Voice change bengali+ english


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It is very useful for the weak students of Bangladesh. voice changing has been described in bengali and English language.
by sharif uddin

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Voice change bengali+ english

  1. 1. Definition verb- এর যে রূপ তার Subject সক্রিয় না, ক্রনক্রিয় তা ক্রনর্দে শ কর্র তার্ক Voice বর্ে। Voice is the form of the verb in the sentence that shows whether the subject acts or is acted upon. Kinds: There are two types of voice. such as: 1. Active Voice (সক্রিয়) 2. Passive Voice (ক্রনক্রিয়)
  2. 2. 1) Active Voice Definition কতে া ক্রনর্েই কাে সম্পন্ন করর্ে তার্ক Active Voice বর্ে। Example: Karim have done the work I see a bird.
  3. 3. 2) Passive Voice Definition যকান কাে েখন কতে া দ্বারা সম্পন্ন না হর্য় কর্ে দ্বারা সম্পন্ন হয় তার্ক Passive Voice বর্ে। Example: The work has been done by Karim. A bird is seen by me.
  4. 4. Subjective Case Objective Case Active Voice এর Subject Passive Voice এর object I Me We Us You You He Him She Her They Them It It
  5. 5. Tense Active Passive Present Indefinite Do/Does Am/ is/are Present Continuous Am/is/are Am being/ is being/ are being Present Perfect Have/ has Have been/ has been Past Indefinite Did was/ were Past Continuous was/were was being/ were being Past Perfect had had been Future Indefinite shall/will shall be/ will be Future Continuous shall be/ will be shall be being/ will be being Future Perfect shall have / will have shall have been/ will have been Passive Auxiliary এর তাক্রেকাাঃ
  6. 6. Tense অনুোয়ী Passive Voice- এ verb এর গঠনাঃ- Present Indefinite Tense: Active: Subject+ verb+ object Passive: object+ am/is/ are+ verb এর p.p. + by+ subject.
  7. 7. He does the work = The work is done by him. You eat mango. = Mango is eaten by you.
  8. 8. 2) Present continuous Tense: Active: Sub +am/is/are+verb+ing+obj. Passive: Obj +am/is/are +being+ verb এর p.p.f + by+ sub. I am writing a letter. = A letter is being written by me. He is enjoying the matter. = The matter is being enjoyed by him.
  9. 9. 3) Present Perfect Tense: Active: Sub+ have/ has+ verb এর p.p.f +obj. Passive: Object+ have/ has+ been + verb এর p.p.f + by+ subject. Example: I have done the work. = The work has been done by me. They have broken the glass. = The glass has been broken by them.
  10. 10. 4) Past Indefinite Tense: Active: Sub+ verb এর past form+obj. Passive: Object+was/were+verb এর past participle+by+subject. Example: Aria wrote a letter. = A letter was written by Aria. Columbus discovered America. = America was discovered by Columbus.
  11. 11. 5) Past Continuous Tense: Active: Sub+ was/were+verb+ing+obj. Passive: Object+was/were+being+verb এর P.P.f+by+subject. Example: He was writing a letter. = A letter was being written by him. They were building a house. = A house was being built by them.
  12. 12. 6) Past Perfect Tense: Active: Subj+had+ verb এর P.P.F+ obj. Passive: Object+ had+ been+ verb এর P.P.F+by+ Subject. Example: He had written a letter. = A letter had been written by him. He had done the work. = The work had been done by him.
  13. 13. 7) Future Indefinite Tense: Active: Subj+shall/will+verb+object. Passive: Object+ shall/will+ be+verb- এর P.P.f +by+ Subject. Example: He will do the job. = The job will be done by him. They will make me upset. = I shall be made upset up them.
  14. 14. 8) Future continuous Tense: Active: Subj+shall/will+be+verb+ing+obj. Passive:Object+shall/will+be+being+verb- এর P.P.F+ by+ Subject. Example: You will be selling books. = Books will be being sold by you. We shall be doing the work. = The work will be being done by us.
  15. 15. 10) Future Perfect Tense: Active: Sub+Shall/will have+ verb এর P.P.F+ Obj. Passive: Object+ shall/will have been+ verb- এর P.P.F +by+ Subject. Example: You will have done the work. = The work will have been done by you We shall have enjoyed the scenery. = The scenery will have been enjoyed by us.
  16. 16. Note: র্র্ন রাক্রখর্ব, please, displease, favour, disfavour, surprise satisfy, dissatisfy ইতযাক্রদ verb গুক্রের পর্র- With (person), at (thing) বযবহৃত হয়। Example: He surprised me. - I was surprised with him. His conduct displeased me - I was displeased at his conduct.
  17. 17. May, might, can, could, shall, should, will, would, must, ought to েুক্ত Active voice যক Passive voice- এ পক্ররবতে ন করার সর্য় – এর্দর পর্র 'be' বর্স এবং তার পর্রই র্ূে verb টির Past participle হয়।
