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Linux basics and Live CD's

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  1. 1. Linux FAQ’s <ul><li>Why Linux is not as user friendly as Windows? </li></ul><ul><li>Why are there so Many distros / live CD’s? </li></ul><ul><li>Which Distro is best? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does Linux matter when Windows is doing what I want it to do? </li></ul><ul><li>Which Live CD do you really use at least once in a week? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Linux GUI issues <ul><li>It’s loyal to it’s core </li></ul><ul><li>I mean it’s tightly integrated with the command line interface of the OS </li></ul><ul><li>It was designed, developed and used by techies. </li></ul><ul><li>The end user feels confused </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why Linux <ul><li>Localized Software </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Supports Old Hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why many Linux Distros? <ul><li>There are different distros for different people, purpose and processes </li></ul>
  5. 5. different distros for different people, purpose and process <ul><li>People * For Techies - Fedora, suse * For beginners - Ubuntu, Puppy * For Support people – Knoppix * For Music lovers – musix, movix </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose * Games * Education * Science - Scientific Linux * Languages - BOSS for hindi * Religious - Muslim Live CD </li></ul><ul><li>Processes Linux LiveCD Router or GParted LiveCD </li></ul>
  6. 6. Linux Installation Options Linux Live CD Installation Light weight DSL / Puppy Full featured Knoppix / Ubuntu Install Option
  7. 7. Number of Applications and Users are growing
  8. 8. Windows History <ul><li>Windows 3.1 early 90’s </li></ul><ul><li>Windows 95 Launched in Nov 96 </li></ul><ul><li>Windows 98 </li></ul><ul><li>Windows 2000 and XP </li></ul><ul><li>And Now Windows Vista AFTER 7 YEARS OF DEVELOPMENT!! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Windows is NOT keeping Pace with the growth
  10. 10. Why? <ul><li>Developers in the future will need more flexibility and room to extend the OS </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source is the solution </li></ul><ul><li>Free is the right price </li></ul><ul><li>Linux is here and will change the computing in the long run </li></ul>
  11. 11. Enough Windows bashing
  12. 12. What is my point?
  13. 13. Which Distro do I really use?
  14. 14. Puppy Linux
  15. 16. Why?
  16. 17. Why? <ul><li>Extremely lightweight – 60 MB </li></ul><ul><li>Boots in RAM Therefore extremely fast </li></ul><ul><li>All needed applications bundled together </li></ul><ul><li>Easily open word / excel files (once you mount the hard drives) </li></ul><ul><li>Connect to the LAN easily </li></ul><ul><li>Option to connect and work on the windows network </li></ul>
  17. 18. Puppy listed at No. 18 at (March 31, 07)
  18. 19. Wizards <ul><li>Click on Desktop and choose Wizard </li></ul><ul><li>Choose Network – Connect to network </li></ul><ul><li>For Anything and Everything there is a wizard </li></ul><ul><li>People love wizards and NOT commands! </li></ul>
  19. 20. Boot into RAMdisk <ul><li>FAST </li></ul><ul><li>Frees the CD Drive </li></ul><ul><li>you won’t hear much noise coming from your hard drive! </li></ul><ul><li>And the beauty of working entirely in RAM is that whatever phishing and spyware is going on won’t make it to the hard disk! </li></ul>
  20. 21. Why not have your O/S run from RAM all the time?
  21. 22. Think: How about Linux based Thin Client?
