ICT for Beginners - session 1 (C&G 4249 iTQ) - Hardware

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A course in computers for absolute beginners that fits the City and Guilds iTQ qualification.

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ICT for Beginners - session 1 (C&G 4249 iTQ) - Hardware

  1. 1.  Sessions 1 to 5: Computer Basics ◦ Session 1 - Hardware and Software ◦ Session 2 – Inside a Computer and Word Processing ◦ Session 3 – Operating Systems and Multimedia ◦ Session 4 – Networks and Peripherals ◦ Session 5 – Recap and Test
  2. 2.  Hardware is anything to do with computers that you can actually touch
  3. 3.  In front of you right now you should find…
  4. 4.  Turn on your computer by pressing the power button on the base unit… It will probably take a few minutes to start up – be patient…
  5. 5.  After a few minutes of booting, the monitor should display something like this:
  6. 6.  Let’s look at the keyboard…
  7. 7. Command Keys Function Keys Navigation Keys Special Keys
  8. 8.  You need to press the Ctrl, Alt and Delete keys together…
  9. 9.  You should then see this screen:
  10. 10.  A computer keyboard has all the letters of the alphabet and the numbers 0 to 9  It also has special keys including the Shift key…
  11. 11.  The Shift key will change any letters you type on the keyboard to capital letters (sometimes called upper case):  Without Shift: With Shift: a, b, c ,d…. A, B, C, D…
  12. 12.  To use a computer you will have to log in  This usually involves typing in: ◦ a user name ◦ …and a password  These need to be carefully typed in using upper case (capitals) and lower case letters
  13. 13.  You should have already have a use name  Type it on the keyboard, it should appear in the top box on your screen:
  14. 14.  The next special key you are going to use is the Tab key  It can be found two keys above the Shift key: Press the Tab key once…
  15. 15.  The Tab key moves the cursor (the flashing line where your typing appears) to the next box…  Now type your password into the lower box.
  16. 16.  Press the Enter key (sometimes called the Return key)…
  17. 17.  The mouse is used to point at things on the screen
  18. 18.  A mouse also lets you select things on the screen The LEFT mouse button
  19. 19.  Everything that your particular computer can do is found in the Start Menu
  20. 20.  Using the mouse, click on the Start Menu button
  21. 21.  You are now going to use the Start Menu to start the Calculator program
  22. 22. / means divide by * means multiply or ‘times’ C clears or resets  Work out: ◦ 7 * 5 ◦ 197 – 28 ◦ 12 + 32 + 17 ◦ 78 + 33 – 14 ◦ 77 / 11
  23. 23. / * C  Work out: ◦ 7 * 5 = 35 ◦ 197 – 28 = 169 ◦ 12 + 32 + 17 = 61 ◦ 78 + 33 – 14 = 97 ◦ 77 / 11 = 11
  24. 24.  You are now going to use the Start Menu to start a program called Paint
  25. 25. For a blank canvas: File >>> New >>> Save >>> Type in a name >>> Save
  26. 26.  Take 15 minutes  It’s good (and healthy) to get away from the computer every so often
  27. 27.  It’s the stuff you can’t physically touch  Instructions that make hardware work  Sometimes called: ◦ Programs ◦ Applications (or Apps for short) Video on next slide…
  28. 28.  Word Processor  Spreadsheet  Database – used to store your data  PowerPoint – what your watching now …and many, many, many more!
  29. 29.  When you’ve finished using a program (such as Paint) you need to put it away or close it
  30. 30. More on this in future sessions…
  31. 31.  When you’ve finished working on a computer you need to turn it off  Oddly this is done on the Start Menu…
  32. 32.  Next Week: ◦ Laptops vs Desktops ◦ What goes on inside the base unit ◦ Using the keyboard ◦ Intro to word processing

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