Fruit orGlass Cans Tins vegetable residue Leather Food wastes Used up paperPlastics
Basel Convention Definition of Wastes “substances or objects which are disposed of orare intended to be disposed of or are required to bedisposed of by the provisions of the law”Disposal means “any operation which may lead to resourcerecovery, recycling, reclamation, direct re-use oralternative uses (Annex IVB of the Basel convention)”
Solid wastes: domestic, commercial and industrial wastes especially common as co-disposal of wastes Examples: plastics, styrofoam containers, bottles, cans, papers, scrap iron, and other trashLiquid Wastes: wastes in liquid formExamples: domestic washings, chemicals, oils, waste water from ponds, manufacturing industries and other sources
Used up paperBio-degradable:can be degraded (paper, wood, fruits andothers) PlasticsNon-biodegradable:cannot be degraded (plastics, bottles, oldmachines, cans, styrofoam containersand others)
Hazardous wastesA hazardous waste is waste that poses substantialor potential threats to public health or theenvironment.Non-hazardousA non-hazardous waste is a waste that is safe touse commercially, industrially, agriculturallyand economically.
• Residential• Industrial• Commercial• Institutional• Construction and demolition• Municipal services• Process (manufacturing, etc.)• Agriculture
Hazardous Waste Generating Industries & Hazardous Waste Generation – Comparative Figures State No. of Total HW HW generating Total HW Industries as generation in Industries (No.s) generation in per HWM TPA as per HWM TPA Rules, 1989 Rules, 2000/20031. AP 501 1,11,098 1532 5070462. Assam 18 1,66,008 23 4,0003. Bihar 42 26,575 31 Not given4. Chandigarh 47 305 271 8,4255. Delhi 403 1,000 1777 17,0006 Goa 25 6,598 49 Not Provided7. Gujarat 2984 4,30,030 6052 12, 07,0008. Haryana 309 31,046 889 14,9729. Himachal 116 2159 575 Not given10. Karnataka 454 1,03,243 1589 92,01311. Kerala 133 1,54,722 423 83,53012. Maharashtra 3953 20, 07,846 4571 14,07,48013. MP 183 1,98,669 753 Not given14. Orissa 163 3,41,144 257 74,91815. J&K 57 1221 207 Not provided
Reuse is to use an item more than onceReducing the amount of waste produced by a person or a society. Recycling involves processing used materials into newproducts to prevent waste of potentially useful materials
• Reduce Waste - Reduce office paper waste by implementing a formal policy to duplex all draft reports and by making training manuals and personnel information available electronically. - Improve product design to use less materials. - Redesign packaging to eliminate excess material while maintaining strength. - Work with customers to design and implement a packaging return program. - Switch to reusable transport containers. - Purchase products in bulk.
Reuse - Reuse corrugated moving boxes internally. - Reuse office furniture and supplies, such asinteroffice envelopes, file folders, and paper.- Use durable towels, tablecloths, napkins, dishes, cups, and glasses. - Use incoming packaging materials for outgoing shipments. - Encourage employees to reuse office materials rather than purchase new ones.
RECYCLE -Proper waste SEGREGARTION. -Learn COMPOSTING.-Know about nearby RECYCLING CENTRES. -Spread awareness. -Get people involved.
RECOVER -Collect your used cooking oil as it may be used for furnaces.-It also helps reduce the growing dependence on coal or fossil fuel.-INCINERATE. Incineration involves the burning of organic waste for energy.
Residual Management - Know your waste Be aware of the possible harm it can do not only to the environment, but also to other living organisms. -Follow your leaders For sure, big companies and schools are taking action to preserve the environment, and have organized efforts to minimize pollution through effective and efficient means ofwaste management. These rules mean nothing if no one would follow. -Send alerts if necessaryAs a member of your community, inform the authorities of any possible dangers coming from waste disposal sites.
- old books - old clothes - old computers - excess building materials- old equipment to local organizations
- packaging waste reductions and changes in the manufacturing process - use biodegradable materials
• What is an EMS? An EMS is a formal set of policies and procedures that define how an organization willevaluate, manage, and track its environmental impact. It follows the basic model: • Plan > Do > Check > ActThis facilitates cost-effective environmental performanceby defining and continuously improving the process and actions that an organization undertakes to meet its environmental goals.
For better environmental and overallorganizational performance, an EMS should: 1. Focus on continual improvement 2. Serve the organization and its mission 3. Receive top management support 4. Remain dynamic and flexible 5. Fit the culture of the organization 6. Represent employees and their actions 7. Establish employees awareness and involvement
1. Improve environmental performance It helps monitor energy and water conservation, resource efficiencies, and pollution prevention. 2. Better regulatory complianceIncrease regulatory compliance which is especially important for organizations that spend time and resources with regulatory violations. 3. Certification and recognition EMS implementation can enhance an organization’s image and improve public community relations.
• That ends my presentation. -I hope this lecture about WASTE MANAGEMENT will make you aware of what is happening to our environment. -Now I urge you to to help build a better house for humanity! Thank you for listening!