Types Of Government


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PPT with description and examples of various government types

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Types Of Government

  1. 1. Types of Government<br />
  2. 2. Anarchy<br />Description<br />No gov’t and no laws<br />Total disorder<br />Example<br />Usually comes from gov’t failure, overthrown<br />
  3. 3. Theocracy<br />Description<br />The leaders of gov’t are also the leaders of the religion<br />Example<br />The Vatican & Iran<br />
  4. 4. Oligarchy<br />Description<br />When a family or small group of people control all of gov’ts power<br />Example<br />Saudi Arabia’s Royal Family<br />
  5. 5. Dictatorship <br />A dictatorship consists of rule by one person or a group of people<br />Very few dictators admit they are dictators and almost always claim to be leaders of democracies<br />The dictator may be one person <br />Castro in Cuba <br />Hitler in Germany<br />Or a group of people<br />The Communist Party in China<br />
  6. 6. Dictatorship<br />Description<br />A leader takes control over the gov’t and has total power<br />Example<br />Cuba (Castro) & Iraq (Saddam Hussein)<br />
  7. 7. Think, Pair, Share<br />DIRECTIONS: on a scrap sheet of paper <br />THINK - What will likely happen if a government denies all power to the people it governs?<br />PAIR – Read another students answer to the question, then get your paper back and add any comments to your paper<br />SHARE – tell the class when the teacher calls on you<br />
  8. 8. Monarchy <br />A monarchy consists of rule by a king or queen. <br />Sometimes a king is called an “emperor”<br />There are no large monarchies today<br />The United Kingdom, which has a queen, is really a republic because the queen has virtually no political power<br />
  9. 9. Absolute Monarchy<br />Description<br />When the King/Queen has total power over the gov’t<br />Example<br />Louis XIV in France<br />
  10. 10. Constitutional Monarchy<br />Description<br />The King/Queen is limited by law and shares power with elected officials<br />Example<br />Present day England<br />
  11. 11. Democracy<br />The word “democracy” literally means “rule by the people.”<br />In a democracy, the people govern<br />
  12. 12. Direct Democracy<br />Description<br />The power of gov’t is controlled directly by the people<br />Example<br />New England Town Meetings<br />
  13. 13. Representative Democracy<br />Description<br />The people elect representatives who then make decisions for them<br />Example<br />The United States<br />
  14. 14. Republic<br />A literal democracy is impossible in a political system containing more than a few people<br />All “democracies” are really republics. <br />In a republic, the people elect representatives to make and enforce laws.<br />
  15. 15. Aristorcracy<br />An aristocracy is ruled by the aristorcrats<br />Typically the wealthy, educated people<br />Many monarchies have really been ruled by aristocrats<br />Today, the term aristocracy is used negatively to accuse a republic of being dominated by rich people<br />
  16. 16. Democratic Republic<br />Usually a democratic republic is not democratic and is not a republic<br />A government that officially calls itself a “democratic republic” is usually a dictatorship<br />Communist dictatorships have been especially prone to use this term<br />The official name of North Vietnam was “The Democratic Republic of Vietnam”<br />China uses “The People’s Republic of China”<br />
  17. 17. 4 Corners<br />Which type of government would you want to live in?<br />Back right (by the bookshelf) – Anarchy<br />Front right (by the Mantra) – Theocracy<br />Front left (by my desk) – Dictatorship<br />Back left (door) - Democracy <br />What affect do various forms of government have on people around the world?<br />