Work–life balance is a concept including proper prioritizing between "work"
(career and ambition) and
"lifestyle" (health, pleasure, leisure, family and spiritual development/meditation)
WORK LIFE BALANCE
The positive effect :
Motivation towards work, positive job satisfaction, improving employee morale
and productivity, enough time for personal and family life, improved health
The negative effect :
Job stress, work-life conflicts, absenteeism, high attrition rate, burnouts, job
switching , work alcoholism, health issues etc.
WORK LIFE BALANCE IN MARRIED INDIVIDUALS
Traditionally restricted to employees who constituted majority of male and less
Families have shifted from male bread winner to dual earner couples trend, the
boundary of work and life has become more and more broad and complex
Name of the research paper: Work Life balance among married women Couple
Author: N. Krishna Reddy, M. N. Vranda, Atiq Ahmed, B. P. Nirmala, and B. Siddaramu
Objective: to study various factors which could lead to WFC and FWC among married women employees.
Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of a total of 90 married working women of age between 20
and 50 years. WFC and FWC Scale was administered to measure WFC and FWC of working women. The
obtained data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Carl Pearson's Correlation was
used to find the relationship between the different variables.
Findings and Conclusion: The findings of the study emphasized the need to formulate guidelines for the
management of WFCs at organizational level as it is related to job satisfaction and performance of the
Name of the research paper: Work-Family Strains and Gains Among Two-Earner Couples
Author: Nancy L. Marshall and Rosalind C. Barnett
Objetive: What work-family strains and gains do two-earner couples experience?, Are there gender
differences in these work-family strains and gains?, Are the following factors associated with work-family
strains and gains :workload, experiences at work and at home, resources, role commitment, sexrole
attitudes, and the man's attitude towards his partner's employment?
Methods :A random sample of 300 couples in which both the men and the women were employed full-time.
The couples were randomly selected from town lists of all adults living in two towns in the greater Boston
area. The sample was stratifiedon parental status (60% of the sample were parents at the time of
recruitment) and waslimited to couples in which the man was between the ages of 25 and 40.
Findings and conclusion :More than a quarter of the men and women report no work-family strains. In
addition, 20% of parents report that combining employment and parenting does not cause such strains as
not having enough time or energy for their children, or worrying about the impact of their working on their
children. Over two thirds of the men and women report that combining work and parenting has definite
gains, including making them better parents.
Name of the article: Busy with work? Don’t forget your marriage
Author: Harvey Schachter
People initially assume that their marriage will take care of itself.
Since work pressures are imminent, they focus, for now, on work, hoping to
compensate down the road. “From their perspective they were doing it all for the
family. Unfortunately, now they are at risk of losing their family,” he says.
Six unconventional approaches that he argues you must adopt to try to save your
OBJECTIVES OF RESEARCH
To identify what aspects of work interferes with personal life.
To identify the factors that impact work-life balance of married couples,
To find out if there are differences across demographics and work-life balance.
To identify the factors causing stress due to improper work life balance and its
management among the executives.
To identify policies, practises and programs offered by companies with reference to
TYPES OF RESEARCH
Formulating a problem for more precise investigation.
Gives rise to new findings,facts,insights and priorities for further research.
New research problem may be formulated.
Sample Size- 102 Married individuals.
Area- Mumbai suburbs and Navi Mumbai.
Target Population- Working Married individuals
Males - 49
Non random sampling
Convenience Sampling- It is a non-probability sampling technique where subjects are
selected because of their convenient accessibility and proximity to the researcher.
ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
More number of
2. AGE GROUP
The young corporate
brigade is responsible
and active at work but
also know how to
manage their lives
keeping stress levels at
3. ARE YOU ABLE TO BALANCE YOUR WORK LIFE?
39 of them being majorly
dance exercise sleep yoga/meditation sports entertainment friends/family
36 13 8 5 3 18 5 36 3
4. HOW DO YOU MANAGE STRESS?
Music and entertainment
are an important and
popular stress busters
Negative attitude of
peers at work place
Negative attitude of
25 23 22 20 11 17
5. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING HINDER YOU IN BALANCING WORK AND FAMILY
The rise of technology and other
tools, which were meant to
make work easier , indeed
caused them more worries than
Hypertension Obesity Diabetics Frequent
11 12 6 25 49
6. DO YOU SUFFER FROM ANY STRESS RELATED DISEASES ?
A positive feedback
7. Relation between number of working days in a week and balancing the work life
H0: There is no relation between the number of days you work in a week and balancing
your work life
H1: There is a relation between the number of days you work in a week and balancing
your work life
We conclude that there is a relation between the number of days employees work in
a week and balancing work life as the more number of days married employees work
in their organization the more they are unable to balance their work and life.
