Private higher institutions of learning


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Private higher institutions of learning

  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Private higher education institutions were officially recognised in Malaysia in 1996 with the enactment of the Private Higher Education Institutions Act (PHEIA) 1996 and the amendments made to the Universities and University Colleges Act (UUCA) 1971 and the Education Act 1961 the government encourage private institutions to play a more active role in the higher education sector through various policy and regulatory amendments (see Lee, 2004a) Private higher institution include private university, college university, private college, foreign university branch campus Programme offer like in public education institution but more costly
  3. 3. 1960 1970 1980 1980 1990 1985 • In 1960 – more focus on preparing student for STPM, also provide associate programme, diploma, external examination in UK (LLB, CIT, ACCA) • Private college were Yayasan Anda, Goon Institute, Maktab Adabi.
  4. 4. 1970s, private institutions existed predominantly as “second chance” schools for students who failed to obtain admission into the mainstream public higher education institutions (Lee, 2004a: 19). 1985, the private institutions only captured a small portion of the higher education market of 8.9%. 1990s, the market share of private institutions increased tremendously, hitting an all-time record of 45.7% in 2006. 1992,156 institutions , 514 private higher education institutions and about 30 of these institutions are operating under the status of a university or university college (Lee, 2004a; MOHE, 2008)
  5. 5. In 1980, big companies started to show interest in education industry Eg: Stamford College, Taylor’s College -provide preparatory programme: A-level, Australian Matriculation (AUSMAT), Canadian Tertiary Education In 1990, -Introduction of LAN (National Accreditation Board) & MQF(Malaysian Qualification Agency) -Overseas education establish by local private institution -Setting up campus of foreign university in Malaysia -Interest of Malaysia’s Government-Link Companies (GLC)-UTP, UNITEN, MMU
  6. 6. Study in Private Institution CERTIFICATE DIPLOMA -open to all students -most private college in Malaysia DEGREE -Open to all students -The student must pass in matriculation, diploma level or STPM PREPARATORY PROGRAMME -open to all students -eg: INTEC, Taylor College -best students get scholarship - The course is more focus on critical course
  7. 7. Graduate Programs in Malaysia 3 main categories: -Taught Master (MAs / MScs / MEng) - Research Masters ( MRes / MA by Research) - Doctorates and PhDs Master program generally last 1 to 5 years while PhD taking up 4 years to complete. Postgraduate courses at both public and private universities in Malaysia are usually taught in English.
  8. 8. Categories of Private Higher Institutions ( PHEIs) Nonuniversity status • Private College • Private Institution University Status • Private Universities • Private University College • Foreign Branch Campus Universities
  9. 9. Types of Qualifications Awarded By Private Universities and University College By private college Awarding internal or self-made certificate and diploma qualifications Conducting foreign university collaboration degree programmes Preparing students for external professional examinations Awarding their own degree qualifications By Foreign Branch Campus Universities Awarding identical degree qualifications as the host university overseas
  10. 10. Curriculum Approach External Professional Examination Bachelor Degree Programmes from Universities in the UK, USA, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Germany and France • Professional Associations (ACCAUK, CIMA-UK, ICSA-UK) • Semi-Professional Examination Bodies (IBBM, LCCIEB-UK, NCCUK) • External Academic Programmes at postsecondary level (GCE ‘A’ Level - UK, SAM Australia, Canadian Pre-U) • External English Programmes (University of Cambridge Local Examination Syndicate) • Split Degree Arrangement • 3+0 Entire Degree Arrangement
  11. 11. -Some private institution are provide for specific course
  12. 12. Private institution that provide foreign pre-university qualifications : Taylor's University College HELP University College Sunway University College Kolej Tunku Abdul Rahman Institute of Science & Management, Tawa KBU International College Kolei Tunku Ja'afar Methodist College Kuala Lumpur Stamford College
  13. 13. Taylor's University College • One of the world's largest pre-university centers providing uncompromised British, Australian and Canadian education. • It has been acknowledged as the biggest independent centre in the world for the Cambridge A Levels and South Australian Matriculation programme. • The university college also runs the largest and most successful South Australian Matriculation (SAM) programme besides offering the International Canadian Pre-University (ICPU) programme.
  14. 14. 1/2/2014
  15. 15. HELP University College • Edexcel International accorded the Centre of Excellence award for the exceptional delivery of the London Examinations GCE A Levels. • This is in recognition of HELP'S superior facilities, outstanding quality of teaching by qualified and experienced lecturers, and the excellent pastoral support available for their students. • Currently, HELP is the largest centre for the London GCE A Level examination outside the UK.
  16. 16. 1/2/2014
  17. 17. Sunway University College • The largest provider of AUSMAT in Malaysia and also has the largest Year 12 student population among all Western Australian schools providing students with the internationally recognized TEE qualification for University Entrance. • Sunway University College is the only higher educational institution in Malaysia to provide the MUFY (Monash University Foundation Year) programme on behalf of Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. • Its students who pursued the Cambridge GCE A Levels are now studying at top universities and colleges such as: Cambridge, Oxford, Imperial College London, London School of Economics, Durham, Southampton, Harvard, Princeton, Duke, California Institute of Technology, Boston, Stanford, Sydney, Melbourne, Auckland, Monash, Nati onal University of Singapore and Osaka
  18. 18. PHEIs offer 7 type of Pre-university Programmes Pre-University Qualification Country of Origin 1 Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia 2 University of Cambridge International Examinations (CIE) for A and AS Levels UK 3 Edexcel International for London Examination GCE A Levels UK 4 South Australian Matriculation (SAM) Australia 5 Western Australian Matriculation (AUSMAT) Australia 6 New South Waies High School Certificate (Year 12) Australia 7 Canadian Pre-Universally Programme (CPU) Canada
  19. 19. Application to a PHEI • PHEIs have been preparing students for tertiary education at top universities worldwide since the 1970s. These private institutions offer a full range of internationally recognized pre-university programmes. • PHEI offers Pre-university studies in Malaysia for upper secondary school leavers with SPM (Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia) qualifications • Students with SPM / Senior Middle III / STPM / GCE 'O' Levels / GCE 'A' Levels or other equivalent qualifications must APPLY DIRECTLY to the institutions concerned.
