Electing a Congress:Process and History
How did this institutioncome to be? - InfluencesO British Parliament  O too powerfulO Article of Confederation  O our firs...
How did this institutioncome to be? - ProposalsO Virginia PlanO New Jersey PlanO Compromise, Compromise, Compromise  O Con...
The Congress is CreatedO The House of Representatives – “The  People’s House”O The Senate
History of the House and         SenateO Brooks/Sumner
Basic Facts on Congress toO 2 Houses (bicameral)                       start . . .O House of Representatives   O Qualifica...
Basic Facts on Congress            (cont.)O 2 Houses (bicameral)O Senate   O Qualifications     O 30 years old, citizenshi...
Powers of CongressO Enumerated/Expressed/Delegated Powers   O See Article 1, Section 8   O Commerce clause – tested freque...
O Institutional Powers   O Senate ratifies treaties (2/3 vote)   O Senate approves presidential appointments     (maj. Vot...
How does Congress do its work? . . . The Power of CommitteesO Overview  O Real work of Congress in committees and    subco...
Obviously this is an important job. . .   So how do you get this job?
Incumbency Advantage –“The Permanent Congress”         O Incumbent           O Office holders         O Advantages of incu...
O Gerrymandering   O Reapportionment     O Census every 10 years determines population and number of       seats in a stat...
Illinois 4th Congressional          District
O Redistricting requirements  O Districts must be near equal in population    O Baker v. Carr (1962) – established       “...
Washington State Congressional    Map (pre-2010 census)
Washington State Congressional   Map (beginning in 2012)
Congressional Races to    Watch this YearO Sherrod Brown (Ohio)O Bob Casey (Penn)O Bill Nelson (Florida)O Claire McCaskill...
Electing a congress
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Electing a congress

8,058 views

Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
8,058
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
7,343
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • A legislative act that singles out an individual or group for punishment without a trial. detainees can seek relief from unlawful imprisonment.
  • Show CNN story called GerryRigged http://www.cnn.com/2011/11/18/politics/gerrymandering/index.html
  • Electing a congress

    1. 1. Electing a Congress:Process and History
    2. 2. How did this institutioncome to be? - InfluencesO British Parliament O too powerfulO Article of Confederation O our first Constitution – too weakO Shays Rebellion
    3. 3. How did this institutioncome to be? - ProposalsO Virginia PlanO New Jersey PlanO Compromise, Compromise, Compromise O Connecticut Plan O 3/5 Compromise
    4. 4. The Congress is CreatedO The House of Representatives – “The People’s House”O The Senate
    5. 5. History of the House and SenateO Brooks/Sumner
    6. 6. Basic Facts on Congress toO 2 Houses (bicameral) start . . .O House of Representatives O Qualifications O 25 years old, citizenship for seven years, residency in state O Size O 435 members (2 year terms) O Number of representatives from a state based on population O Determined by Congress (435 since 1911) O Elections O Directly elected O Smaller districts (than Senate) O Revenue bills (taxes) originate in the House O Terms O Entire body elected every two years O Term limits passed by some states but declared unconstitutional by Supreme Court (1995)
    7. 7. Basic Facts on Congress (cont.)O 2 Houses (bicameral)O Senate O Qualifications O 30 years old, citizenship for nine years, residency in state O Size O 100, since smaller less need for strict rules like in House O Elections O Originally indirectly elected O Larger area to represent O Terms O 6 years O Only 1/3 of Senate reelected every two years O No term limits
    8. 8. Powers of CongressO Enumerated/Expressed/Delegated Powers O See Article 1, Section 8 O Commerce clause – tested frequently in courts due to broad interpretation by CongressO Implied Powers O Based on elastic clause/necessary and proper clause O Examples of implied powers: paper money, air force, CIA
    9. 9. O Institutional Powers O Senate ratifies treaties (2/3 vote) O Senate approves presidential appointments (maj. Vote) O House votes for impeachment (majority vote), Senate tries impeachment (2/3 vote to convict) O House elects President if no electoral majority, Senate elects v.p. O Proposal of constitutional amendments (2/3 vote in both houses) O Can seat, unseat and punish own members (unusual)
    10. 10. How does Congress do its work? . . . The Power of CommitteesO Overview O Real work of Congress in committees and subcommittees O Committee Functions O Handle legislation O conduct investigations of executive (as needed) O conduct oversight of executive (on-going) O Committee Leadership O The party in power chairs all committees and subcommittees
    11. 11. Obviously this is an important job. . . So how do you get this job?
    12. 12. Incumbency Advantage –“The Permanent Congress” O Incumbent O Office holders O Advantages of incumbency O Franking privilege O Staffers O Name recognition O Casework O Money (esp. from PACs) O Pork barrel O Gerrymandering (House)
    13. 13. O Gerrymandering O Reapportionment O Census every 10 years determines population and number of seats in a state can change O If number of seats change then district boundaries change = redistricting and is carried out by party in power in state legislature O Gerrymandering = form of redistricting where boundaries are redrawn to favor the party in power O Packing – drawing district lines to concentrate opposing party in a few districts O Cracking – drawing lines to disperse opposing party throughout the state O Effects O Party in power stays in power O Safe seats created for incumbents, makes more difficult for challengers O Strangely shaped districts
    14. 14. Illinois 4th Congressional District
    15. 15. O Redistricting requirements O Districts must be near equal in population O Baker v. Carr (1962) – established “one man, one vote” to state legislative districts to correct overrepresentation (malapportionment) of rural areas O Wesberry v. Sanders (1964) – applied same principle to U.S. House districts O District lines must be contiguous O Racial gerrymandering is prohibited (Shaw v. Reno, 1993), Race cannot by the primary factor in drawing district lines (Miller v. Johnson, 1995)
    16. 16. Washington State Congressional Map (pre-2010 census)
    17. 17. Washington State Congressional Map (beginning in 2012)
    18. 18. Congressional Races to Watch this YearO Sherrod Brown (Ohio)O Bob Casey (Penn)O Bill Nelson (Florida)O Claire McCaskill (Missouri)O John Kyl (Arizona)O Joe Lieberman (CT)O Olympia Snowe (Maine)O Scott Brown (MA)

    ×