ATMA THARISANAM (Tamil)

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Tavayogi Thangarasan Adigalaar's book Atma Tharisanam in Tamil

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ATMA THARISANAM (Tamil)

  1. 1. Aof l kasmolfkiepajs k_fj;amof Fxjyaaf 1
  2. 2. AGATHIYAN PRODUCTION HOUSE2009 2
  3. 3. wha:ygjfjlflolf...................................................................................... 5epajlf ................................................................................. 9Fgfga_fj epajlf .............................................................. 10Spllf ................................................................................ 11nspllf ................................................................................. 11Amolf ................................................................................ 12hs;abpallf ....................................................................... 13cmfMjfjatfTlf loskOlf .................................................... 14Miamlf ................................................................................ 21h]fm^k ndg ..................................................................... 23kspaolf .............................................................................. 27Sufutkfkaaf kspaolf Whfhx wmpfiK? ........................... 30kspaokfksof Fimsplf is]f]ao enajfjsuf........................ 31 3
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  5. 5. lolfloK hjfJilf Fdgnfkauf Huofjyf jgfGhfhagfxuf Sp_fJlf. HuofjyfjgfGhfhagfxuf S:nfkauf DbafIjyf jgfGhfhagfxuf Sp_fJlf.DbafIjyf jgfGhfhagfxuf S:jfJlf loskof Whfwha{Klf manfkwma=hspaj S:hfhaof. Fiof Dkgfxuf Whfwha{Klf Hof msashfHkfki{lf. Fdlkspao Ljlf. Wkfkdjp hs;mfmdopaoaUlf h;h;hfhsofTnskaolajjf djpabfG witfts whTlf kstof whtftioajstaof. DbafIjgfGhfhagfxuf S:hfhiof kstlfhg ApfnfK witfts jaBlf iufuhlfDyfyioaj S:jfjstaof. Dbafmfms jgfGhfhagfxuf dikfKjfwjayfhiOjfJ kqdljyf wn:_fjaK. nufu APUlf nufuAe;ajfjspLyfyioajIlf S:hfhaof.DbafIjfJlf Snfk VgfgkfkstfJlf wn:_fjsp wkagafH DbfG. i[spsufngnfK wmufUjsoft ehaK Wksafha;ak ishkfdkjf jaBjsoft ehaKS;kfklf DdtnfKisGlf ehaoft Dbafmfms EtfhGksoftK. V:iof maGlfehaK maGkdu lolf EtfTjf wjayfyaluf ejah Dbafmfms eleua_fjsks:hfhs Fido mag eibfGlf Wofjst Akfks; DbafI ekaofTjstK.Sekehau mLkapkfksuf FUiujkfksUlf mas Dtisoafjyf nbfhafjyflkfkspsUlf mas hufeiT mlfhi_fjysof culf losk lolaoK ejah,kah, Sofh, Kofh_fjYjfJ AyajstK.Sofh Kofhlf Wofhek losk ia[fjfdj. eldu nagfG Fts]of V:iofwmaofoaof Sofhlf Kofhlf Wofjst Ddgjdykf kaeo latfts latftsehagfGjf wjyfjsetalf Woftaof. Ajei ia[fjfdj WofhK Vaf Hkfkjlf.msaskfkiafjyf msaskfKjf wjabfeg S:nfkKlf Sufdu; F{kiafjyfF{Kwjabfeg S:nfkKlf Sufdu. msashfhiaf F{iKlf, F{kiafmsashfhKlf Foftag ia[fjfdjhf Hkfkjkfksof Fkfkspap_fjyf.Sofhlf EtfhGlf ehaK lo ljs[fmfms FdgjstK. KofhlfEtfhGjsoftehaK lolf eikdo FdgjstK. Aj Snfk Sofhlf, KofhlfWoft Snfk S;bfG wmpufhaGlf W_fej ekaofTjstK? Wo A;apfmfmswmpfK haafjfJlf ehaK Vifwia: loskosof Adm, is:hfH, Atftadl,WksafhaafhfH, whatadl ehaoftitftauf Dbfgajsofto. losk lolfFdk kaof is:lfHkstK. jsdgkfkauf lsj lsj mnfekamlf FdgjstK. 5
  6. 6. i:lfhspK nsdteitak ehaK Kofhlf FdgkstK. Dyfyhxep SdiSofhlf Kofhlf kaoa? Wofjst ejyfisjfJ, Sdi Sofhlf Kofhlf FufuWofTkaof hksuf wmaufuspaj eibfGlf. ja;blf Sdijdy Wufualfhs;mfmdojyf. hs;mfmdojdymf mnfkshfhktfJ Sdtiof nljfJ FtsI, dj,jauf, Dguf WofT Wkfkdo Fip_fjdyjf wjaGkfks:jfjstaof. Ajeihs;mfmdojdy mnfkskfK idjhfhGkfk Ftsp Spuak ja;bel Sofhlf,Kofhlf Aj haisjfjstaof loskof. Dyfyhxep Kofhlf WofhK VofTDbfG Woftauf hmsjfwjaGdl, ia[ i[spsufdu, FK Kofhlf. kq;akenapf, FK Kofhlf.lodkhf hjfJihfhGkfk wkaspak ja;bkfkauf mLkapkfksuf hufeiTmlfhi_fjdyhf haafjfjsetalf. SyipK iaushof ks:lblf ngnfKS;bfG cofT lak_fjey Ajsofto. ktfwjadu wmpfK wjabfgaofWoft wmpfks, wmpfkskfkausuf i:jstK Wofo ja;blf? Woftauf jaiufKdt kjiuf FtsishfH, jbiof ldois Sdgep kj;aT WofT wmpfkskfka[suf ehaghfhgfGyfyK. Sofwoa: Htlf Fek wmpfkskf ka[suf 85ipK nsdtI whtft Snfksphf hs;klaf 100 ejaxdpkf kabfxp<okfKdj lsJnfk Snfksp nagfdg huf eiT hs;mfmdojYjfJ lkfkspseumsaskfKkf wjabfeg nagfdg AYidkPlf haafjfjsetalf. 26 ipksufks:lblf Ao Sdy]of jbiof, ldois, hsbjfjauf ktfwjadu wmpfkAnfk Sdy]of lodkPlf haafjfjsetlf, 85 ipK kyfyak ipksufnagfdgep nsafijsjfjsoft ipkao Snfk lokfdkPlf haafjfjsetlf. WofoeiThaG? WofT haafjfJlf ehaK hs;mfmdojdy <q;bskfK kqafIjaBlfksbfdl 90 ipK LksnfkiafjfJ S:jfjstK. Fiaf ia[fjstaaf. Feklokfksbfdl iaushOjfJ Sufdu. Fnfk iaushof Dpsaf S[nfkaof.Shfhxhfhgfg Snfk ksglao lokfksbfdl Vifwia:i:lf WhfhxhfwhTiK? Woftauf FktfJ i[sjagfGiK Aoflqjlf.Aoflqjkfkauf lgfGel lokfksbfdl whtLxPlf. Aofl Woftauf Dpsaf.Snfk Dpsasof isdypagfGkf kkfKikfdk FtsnfK wjabfgauf lolfwmlfdlpaJlf. Vifwia: maofeta:lf Dpsaf isdypagfGkfkkfKikfdk Ftsp F:lf haGhgfGyfyaafjyf. 6
