<ul><li>“ The Holy Trinity” by Masaccio, c.1425 </li></ul><ul><li>Fresco, 21 ft. 9 in. x 9 ft. 4 in. </li></ul><ul><li>Used new linear perspective system </li></ul><ul><li>Interior is rectangular room with barrel </li></ul><ul><li>vault and ledge on back wall </li></ul><ul><li>-Inscription on sarcophagus reads, “ I </li></ul><ul><li>was once what you are. And what I am </li></ul><ul><li>you too will be.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Reminder of death called “memento mori” </li></ul><ul><li>-Pyramidal arrangement of figures to </li></ul><ul><li>reflect its meaning of Trinity </li></ul>
“ Brancacci Chapel” by Masaccio. Painted in 1420s. -Shared commission with Masolino, who painted “Temptation of Adam and Eve” -Frescoes completed in 1480s by Filippino Lippi after Masaccio’s death -Masaccio used chiaroscuro “light and dark” like Giotto
“ Expulsion from Eden” from Brancacci Chapel -2 of the most powerful nudes painted since antiquity -Eve’s pose derived from a Greek goddess
“ The Tribute Money” from Brancacci Chapel, Florence -Use of atmospheric (aerial) perspective to show distance
“ David” by Donatello, c. 1430-40. Bronze 5 ft. 2 1/2 in. high -Probably commissioned by Medici family for a pedestal in their palace courtyard -Pose recalls that of Polykleitos’s Spear Bearer -David was an important symbol for Florence in its resistance against tyranny. Represented the underdog against a more powerful aggressor.
“ The Youthful David” by Andrea del Castagno. C. 1450. Tempera on leather mounted on wood. -2 moments are depicted in narrative: David launching the sling and stone embedded in Goliath’s head -Shows action where Donatello’s sculpture is relaxed
“ David” by Andrea del Verrocchio. early 1470s. Bronze. Approximately 49 in. -Leading sculptor of second half of 15th cent. -commissioned by Lorenzo de Medici -More straightforward than Donatello’s and a comment on it -Transformed into an angular adolescent -General effect of slightly gawky, outgoing, entergetic boy
“ Sir John Hawkwood” by Paolo Uccello 1436 “ Gattamelata” by Donatello 1445-50 11x 13 ft. Bronze -Equestrian portrait of Condottiere “ soldier of fortune”
“ Battista Sforza and Federico da Montefeltro” by Piero della Francesca 1475. Oil and tempera on panel. Each panel 18 1/2 x 13 in.
“ Annunciation” by Piero della Francesca c. 1450. Fresco 10 ft. 9 1/2 in. x 6 ft. 4 in. -Combined Christian iconography with geometry and the Classical revival
“ Annunciation” by Fra Angelico. C. 1440, Fresco 6 ft. 1 1/2 in. x 5 ft. 1 1/2 in. -Thin, delicate figures -Light to convey spirituality
“ Birth of Venus” by Sandro Botticelli” c. 1482. Tempera on canvas. 5 ft. 8 in. x 9 ft. 1 in.
“ Ghent Altarpiece” by Jan van Eyck. 1432. Oil on panel. Approx 11 ft. 6 in x 14 ft. 5 in. -van Eyck was most prominent painter of early 15th cent. In north