  20. 20. • The enrolment into public universities at the diploma and Bachelor's degree levels, there is no centralized enrolment agency that governs the intake of students into private institutions. • However, students are advised to check with the governing authority of private higher education i.e. Sector of Private Higher Education Management of MOHE as to whether the prospective institution is authorized or approved by the Ministry. • PHEIs' programmes are offered to different levels of students and will lead to the award of a Certificate, Diploma or Degree qualification. • There are also a number of PHEIs that conduct postgraduate degrees at Master's and PhD levels
  21. 21. Private institutions(PHEIs) No centralized enrolment agency Public universities Centralized enrolment agency that governs the intake of students into Government's Universities
  22. 22. Academic Qualifications Required in Gaining Admission into PHEIs • PHEIs will require some basic academic qualifications from applicants before considering their applications for the respective study programmes. • The general entry requirement to pursue Diploma programmes is SPM or GCSE O Level with a minimum of 3 credits, • whereas students with STPM qualifications or its equivalent such as GCE A Levels, University Foundation Programme, SAM, and CPU are allowed to enter Year 1 of an undergraduate programme.
  23. 23. English Proficiency Standard for admission into PHEIs • Proficiency in the English language is a basic requirement by PHEIs. • Students are expected to have adequate knowledge and understanding of English, as this is the language of instruction at the private colleges and universities. • Various international examinations such as GCE 1119, MUET (Malaysia University English Test), TOEFL and IELTS are generally accepted for Bachelor's degree programmes.
  24. 24. Proficiency Test Minimum Scores for First Degree Programmes TOEFL 173 to 250 on a new computer administered test (equivalent to o score of 500 to 600 on the old paperbased test format) IELTS 6.0 to 7.0 MUET Band 3 to 6
  26. 26. Education in Malaysia Primary and Secondary Education Post-secondary Education Tertiary Education • Primary education (a period of 6 years) and secondary education (5 years encompasses 3 years of lower secondary and 2 years of upper secondary) • Upon completion of secondary education, students can opt to pursue 1 to 2 years of postsecondary education. This is the university entrance preparatory course. • institutions of higher learning offer courses leading to the awards of certificate, diploma, first degree and higher degree qualifications . • The duration of study for a basic bachelor degree programme is 3 years and the courses of study at this level are provided by both the public and private education sectors, attracting many international students.
  27. 27. Public Institutions of Higher Learning Tertiary Education Private Higher Educational Institutions (PHEIs
  28. 28. Public Institutions of Higher Learning (Government-funded) Public (government-funded) institutions of higher learning, Private Higher Educational Institutions (PHEIs) (Private-funded) Provide tertiary education leading to the awarding of certificate, diploma and degree qualifications 1) Private universities, 2) Private university colleges, 3) Foreign branch campus universities 5) Private colleges. 1) Public universities, 2) Polytechnics, 3) Community colleges, 4) Teacher training institutes. Provide education at preschool, primary and secondary levels. They comprise private schools and foreign system schools in Malaysia
  29. 29. Malaysian Government provide 60% of the tertiary education, with the private sector providing the balance 40%.
  30. 30. Two major categories of Higher education providers in Malaysia Public Private (Government) (Commercial Groups) Public (government-funded) institutions of higher learning, for example, public universities, polytechnics, community colleges and teacher training institutes Private (private-funded) higher educational institutions (PHEIs), for example, private universities, private university colleges, foreign branch campus universities and private colleges • Public Higher Educational Institutions, which consist of: - Public universities - Polytechnics - Community colleges • Private Higher Educational Institutions, which consist of: - Private universities and universities colleges - Foreign branch campus universities - Private colleges
  31. 31. • Mission : To ensure private higher education is of the highest quality through proper policy planning, legislation, facilitation, encouragement and excellent service to produce knowledgeable individuals with strong ethics. • Functions : To grants approval for the establishment of private higher educational institutions (PHEIs). Also conducts enforcement and monitoring of PHEI's activities.
  32. 32. Private versus public institution entrance requirements study facilities, accessibility course cost of study
  33. 33. FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED cost living arrangements. educational goals class-size personal background
  34. 34. ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES Academic Excellence Homogeneous Population Close-knit Community Demanding Schedule Involved Students Cost of Tuition Top-notch Professors Transferring Credits Merit Scholarships Class Size
  35. 35. Tuition fee for foundation in Taylor College
  36. 36. Tuition fee for degree in MSU
  37. 37. Tuition fee for master program in UTP
  38. 38. Taylor’s Pre-U Scholarship
  39. 39. How about the facilities available for student?
  40. 40. Conclusion • Private Higher Education provide all level of education same with Public Higher Education • Many private college provide foreign pre-u programmes • All private institutions have different entrance requirement • Tuition fee for public higher education is costly and need scholarship or loan