  7. 7. kofdoptsnfK SofhLt wibfbsuaei V: knfks;lf nq wmaufu eibfGlf wibfbsuaei kofdoptsp kljfwja: ejxufdu kofdo ptspaluf kaeo F[sjsoftaeoWofT hufeiT haguf culf rTidkjf jabualf.kofdoptsiK Whfhx? Woft ejyfisjfJ nufu Aoflqj AmaofjdyFBjs mskfkafjyf W{ksp Nzufjdyhf hxkfK isyjfjlf whTiksof culfDpsaf isdypagfGkf kkfKikfdk Ftspualf. Dpsaf isdypagfGkfkkfKikfdk Ftsnfkieo kkfKi ]aos.maka;b losk ia[fjfdjpsuf ljfjyf Wufeua:lf kkfKi ]aosjyajLxPla? FktfJ en;lf EK? Woft ejyfiskaof Sofdtp mLkapkfksufLofeo nstfjstK. Fijamlf S:jfjstiafjyf kkfKi ]aos AjLpU_fjyf. Fijamlf Sufuakiafjyf DgduPlf Dpsd;PlfehBjsoft hpstfms whT_fjyf. Shfhpstfmspsof culf lolf hjfJilfFdgPlf. ekdiptft ejahlf, lo F{kfklf, kqafjfjlao LxI WGjfJlfAtftuf, J[hfhltft kofdl, enaptft Ae;ajfjsplao DgufSdijdyhf whtfT Sofhlaj ia[ualf.lolf hjfJihf hGiktfjaj EtfhgfgKkaof cmfMhf hpstfms, Amohfhpstfmsjyf ehaoftdijyf. lokstfJ Fyhfhasp Atftuf DyfyK. loksofAtftuauf WdkPlf makskfKjf jagfg LxPlf. Fhfhx makdohdgkfkiafjyf kaof kdulps;auf uaasdp S{hfhi:lf,jbfhaafdipauf S:lfHjf jlfhsdp idyhfhi:lf, jbfhaafdipaeuwl|flasmlf (Mesmerism) wmpfK jagfGhiafjyf huaf Snfk DujsufDyfyoaf.hs;h]fm Atftduhf whTiktfjfJ hu i[sjyf S:nfkaUlf Fdk whtfThpof wht eibfGlaoauf FktfJasp Ve; j:is lolf kaof. losklolaoK Wdk nsdojfjsteka Fdk FdgnfKisGlf. Dka;blaj hblfmlfhakskfK hbjfja;of AjeibfGlf WofT Fek JtsjfejayajS:jfjstiof hbjfja;of Ajs;aof. Fekehauf gajfgaf (Doctor)AjeibfGlf, Wof<soqpaf (Engineer) AjeibfGlf Wofjsoft Wbfbkfksof 7
  8. 8. isdyiaj nagfglf wjayfjstK lolf. hsofH FKiaj latsisGjstaof.maka;o mLkap ia[fjfdjpseuep DofOdgp lolf DojfJeibfxpdkkf k:jstK. FktfJasp kJks lokstfJ S:jfjstK. Fekehauf Aoflqjhf hadkpsUlf Sjia[fjfdjpsUlf mas, Dof lolaoKWdk Qafjsteka Fdk FdgpLxPlf Wo Ftsp LxjstK. Fkoaeukaof nufu wmpfksjdy, nufudijdy, lolf Fdk ejgfG QafkfKnufuhxpaj loskof wmpufhg eibfGlf Wofjst Fxhfhdgpseu kaofkafllf, nqks, enafdl, V{_fJ, hbfhaG FkfkdoPlf Etfhgfgo. SnfkmLkap V{_fJjfJ laThgfG ngjfjst loskdo Snfk mLkaplfVKjfJjstK, nsnfksjfjstK. Fkoauf loskof Sj ia[fjfdjpsufJtftiauspajstaof. mLkaplf Dofdo JtftiauspajfJjstK. mLkapjfJtftkfKjfJ Ayajs Kofhhf hGjstaof.Sjia[fjfdjpsuf lsj lsj LjfjsplaoK S;bfG:1. mLkap V{_fJ,2. Sufut V{_fJ.mLkap V{_fJ ehau Sufut V{_fJjfJ laThgfG V:iof ngjfJlfehaK kaof Sufutkfksuf Kofhlf i:jstK. SufutkfksafjfJ WofT VafSujfjblf S:jfjstK. Fkofhx ia[jf jtfTjf wjayfy eibfGlf.jbfbsplf, jtfH, enafdl, mLkapkfdkmf maafnfK ia{lf jgfGhfhaG.jbiTjfjaj ldoisPlf, ldoisjfjaj jbiOlf, Siafjyf S:i:lfemafnfK J[nfdkjdy iyafjfjsoft laofH, ipkao jaukfksufJ[nfdkjyf whtfetaaf jiosjfj eibfxp whaThfH, Sitfdt SufutSujfjblf nljfJ ehaksjfjstK. Snfk Sufut Sujfjblf laThGlfehaK losk ia[fjfdj KofhlajstK. JGlfhkfksuf mmfm;Ijyf WkoaufEtfhGjsofto Woftauf jbioaoiof ldois Sgkfkseu msuWksafhaafHjdy Wksafhaafhfhaof. Fnfk WksafhaafhfHjfJ Etftaaf ehaufldoispsof wmpufhaG Sufduwpoftauf Dgeo Fiof loksufljs[fmfms S:jfjaK. Fek ehauf jbiof Shfhx S:jfj eibfGlf WofTldois Wksafhaafhfhayf. WksafhaafhfH ngiak ehaK loljs[fmfms Sufdu.kapflaafjyf msu iqgfxuf J[nfdkjyf hxjfjisufdu WofhktfjajJ[nfdkjdy ejahkfekaG FxkfJ KofHTkfKjsoft nsj[fmfmsdphaafjfjsetalf. Fek ehauf msyaf ldoisdp FxkfK KofHTkfKjsoft 8
  9. 9. jagfmsdphf haafjfjsetalf. mtfT hxkfkiafjyf jGdlpao iaafkfdkjyaufV:id; V:iaf kbfxkfK wjayfikaUlf lolf eikdohfhGjstK.FUiujkfksuf maspaohxeidu wmpfpisufdu WofT eluksjaasksgfGikaUlf lolf eikdohfhGjstK. Shfhx Foftaglf FOhishfhKkaof losk ia[fjfdjpajstK. Snfk nsdudp latft Wofo wmpfpeibfGlf? losk lokfdkhf hbfhGkfk eibfGlf. lolf hbfhgeibfGlaoauf Lkusuf nufu msnfkdo, nufu wmpufhaG,nufuiafjeyaG DtI, Sdti[shaG ehaoft Dpasp wmpufjyauflokfdk hbfhGkfk eibfGlf. msu losk:jfJ lo S:jfjelia[fjfdjpaj S:jfJlf. Fiafjyf wmaufiK kaof mas WofTmaksjfjsoftiafjyf DbfG. Fhfhx h[js i:jsoft Fnfk h[jfjkfksofja;blaj lolK lo S:jfj iphfhgfG isGlf. lolfS:jfjLyfyiafjYjfJ Dbfdljyf HasnfK wjayfYlf AtftufSufualuf ehaJlf. ja;blf Dgusof FBjfrTjyf Fhfhx EtfT EtfTh[js kofOdgp <qi mjfks JdtnfK isGjstK. Dps;atftuf, <qi mjfksJdtnfk loskOdgp FtsiaoK maspao Ldtpsuf wmpufhgaK.FhfehaK hs;mfmdojYjfJ kqafI jaBlf kstdo lolf S[nfK isGjstK.Ajei <qi mjfksdphf ehbsjfjahfhK lsj lsj Fimsplf AjstK. Fnfk<qi mjfksdp ehbsjfjahfhK kaof epajlf WofhK.epajlflokaoK Whfeha{Klf eidu wmpfK wjabfeg S:jfJlf. Snfklodk, FkaiK FduhapfnfK wjabfx:jfJlf lodk, V:nsduhfhGkfKiK FufuK V: Sgkfksuf JispdikfKhfh[jfjhfhGkfKiK, Fhfhx JispdikfKhf h[Jiksuf culf lokstfJwhasp Atftuf DbfgajstK. J[nfdkjyf isdypaGlf ehaK hjufen;kfksuf V: Jis wuofdm (Magnifying Glass) vasp wiysmfmkfksufjagfx V: jajskkf ka[suf jagfg Fnfk jajsklf WasjstK. WasikafjfJWofo ja;blf Woftauf h;iuao vasp Vysdp Jis wuofM culf V:Sgkfksuf vasp Vysdp Jisdihfhkauf vasp Vys D`fblf CafLjhfhgfG jajsklf WasjstK. ekjfjsdijfjsoft nqaf ldg kstnfK isgfgaufXd; F[skfKisGlf Atftuf whTlf. Fdgkfk jatfdt kstnfK isgfgaufF[sjfJlf eijlf whTlf. Fek ehau losk lokfdk V: Ljlaj Jisp 9
