drug abuse in teenagers


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drug abuse in teenagers

  1. 1. DRUG ABUSE IN INDIA AMONGTEENAGERSLINGYAS UNIVERSITY FARIDABADReport submitted to Mrs. Omna Antony for subject of Technical report writingList of students submitting report ;-. Shankar Mujoo
  2. 2. “Whether you sniff it, smoke it, or eat it the result is the same, and it is :ADDICTION. ” ―William S. Borroughs
  3. 3. PrefaceWe all thank for you for letting us accomplish the result of this report.This report gives the idea of drugs usage in India among teenagers. It containsdata and analysis of mindset of teenage students related to title. This reportgives a brief of how many of the selected interviewers consumed or wanted toconsume drugs and the related information. Subject to the limitation of timeefforts and resources every possible attempt has been made to study the problemdeeply. The whole report has been measured through a questionnaire.
  4. 4. AcknowledgementWe all thank our college Lingayas Institute of Engineering and our technicalreport subject teacher Mrs Omna Antony for giving us this platform for lettingour creative skills out and exploring the mind of people.We also thank all the students and teenagers of our college who have helped usby lending their thoughts and time.this report would have not been possiblewithout their kindness and support.
  5. 5. List of contents1. INTRODUCTION- What are drugs- Types of drugs- True inspirational stories- Consumption factors2. PROCEDURE3. OBSERVATION FINDINGS4. CONCLUSION5. RECOMMENDATION6. APPENDIXAppendix AAppendix BAppendix C7. INDEX8. GLOASSARY9. BIBLIOGRAPHY
  6. 6. IntroductionSubstance abuse, also known as drug abuse, maladaptive pattern of use of asubstance that is not considered dependent. Intake of drugs for reasons otherthan medical in a manner that affects physical or mental functioning is termeddrug abuse. Any abuse can lead to addiction.Tolerance refers to a condition where the user needs more and more of the drugto experience the same effect. Smaller quantities, which were sufficient earlier,are no longer effective and the user is forced to increase the amount of drugintake.You may be hooked emotionally and psychologically. You may have a physicaldependence, too. If you have a drug addiction — whether to a legal or illegal drug— you have intense cravings for it. You want to use the drug again and again. Whenyou stop taking it, you may have unpleasant physical reactions.While not everyone who uses drugs becomes addicted, many people do. Drugaddiction involves compulsively seeking to use a substance, regardless of thepotentially negative social, psychological and physical consequences. Certain drugs,such as narcotics and cocaine, are more likely to cause physical dependence thanare other drugs.Breaking a drug addiction is difficult, but not impossible. Support from yourdoctor, family, friends and others who have a drug addiction, as well as inpatientor outpatient drug addiction treatment, may help you beat your drug dependence.
  7. 7. What are drugs.??A drug is a substance which when taken by a living body may have positive effectssuch as diagnosis , cure, prevention of a disease or cause negative effects tocentral nervous system that leads to it’s addictionTypes of drugsClass AEcstasy , LSD, heroin, cocaine, crack, magic mushrooms, amphetamines (ifprepared for injection).Possession: Up to seven years in prison or an unlimited fine or bothDealing: Up to life in prison or an unlimited fine or both.Class BAmphetamines, Cannabis, Methylphenidate (Ritalin), Pholcodine.Possession ; Up to five years in prison or an unlimited fine or both.Dealing: Up to 14 years in prison or an unlimited fine or both.Class CTranquilisers, some painkillers, Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB), KetaminePossession ; Up to two years in prison or an unlimited fine or both.Dealing : Up to 14 years in prison or an unlimited fine or both.