  22. 23. Boot from other media <ul><li>To create a Puppy Linux boot thumb drive, you simply choose the option &quot;Install Puppy USB card&quot; under Setup on the Start Menu. </li></ul><ul><li>The script will give you the instructions for creating the thumb drive. </li></ul><ul><li>ease with which Puppy Linux can generate a bootable USB thumb drive version of itself. </li></ul>
  23. 24. The killer feature : rdesktop <ul><li>rdesktop allows you to use any Windows NT/2000/XP/2003 server exactly as if you were sitting directly in front of it. </li></ul><ul><li>an open-source version of the Windows NT Terminal Server client. </li></ul><ul><li>put my server's IP address in the data entry block below the heading server. For e.g. </li></ul><ul><li>For the options heading, I would enter -a24 (for 24-bit color) and -f (for full screen) </li></ul><ul><li>As soon as I selected OK, the screen would display my Microsoft XP login screen. </li></ul><ul><li>Once I am logged in, it would be as if I were working directly on my Microsoft XP server. </li></ul>
  24. 25. Highlights: <ul><li>Puppy Linux is not based on any other distribution. Puppy use a different binary package format than the more popular distros. </li></ul><ul><li>unlike Damn Small Linux, which was originally derived from KNOPPIX </li></ul><ul><li>Creator and lead developer Barry Kauler wrote almost everything from scratch. </li></ul><ul><li>Giving way to many unique ideas that have captured the interest of Linux users </li></ul>
  25. 26. Applications: out of the box <ul><li>GAIM messenger which handles all the major IMs like Yahoo! and MSN. </li></ul><ul><li>pdf reader </li></ul><ul><li>An Internet suite, firewall, media player, word processor, FTP program, spreadsheet program, DVD/CD player/burner, and an IRC client </li></ul>
  26. 27. Word Processor: Abi word
  27. 28. Puppy Linux with gxine playing DVD
  28. 29. Puppy Skins <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>scroll down to the section on WindowManagers </li></ul><ul><li>Click on &quot;IceWM Full&quot; and download it </li></ul><ul><li>After that, grab &quot;IceWM Menu for Puppy&quot; and &quot;XP Theme for IceWM.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Use the filemanager, Rox, to install the applications you downloaded </li></ul><ul><li>get out of X Windows by hitting alt-ctrl-backspace </li></ul><ul><li>Once you are back at the command line, type in startx </li></ul><ul><li>Puppy will now have a new look and feel </li></ul><ul><li>You can then test out the available themes under the Start Menu --> Themes </li></ul><ul><li>Needs more than 64 MB RAM for storage </li></ul>
  29. 30. Puppy Skin
  30. 31. Install extra packages <ul><li>Install extra packages not found on the main distribution by using Puppy-Unleashed compressed (.tgz) archives. </li></ul><ul><li>Official way to install extra packages: PupGet </li></ul><ul><li>Unofficial way to install : DotPup </li></ul><ul><li>the installation is so simple that even a novice could do it </li></ul><ul><li>Both are intuitive, providing a large range of open source software packages for every taste and purpose. </li></ul>
  31. 32. Official way to install extra packages: PupGet <ul><li>Go to the start menu and chose PupGet. </li></ul><ul><li>A green window will pop up. </li></ul><ul><li>Chose the Install or remove packages and a list of applications that you can add will pop up. The system will download and then, using the file manager the system will find the files and a simple click on the program will install. </li></ul><ul><li>Once the new files are installed, you have to stop X windows in order for the new applications to become accessible. </li></ul><ul><li>Ctrl-alt-backspace will stop X windows and you can restart by typing startx. </li></ul>
  32. 33. Unofficial way to install : DotPup <ul><li>it provids a long list of third-party software built by Puppy Linux enthusiasts. </li></ul><ul><li>Since Puppy supports Unionfs (if you specify the option at boot prompt), software packages can also be installed while in &quot;live CD&quot; mode. </li></ul>
  33. 34. Save your data on to the Live CD <ul><li>Remaster is SO EASY </li></ul><ul><li>Puppy Linux allows you to save your data on a CDROM version of itself. </li></ul><ul><li>It means that you can create a live Puppy Linux CD that has all the documents you need to carry with you </li></ul>
  34. 35. Create and distribute applications with OS <ul><li>EduPup - to let the children to learn computers having some fun at the same time with TuxPaint, TuxType and TuxMath. </li></ul><ul><li>Hacao - a Vietnamese-language Puppy </li></ul><ul><li>Grafpub - for digital imaging professionals and graphic artists with GIMP, Inkscape, scribus </li></ul>
  35. 36. Games
  36. 37. Thank You