  10. 10. dikfkauf eh;atftuf hstjfjstK. Ajei kspaokfksof culf lokfdkjfJispdikfKhf h[j eibfGlf.Fgfga_fj epajlfSdt nsdu FdgiktfJ msu hx nsdujdy D:iajfjsPyfyaafjyfnlK mskfkafjyff. Fdkkfkaof Fgfga_fj epajlf Wofhaafjyf. SnfkFgfga_fj epajkfdk hk]fmufus epaj Losiaf whasKlf iusPTkfksjfrTiaaf. wh:lfhauao mskfkafjyf Fdkep hsofhtfts Sdt nsduFdgnfkoaf. Fgfga_fj epajLlf Aka;laTlf Fikfdk <nfKlf isgfefgtshf ehao wiuskoseu isphfwhaofT jbfegof igfgajsmf wmlflkshf haUtuf DbfG ljs[fnfks:jfj Wgfgak ehasofhlf Wofdo is{_fjs S:jfjsoftek -hgfxokfkaaf 25eltfjbfg hagusof isyjfjlaiK: WgfGidj epajLlf, Aka;lf ATlf,Fikfdk <nfKlf jgnfK wmofT mj|f;jalkfksuf FLklf DbfG ljs[fnfKehasofhkfekaG S:jfjsetof WofT rTidkjf jabualf. Fgfga_fjepajlf WofhK htfts Fjkfkspaf rtsPyfydk jq[fi:lf haguf culfjabualf, vyhfha eplwlaG enlnfkaOlf AmoLlf hs;abapllf hs;kfkspaja;lf jabga ka;dbPnf kspaolf dlnfka j:doPufu mlaKgeo WgfGlamfM -Fjkfkspaf wma.ma – 246eltfjbfg hagusuf Spllf, nspllf, Amolf, hs;abapllf,hs;kfkspaja;lf, ka;db, kspaolf, mlaks Wofjst WgfGidjpao epajwntsjdyjf rTjstaaf Fjkfkspaf. eltfjbfg WgfGidjpao hpstfmsjysofculf Dguf, naxjyf, Huofjyf, cdy, kJnfk ksgjakfks;lao 10
  11. 11. Ae;ajfjspdkhf whtfT DguaoK eikspuf latftkfkauf Sdt nsduFdgpei WgfGidj epajkfdkmf maofetaafjyf rtsoaafjyf.Spllf nsufuhfha Fgfga_fjlf WgfGlamfM en;aj Splwloft hkfKjf ejY wmaufuhfha ugfmbkfdkmf wmaufUjsetof ejyf Mjlao n;ls:j hgfmswpofOlf isyfyhfha Dnfkosg MjKjfjlf ehauf eloffdlwht haafjfj F_fjsdm wpofhaafjyf nufuhfha mskfkaks wmaufUiK dlnfka nagfgLgof eika;ks wmaufUiK_f ejey -Fjkfkspaf wma.ma – 258ltft Dpsaso_fjdy KofHTkfkaK wjaufuadl, Huauf Dbfbadl,ehaoft nufu Wbfb_fjyauf loksuf ltft Dpsafjyf hGlf Kofhlf nalfFdgPlf Kofhlf Wo Wbfbs FofH wmUkfk eibfGlf. whaKiaj KzpWbfb_fjyf Ddgp lokaj dikfks:hfhK Spllf WohfhGlf.nspllf wmhfHjsetof nsplidj hkfK ljfjayf msi msia kiemaG mnfekamnfkaof VhfHjsetof Atftsj]fmnf kaokfekaG Dgf msi ^dmepaG mskfkanfk ms;iblf FhfHksetof msikfekaG msilkskaof dlnfka F:yfwh:Jlf is;kwloft idjkaof hkfKnf KhfH;iapfjf jbfgtsnfK msiepajkfdk Mjlaj idjPgeo ptsnfK hae; -Fjkfkspaf wma.ma – 249 11
  12. 12. kilf, w<hlf, FgjfjLdgdl, nG nsdudl, hJkfKbfbuf, ljs[fmfms,FofH, is;klf, makfiqj DbI DbfBkuf, j:dbjagfGkuf ehaoftnufu Wbfb_fjyaUlf wmpufjyaUlf kofdo ksoLlf hpstfmswmpfiskfKhf h[Jkeu nspllf WohfhGlf.Sdkep kaof iyfyuaaf Fiafjyf Snfksasp V{jfjlf, <qi V{jfjlf,j;b V{jfjlf WofT hsaskfK idjhfhGkfksjf jagfxoaaf. Snfksasp V{jfjlfWofhK ]aeonfksasplf, jafennfksaspkfkauf V{_fjaj ngjfj eibfGlfWofhK. <qi V{jfjlf WofhK <qi;amsjdykf KofHTkfkjf rgaKWofhkaJlf. j;b V{jfjlf WofhK lolf, Hkfks, mskfklf, Fj_fja;lf,ehaoftitftauf V{_fjaj S:jfj eibfGlf WofhkaJlf.Amolfmskfkafjyf jaGjyseu ki ia[fjfdj eltfwjayfUlf ehaK ls:j_fjyf,^mfmsjyf ehaoft <qi;amsjdyhf haafkfK Amo_fjdyjfjbfGhsxkfkaafjyf. Dka;blaj halfhaoK idynfK idynfK WnfkSGjfJjysUlf, mnfK whanfKjysUlf wmufUjsoft idyPlf kofdlS:jfjstK. Aoauf Fek halfhaoK Wksasdpkf kajfj hglf WGkfKnstfJlf ehaK en;aj isd;hfhaj nsofT Fhaslsklao hukfKgofisy_fJjstK. Fek ehauf losk DgduPlf halfdh ehauf idyPlfkofdldpPlf id;hfhao kofdldpPlf Dguf wh; eibfGwlofTepajamokfdkjf jbfG hsxkfkaafjyf.epajf Woftauf SdbhfhK Woft wha:Ulf VofT. <qiakfldih;lakflaeiaG SdbhfhktfJ Snfk Amo_fjyf hpofhGjsofto. 84ugfmlf <qi;amsjyf ekaoftsPyfyK Snfk Dujkfksuf FkofFxhfhdgpsuf ekaoftspKkaof 84 Amo_fjyaJlf. hufeiT Amo_fjyfS:nfjaUlf mskfkafjyf epajkfkstfJ Ljfjsplao Amolaj 9 idjdpjfrTjstaafjyf. FtsnfKha ;amo_fjyf VofhdkP_f ejY Fhfheo wmatftsu_feja LjkfkseoaG isasnfKhaaf hkflwlaG iq;lf dlnfka isdmpao ms_fjwlaG hkfks;Ldlnfka 12
  13. 13. hasnfKhaaf LkfkwlaG lP;dlnfka hksiaj osoft Mjlf VofhkamfM iasnfK nsoft VofhdkPnf kofOgf jbfG idjPgeo Fgfga_fj epajlfhaet -Fjkfkspaf wma.ma – 250ejaLjlf, hkfllf, iq;lf, ms_fjlf, hkfks;amolf, Lkfkamolf, l%;amolf,i<s;lf, Mjamolf Snfkidjpao Amo_fjdyep whasKlfiusPTkfksPyfyaafjyf. mskfkafjyf jaGjysuf ia{jsoft ehaK ldyhJkspsuf Ets St_fjsPlf kofOdgp hbsjdy kaeo wmpfikaUlf ltftAmo_fjdyhf htfts msthfhajjf rtisufdu. SofwoaofT FhfhspamhfhpstfmsjfJ eltfjbfg 9 Amo_fjyf ehaKlaoK WofT LxI WGkfKjfrTjstaafjyf ehaUlf.hs;abpallfhs;abdo nsplhfhGkfKiK hs;abpallf WofT rtualf. SK NdtQ;du iusdlhf hGkfKjsoft hpstfmspaJlf. hs;abof Woftaeu SK VafDpsafmf mjfkspaJlf. hs;h]fm DtfhkfksjfJ cuja;blao Atftuf kaofnlK DguseuPlf wmpufhgfGjf wjabfG S:jfjsofto. hs;abAtftuauf kaof Fbfg_fjyf, eh;bfg_fjyf, vaspofjyf, ejagfjyfFkfkdoPlf Sp_fJjstK. hs;abbf Wofjst DnfK mjfks Spjfjkfkaufkaof Snfkhf hs;h]fmlf Sp_fJjstK.Fek hs;abof cmfMjf jatftsof culf nlK Dgusuf Dpsafmf mjfkspajwmpufhGjstK. Fkoauf maofetafjy, Lmfmhfha wkpfi wlofT Lofeoaaf wmaofoaaf LosiafjUlf mskfkafjYlf Fdkkfkaof wmaofoaafWofT cmfdmep wkpfilf WofT wmaofoaafjyf.elUlf, Etfts Stjfjs S:jaUlf ^asjfJlf jatfdt FtsPlf jbjfjtsiaasufdu 13
