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The History Of Horror
1920’s
• In 1922 the first Horror film Nosferatu came out.
• Nosferatu is a gothic film.
• The films in this era featured ...
1930’s
• The horrors that featured in the 1930’s were still in the
gothic style.
• In the 1930’s sound was first used in h...
1940’s
• This was the time of world war two, this was the time
Britain banned horror films and this was the
opportunity fo...
1950’s
• After World War Two the audience weren’t very scared
about fake deaths on a big screen because they had
witnessed...
1960’s
• After the 1950’s were over and the audience have now
realised that there were going to be no nuclear explosions
o...
1970’s
• The 1970’s was the end of the social change and people were
becoming more depressed but horrors were becoming mor...
1980’s
• This was the decade of technological change and
an increase in the use of SFX.
• VCR’s are now available for the ...
1990’s
• In this decade people were now becoming familiarised with
all the gore and guts that were featured in the 1980’s....
2000’s and onwards
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The catastrophe of 9/11 changed the audiences views of what they found frighteni...
The history of horror
The history of horror
The history of horror
The history of horror
The history of horror
The history of horror
The history of horror
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The history of horror

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The history of horror

  1. 1. The History Of Horror
  2. 2. 1920’s • In 1922 the first Horror film Nosferatu came out. • Nosferatu is a gothic film. • The films in this era featured dark, gloomy scenes and vampiric piece. • In the 1920’s the audience at that time were very scared and terrified of vampires and darkness because that is what people feared in those times. • The women featured in films at this time were weak and vulnerable. • The films didn’t have any dialogue, they mainly featured music to create tension and dramatic atmosphere throughout.
  3. 3. 1930’s • The horrors that featured in the 1930’s were still in the gothic style. • In the 1930’s sound was first used in horror films. • Many of the films featured monsters and were inspired by the 19th century novels. • Boris Karloff and Bela Lugosi were the stars to feature in this decade. • Dracula was the first talking horror which was released in 1931. • The bride of Frankenstein was the first horror to feature a female monster, this was released in 1935. However they did not represent the tradition of females very well.
  4. 4. 1940’s • This was the time of world war two, this was the time Britain banned horror films and this was the opportunity for America to take over. • The Americans started making films recreating the style that was presented in the 1930’s. They started making characters that were half human, half beast. This was horrifying for the audience as they featured the unknown. For example ‘The Wolf Man’. • The film ‘Cat people’ which was released in 1942 featured a beautiful, secretive women who prowled the street as a cat, killing and terrorising people.
  5. 5. 1950’s • After World War Two the audience weren’t very scared about fake deaths on a big screen because they had witnessed it all during the second World War. • The audiences fear had now moved onto nuclear war, technological change and radiation. • The main audience in this decade were teenagers. • Films that were released during this time were ‘The Fly’ which was shown in 1958, which was all about a mutated animal that was effected by radiation. ‘The Blob’ which was released in 1958 also about a creature that terrorises a town.
  6. 6. 1960’s • After the 1950’s were over and the audience have now realised that there were going to be no nuclear explosions or destruction, so they have now over come there fear. • This decade is all about social change, sex, drugs, funky fashion and freedom. • The main characters featured in the film were now humans instead of unrealistic monsters or animals. • Alfred Hitchcock produced ‘Psycho’ in 1960. The main character was called Norman to show that on the outside to the audience he looked normal but inside and in the mind he was a psycho which links in with the name of the film.
  7. 7. 1970’s • The 1970’s was the end of the social change and people were becoming more depressed but horrors were becoming more technical and the quality and realism of films were starting to grow. • This was the decade where the ‘pill’ was created and birth defects were happening, the audience now started to fear children. • This was the decade where the sub-genre slasher was introduced and the final girl. • Some horror critics see the 1970’s as the ‘golden age’ of the horror production. • ‘The Shining’ which was released in the 1970’s featured a devious father who aim was to try and kill his wife and son. • ‘The Exorcist’ which featured a possessed evil child, which reflect the fears of the society at that time.
  8. 8. 1980’s • This was the decade of technological change and an increase in the use of SFX. • VCR’s are now available for the audience so they are now able to watch films in the comfort of their homes. • The monsters were still in the form of a human body and the society was become more materialistic. • ‘Nightmare in Elmstreet’ was released in 1984, it was about a man who had knifes as fingers on his right hand and went around killing teenagers.
  9. 9. 1990’s • In this decade people were now becoming familiarised with all the gore and guts that were featured in the 1980’s. The common conventions that kept cropping were becoming very predictable for the audience. • The film industries now moved on to more intelligent horror. • Films such as ‘Silence of the Lambs’ which featured a serial killer and a cannibal Hannibal Lecter. • A well known, common film that was released in this decade was ‘Scream’ which was shown in 1996. created by Wes Craven, this film featured the characters who are aware of horror conventions and mocked them but still died in the process.
  10. 10. 2000’s and onwards • • • • • • • • • • The catastrophe of 9/11 changed the audiences views of what they found frightening. Remakes of films were now becoming popular. The sub-genres which the audience started to enjoy were psychological, supernatural and zombie. Horrors started to experiment this different styles of footage. ‘Found footage’ became a very popular style, which is shown in horror films such as ‘Paranormal Activity’ and ‘Grave Encounters’ this helps the audience connect more with the film as they will find it more realistic and therefore more chilling and creepy for them to watch. Possession and psychological films became more popular to watch, for example ‘ The devil inside’ and ‘The last exorcism’. Horrors are now available on HD and 3D for the audience to watch and enjoy more. Horror films are transportable and accessible on different platforms and media. In 2008 ‘One Missed Call’ which was relevant to the technological change that was happening at those times, it featured a murder that couldn’t be seen but used mobile phones as a channel to communicate evil messages through. ‘Saw’ which was a series of films, it was all about a twisted murderous game, which the victims were forced to be a part of. ‘Grave encounters’ which was a ‘found footage’ style film to create realism to the audience and help them fear the unknown. Possession and exorcism films are now more popular with the younger generation and have been proven to be a hit with the box office.

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