  18. 18. Can Can be + pv (PPF) May May be + PV (PPF) May have May have been + PV (PPF) Might Might be + PV (PPF) Might Have Might have been + PV (PPF) Could Could be + PV (PPF) Could have Could have been + PV (PPF) Must have Must have been + PV (PPF) Should Should be + PV (PPF) Would Would be + PV (PPF) Would have Would have been + PV (PPF) Ought to ought to be + PV (PPF) Use to use to be + PV (PPF) Am/ is/ are/ to Am/ is/ are + to be + PV (PPF) Am/ is/ are+was/were+going+to+ verb+ present Am/ is/ are+ going to+ be+ + PV (PPF)
  19. 19. You should obey your parents. = Your parents should be obeyed by you. We ought to love our country. = Our country ought to be loved by us. He may help you. = You may be helped by him. You must do the work. = The work must be done by you.
  20. 20. Active voice এর যের্ে েক্রদ am, to, is to, are to, have to, has to, had to, going to থার্ক তাহর্ে passive voice- এ পক্ররবতে ন করার সর্য় এর্দর পর্র 'be' বর্স এবং তার পর্র র্ূে verb টির Past participle হয়।
  21. 21. I didn't have to do the work. = The work didn't have to be done by me. They are going to open a bank. = A bank is going to be opened by them. I am to do it. = It is to be done by me.
  22. 22. শুধু Auxiliary verb থাকর্ে --- Structure: Auxiliary verb+ obj+ be/being/been+verb এর p.p.f+by+sub Has he done it? = Has it been done by him? Are you reading a book? = Is a book being read by you? Passive Voice of Interrogative Sentence
  23. 23. W.H questions েুক্ত active voice যক passive করার ক্রনয়র্। N. B:, 'who, পক্ররবক্রতে ত হর্য় By whom' এবং 'Whom' পক্ররবক্রতে ত হর্য় 'Who' ক্রহর্সর্ব বর্স। অনযানয W.H questions পক্ররবতে ন হয় না । বাকী সব পূর্বের structure অনুোয়ী হর্ব ।
  24. 24. Will you open the door? = Will the door be opened by you? How did you do it? = How was it done by you? Who stole your book? = By whom was your book stolen?
  25. 25. When did you do the sum? = When was the sum done by you? What class do you read in? = What class is read in by you? Who had done it? = By whom had it been done?
  26. 26. Whom did you call? = Who was called by you? How did you want this? = How was this wanted by you? Which book do you want? = Which book is wanted by you? Who will do the work? = By whom will the work be done? Who taught you English? = By whom were you taught English?
  27. 27. Passive voice of Imperative Sentences Structure: Let+ object+ be+verb-এর p.p.f Open the door. = Let the door be opened Post the letter. = Let the letter be posted. Change the voice. = Let the voice be changed.
  28. 28. Note: Imperative sentence-এর প্রথর্র্ please বযবহৃত হর্ে Passive Voice- এ "You are requested to" বযবহৃত হয়, ক্রকন্তু Sentence টি Negative হর্ে "You are requested not to" বযবহৃত হয়।
  29. 29. Please do the work. = You are requested to do the work. Please do not do the work. =You are requested not to do the work Please do not tell a lie. = You are requested not to tell a lie.
  30. 30. Imperative Sentence, let দ্বারা সূক্রিত হর্ে passive voice- এ পক্ররবতে ন কার্ে Let ঠিক রাখর্ত হর্ব। Structure: Let+ object+ be+verb- এর P.P.F+ by+ subject.
  31. 31. Let me do the sum. = Let the sum be done by me. Let him read the book. = Let the book be read by him. Let her sing a song. = Let a song be sung by her.
  32. 32. Imperative Sentence টি Negative হর্ে Passive voice- এ পক্ররবতে ন কার্ে Let not বযবহার করর্ত হর্ব। Structure: Let not+object+be+verb- এর Past participle.
  33. 33. Do not laugh at the poor. =Let not the poor be laughed at. Do not tell a lie. = Let not a lie be told. Do not make a noise = Let not a noise be made. Do not laugh at the poor. =Let not the poor be laughed at. Do not tell a lie. = Let not a lie be told. Do not make a noise = Let not a noise be made.
  34. 34. Note: Imperative sentence- এ direct ও Indirect object থাকর্ে passive voice- এ direct object টি Subject ক্রহর্সর্ব বযবহৃত হয় এবং Indirect object- এর পূর্বে to বা for বর্স।
  35. 35. Give me a glass of water. = Let a glass of water be given to me. Buy me a book. = Let a book be bought for me.
  36. 36. Passive Voice of double objects দুটি Object েুক্ত sentence যক Passive- এ পক্ররবতে ন করার সর্য় একটি Object যক Subject করর্ত হয় এবং অনযটি verb এর পর্র বর্স। N. B. সাধারণত বযক্রক্তবািক Object টি Subject করর্ত হয়।
  37. 37. He teaches us English. =We are taught English by him I give him a book. = He was given a book by me. Salim offered me a seat. =I was offered a seat by Salim.
  38. 38. Reflexive object (Himself, myself, ourselves, yourselves, herself, themselves) কখনও Passive voice- এ subject রূর্প বযবহৃত না হর্য় object ক্রহর্সর্ব যথর্ক োয় এবং এর্দর পূর্বে by বর্স।
  39. 39. He hurt himself. = He was hurt by himself. Somon praises himself. = Somon is praised by himself. He killed himself. = He was killed by himself.