  8. 8. TRUE INSPIRATIONAL STORIES1. The 18-year-old Sneha Upadhya in Mangalore recent suicidal death has sent shock-waves across the country. The young girl had become a drug addict and when she wasdenied money to buy drugs, Sneha reportedly committed suicide. There are many suchgirls and boys who have become slaves of drugs. Drug abuse or addiction in India is on therise and it is fast enveloping the younger generation.2. From age 13 to 18, Alby(name changed) got high several times a day to help him cope withpeer pressure and studies. He went to school high and eventually dropped out. ―I waslosing focus. My attention went from 100 to zero. I was depressed,‖ he says. Now, aftergetting substance abuse treatment, Alby has been able to face his problems by talkingthem out with counselors and making new friends he describes as ―positive.‖ As he putsit,―I feel a lot better about myself. I feel a lot sharper. I don’t feel lazy any more and amable to focus about my future.‖3. During the whole time I was on drugs I thought I had controlover my life and that I hadit great. But I destroyed everything I had built up and fought for in my life . I cut tiesto all my drug free friends and my family, so I hadn’t a ny friends but my drug mates .Every day revolved around one thing my plan for getting money I neede for drugs , Iwouldn do everything possible to get my amphetamine- ― it was only thing in my life‖ -amitoj
  10. 10. ProcedureA survey was conducted among 275 teenagers from various colleges andsocieties via questionnaire about the present drug abuse situation inindia and their role in it. Both males and females sexes were involvedequally and their thoughts were jotted down.Importance was given moreon collection of optimum and right data fro the report. Teenagers weregiven the authority of not disclosing their identity to get the best output results.
  11. 11. Observation findings1. Have you ever experienced use of any antisocial or recreationaldrugs.??2. Have you ever witnessed your friends taking or involving in drugs .??3. Have your friends or acquaintaces ever offered you drugs. ??42%58%YESNO60%40% YESNO45%55%YESNO
  12. 12. 4. Have you ever felt experiencing or using drugs consciously ever. ??5. Do you think social use of drugs is right for recreational purposes ??6. Do you think western culture has induced the use of drugs in India36%64%YESNO31%69%YESNO45%55%YESNO
  13. 13. 7. What is the Main reason for usage of drugs among teenagers. ??Peer pressure &friends Western lifestyleRecreational useOthers30%23%22%25%
  14. 14. Conclusion1. About 42% of the teenagers who were surveyed had experienced drugusage. Whereas majority 58% hadn’t shown any involvement.2. About 60% of the teenagers surveyed had witnessed their friendsinvolving or taking drugs whereas 40% hadn’t .3. About 45% of the surveyed people were offered drugs by their friends oracquaintances once, whereas majority 55% weren’t.4. About 36% of the surveyed people felt consciously using or experiencingdrugs , whereas majority 64% didn’t.5. About 31% of the surveyed youngsters felt that using of drugs forrecreational purposes was right , whereas 69% disagreed to it.6. About 45 % of youngsters think that trending western culture hadinduces the drug abuse effect in our Indian society , whereas themajority 55% diasagreed to it.7. The main reason for usage and consumption of drugs among teenagers wasmajoritively peer pressure and friends by 30% followed by 23% leadingwestern culture , 22% agreeing to increasing recreational usage and 25%anonymous.
