JohnWatson-“Little AlbertExperiment”:Conditioned a smallchild to fear a white ratby pairing the sight ofthe rat with a loud noise- Published Behaviorismin 1925-- Set the stage for thebehaviorist movement
Ivan Pavlov-Used conditioning to teach adog to salivate when he ranga bell-Classic Conditioning –introducing stimuli first andthen reinforcing the reflexB.F. Skinner-Conducted experiments withpigeons where they wererewarded for certain behaviors.-- Operant Conditioning – beginswith behavior and then isreinforced with a response so thatthere is a connection between thebehavior and the reward.
BehaviorismA learning theory that focuses onteaching/learning through stimuli andpositive/negative rewards.Two forms of conditioning: Classic and Operant,both of which involve response to particularstimuli.Behaviorists view behavior as the product ofconditioningBehaviorism can be seen as manipulativebecause it seeks to predict and control humanbehavior.
Classroom ImplicationsTeachers and Behaviorism- With technology: Using programs that rewardstudents for good behavior- Without technology: Using a token system toreward good behavior, i.e., “pulling your card”and giving students rewards when they have notmisbehaved during the week Students and Behaviorism -With technology: Relates the correct response to positive stimulus when the program responds -Without technology: Correlates a reward with behaving well – therefore, the student will want to behave well to get the award
Behaviorismand MyClassroom -While I understand the concept of conditioning as a way of learning, I do not think that it would be a theory I would apply in my classroom. -I believe that students should take knowledge and interpret it in their own way. With behaviorism, knowledge is responded to in one way, and not given enough room, in my opinion, to analyze.