  14. 14. jatfdt FtsPlf jbjfjtsiay:jfJ rtfdt DdkjfJlf JtspsKiael -ks:cuafWofjstaaf ks:cuaf. hs;abpalkfksof ljkfKikfdkPlf, ks:cuafeltfjbfg haguf culf cmfMjf jatfdt EtftsPlf StjfjsPlf ^askfKlfhpstfms wmpfjsoft idjpsof jbjfJ pa:jfJlf wkasiksufdu, cmfMjfjatfdt Etfts StjfJlf idj wkasnfkiof kofOdgp madiep DdkfKkfkyfYiaof WofT rTjstaaf.hs;abpallf, cmfdm FgjfJkuf S;bfGjfJlf VtfTdlPbfG. wigfgwiyspao Fbfgkfksof Spjfj mjfksjdy FkOdgp Fdmdijf wjabfGnalf Ftsjsetalf. Snfk FdmIjysuf S:nfK hstnfkKkaof cmfMjf jatfTSpjfjlf. hs;h]fmlf Wofjst eh;bfgkfdk SpjfJjsoft hs;abof kaofnlfdlPlf Spjfjsjf wjabfG S:jfjsofto. Fkoauf Dgeo hpstfmspsofculf Fgjfjs Ayualf WofhK Spuak jaasplf. eh;bfgkfksuf Dyfy<qijanfk mjfks lsofjanfklf, <qijanfklf, Qafkfkuf, isGkuf ehaofthufeiT wmpufjyf hu ejaxjfjbjfjao FBjfjysof wjakfKnsj[fmfmspaj ndg whtfTjf wjabfG S:jfjsofto. Fek ehaofTeh;bfgkfksof rTjyf FkfkdoPlf nlK Dgusuf Ngfh mjfksjyajwmpufhgfGjf wjabfx:jfjsofto. Vif wia: SpjfjLlf losk DgusufFks Ngfhlajmf wmpufhGjsofto. losk Dgusuf h;isPyfy SptfdjpsofAtftdu hpstfmspsof culf djpabfgiafjyf Sptfdj L{idkPlfAYjsoft Atftduhf whTjstaafjyf. Snfk hs;abpalel l;blsufuahfwh:ia[fI wht lsj lsj Ljfjsp Flfmlaj isy_fJjstK. ShfehacmfMjf jatftaoK nlK Dgusuf Whfhx wmpufhGjstK Woffhdkhfhaafhfehalf.cmfMjfjatfTlf loskOlf^lspaoK S;Ilf hjUlf lats lats Spjfjlf ndg whTjstK. Fkoaufkaof ^lspsuf Dyfy Huf, ^Gjyf, loskof, hs;abs, ^mfmsjuf FKFkokof jgdldpmf wmpfK Dpsafia[fjsofto. Ajei ^lspsof<qi;amsjyf ia[fdjjfJ mnfks;of Wofjst S;Ilf vaspof Wofjst hjUlf 14
  15. 15. FkOdgp jksaf iqmfMjfjyf ^lsdpkf kajfJikauf FdokfK DpsafjYlfia[fjsofto WofhK Ftsispuf aqkspao Dbfdl.^ls kofOdgp Fmfmsus:nfK 21 ½ ksjas (Degree) mapflao MtfT igfglfQ;bfg M[tfms eijkfksUlf EkaiK V:xjsas enaf ejagfxuf infkaufkaof ^ls lqK ejayfjysof mjfks hksPlf. Fhfhx MtfTigfghf hadkpsufWnfk ejaysof mjfks ^lslqK jksjsteka FofT Fnfk js;jkfksufwhpaseuep ia;kfksof E{ nagfjyf.ejayao vaspof ^lslqK hksPlf nayf ]apsT,ejayao mnfks;of ^lslqK hksPlf nayf ks_fjyf,ejayao wmifiapf ^lslqK hksPlf nayf wmifiapf,ejayao Hkof ^lslqK hksPlf nayf Hkof,ejayao J: ^lslqK hksPlf nayf ispa[of,ejayao vjfjs;of ^lslqK hksPlf nayf wiyfys,ejayao mos ^lslqK hksPlf nayf mos.vaspjf JGlfhkfksof ejagfjyf ^lspsof enaf ejagfxuf jksPlf en;elFnfkjf ejagfjysof whpaseuep ia; nagfjyf whpaf Dyfyo WofThaafkfekalf. Vifwia: naYlf Vifwia: ejagfjyf jksPlf. jkspaoKloskdoPlf SpjfJjstK. Fkoaeu kaof epajsjyf Miamkfdk vaspDkplf wkag_fJiktfJ 2 lbs en;kfkstfJ Lof Miamkfdk latftswjaGkfK mas wmpfiaafjyf. Ldtpaj MiamlaoK jq[fjbfg ish;hfhxwkag_fj eibfGlf. Fgfgidb jqe[ wjaGjfjhfhgfGyfyK. 15
  16. 16. lbs lbs wmifiapf, wiyfys, ispa[of ispa[of mos Lkuf id; ‘]apsT Hkof, (iyafhsdt) (ekpfhsdt) ks_fjyfjadu 4 6 iuK SgK SgK iuK iuK 6 8 SgK iuK iuK SgK iuK 8 10 iuK SgK SgK iuK iuK 10 12 SgK iuK iuK SgK iuK 12 2 iuK SgK SgK iuK iuK 2 4 SgK iuK iuK SgK iuKladu 4 6 iuK SgK SgK iuK iuK 6 8 SgK iuK iuK SgK iuKS;I 8 10 iuK SgK SgK iuK iuK 10 12 SgK iuK iuK SgK iuK 12 2 iuK SgK SgK iuK iuK 2 4 SgK iuK iuK SgK iuKjadu 4 6 iuK SgK SgK iuK iuK hs;ks Flaiadm, hs;kdlPlf, hs;ks whyafbls, FGkfk naYlf jadu 4 Lkuf 6 id; iukfksuf VgeibfGlf. Dkfk;apblf jaulf FkaiK dk laklf Lkuf ekkspofT jadu 4 Lkuf 6 id; Sgjdu (mnfks; jdu) Cgfg eibfGlf. kgfmsbapblf jaulf FkaiK Ax Lkuf ekks jadu 4 Lkuf 6 id; hs_fjdu (vasp jdu) Cgfg eibfGlf. ispa[jfjs[dlpofT ia; Miam Vgfgkfdk hasemakdo wmpfPlf nayf. Ajei 4 Lkuf 6 lbs hasemaksjfj eibfGlf. 16
  17. 17. iyafhsdt, hs;kdl, Kisksdp, ks:ksdp nagfjysuf Sgjdu DkskfK CgeibfGlf.ekpfhsdt, hs;kdl, Kisksdp, ks:ksdp nagfjysuf vaspjdu DkskfKVgeibfGlf.eltfjbfg Fgfgidopsof hx makjafjyf kofOdgp cmfdm Spjfjhfh[j eibfGlf. ejagfjysof jksafiqmfMjfJlf losk Dguf SpjfjkfkstfJlfcmfMjf jatftsof wkagafehaG Dgusuf wmpufhaGjyf ndgwhTjsofto.Ajei ejagfjysof jkskf kofdljfJ Etfh Miamkfdk Spjfjhfh[jsoiafjyf nqbfgjaulf Ae;ajfjsplaj ia[fiaafjyf. Sdijyfmskfkafjyf Ftsispuf aqkspajjf jbfGhsxkfk Dbfdljyf.eltfJtshfhsgfg Fgfgidohfhx cmfmaoK ]apsT, wmifiapf, mos, iuKnamspsUlf, wyfys, ks_fjyf, Hkof SgK namspsUlf Vg eibfGlf.iyafhsdt ispa[jf js[dl SgK namspsUlf, ekpfhsdt ispa[jfjs[dliuK namspsUlf Miamlf Vg eibfGlf. Snfk Vgfglf Fksjadu 4 Lkuf6 lbsjfJuf Sp_fj eibfGlf. emakdo wmpfK haafjfj eibfxpen;Llf FKei.vaspjf JGlfhkfksof 7 ejagfjyf ^ls lqK jksjsoft en;el ia;kfksof 7nagfjyf whpaf vgfghfhgfgo. Fek ehau vaspOlf mnfks;OlfwigfhjfejaYlf kgfhjfejaYlaj lbsk Dgusuf jkskfK cmfMjfjatftaj wmpufhGjsofto.MaspOlf mnfks;Olf loskof lqK jksafjyf jksiksof ja;blaj kgfhjfejausof AtftUlf wihfhjf ejausof AtftUlf 12 lbs en;kfkstfJ V:Ldt, S;Ilf hjUlf kgfhLlf wihfhLlf ^lspsuf jksjsteka, FekehaofT 2 lbs en;kfkstfJ V: Ldt losk namspsuf, iuK cjfjsufwihfhjfjatfTlf, SgK cjfjsuf kgfhjf jatfTlf Sp_fjs DgUjfJyfS:jfJlf FBjf rTjYjfJ Dpsaf mjfksdp FysjfjstK. jq[fjbfgish;hfhx cmfMjf jatfT nlK Dgusuf 24 lbs en;lf wmpufhgfGjfwjabfx:jfjstK. 17
