Creating Sustainable Change

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This is a presentation that I gave at the 2011 Middle School Conference at the Gold Coast. I was presenting about how to create sustainable change within a school. It using the diffusion of innovations as a framework and focuses on getting the teachers involved in the process of deciding on the relevance of the innovation and implementing the innovation.

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Creating Sustainable Change

  1. 1. Creating Sustainable Change<br />
  2. 2. Creating Sustainable Change<br />Shane Mason<br />Head of ICT<br />Cleveland District State High School<br />www.clevdistshs.eq.edu.au<br />www.shane-mason.com<br />shane.mason@eq.edu.au<br />@shanemason<br />
  3. 3. Our journey<br />
  4. 4. 21st Century Education<br />It breaks the mould.<br />It is flexible, <br />creative, <br />challenging, <br />and complex.  <br />It addresses a rapidly changing world <br />filled with fantastic new problems <br />as well as exciting new possibilities.  <br />http://www.21stcenturyschools.com/What_is_21st_Century_Education.htm<br />Photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jiscinfonet/291373032/in/set-72157600082017535/<br />
  5. 5. This is the time between timesfor <br />educators working with technology.<br />Beforemobile, ubiquitous and ‘everywhere’<br />computing become the visible norm, <br />but aftera time when educators could <br />sit back and wait for the digital revolution to pass on by<br />- John Nalder<br />http://ulearning.edublogs.org/<br />
  6. 6. technology is no longer a choice<br />
  7. 7. ICTs bring with them a whole wealth of engagement and educational opportunities but we can’t blindly accept them without challenging their role within education.<br />
  8. 8. Technology is merelya<br /> Tool for Learning<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/51159953@N00/189670488<br />
  9. 9. Cleveland District SHS eLearning Vision<br />Our teaching and learning drives the use of technologies in the classroom where we engage students in a rich learning environment that draws upon an international perspective.<br />As a school community we <br />value safe and ethical <br />use of technologies.<br />
  10. 10. Photo: http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1182265<br />Are our students satisfied with…<br />how often they use computers for learning in class?<br />the opportunities to make use of online learning environments?<br />the way they are using ICT for learning at school?<br />
  11. 11. Are our teachers satisfied with…<br />the opportunities to develop their knowledge and skills in making ICT integral to learning?<br />their access to appropriate ICT to do their job?<br />the school enhancing eLearning opportunities for students by providing additional infrastructure, devices and/or software?<br />
  12. 12. We needed to develop a model to shift ICT practices within the school<br />
  13. 13. The FIZZER Model<br />Humanities<br />Mathematics<br />Science<br />Business<br />Man Arts / Home Ec<br />Student Support<br />HPE<br />Creative Arts<br />
  14. 14. Whole School Professional Development<br />Humanities<br />Mathematics<br />Professional Development<br />21st Century Education<br />Science<br />Business<br />Man Arts / Home Ec<br />Student Support<br />HPE<br />Creative Arts<br />
  15. 15. Whole School Professional Development<br />Humanities<br />Mathematics<br />I really thought you had some good ideas.<br />It really makes you think.<br />Science<br />Business<br />I wish I had the skills to do that.<br />Man Arts / Home Ec<br />Student Support<br />Well it’s easy for you, you are the Head of ICT.<br />HPE<br />Creative Arts<br />
  16. 16. Focused Hands-on Professional Development<br />Humanities<br />Mathematics<br />Small group <br />ICT Professional Development<br />Science<br />Business<br />Man Arts / Home Ec<br />Student Support<br />HPE<br />Creative Arts<br />
  17. 17. Focused Hands-on Professional Development<br />Humanities<br />Mathematics<br />It was really good to see different technologies.<br />It doesn’t really suit what I am currently doing.<br />Science<br />Business<br />I haven’t got the time to implement this.<br />Man Arts / Home Ec<br />Student Support<br />Well it’s easy for you, you are the Head of ICT.<br />HPE<br />Creative Arts<br />
  18. 18. Faculty Specific ICT Professional Development<br />Humanities<br />Mathematics<br />Faculty Specific<br />ICT Professional Development<br />Science<br />Business<br />Man Arts / Home Ec<br />Student Support<br />HPE<br />Creative Arts<br />
  19. 19. Faculty Specific ICT Professional Development<br />Humanities<br />Mathematics<br />It was really good to see how it might work for us.<br />It was fine. But not for me.<br />Science<br />Business<br />I haven’t got the time to implement this.<br />Man Arts / Home Ec<br />Student Support<br />Well it’s easy for you, you are the Head of ICT.<br />HPE<br />Creative Arts<br />