Majority of employees work for 5 or 6 days a week. They have given a response that
they can balance their work life
The employees who work all 7 days a week are totally unable to balance their work
8. Relation between quality time with family and balancing the work life
HO: There is no relation between missing out the quality time with family and friends due to
pressure of work and balancing your work life
H1: There is a relation between missing out the quality time with family and friends due to
pressure of work and balancing your work life
We conclude that there is a relation between missing out the quality time with family
and friends due to pressure of work and balancing your work life as if your work life is
balanced you hardly miss out any quality time with your beloved ones.
The employees whose responses are never and rarely are the employees who manage
their family time and work time quite well
Majority of employees have response as sometimes and they are the ones who miss the
The employees who always miss the quality time are the ones whose company just wants
the work done.
9. Relation between preference of food and work life balance
H0: There is no relation between preference of food and balancing your work life
H1: There is a relation between preference of food and balancing your work life
We conclude that there is a relation between preferences of food and balancing your
work life as if an employee’s work life is balanced the preferences of food he/she will
make will be healthier and nutritious.
In the data the majority of responses are for homemade food, some for less caloric
organic food and some for diet food. We noticed that these employees are the ones who
have given responses as their work life is totally balanced.
The second majority goes with the employees who prefer spicy/junk food and food
from office cafeteria. They are the ones whose work and life are not balanced.
10. Relation between number of working days and suffering from stress related
H0: There is no relation between number of days you work in a week and suffering from any
stress related disease
H1: There is a relation between number of days you work in a week and suffering from any
stress related disease
We conclude that there is a relation between number of days you work in a week and
suffering from any stress related disease
In the data we the employees who work for only 5 -6 days a week are the ones who do
not suffer from any stress related disease
The employees who work for 6 days a week or more generally do suffer from stress
related diseases. Frequent headaches and hypertention are the most vulnerable diseases
to such employees.
11. Relation between provisions of the company and time spent with children
H0: There is no relation between provisions provided by the company for balancing work
life and time spent with children.
H1: There is a relation between provisions provided by the company for balancing work life
and time spent with children.
We conclude that there is a relation between provisions provided by the company for
balancing work life and time spent with children because employees who have the option to
work from home are able to spend more time with their children.
There is a strong perception among the respondents that it is important to achieve a
balance between paid employment and personal life ((95%), that this enables people to work
better (92.6%) and that work-life balance is a joint responsibility of both employers and
There is an expectation among staff that an employer should be sympathetic towards
employees’ needs by providing work-life balance policies and flexible working arrangements.
It can be inferred that this is likely to influence employees’ choices in terms of employment.
From an employer point of view it makes good business sense to support work-life
Recommendations at individual level
1.Maintain relations in private life
2.Make time for yourself and your family’s health
4.Take breaks (coffee, lunch)
5.Social activities with people in the same field (networking, receptions etc)
6.Get a mentor
7.Prioritise (you are Nr 1)
8.Don’t compete when it’s not necessary / Don’t try to be perfect
9.Change direction when you have to / before it’s too late
10.Make working hours visible (for yourself and for others)
11.Share household chores with partner
Recommendation on company level
1. Meeting activities, also high-level meetings, should take place during regular working
2. Career after 40 and further training for people 45+ should be possible: during times of
family responsibilities, it should be possible for both women and men to make horizontal
career moves or work, for example, in positions that require fewer business travels without
taking away the opportunity to move vertically a bit later.
3. E-learning can be used as an alternative / supplement to face to face courses, as more
people can attend and time can be saved.
4. Companies, especially large ones, should consider different kinds of meetings, eg using IT
or videoconferencing as they also save travelling time.
5. Companies should improve the circulation of information (e.g. concerning company goals
etc and make the goal visible)
6. Transparency of company policies (e.g. on discrimination)
7. Keep contact with people on leave – information on website, meetings twice a year,
career planning once a year etc
8. Using company ‘elders’( retired people) and senior programmes to help other people
further training, mentors, support regional senior knowledge programmes etc
9. Stress training, seminars – what happens in your body etc
10. Self confidence training
11. Ability to change jobs within company: also horizontal movements, job rotation etc.
12. Vouchers for cultural and physical activities
Undertake a review of relevant existing policies and extend their scope where appropriate
Ensure fairness and consistence in the way company policies that support work-life
balance are implemented.
Consider implications for work-life balance in relation to workloads and working outside
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