  18. 18. Aka;lf – 7 cmfmsof WGkfKjf wjayfYlf en;lf Wbfbsjfdj lbs. nslsglf. isnaxcuaka;lf (luiapf) 600 0.40.00Miaksgfgaolf (j: Dtfhkfks) 6000 6.40.00lbs^;jlf (wkahfHyf) 6000 6.40.00Foajklf (Skplf) 6000 6.40.00isMkfks (j{kfK) 1000 1.06.40Ajfd] (H:ilkfks) 1000 1.06.40mj|f;ja;lf (kdu nG 1000 1.06.40 hJks) 21,600 24.00.00eltfjbfg ish;hfhx Vifwia: Aka;_fjusUlf 24 lbs en;kfkstfJm;amas 21,600 cMfM loskOjfJ wmpufhGjstK. vasp Dkp jauen;lajsp Fksjadupsuf Mlaaf 6 lbs Fyisuf Miam DkplfjbjfjsghfhGjstK. Miamlf Hkof js[dl lbf kkfKikfksuf DksjfJlf,]apstfTjs[dl nqaf kkfKikfksuf DksjfJlf, mos, ks_fjyf js[dl FjfoskkfKikfksuf DksjfJlf, ispa[of, wmifiapf js[dl iaP kkfKikfksufDksjfJlf, wiyfys js[dl Ajap kkfKikfksuf DksjfJlf.Shfhx Dksjfjsoft Snfk MiamlaoK 2 lbs wn;kfkstfJ V:dl iuKnams SgK nams S;bfxUlf lats lats VGlf. Fnfk 2 lbs en;kfksufMiamlf Vifwia: kkfKikfksuf Whfhx Sp_fJjstK Wofhdkhfhaafhfehalf. 18
  19. 19. js[dl nslsglf. isnax nslsglf Hkof lbfbsuf lbf 10.48 lbfbsuf nqasuf 09.00 lbfbsuf wn:hfhsuf 07.12 lbfbsuf iaP 05.24 lbfbsuf Ajaplf 03.36 36.00 36.00 ]apsT nqasuf nqaf 07.30 nqasuf wm:hfH 06.00 nqasuf jatfT 04.30 nqasuf Ajaplf 03.00 nqasuf lbff 09.00 30.00 30.00 mos, ks_fjyf wn:hfhsuf wn:hfH 04.48 wn:hfhsuf jatfT 03.36 wn:hfhsuf Ajaplf 02.24 wn:hfhsuf lbf 07.12 wn:hfhsuf nqaf 06.00 24.00 24.00wmifiapf, ispa[of iaPisuf iaP 02.42 iaPisuf Ajaplf 01.48 iaPisuf lbf 05.24 iaPisuf nqaf 04.30 iaPisuf wn:hfH 03.36 18.00 18.00 19
  20. 20. js[dl nslsglf. isnax nslsglf wiyfys Ajapkfksuf Ajaplf 01.12 Ajapkfksuf lbff 03.36 Ajapkfksuf nqaf 03.00 Ajapkfksuf wm:hfH 02.24 Ajapkfksuf iaP 01.48 12.00 12.00 120.00eltfjbfg ish;hfhx 2 lbs en;kfksuf Vifwia: js[dljysuf eltfrtsphx Fnfknfkkf kkfKikfksuf wkag_fjs Vifwia: FBjfrTjysUlf <qijanfk mjfksdp lsys;mf wmpfjstK.MiamlaoK eltfjbfg ish;hfhx maspaj Spjfjlf ndg whtftauf kaofmaq;lf Ae;ajfjsplaj S:jfJlf. Ajei epajsjYlf ]aosjYlfMiamkfdk jibskfK kojfJkf kaeo Miam Vgfgkfdk maspaj VgfgjfjtfTjf wjabfgafjyf. 2 lbs en;kfksuf lats lats ndgwhTlfMiamlaoK 2 lbs en;kfksTfJyf h]fm^kkf kkfKikfksuf wmpufhGlfjau en;kfdk mskfkafjyf Wkfkdo Kufusplajjf jbjfjsgfGyfyaafjyfWofhdk WbfBlf ehaK Fiafjyf ljkfKilf FyisgfGjf rt LxpakKWofT wkasjstK.]aosjYlf mskfkafjYlf djpsuf Caf kbfglf dikfks:hfhaafjyf. FkaiKdj Sgjfjao jsmfMhfhJkspsuf dikfKjf wjabfG DgfjaafnfKS:hfhaafjyf. Fnfk kbfgkfkstfJ whpaf iamsjfejauf WofhK.MiamlaoK Cg eibfxp kkfKikfksuf Cgisufdu Woftauf Miamkfdkmaspao cjfJkf Kia;kfksuf Cgdihfhktfjaj hpofhGkfKlf ejauaJlf.ejagfjysof m]ffma;kfkstfJ Etfh losk Dguf Sp_fKjstK WofT FtsnfKFktfJ Etftatf ehauf klfLdg Dgdu Whfhx haKjajfj eibfGlfWofT Ftsispuf aqkspaj wmaofoaafjyf mskfkafjyf. 20
  21. 21. kiataj Miamlf VGikauf DbfgaJlf isdyI1 ]apstfT js[dl SgK namspsuf Miamlf Vxoauf mys, S:luf DbfgaJlf2 ks_fjgf js[dl iuk namspsuf Miamlf Vxoauf mys, MtftkfkaafjfJ ejG DbfgaJlf3 wmifiapff js[dl SgK namspsuf Miamlf Vxoauf M;lf, iqbf mbfdg, maI Lkusp DbfgaJlf4 Hkof js[dl iuK namspsuf Miamlf Vxoauf kduius, kq_fJjyff DbfgaJlf5 iyafhsdt ispa[jf js[dl SgK namspsuf Miamlf Vxoauf ekjenapf DbfgaJlf6 wiyfys js[dl iuK namspsuf Miamlf Vxoauf jbf, jaK enapf DbfgaJlf7 mosjf js[dl SgK namspsuf Miamlf Vxoauf <bfbs DbfgaJlf wmifiapf, mos, ]apsT cofTlf wihfh ejagfjyf. wihfh Aksjfjlf Fyfys iqms Dgdu SpjfJjsoftK. FkOdgp Spjfjkfkstf ejtfthfhx jadu 4 lbsjfJ iuK namspsuf wihfhlao cmfMjf jatfT ngjfJlf. laThgfG ngjfJlaoauf eltfjbfg isdyIjyf EtfhGlf. Fekehauf wiyfys, ks_fjyf, Hkof cofTlf kgfhjf ejagfjyf. kgfh Aksjfjlf ngjfJlf nayf Wofhkauf SgK namspsuf Spufhajei ngjfJlf. lats ngnfkauf latftsjf wjayfy eibfGlf WofT rtsoaf. Fek ehau iyafhsdt ispa[osuf kgfhlf SgK namspsUlf, ekpfhsdt ispa[osuf wihfhlf iuK namspsUlf Miamlf ndg wht eibfGlf WofT rtsoaafjyf. Miamlf nalf Miamsjfjsoft cmfmaoK namskfKia;_fjysof i[spaj H:idlplf WofOlf Sgkfksuf kdupsof nG hajkfksuf jkfkasjf ejauf ehau M[skfK haklf id; wmofT FdokfK Dgusof haj_fjusUlf hs;eimskfK hsofH nams i[spaj 12 F_fJulf nqgfmspsuf nams i[spaj wiysep wmufUjstK. lqbfGlf cmfM Dyfey S{jfjsoft ehaK 8 F_fJulf Dyfey hs;eimsjfjstK. 4 F_fJulf cmfM is;plf1 AjstK. Shfhxpaj wkagafnfK wmpufhgfG nlK Dgdu SpjfJjstK. 1 V: F_fJulf WofhK 1 inch jfJ mllf 21
  22. 22. MiamlaoK Ekaik V: namskfKia;kfksof culf 12 F_fJu nqgfmspsufwiusepTlf. ltft namspsuf 1 MiamkfkstfJ eluf nqgfms DbfgajaK.loskof Miamsjfjsoft cmfM 12 F_fJulf nqgfmspajs 8 F_fJulf DyfeywmofT 4 F_fJulf is;plajstK. Ajei Miamkfdk is;plf wmpfpalufS:hfhksof culf Dguf lgfGlf iusdl whTiKlgfGlufualufFdokfK mskfKjfjYlf wmpfjsoft, rGjsoft iufuhlf loskOjfJDbfgajstK WofT jbfgtsnfkiafjyf mskfkafjyf. Miamlf WhfhxwmuiajstK Wofhdk jq[fjbfgiaT rtsPyfyoaf. Miamlf wmuI ish;lf wiys wmufUlf Dgf wmufUlf Miam is;plf Miamlf Miamlf1 maka;blajhf ehMlfehaK 12 8 42 wmatfwha[sI, D;kfk ehmfM 16 8 83 ngjfJlf ehaK 20 10 104 jxo eidu 24 12 125 mbfdgpsuf 36 24 126 Dt_fJlf ehaK 48 30 187 eijlapf CGlf ehaK 56 28 288 lakafjysglf rGlf ehaK 64 24 40eltfjbfg ish;hfhx MiamlaoK is;plf AjstK. Ajei kaofia;kfkstfJ V: ldtepa S;bfG Ldtepa wlyo is;klfS:jfjsoftoaf. lakafjdyjf rGlf ehaK 15 nagfjYjfJ V: LdtrGiK msthfH. wlKiaj Sosdlpajhf ehMiK, lsk ndg ehaofth[jfj_fjdy EtfhGkfksjf wjayfy eibfGlf.nqaf, wn:hfH, jatfT, Ajaplf, ^ls Snfk h]fm^kkf kkfKilao loskDgusuf Miamlf Wnfkkf kkfKikfksuf VGjstK Wofhdk Miamlf cjfjsufVGidk dikfek wkasnfK wjayfyualf. 22