  20. 20. All of these models seemed to lacked sustainability<br />
  21. 21. What were we doing wrong?<br />Staff were willingly coming to Professional Development<br />Some staff were actively using the ICTs in their classrooms (a bit)<br />However, any small changes and innovations were very localised and “once offs”<br />
  22. 22. What were we doing wrong?<br />We were making decisions about technology based upon what we thought the school needed<br />We were trying to be innovative “on behalf” of the teachers<br />The teachers needed to be involved in the decision process<br />
  23. 23. “Technology is just a tool. In terms of getting the kids working together and motivating them, the teacher is the most important.”<br />Bill Gates<br />Chairman of Microsoft<br />
  24. 24. We needed a new model for <br />creating sustainable change.<br />
  25. 25. We needed a new model <br />that included the teacher <br />in the decision process.<br />
  26. 26. Diffusion of Innovations is a theory that seeks to explain how, why, and at what rate new ideas and technology spread through cultures.<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diffusion_of_innovations<br />
  27. 27. Diffusion is the process by which an innovation is communicated through certain channels over time among the members of a social system<br />(Rogers, 1983. p. 11)<br />
  28. 28. Diffusion is the process by which an innovation is communicated through certain channels over time among the members of a social system<br />(Rogers, 1983. p. 11)<br />Innovation: an idea, practice, or object that is perceived as new by an individual or other unit of adoption<br />
  29. 29. Diffusion is the process by which an innovation is communicated through certain channels over time among the members of a social system<br />(Rogers, 1983. p. 11)<br />Innovation: an idea, practice, or object that is perceived as new by an individual or other unit of adoption<br />Communication Channels: the means by which messages get from one individual to another<br />
  30. 30. Diffusion is the process by which an innovation is communicated through certain channels over time among the members of a social system<br />(Rogers, 1983. p. 11)<br />Innovation: an idea, practice, or object that is perceived as new by an individual or other unit of adoption<br />Communication Channels: the means by which messages get from one individual to another<br />Social System: a set of interrelated units that are engaged in joint problem solving to accomplish a common goal<br />
  31. 31. Fivestep innovation process<br />
  32. 32. Fivestep innovation process<br />Knowledge<br />In this stage the individual is first exposed to an innovation but lacks information about the innovation.<br />
  33. 33. Fivestep innovation process<br />Persuasion<br />In this stage the individual is interested in the innovation and actively seeks information/detail about the innovation.<br />
  34. 34. Fivestep innovation process<br />Decision<br />In this stage the individual takes the concept of the innovation and weighs the advantages/disadvantages of using the innovation and decides whether to adopt or reject the innovation. <br />
  35. 35. Fivestep innovation process<br />Implementation<br />In this stage the individual employs the innovation to a varying degree depending on the situation. During this stage the individual determines the usefulness of the innovation and may search for further information about it.<br />
  36. 36. Fivestep innovation process<br />Confirmation<br />Although the name of this stage may be misleading, in this stage the individual finalizes his/her decision to continue using the innovation and may use the innovation to its fullest potential.<br />
  37. 37. Fivestep innovation process<br />
  38. 38. Fivestep innovation process<br /><br />Innovation implementation process<br />
  39. 39. Fivestep innovation process<br /><br />Innovation implementation process<br />☐<br />Key staff members to drive change within their faculties <br />
  40. 40.
  41. 41. These “innovators” would be given access to resources and spaces to learn in.<br />
  42. 42. These “innovators” would be responsible for sharing their ICT journey with others.<br />
  43. 43. Adopter Categories<br />
  44. 44. Selling it to the Admin Team<br />We outlay some money and support<br />
  45. 45. Selling it to the Admin Team<br />We outlay some money and support<br />We give the innovative/early adopters the tools and let them explore the possibilities<br />
  46. 46. Selling it to the Admin Team<br />We outlay some money and support<br />We give the innovative/early adopters the tools and let them explore the possibilities<br />We give them a space to collaborate and interact<br />
  47. 47. Selling it to the Admin Team<br />We outlay some money and support<br />We give the innovative/early adopters the tools and let them explore the possibilities<br />We give them a space to collaborate and interact<br />They move the “early majority”<br />
  48. 48. Adopter Categories<br />
  49. 49.
