An Acid is a sour tasting
liquid and highly corrosive
and turns into litmus red.
Acids have a sour taste.
They are corrosive.
There are many acids
present in our everyday
Lemon juice contains citric acid, and vinegar
contains ethanoic acid.
Some strong acids are hydrochloric acid,
sulphuric acid and nitric acid.
Some weak acids are cid, citric acid and
Why are acid
Certain chemical properties make an acid dangerous.
For e.g., sulphuric acid has the property of absorbing
water. Thus when it spills on the body, it can cause
severe burns. Nitric acid similarly is an oxidizing agent.
It reacts violently with the skin, muscles and bones to
cause lethal damage.
Everyday we use alkalis unknowingly.
They are slippery.
They are corrosive.
An alkaline solution is a mixture
of base solids dissolved in water.
Alkalis react with acids and
Why are alkalis
Alkalis are dangerous . They should be
given proper care. Even they have
chances to burn our skin. And even the
diluted sodium hydroxide solution can
burn our skin.
When acid and alkali react , a
called neutralization occurs in which
a salt and water is formed.
you find out
acidic or not.
They change colour in acid or alkaline solutions.
Different indicators change to different colours.
Litmus is an indicator. It changes colour in acid
and alkaline solutions.
Litmus is red in an acid.
Litmus is blue in an alkali.
Universal indicator changes colour in acids
Its colour shows the strength of an acid or alkali.
Applications of Neutralisation
• Insect Stings
Bee stings is acidic and may be
neutralized by soap,which is an alkali . A
wasp sting is alkaline an may be
neutralized with vinegar , which is a
• Curing Indigestion: When a tablet of sodium
bicarbonate is swallowed the chemical dissolves
to make an alkaline solution,which neutralises the
acid in the stomach and cures the indigestion.
Rainfall made sufficiently
acidic by atmospheric
pollution that it causes
environmental harm, typically
to forests and lakes.
When acid rain
reaches the ground,it
drain into the
of the minerals there
and carries them
away.This process is
It help the plant the not get proper food and growth.
It drains into rivers and lakes and lower the pH of
Many forms of water life are sensitive to pH of
water and cannot survive if it is too acidic.
If they are concentrated the can also damage
They also damage the famous building like