  23. 23. h]fm^k ndgcjfJkf Kia;kfksof eltfhJksdpmf maafnfk Miamlf Cxoauf FjfoscjfJkf kbfxof Wksaf Htlaj Cxoauf jatfTcjfjsof naofJ HtLlf jdunfK Cxoauf Ajaplfcjfjsof Miamlf en;ajmf wmoftauf lbfcjfjsof Miamlf jq[ajmf wmoftauf nqaf∗SKlgfGlufualuf Miamkfdk dikfK Sj ia[fjfdjpsuf WhfhxVifwia: wmpusUlf witfts jabfhK Wofhdk m; ma|fks;lf WofjstNzusuf isyjfjlajjf rthfhgfGyfyK. m;lf Woftaeu cmfM WofTwha:yf. SK cmfM ma|fks;lf WofhkaJlf. L{jfj m;ma|fks;kfdkisyjfjaisgfgaUlf M:jfjlajjf rTksetalf.mnfks; jdu ngjfJlf ehaK KzkOhfHkuf, kaeo KzK wmufuuf,Hkfkadgjyf Fbskuf, ks:lblf wmpfkuf, Agfjdy eidujfJ WGkfkuf,jsbT, Jylf wigfGkuf, iqG, ldo ia_fJkuf, JxHJkuf,wha:yfjdy istftuf, kojfJ eluaoiafjdy jabmf wmufUkuf,wkpfi hs;ksgfdg wmpfkuf, M;lf kqafkfkuf, mlakaolf ehmuf, jufisejgfGjf wjayfYkuf, Sdi Wufualf wmpfiK nofdlpaJlf.vasp jdu ngjfJlf ehaK J: Dhekmlf whtuf, Dhekmlf wmpfkuf,Wksasdp is;gfguf, hpsaf isdykfkuf, ispaha;lf ehmuf, kq;a i[jfdjkfkqafkfkuf, m_fjqklf haguf, ehmkf wkag_fJkuf, makskfkuf, wjaufUlfisgkfdkkf kqafkfkuf, Dbi:nfKkuf, nskfksd; wmpfkuf nofdlpaJlf.Shfhx Eof Snfk Snfk Miamlf ndgwhTlf ehaK Sofo Sofo wmpduwmpfpmf wmaofoaafjyf WofhK ejyfis. vaspjdu ngjfJlf ehaKMiamlaoK hsgas i[spajhf ehapf wmpufhGlf. mnfks;jdu ngjfJlfehaK cdypsof hJks L{jfj wmofTi:lf.∗ lbf, nqaf kkfKilf Dujspuf isija;lf Wofhkauf FK Ktit SpUjfJ WGkfKjfwjayfyhfhg lagfgaK. Fjfos nufisdo kqisdo S;bfdgPlf ma:lf. ltftdi WufualfKtit Spuf. 23
  24. 24. Miamlf msu jolf Fksjlf AJlf ehaK APyf JdtjstK WofTmskfkafjyf jbfG hsxkfKyfyaafjyf.Lpuf 1 nslsgkfkstfJ 36 cmfM 2 i:glf APyfJksd; 1 nslsgkfkstfJ 16 cmfM 20 i:glf APyfloskof 1 nslsgkfkstfJ 16 cmfM 120 i:glf APyfAdl 1 nslsgkfkstfJ 4 cmfM 500 i:glf APyfekd; 1 nslsgkfkstfJ 2 cmfM 2000 i:glf APyfeltfjbfg ish;hfhx Jksd;dphf ehauf loskof 1 nslsgkfkstfJ 16 cmfMisGjsoft ehaKlf FkOdgp APuf 20 i:glaj Jdtpjf ja;blfJksd;psof eijlf Fksjlf. FK VGikauf Fkof APyf JdtjstK.SofwoaofT FkOdgp cu FBjfrtsof ha;lfhasp SpufHlaJlf.loskof 1 nslsgkfkstfJ 16 cmfM wmpufhgfgaUlf Jksd;dp ehaofTVGiksufdu, Dd[hfhksufdu hu lg_fJ Jksd;dpjf jagfxUlfDd[hfH JdtI. Fkoaeu APgfjaulf 120 Aj nqgfxjfjstK.AdlpaoK lsjjf Jdtnfk FuI cmfM isGiK lgfGlufualuf FKwlKiaj Fxeluf Fx WGkfK wmufUlf. Fkoauf 500 i:glfia[fjstK. ekd;epa 1 nslsgkfkstfJ 2 cmfM isGjsoftK. FkofwmpufhaG lsj lsj JdtI Fkoauf 2000 i:glf ia[fjstK.epajsjuf k_fjyf kiiusdlpauf wiysep 12 F_fJulf wmufUjsoftMiamkfdk Jdtjfj Jdtjfj hufeiT iusdljyf, mskfKjfjyf whtftoaf. 24
  25. 25. 11 F_fJulf Miamlf ngnfkauf Duj Admjyf ehaJlf10 F_fJulf Miamlf ngnfkauf ]aolf DbfgaJlf 9 F_fJulf Miamlf ngnfkauf iseijlf ekaofTlf 8 F_fJulf Miamlf ngnfkauf Kz;kfkseu ngjfjsoft nsj[fmfmsjyf wkasPlf 7 F_fJulf Miamlf ngnfkauf 6 F_fJulf Miamlf ngnfkauf Ajapkfksuf Dyfydijyf nsdu wkasPlf 5 F_fJulf Miamlf ngnfkauf Dguf jap mskfks DbfgaJlf 4 F_fJulf Miamlf ngnfkauf 8 idjpao mskfKjfjyf djrGlf 3 F_fJulf Miamlf ngnfkauf iaosuf Wufua jbfg_fjysUlf m]fmasjfjualf 2 F_fJulf Miamlf ngnfkauf rGisgfG rGhapualf 1 F_fJulf Miamlf ngnfkauf Aoflkasmolf jabualf Miamlf Dkskfk Sgkfksuf nsdukfkauf mlaks ehasofh nsdupdgpualf, Aja;lf Softs S:jfjualf. loskOdgp Miamkfdk dikfK Whfhx wpufualf djpa[ualf Wofhdk haafjfJlf ehaK mskfkafjysof iufuhLlf FtsIjf rafdlPlf hs;lsjfj dijfjstK. hs;abapallf, iamsepajlf Wofjst hpstfmsjdywpufualf maspao J:isosglf wkasnfK wjabfG hpstfmspsuf St_fj eibfGlf. maka;blaj hufeiT Hkfkj_fjdyhf hxkfKisgfG hpstfms wmpfiK Dasp hudokf k;aK. msu eidyjysuf FKei DgUjfJ Sdg%T DbfgajfjsisGlf. hs;abpalkfksoauf Whfhx Wnfkiskkfksuf hpof Fdgjsetalf Wofhdk haafhfehalf. hs;abpalkfkauf FdgPlf nofdl, enapfjyf i;aluf kGjfjualf, Ae;ajfjsplao Dguaj dikfKjf wjayfUkuf, APdy Fksjaskfkuf. lokfksuf iusdlPlf, WdkPlf AeuamskfK maspao LxI WGjfJlf kbfdlPlf, Huofjysof F{jfJ ehaoftdijyf Mkfklf wmpfPlf. hs;abapl hpstfms culf kof lodk AYlf, AYdlkf ks;do wht LxPlf. 25
  26. 26. V:maka;b loskof V: nslsgkfkstfJ 25 Lkuf 30 id; Miam_fjyfisgualf. enapayspaj S:nfkauf Miamlf JTjspkajIlf, WbfbsjfdjFksjlaj S:jfJlf. ekafmfms whtft epajsjYjfJ V: nslsgkfkstfJ 15Lkuf 18 id; Miamlf ndgwhTlf. m;amas 8 Miam_fjyf iskfkspamlffDyfyo.hs;abapl makdopsuf witfts Fdgnfkiof FdgPlf huoaoK,1 nslsgkfkstfJ 8 Miamlf lsJks,1 lbsjfJ 8 x 60 = 480 Miam_fjyf,1 nayf FufuK 24 lbs en;kfkstfJ 8 x 60 x 24 = 11520 Miam_fjyflsJks,8 Miamlf lsJkshfhGikauf loskosof APyf 1 i:gkfktfJ Mlaaf 162nagfjyf FksjlaJlf,hs;abapl hpstfms ksolf ½ lbs en;lf wmpfkauf 1 nslsgkfkstfJ 2 MiamlfJdtPlf,½2 Miamlf lsJkspaoauf 1 i:gkfkstfJ APyf 6 nayf FksjlaJlf.SK Whfhx Ftsispuf ^afilaj DbafiK? Woft ejyfisSptfdjpajei W{iK SpufH. Dka;blaj elagfgaafiajokfdkep WGkfKjf wjayfeialf. Fnfk iajokfkstfJ Fksjlf VgfglfwjaGkfkauf FksUyfy haj_fjyf ekpfnfK 10 i:glf Cg eibfxpiajolf 5 i:gkfksuf kof kstdo S[nfK isGjstK. Fek ehauf nlKDgusuf Dyfy FBkfks;ofjYlf Fksj cmfMjfjatfT wiusepTikaufDpsafmf mjfksdp S[nfK Dguf isd;isuf kyafnfmfmspdgPlf. AjeiMiamhf hpstfms culf jgfGhfhGkfKlf ehaK Dgusof DyfDThfHjfjysof Dpsaf mkfK is;plf JdtnfK APyf nqgfxhfHlfAe;ajfjsp ia[fIlf Dbfgajsofto.mas kspaolf Woftauf Wofo? Whfhx wmpfiK? Fkof huof Wofo?Wofhdkhf haafhfehalf. 26