  50. 50.
  51. 51. <ul><li>have an ICT Pedagogical Licence, or be working towards one
  52. 52. willing to engage in a Professional Learning Network
  53. 53. required to meet to discuss classroom practices, eCurriculum, eLearning and engaging 21st century learners
  54. 54. willing to mentor other staff in BOTH classroom practices and their Smart Classroom professional development journey
  55. 55. not entitled to any reduced teaching load because of this program
  56. 56. take responsibility for their own professional development</li></li></ul><li>ICT Innovative<br />Teacher Program<br />
  57. 57. ICT Innovators<br />Shane<br />
  58. 58. ICT Innovators<br />Catherine<br />Shane<br />Steph<br />Chris<br />Dan<br />Di<br />
  59. 59. Fivestep innovation process<br /><br />Innovation implementation process<br /><br />Key staff members to drive change within their faculties <br />
  60. 60. First Meeting<br /><ul><li>Welcomed them
  61. 61. Had a chat
  62. 62. Informally discussed my goals for the Innovative Teacher Program</li></li></ul><li>First Meeting<br /><ul><li>Welcomed them
  63. 63. Had a chat
  64. 64. Informally discussed my goals for the Innovative Teacher Program
  65. 65. Created a website to blog on</li></li></ul><li>http://ictinnovation.wordpress.com/<br />
  66. 66. First Meeting<br /><ul><li>Welcomed them
  67. 67. Had a chat
  68. 68. Informally discussed my goals for the Innovative Teacher Program
  69. 69. Created a website to blog on
  70. 70. Gave them all an iPod touch</li></li></ul><li>
  71. 71. “91% of Australian teachers report that if they are more innovative in their teaching they would not receive any recognition in their school”<br />
  72. 72.
  73. 73. Second Meeting<br />Fivestep innovation process<br />
  74. 74.
  75. 75. Elmo L-1EX Document Camera<br />
  76. 76.
  77. 77.
  78. 78.
  79. 79. How do we measure success?<br />
  80. 80. innovation is only innovation if it is adopted<br />
  81. 81. innovation is only innovation if it is adopted<br />The rate of adoption is defined as: <br />the relative speed with which members of a social system adopt an innovation <br />(Rogers 1962, p. 134)<br />
  82. 82. innovation is only innovation if it is adopted<br />Within the rate of adoption there is a point at which an innovation reaches critical mass. <br />This is a point in time within the adoption curve that enough individuals have adopted an innovation in order that the continued adoption of the innovation is self-sustaining.<br />
  83. 83. innovation is only innovation if it is adopted<br />Document Camera in Science<br /><ul><li>Showing many instead of one
  84. 84. Recording dissections and adding them to a virtual classroom
  85. 85. Student time-lapse experiments
  86. 86. Building a repository of time lapse videos for staff to use in class</li></li></ul><li>innovation is only innovation if it is adopted<br />Science<br />Manual Arts<br />
  87. 87. innovation is only innovation if it is adopted<br />Innovation: Bringing outside experts into the classroom<br />Virtual classrooms used so students could get feedback from University Researchers in Canada<br />Virtual tour of a University Research lab<br />Next step: Video conferencing with overseas classes<br />
  88. 88. innovation is only innovation if it is adopted<br />Science<br />English<br />
  89. 89. http://www.flickr.com/photos/94058312@N00/4383221264<br />
  90. 90. innovation is only innovation if it is adopted<br />Using Personal Video Recorders (PVR) to analysebody movement<br />
  91. 91. innovation is only innovation if it is adopted<br />
  92. 92. How do we deal with failure?<br />
  93. 93. Some innovations may seem like a good idea at the time…<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/67853403@N00/50177989<br />
  94. 94. “If you're not failing every now and again, it's a sign you're not doing anything very innovative.”<br />Woody Allen<br />
  95. 95. Innovation is not only <br />about technology<br />It is about changing the way we think about teaching and learning<br />
  96. 96. “We must become the change we <br />want to see.”<br />Mahatma Gandhi<br />
  97. 97. “Learning and innovation go hand in hand. The arrogance of success is to think that what you did yesterday will be sufficient for tomorrow.”<br />William Pollard<br />
  98. 98. go on…<br />adopt an <br />innovation today<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/77436208@N00/4261606838<br />

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