Pakisan child care system powerpoint


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Pakisan child care system powerpoint

  1. 1. Guess Which Country I Represent ? 
  2. 2. Shanshan Su, Habeeba Bemat, Ning Du, Somia Tariq, Arezo Sediqui and Maya Bhatia
  3. 3. Table Of Contents An overview of the country- Sushan A description of the type of childcare system- Habeeba Childcare Lacking- Palwasha A bit about the history of the children system- Ning The underlying philosophy- Somia Availability, Accessibility- Arezo Training of the childcare workers- Maya
  4. 4. • Pakistan is located in the western part of the Indian subcontinent • The name Pakistan is derived from the Urdu words • Population: 167 million • Languages: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Muhajir, Pahari and Balochi • Major political parties are Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) • Flag colours - Green with a vertical white bar & large crescent star • Currency: Rupees (Rs. 84 - $ 1)
  5. 5. Famous Places in Pakistan Minar-e-Pakistan Faisal Masjid
  6. 6. Cold Cities Of Pakistan Kashmir Maree
  7. 7. “There is no God but Allah and Mohammed is his messenger” “Holly Book - Quran”
  8. 8. Pakistan’s Education Education is the path to success !
  9. 9. Description of the Childcare
  10. 10.  Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) in Pakistan is defined as formal and informal as well as public or private day care services for children  Religion plays a big role in Childcare Centres  Children are taught Islam teachings and how to read the Quran  Islamic education is emphasized at an early age in Pakistan. It is estimated that more than 80% of children aged 4-10 get Islamic education
  11. 11. Childcare  Open 5 days a week  8 am to 6 pm (Full Day)  8 am to 1pm (Half Day)  Children aged 0-5 (Age above 5 goes to class 1)  Not more than five infants are found in the whole childcare centre  Parents provide food/snack for their child  ECE gets around 25000- 40000 Rupees ($297-$476) or more depending on the childcare centre  ECE assistant 13000 Rupees ($154)  Parents are involved through field trips, workshops, birthday parties and other materials  12000-15000 Rupees ($142- $178) per child
  12. 12. Childcare Lacking
  13. 13. - Meeting the Learning Needs of All National Plan of Action - Lack of realization and awareness about the importance of the benefits of ECE - Absence of well-defined policy, laws and rules Financial allocation to ECE is negligible, especially in relation to the needs of the children - Lack of coordination among the various government departments related to early childhood care In Pakistan, early childhood education suffers from a series of problems
  14. 14. Provinces, district communities and schools lack the capacity to plan, implement and monitor ECE programmes Lack of location Not many daycares Not qualified ECE/ instead they have nannies/ living close to each other so family members babysit.
  15. 15. Too expensive Not strict policies (Days Nurseries Act) Health is not a major issue there (consistent hand washing routine) Parents pay a lot for their child to be at the daycare so the daycare should have snack program
  16. 16. Before 1970s, Early Childhood Education had been well organized Katchi, Pre-primary classes were organized in formal primary schools 1980s, this practice was discontinued
  17. 17. In 1996, Child care foundation, a non-profit, non-governmental organization, was set up with public-private partnership In 2001/02 , amount of Rs. 56.94 million was released for Early Childhood Education by the Federal Government
  18. 18. In 2003/04, there were 44.1% girls and 55.9% boys, enrolled in Katchi or pre- primary classes  At present, Daycare centers are found only in Karachi, Lahore, and Islamabad
  19. 19. Underlying Philosophy OF Childcare
  20. 20. Each childcare centre has its own philosophy Most Childcare Centers focus on Montessori education method. They focus on five developmental domains Pakistani Daycare Center in Karachi
  21. 21. The Daily Schedule Morning song Religious Activity Teacher Directed Activity Sleep Time Snack Time Outdoor/Play ground Time Poem/Story Time Free Time Recall Time Home Time
  22. 22. Objectives & Aims  To help the child develop his or her potential to learn and grow.  To provide an appropriate structured environment  To ensure child’s safety and holistic development.  Encourage children to repeat activities until fully mastered.  To prepare a child for formal schooling.  To develop awareness of basic cultural values and norms.
  23. 23. Various kinds of Teaching & Learning Aids Materials Blocks Charts Posters Handbooks Flashcards Teacher`s Guides/Planners Teacher’s Kits
  24. 24. “Yellow-Friends Day”
  25. 25. Accessibility/Availability  Not much accessibility or availability  Daycares in Pakistan are very costly  Due to the lower amount of Child Care Centers in Pakistan, there aren’t many teachers available yet who have specialized in Early Childhood Education.  However, in Canada there is subsidy  Similar to Canada, Pakistan’s Childcare centers are government funded
  26. 26. Pakistani Childcare Center Room Setting
  27. 27. Training of the ECE(s)
  28. 28.  In private schools, the ECE teachers are usually qualified and well- trained in relevant methods Other staff include non-teaching staff such as the Ayas (maids), hired for assistance with young children
  29. 29. Type of Staff Training Requirements Higher secondary education certificate Plus one-year teaching certificate The provinces usually adopt the same criteria except where suitable staff is not available and relaxation of criteria is exercised
  30. 30. Quiz ! 1. Daycares in Pakistan are government funded. True or False 2. Childcare centres are open 7 days a week. True or False 3. Most Childcare Centers focus on the Montessori education method. True or False
  31. 31. Answers • 1. True • 2. False- Childcare centres are only open 5 days a week. • 3. True
  32. 32. The End ! Hope you enjoyed our Presentation 