  27. 27. kspaolfepajkfksuf kspaolf WohfhGiK E[aiK nsdupaJlf. Fgfga_fjepajlf Wofjst WgfGidjpao epajkfksuf AtaiK nsdu jgnfKE[aiK nsduep kspaolf AJlf.DbafIjfJlf S;kfk CgfgkfkstfJlf wn:_fjsp wkagafHbfG. AjeiS;bfGlf mq;aj dikfks:jfj eibfGlf. madupseu ngnfK wmufUjsoftehaK S;bfG iajo_fjyf elaKjsofto. Fksuf msuaf Stjfjsoftoaf.Snfk Wksafha;ak nsj[fisdojf jbfgIgof Dgusof S;kfk CgfglfFksjlajs S;kfklf Dd;nfK isGiK ehaoft DbafI ekaofTjstK.Fmlfhaisk ishkfK Fdkhf haafkfkIgof Etfhgfg DbafI FnfkDbafisoauf Dgusof S;kfk Cgfglf eijlaj CGjstK. S;kfklfwjakshfhdgkstK.Spufhajei Dguf Spjfjlf cmfMjf jatfdt MiamsjfjhfhGikauf ndgwhTjsTK. hs;h]fmkfksuf Dyfy Kzpfdlpao jatfdt MiamskfKDgusof Dyfus:hfHjfjYjfJ S;kfkkfekaG junfK Vifwia:FBjfrTjYjfJlf Dpsaf mjfksdpjf ejaGkfK losk DgduSpjfJjstK. Dbafmfms iphfhGiksof culf S;kfk Vgfgkfksof wmpuflaThGjstK. Foftaglf Dt_fjs W{nfkK Lkuf S;I Dt_fJlf id;hufeiT mlfhi_fjdy, hs;mfmdojdy, ejah kah DbafIjdy loskofmnfksjfjstaof. Fiof mnfksjfjsoft Vifwia: wmpufhagfGjfJ EtfhDbafiauf S;kfk Vgfglf laThgfG wmpufhGlf. Wksafha;ak ishkfKhaafjfJlf ehaK FyIjfJ lqksp Dbafmfmspauf S;kfk VgfgkfkaufhakshfH Wo Db; LxjstK. msu whbfjeya! Fbfjeya! Kjfj wmpfksejgfgIgof <epa! naof Wofo wmpfeiof WofT SgK wn]fdmhfhsxkfKjf wjabfG F{jsoft magfmsdphf haafjfjsetalf. Eof wn]fdmhfhsxkfKjf wjabfG F{jstaafjyf? Woftauf S;kfk Cgfglf m_fjllflajstSglf Skplf. Kjfj wmpfks ejgfgKlf DbafI kajfJikauf S;kfkVgfglf Fksjlajs Skpkfdkkf kajfJikauf Skpkfdkhf hsxkfKjfwjabfG F{jstaafjyf. ShfwhaK H;snfK wjabfegalf. DbafIlf,S;kfk CgfgLlf, S;bfgtjf junfK wmpuf hGjsofto WofT.S;kfk Cgfglf laThgfG wmpuf hGikauf Dgusuf huisdyIjyfEtfhGjsofto. nqbfg S;hfhaf J[apsuf kbfbqaf hapfmfMlf ehaK 27
  28. 28. eijlaj J[apsof msu Sg_fjyf witftsglajsPlf ltft Sg_fjyfeijlajkf kbfbqaf haPlf. Fek ehauf DbafmfmsimhfhGlf ehaK msuSg_fjysuf Dgusuf wmpuf hGjsoft S;kfklaoK JdtnfKlf ltftSg_fjysuf eijlajIlf haPlf. Shfhx S;kfk CgfglaoK laThfhgfGDgusuf wmpufhGlf ehaK, Dgusuf DhadkjYlf, enapfjYlfDbfgaJlf. ja;blf nlK Dgusof Vifwia: FBjfjYjfJlfFBjfrgfgkfkstfJlf Mkfkjf jatfT Woft mkfK kaof Dps;atftdukfk:jstK. nalf MiamsjfJlf ehaK Miamjf jatfT S;kfkkfksuf junfK nlKDgusof Wufua DThfHjfjYjfJlf FBkfks;yfjYjfJlf iusdldpjfwjaGjfjstK. laThgfg S;kfk Cgfglf ndg whTlaoauf Dgusof DyfDThfHjYjfJ S;kfk Cgfglf maspao Ldtpsuf hapak hJksh{kdgnfK DhadkjYjfJ AyajstK.Snfk S;kfk Cgfglf masi; ndg whTiktfJ losk ia[fjfdjpsufVifwia:i:lf jadu, ladu kspaolf wmpfp eibfGlf WofTmaofeyaafjyf rTjsoftoaf. kspaolf wmpfPlf ehaK Wnfkisk DbafIlfSufualuf S:jfjstwha{K Miamjf jatfT mq;aj Sp_fJjstK. Miamlfmq;aj Sp_fJikof culf Mkfkjf jatfT S;kfkkfksuf junfK Dgusof DyfDThfHjfjYjfJ Vifwia: FBjfrTjYjfJlf FK Dpsaf Atftdukfk:jstK. Fkoauf Dguf Ae;ajfjsplf whTjstK.kspaokfksof culf lolaoK Atftduhf whTjstK. kspaolf wmpfPlfehaK lolaoK Wnfkisk muoLlsufualuf H:ilkfks Wofjst SgkfksufJispdikfKhf h[Jjsetalf. lolf Jisikauf cdy Kzpfdlpajseh;atftduhf whTkstK. Wnfk hs;mfmdopaoaUlf Wusksuf lolaoKisdg jbfGisGlf Atftuf FktfJ jsdgjfjstK.Dka;blaj nlK iqgfxuf dkpuf ls`seoa elagfgaaf dmjfjsyfiajoela h{K FdgnfKisgfgauf mas wmpfjst wljfjaosjf Sglf ehajeibfxpksufdu. Wkoauf h{K? WofT rafnfK jioskfkauf h{KFdgnfKyfy Sglf Wuskaj Ftsp LxjstK. Snfk FtsPlf AtftufWkoauf jsdgjfjstK Wosuf mstsK en;lf Dofoshfhaj jibsjfJlf ehaKlolf JisjstK. FK JisPlf kofdl nljfJ FtsPlf Atftdukfk:jstK.Sdk A_fjsukfksuf concentration Wofhaafjyf. 28
  29. 29. Ajei kspaolf WofhK Foftag ia[fjfdjpsuf ekdipao VofT.Snfk kspaokfdk Wnfk en;kfksuf wmpfiK? Wufeua:lf ejgfjsoftejyfisep. en;lf jsdgkfk ehawkufualf wmpfpualf WoftaUlf,Fksjadu vasp DkpkfkstfJ LofHlf, FkaiK 4 lbs Lkuf 6 lbsjfJLofHlf, ladu 6 lbs Lkuf 8 lbs idt wmpfiK msthfhaJlf. EofFksjadu kspaolf wmpfp eibfGlf? Woftauf S;I L{iKlf Dt_fjsFksjadu vaspjf jksafjyf Hu:lf en;kfksuf Vemaof lbfgukfksus:nfKFtfHklao jatfT iqMlf. FK DgUjfJ Fyhfhasp AtftdujfwjaGjfJlf. Fkoauf kaof Fksjadu kspaolf wmpfP_fjyf WofTmaofetafjyf rTjsoftoaf. Sdkep iyfyuaaf S;alus_fj FxjyaafrTlf ehaK ‘FLkjf jatfT WofT rTiaaf. maofetafjyf rTlf ehaK, mqafwhTlf Fnaks msiajlhfhxep enafwhT nskfp nspllf Haseiaaf jks;iof W{Lof jxdj <nfwko lkswht W{nfK lejmdo nsdokfek -nspl Fjiufeltf jbfg hagfxof wha:yaiK FOksoLlf kspaolf wmpfhiafjyfvasp DkpkfkstfJ LofH <nfK jxdj Lof W[eibfGlf. FkaiK vaspDkpkfkstfJ LofH 2 lbs wn;kfkstfJ LofH W{nfks:jfj eibfGlfWofhkaJlf. Fksjadu W{nfK kspaolf wmpfikayf Wofo hpof? WoftejyfisjfJ maofetafjyf rTikaiK Hkfks FktfJhf wha:nfKlf wkysiysjfJlf Mkfk n;lfhsottf TzpfdlPTlf hskf wka[sPlf kaui[s iak hskfklf kkfk nsdu lofOlsks jadu is[shfhsof Jblf -hkaafkfk msnfkalbseltf jbfg hagusof isyjfjlaoK, Fksjadu W{nfK kspaolfwmpfikauf HkfkspaoK loekaG SdonfK wkysiao nsdu FdgPlf.Dgusof nax n;lfHjyf Wufualf maspao nsdu FdgnfK KpfdlFdgPlf. iaklf, hskfklf, mseukfKl_fjyf maspao Ldtpsuf wmpufhGlfWofhkaJlf. hs;h]fmkfksuf Dyfy FdokfK AtftufjYlf Jisiksofculf eh;atftuaj lsusafjstK. 29