  15. 15. Recommendation1. CCoouunnsseelliinngg.. IInnddiivviidduuaall oorr ffaammiillyy ccoouunnsseelliinngg wwiitthh aa ppssyycchhoollooggiisstt,, ppssyycchhiiaattrriissttoorr aaddddiiccttiioonn ccoouunnsseelloorr mmaayy hheellpp yyoouu rreessiisstt tthhee tteemmppttaattiioonn ttoo rreessuummee uussiinnggaaddddiiccttiinngg ddrruuggss.. BBeehhaavviioorr tthheerraappiieess ccaann hheellpp yyoouu ddeevveelloopp wwaayyss ttoo ccooppee wwiitthhyyoouurr ddrruugg ccrraavviinnggss,, ssuuggggeesstt ssttrraatteeggiieess ttoo aavvooiidd ddrruuggss aanndd pprreevveenntt rreellaappssee,,aanndd ooffffeerr ssuuggggeessttiioonnss oonn hhooww ttoo ddeeaall wwiitthh aa rreellaappssee iiff iitt ooccccuurrss..2. TTrreeaattmmeenntt pprrooggrraammss.. TTrreeaattmmeenntt pprrooggrraammss ggeenneerraallllyy iinncclluuddee eedduuccaattiioonnaall aannddtthheerraappyy sseessssiioonnss ffooccuusseedd oonn eessttaabblliisshhiinngg ssoobbrriieettyy aanndd pprreevveennttiinngg rreellaappssee..TThhiiss mmaayy bbee aaccccoommpplliisshheedd iinn iinnddiivviidduuaall,, ggrroouupp oorr ffaammiillyy sseessssiioonnss.. TThheesseepprrooggrraammss aarree aavvaaiillaabbllee iinn vvaarriioouuss sseettttiinnggss ffrroomm oouuttppaattiieenntt ttoo rreessiiddeennttiiaall aannddiinnppaattiieenntt pprrooggrraammss..33.. SSeellff--hheellpp ggrroouuppss.. MMaannyy,, tthhoouugghh nnoott aallll,, ooff tthheessee ggrroouuppss tteenndd ttoo uussee tthhee 1122--sstteepp mmooddeell ffiirrsstt ddeevveellooppeedd bbyy AAllccoohhoolliiccss AAnnoonnyymmoouuss.. SSeellff--hheellpp ggrroouuppss,, ssuucchhaass NNaarrccoottiiccss AAnnoonnyymmoouuss,, eexxiisstt ffoorr ppeeooppllee aaddddiicctteedd ttoo ddrruuggss,, ssuucchh aass ccooccaaiinnee,,sseeddaattiivveess aanndd nnaarrccoottiiccss.. TThhee mmeessssaaggee iiss tthhaatt aaddddiiccttiioonn iiss aa cchhrroonniicc ddiissoorrddeerrwwiitthh aa ddaannggeerr ooff rreellaappssee aanndd tthhaatt oonnggooiinngg mmaaiinntteennaannccee ttrreeaattmmeenntt —— wwhhiicchhmmaayy iinncclluuddee mmeeddiiccaattiioonnss,, ccoouunnsseelliinngg aanndd aatttteennddiinngg sseellff--hheellpp ggrroouupp mmeeeettiinnggss—— iiss nneecceessssaarryy ttoo pprreevveenntt aa rreellaappssee.. YYoouurr ddooccttoorr oorr ccoouunnsseelloorr ccaann hheellpp yyoouullooccaattee aa sseellff--hheellpp ggrroouupp.. YYoouu aallssoo ccaann ffiinndd lliissttiinnggss ffoorr sseellff--hheellpp ggrroouuppss iinn tthheepphhoonnee bbooookk,, aatt tthhee lliibbrraarryy aanndd oonn tthhee IInntteerrnneett..4. Educate yourself – Find out about the drug abuse issues. Check with localschools, agencies and information services for the resources you will need.Find books at the local library. The more informed you are, the easier it willbe to focus .5. Be clear – Your main message should be clearly stated: ―dont use drugs‖should be the core.TThhee bbeesstt wwaayy ttoo pprreevveenntt aann aaddddiiccttiioonn ttoo aann iilllleeggaall ddrruugg iissnnoott ttoo ttaakkee tthhee ddrruugg aatt aallll.. YYoouurr ddooccttoorr mmaayy pprreessccrriibbee nnaarrccoottiiccss ttoo rreelliieevveeppaaiinn,, bbeennzzooddiiaazzeeppiinneess ttoo rreelliieevvee aannxxiieettyy oorr iinnssoommnniiaa,, oorr bbaarrbbiittuurraatteess ttoorreelliieevvee nneerrvvoouussnneessss oorr iirrrriittaattiioonn.. DDooccttoorrss pprreessccrriibbee tthheessee mmeeddiiccaattiioonnss aattssaaffee ddoosseess aanndd mmoonniittoorr tthheeiirr uussee ssoo tthhaatt yyoouurree nnoott ggiivveenn ttoooo ggrreeaatt aa ddoossee oorrffoorr ttoooo lloonngg aa ttiimmee.. IIff yyoouu ffeeeell yyoouu nneeeedd ttoo ttaakkee mmoorree tthhaann tthhee pprreessccrriibbeeddddoossee ooff aa mmeeddiiccaattiioonn,, ttaallkk ttoo yyoouurr ddooccttoorr..6.
