasra dhouta Gritha, Yashtimadhu thaila, Kumari pulp and Haridra with Gritha over the affected part.• Giddiness and fainting can be managed by providing the Sharkarodaka to the patient for drinking after sprinkling cold water over the patients face.PASHCHAT KARMA• Patient is asked to take Hot Shower after sweat gets subsided ( Body Temperature comes to Normal)• Apply Rasnadi Churna over the Scalp(Vertex)• Advise Snehapana Pathya and Apathya. Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 12
  13. 13. SHASHTIKA SHALI PINDA SWEDA• Shashtika Shali Pinda Sweda is a type of Brumhana Sweda. Cooked shashtika shali is used to induce Sweda.• INDICATION• Brumhana• Dhatu Kshaya Janya Vata Vyadhi’s• Toda• Bheda• Karsha• Sarvanga Daha• Neurologival Disorders• Diabetic Neuropathy• Senile Disorders Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 13
  14. 14. MATERIALS REQUIREDSl.No Requirements Quantity 1 Droni 1 2 Shashtika Shali 300 gm 3 Bala Moola 200 Gm 4 Water 6 liters 5 Milk 1.5 liter 6 Thread 45 cms long 7 Cotton Cloth 2 pieces Each with the length and breadth of 45 cm each 8 Vessels: Frying pan and Spoon 9 Stove 1 10 Plate 1 11 Oil 200 ml 12 Tissue paper 13 coconut leaf for scrapping 14 Green gram powder/ medicated Q.S snana choorna/ medicated soap. Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 14
  15. 15. PREPARATION OF KIZHI• Balamoola kashaya is prepared by boiling bala moolam and water and reducing to 3 litres. Divide this kashaya into two parts of 1.5 litre each. In one part of kashaya 750 ml milk is added along with 300gm of shastika shali rice and cooked properly. This rice is tied into 2 pottalis.• The other half part of kashaya is mixed with 750 ml of milk and used as drava dravya during procedure. Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 15
  16. 16. PREPARATION OF PATIENT – Thalam is kept on patient’s vertex followed by Abhyanga in all the 7 positions as poorvakarma.PRADHANA KARMA – The prepared pottali’s are taken and dipped in the mixture of bala moola kashaya and ksheera which is simultaneously boiled. This pottali is rubbed and squeezed mildly on the body of the patient. This is done in 7 postures(5 Min in each Posture). After the procedure is completed the Shashtika is scrapped from the body using coconut leaf and oil is applied over the body with mild massage. Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 16
  17. 17. TIME DURATION – Abhyanga (Poorva Karma) :-10min – Shashtika shali pinda sweda :-35 min – Pashchat Abhyanga :- 5 min – Bath :-10min Total Time Duration:-1hrPASHCHAT KARMA – Scraping of Rice paste from the body – Oil application – Hot water Bath – Rasnadi ApplicationPRECAUTION: – During the procedure the rice paste should be frequently wiped out with hand and should not allow the sale to get collected beneath the patient’s body so as to prevent the cold and consequent chills. Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 17
  18. 18. JAMBEERA PINDA SWEDA• Pottali Prepared with Jambeera so as to provide Sweda• INDICATION:• Apabahuka• Kevala Vata Janya Roga’s• Frozen Shoulder Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 18
  19. 19. MATERIALS REQUIREDSl.No Requirements Quantity 1 Jambeera 30 numbers 2 Rasna choorna 20 Gms 3 Shatapushpa choorna 20 Gms 4 Methika 20 Gms 5 Saindhava Lavana 20 Gms 6 Eranda Taila 50 ml (for Preparation) 7 Vessels: Frying pan and Spoon 8 Stove 1 9 Plate 1 10 Oil 200 ml 11 Cotton Cloth 2 pieces Each with the length and breadth of 45 cm each 12 Tissue paper 13 coconut leaf for scrapping 14 Green gram powder/ medicated Q.S snana choorna/ medicated soap. Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 19
  20. 20. PREPARATION• 25 ml oil is taken in the pan and add the pieces of jambeera to it and fry till become soft. Then add the remaining powders one by one. Divide in to two parts and tie in to Potaly. Procedure is same as that of Patra panda Sweda. Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 20
  21. 21. KUKKUDANDA SWEDA• INDICATION:• Apabahuka• Sandhigata Vata• Frozen Shoulder Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 21
  22. 22. MATERIALS REQUIREDSl.No Requirements Quantity 1 Jambeera 24 number 2 Kukkudanda 4 3 Rasna choorna 20 Gms 4 Shatapushpa choorna 20 Gms 5 Methika 20 Gms 6 Saindhava Lavana 20 Gms 7 Eranda Taila 50 ml (for Preparation) 8 Vessels: Frying pan and Spoon 9 Stove 1 10 Plate 1 11 Oil 200 ml 12 Cotton Cloth 2 pieces Each with the length and breadth of 45 cm each 13 Tissue paper 14 coconut leaf for scrapping 15 Green gram powder/ medicated Q.S snana choorna/ medicated soap. Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 22
  23. 23. • PREPARATION:• 25 ml oil is taken in the pan and add the pieces of jambeera to it and fry till become soft. Then cut open the eggs and add to the pan fry till it becomes cooked. Then add the remaining powders one by one. Divide in to two parts and tie in to Potaly. Procedure is same as that of Patra panda Sweda Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 23
  24. 24. • RUKSHA SWEDA’S• Ruksha Churna Pinda, Valuka, Lavana etc are tied in to pottali and heated in a pan with out oil and with out abhyanga.• OTHER SNIGDHA SWEDA’S• Some of the same above pindas can be heated in prescribed oil and applied over the patient after abhyanga. Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 24
  25. 25. Method of Application• It shoud be Tapped over the body Part• SSPS can be rubbed over the Body Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 25
  26. 26. Dr Sharmas Panchakarma Concepts 26

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