  30. 30. kspaokfksuf S:idjpaoiafjyf DbfG. V:idjpsoafSufukfksus:nfK wjabfG kspaolf wmpfiaafjyf. ltfwta: idjpsoafepajsjyf.Snfk Sufutkfkaaf kspaokfkstfJlf epajspaf kspaokfkstfJlf WofoeiThaG?Sufutkfkaaf kspaolf Whfhx wmpfiK?koshfhgfg Sgkfkseua, Fdtpseua mnfkxpsufuak Sgkfkseuahkflamoela, Mjamoela ehagfG FlafnfK S:jfdj kd;pseuFl;aK, H;hfhudjpseua FufuK EkaiK wibfdlpao KbsepaehagfG Fkof lqK Dl; eibfGlf. FlafnfkIgof kojfJ ehakdowmpfk J:di ib_fj eibfGlf. Sdtpatftdu ib_fj eibfGlf.Laomqj i[shaG LxkfK S;bfG jbfjdyPlf H:ilkfkspsuf wmUkfksltft Wbfb_fjyf kdg hgaluf H:I lkfkspsuf haafkfKhf haafkfK h[jeibfGlf. A;lfh nsdupsuf Dyfyiafjyf isyjfjsof Mgd;hf haafkfKH:ilkfkspsuf Fnfkmf Mgaf S:hfhkajhf hauskfK H:ilkfkspsuf lodkmfwmUkfkualf. SK V:idj. SofwoaofT nalf isGjsoft Miamkfksof lqKjiolf wmUkfksjf wjabfG S:nfkaUlf Wbfb Fdujyf kdghGlf.Shfhx SdgisgaK ksoLlf h[jsjf wjabfG infkauf Wbfb FdujyfkajfjaK wlufu wlufu isuJlf.Eof H:ilkfksdphf haafkfK kspaolf wmpfp eibfGlf?Snfk hs;h]fmlaoK kofospjfj M[tfms wjabfgK. kofospjfj M[tfmspsufdlphfhJks Whfwha{Kel jq[f enajfjs QafjfJlf kofdlSptfdjpajei S:jfjstK. Dka;blaj kbfbqaf M[Ujsoft ehaKM[usof dlphfhJks Dyf S{jfJlf kofdl wjabfgK WofhdkWufeua:lf Ftsiqafjuf. ^ls kofospjfj M[tfms wjabfgK. Fksuf hstnfkloskOlf M[ofT wjabfG S:jfjstaof. J[nfdk kapsof ipstftsus:nfKhstnfkKlf FK hs;h]fm Atftdu kofOdgp Dmfmnfkdupsof culfQafjfJlf. hstnfk J[nfdkpsof kduhJkspsuf FdokfK Sg_fjYlfwjgfxpaj iusdlpaj S:jfJlf ehaK Dmfmnfkdu hyfylajIlfls:KiajIlf, KxhfhKlajIlf S:jfJlf. hs;h]fm Atftdu 30
  31. 31. J[nfdkpsof Dmfmnfkdu QafjfJlf. kduhfhJkspao Dmfmnfkduwjgfxhfhg wjgfxhfhg cjfjsof culf Miamlf ndgwhtfT hs;h]fmAtftduhf whTlf.DmfmnfkdujfJlf luiapf S:jfJlf SgkfkstfJlf, Snfk S;bfGjfJlfSdghfhgfg hJkspseu kaof losk Dgdu SpjfJjsoft Aka;jfmjfj;_fjyf Dyfyo. DmfmnfkdujfJlf cuaka;kfkstfJlf SdgepDyfy Aka;_fjyf Dgusof maspao nGdlpkfksuf S:jfJlf. ^lspaoKWhfhx ^lkfkspe;dj nGdlp Qafhauf M[Ujsofteka Fek ehaulosk Dguf wmpuf haGjyf nGdlp Aka;mf mjfj;kfkaufwmpufhGjsofto.hs;h]fm Atftdu J[nfdkpaj S:jfJlf ehaK Dmfmnfkdujs;jsjfjstK. J[nfdk FK iyafnfkIgof MiamlaoK cjfJkf KdypsufjstjskfK Fek Dmfmnfkdu wmofT M[snfK Dguf L{jfj h;IjsoftM{Ldo n;lfH culf wmpufhGjstK. M{Ldo Wofjst n;lfhaoKH:ilkfkspsuf S:jfjsoft ja;bkfkauf hs;h]fm Atftduhf whtM{Ldopsuf lodk dikfK kspaolf wmpfp eibfGlf WofTrTjsetalf. loK mskTlf ehaK js;jsjfjsoft hs;h]fm Atftuf msktsisGlfWofhkauf lolf msktaluf kspaolf wmpfp eibfGlf WoitfHTkfKjsetalf.kspaokfksof Fimsplf is]f]aoenajfjsufCaf Dgusuf 60 Lkuf 70 ksasufuspof (Trillion) FOjfjyf DyfygjfjspK.m;amas 63 ksasufuspof WofT dikfKjf wjayfyualf. kapsof ipstftsufcofT lakkfksuf 6.2 ksasufuspof FB Dtfhkfkspsus:jfJlf. Fhfwha{KFnfkjf J[nfdkjfJ DbafI S:jfjaK. VofhK lakkfksuf J[nfdkL{iyaafmfms FdgnfkIgof L{dlpao loskOjfJbfgao 60 Lkuf70 ksasufuspof FBjfjyf wjabfx:jfJlf∗∗ 63 ksasufuspof WofhK Kufusplao jbjfJ 31
  32. 32. V: FB WofhK 60% Lkuf 90% kbfbq:lf ltfTlf 90 wiifeiTwha:gfjYlf emafnfK DyfygjfjspK. Vifwia: FBIlf kofdomfMtfts V: haKjahfHjf jimlf Woft ehaafdijfJyf S:jfjstK.Fnfkjfjimlf Cytoplasm, Intra Cellular Fluid, ltfTlf Organ CellsFdijyauf AokaJlf.SifiBjfjyf S;bfGidj, 1. wiyfdy FB, 2. msjhfH FB.Vifwia: msjhfH FBisUlf kos lsof mjfks wka[stf maduep DyfyK.Snfk mjfkspsof FlfmlaiK,4.1. All membrane functions,4.2. Absorption of nutrients and oxygen,4.3. Energy production,4.4. Discharge of waste,4.5. Virus, bacteria, free radicals, chemicals ehaoftdijysuf S:nfKktfjahfHkf k:jstK,4.6. HK FBjfjdy Dtfhkfks wmpfPlf Ldt (Mitosis).Vifwia: FBIlf 40 Lkuf 90 mV janfk mjfks wjabfGyfyK. V:FBjfrasof 20 Lkuf 30 mV mjfks Jdtnfkauf Fnfk FBisuf ejofmafispaks i; iapfhfHbfG. 90 mV eluf rxoauf japfmuf, hu D`fbmlfhnfklao ispaksjyf i;ualf. Ajei nlK FBisof lsof mjfksdpmq;ao Ldypsuf wmpufhg dijfj epajamoLlf, kspaoLlfSoftspdlpakkapf S:jfjstK. 32
  33. 33. ½kiepajs k_fj;amof Fxjyf kilf wjayfYlf jaukfksuf jufuaT ldukoseu ]ao hqglf Fdlhfhapaj Wo Dkfk;I AoK. Fkof nslskfkel~ Fjkfkspaf ]ao hqglf FdljfjhfhgfgK.k_fj;amof Fxjyaaf kiepajs, mskfkepajs, mskfk laafjfj FOhis. kalfjbfg mskfklaafjfj Dbfdljdy Fofhaf hu:jfJlf FtsITkfks i:hiaf. kikfks: X;aof Fxjyf ia[fkfKd;, FbfgLlf hsbfgLlf - kiepajs k_fj;amof Fxjyf 33
  34. 34. Agathiyan Production House 2009 34

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