  16. 16. 77.. CCoommmmuunniiccaattee.. TTaallkk ttoo yyoouurr ppaarreennttss aabboouutt tthhee rriisskkss ooff ddrruugg uussee aanndd aabbuussee..88.. SSttrreennggtthheenn tthhee bboonndd.. WWoorrkk oonn yyoouurr rreellaattiioonnsshhiipp wwiitthh yyoouurr ffrriieennddss aannddppeeeerrss.. AA ssttrroonngg,, ssttaabbllee bboonndd bbeettwweeeenn yyoouu aanndd yyoouurr ppeeeerrss wwiillll rreedduuccee rriisskk ooffuussiinngg oorr aabbuussiinngg ddrruuggss..9. Avoid high-risk situations. Dont go back to the neighborhood where youused to get your drugs. And, stay away from your old drug crowd.10. Co- Curicular - do things besides your ususal day things. Involveyourself in sports .,play games, do volunteering etc to help your mind relax.Appendix -A
  17. 17. University of delhi conducted a survey which stated thefollowing facts about drug consumption by youth in india.10%18%32%40%Age Distribution forconsumption<2020-2525-30>3020%50%30%Education LevelDistribution for drugconsumers<12thGraduatePG62%24%14%Frequency of UsageDistribution Per Month>85 to 8<537%25%13%25%Reason for addictiondistributionCuriosity Stress Others Depression
  18. 18. Appendix – BFacts about indiaAccording to reports, there are over 8 million drug addicts in India. India an NGOsurvey revealed that 63.6 % of patients coming in for treatment were introducedto drugs at a young age below 15 years. According to another report 13.1% of thepeople involved in drug and substance abuse in India, are below 20 years. A surveyshows that of all alcohol, cannabis and opium users 21%, 3% and 0.1% are belowthe age of eighteen.According to a 2004 United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (UNODC) and Govt.of India report, India alone nearly has 9 million cannabis users, followed by 2million opiate users and 0.3 million sedative hypnotics users.The United Nations in a 2012 report has said that India was the biggest consumerof heroin. Of the 40 tonnes produced in South Asia, nearly 17 tonnes wereconsumed in India, the biggest consumer in the region with the trade valued at$1.4 billion.Heroin, opium, alcohol, cannabis and propoxyphene are the five most common drugsbeing abused by children in India. Adolescents are falling easy prey to drugs dueto peer pressure, curiosity, stress, to improve athletic performance or just forfun.The disturbing part is that drug abuse is rampant among school and college goingstudents.These highly vulnerable young children are unaware of the dangers of drug abuse -death, health problems, emotional issues, financial, relationship problems, etc.The problem in India is there are no sensitization programmes about drug abuse inschools or for children out of school. India does not have a substance abuse policy.There is also a high incidence of charging children under the Narcotic Drugs andPsychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act, 1985. Children who at times done haveaccess to high quality drugs will use volatile substances easily found in cornerstores such as cough syrups, pain relief ointments, glue, paint, gasoline andcleaning fluids. There are very few to no health centers that deal with childsubstance abuse problems, especially in the rural areas. The use of tobacco isanother major concern amongst children. In India 20 million children a year andnearly 55,000 children a day are drawn into a tobacco addition.
  19. 19. APPENDIX –CSURVEY AT REHABILITATION CENTREDe- Addiction centre in Rohini sec -22 . The manager told us about two addicts who were therefor treatment programmes like smart recovery are used that looks at the relationshipbetween thoughts , feelings and behaviour , recognizing that a change in any of these areascan affect the whole character . Addiction is seen as a behaviour rather than a disease andsubsequently curable . it made us clear that even after undergoing a 6 months treatmentmaximum of them relapse when back to real world.DrugsDrugs AbuseDrugsDependence(Addiction)
  20. 20. Index
  21. 21. Glossary
  22. 22. Bibliography• World Drug Report 2012 byUnited Nations.• www.economist.com.• Narcotics Anonymous.• Alcoholic Anonymous.• www.drugabuse.org.• www.who.int.Miscellaneous Articles and Readings
  23. 23. Anuja JaiswalTribune News ServiceChildline India FoundationDrugs and alcohol rehab asia ( dara)organization website