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  1. 1. <ul><li>art history intro </li></ul>
  2. 2. Why Do We Study the History of Art? Arts and their history teach us about our own creative expressions and those of our past
  3. 3. 3 major types of visual art in the west <ul><li>Pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul>
  4. 4. Artistic Impulse <ul><li>Inborn- can be seen by observing children </li></ul><ul><li>Desire to leave something behind </li></ul>
  5. 5. Self-Portraits
  6. 7. Patrons
  7. 10. Why Do We Value Art? <ul><li>Valued by entire cultures </li></ul>
  8. 11. Material Value
  9. 12. Intrinsic Value
  10. 13. Religious Value
  11. 14. Nationalistic Value
  12. 15. Psychological Value
  13. 16. Art or Manufactured Metal?
  14. 17. Art and Illusion <ul><li>Naturalistic art- true to life </li></ul><ul><li>Representational or Figurative- depicts recognizable objects </li></ul><ul><li>Illusionistic- subjects can be mistaken for the real thing </li></ul><ul><li>Trompe l’oeil- artist’s purpose is to fool the eye </li></ul>
  15. 18. Illusionistic Art: Duane Hanson
  16. 19. Trompe l’oeil: Julian Beever <ul><li>video </li></ul>
  17. 20. The Crevasse: Making of Street Art <ul><li>http://www. youtube .com/watch? v=3SNYtd0Ayt0 &feature=related </li></ul>
  18. 21. Archaeology and Art History <ul><li>Archaeology- reconstructs history from the physical remains of past cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Art History- the study of the visual arts </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics- art appreciation </li></ul>
  19. 22. Methodologies of Art History <ul><li>Formalism- art for art’s sake </li></ul><ul><li>Iconography- emphasizes the content of art </li></ul><ul><li>Marxism- study form and content for social messages they convey </li></ul><ul><li>Feminism-assumes that art is influenced by gender </li></ul><ul><li>Biography and Autobiography- interpret art as expressions of the artists’ lives and personalities </li></ul>
  20. 23. Methodologies of Art History <ul><li>Semiology- the science of signs- takes issue with biographical method and much of formalism. Sign and signifier. </li></ul><ul><li>Deconstruction- opens up meanings, rather than fixing them within structural patterns. A work has no ultimate meaning conferred by its author. </li></ul><ul><li>Psychoanalysis- works of art are sublimations of instinct through which instinctual energy is transferred by work and talent into aesthetic form </li></ul>
  21. 24. The Language of Art <ul><li>Composition- work of art and its overall plan and structure </li></ul>
  22. 25. Plane- flat surface having direction in space
  23. 26. Balance <ul><li>Symmetrical Asymmetrical </li></ul>
  24. 27. Line- path traced by a moving point
  25. 28. Perspective-mathematical systems that aid artists in creating the illusion of depth
  26. 31. Color <ul><li>Hue </li></ul>
  27. 32. <ul><li>Value-lightness or darkness of an image </li></ul>
  28. 33. <ul><li>Intensity-brightness or dullness of a color </li></ul>
  29. 35. <ul><li>Texture-surface characteristic of an object </li></ul>
  30. 36. Realism or Naturalism
  31. 37. Idealized
  32. 38. Stylized
  33. 39. Romanticized
  34. 40. Nonrepresentational or nonobjective
  35. 41. Abstract