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World of the Unseen - I


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Brief Discussion on The Last Day, Death & Barzakh

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World of the Unseen - I

  1. 1. Hereafter - I<br />
  2. 2. Belief in the Last Day<br />Part of Eeman<br />No one is a believer without belief in this pillar.<br />Sahih International: And who believe in what has been revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what was revealed before you, and of the Hereafter they are certain [in faith]. [ Surah Baqarah, 2 : Ayat 4 ]<br />Sahih International: Who establish prayer and give zakah, and of the Hereafter they are certain [in faith]. [ Surah An-Nami, 27 : Ayat 3 ]<br />Allah enjoins belief in Him with the belief in the Last Day<br />Sahih International: Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous. [ Surah Al-Baqarah, 2 : Ayat 177 ]<br />
  3. 3. Belief in the Last Day<br />Scope of this Belief<br />Belief that there will be another life after this one<br />This life is not the end, but there will be a Judgement Day, with recompense in al-Jannah (Paradise) or an-Nar (Hellfire or the Fire)<br />Scholars of aqeedah includes following sub-topics under this subject<br />The end of time (apocalypse) and its signs<br />Death, soul and life in the grave<br />Resurrection<br />The Day of Judgement<br />Paradise & Hellfire<br />The term Hour (as-Sa’ah) is used in two ways;<br />It is used to refer to death, as death is the end of this life for each individual<br />It is also used to refer to end of time for all :: The Apocalypse<br />An individual’s judgement begins upon his death, whereas the judgement of all creation will occur on “The Judgement Day”<br />
  4. 4. Belief in the Last Day<br />Effect of the Belief<br />It demonstrates the completeness, greatness and uniqueness of Allah’s Names and Attributes<br />It increases the love for meeting Allah(swt) in the hearts of the believers<br />It establishes fear and awe of Allah(swt)<br />It aids a Muslim in hastening towards good deeds and hastening away from bad ones<br />It aids in patience and perseverance in doing good<br />It aids in patience in abstaining from wrong<br />It aids in patience during times of hardship<br />It establishes asceticism (denial) towards matters of this life<br />
  5. 5. Belief in the Last Day<br />Names of the Last Day in the Qur’an & Hadith<br />Yawm al-Qiyamah:: The Day of Standing<br />Yawm ad-DeenYawm al-Hisab:: The Day of Reckoning<br />Yawm an-Nushoor:: The Return<br />As-Sakhah<br />At-Tamah al Kubra<br />Yawm al-Hasrah<br />Yawm at-Tanad<br />Al-Qariah<br />Al-Waqiah:: The Inevitable Event<br />Al-Haqah<br />Yawm al-Fasl:: The Day of Decision<br />Yawm al-Jam :: The Day of Gathering Togather<br />Yawm al-Khulood:: Decision of Eternity<br />Yawm al-Wa’eed:: The Promised Day<br />Yawm al-Khurooj:: Emergence from Grave<br />Al-Azifah<br />Daar al-Qarar:: The Everlasting Abode<br />As-Sa’ah:: The Hour<br />
  6. 6. The Hour & ItsSigns<br />None but Allah (swt) knows when the Hour will come<br />Sahih International: They ask you, [O Muhammad], about the Hour: when is its arrival? Say, "Its knowledge is only with my Lord. None will reveal its time except Him. It lays heavily upon the heavens and the earth. It will not come upon you except unexpectedly." They ask you as if you are familiar with it. Say, "Its knowledge is only with Allah, but most of the people do not know." [ Surah al-Araf, 7 : Ayat 187 ]<br />The Hour is near<br />Sahih International: The Hour has come near, and the moon has split [in two]. [ Surah Al-Qamar, 54, Ayat 1 ]<br />The Hour will fall on a Friday<br />Abu Hurairah (Ra) reports that Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H.) had said, "The best day during which the sun have risen is Friday. It is the Day Adam was created. It is the day when Adam entered paradise and also when he was taken out from it. It is also the day on which the day of judgment takes place." [Imam Muslim, Abo-Dawod, Al-Nesaii, and Al-Termithi ]<br />
  7. 7. The Hour & ItsSigns<br />Signs<br /> <br />It is divided into<br />Major Signs<br />Ten major signs told by the Prophet (saw)<br />Any believer / non-believer may/will easily acknowledge the signs to be odd in nature as they are so drastic<br />Minor Signs<br />Only muslims will know and accept these signs due to knowledge and belief in Islam<br />
  8. 8. The Hour & ItsSigns<br />The Major Signs<br />The Emergence of ad-Dajjal :: The False Messiah<br />The Descent of Isa (as)<br />The appearance of Yajooj & Ma’jooj<br />The Great Landslide in the East<br />The Great Landslide in the West<br />The Great Landslide in the Arabian Peninsula<br />Ad-Dukhan :: The Smoke<br />Rising of the sun from the West<br />The appearance of the Beast<br />The Great Fire<br />
  9. 9. The Hour & ItsSigns<br />The Minor Signs<br />1. duinwill compete to build skyscrapers<br />2. MaBenwill talk to his shoulders and would know what is happening at home<br />3. Man will come to the mosque on his throne<br />4. Man will only greet the person they know<br />5. Attempts to make desert green<br />6. People would understand animals language<br />7. Dust of Riba will touch everybody<br />8. For every man there will be 50 women (Bukhari, Muslim, & Ahmad)<br />10. Books/writing will be widespread and (religious) knowledge will be low (Ahmad)<br />11. Adultery and fornication will be prevalent (The Prophet, peace be upon him, said that this has never happened without new diseases befalling the people, which their ancestors had not known.) (Bukhari, Muslim, IbnMajah, & Al-Haythami)<br />12. When fornication becomes widespread among your leaders (The Prophet, peace be upon him, said that this will happen when the people stop forbidding evil) (IbnMajah)<br />13. The consumption of intoxicants will be widespread (Bukhari & Muslim)<br />15. The nations of the earth will gather against the Muslims like hungry people going to sit down to a table full of food. This will occur when the Muslims are large in number, but "like the foam of the sea".<br />
  10. 10. The Hour & ItsSigns<br />The Minor Signs<br />17. The children will be filled with rage (at-Tabarani, al-Hakim)<br />18. Children will be foul (at-Tabarani, al-Hakim)<br />20. Rain will be acidic or burning (at-Tabarani, al-Hakim)<br />21. Children of fornication will become widespread or prevalent (at-Tabarani, al-Hakim)<br />32. The leader of a people will be the worst of them (at-Tirmidhi)<br />33. Leaders of people will be oppressors (Al-Haythami)<br />34. People will treat a man with respect out of fear for some evil he might do (at-Tirmidhi)<br />35. Men will begin to wear silk (at-Tirmidhi)<br />36. Female singers and musical instruments will become popular (at-Tirmidhi)<br />37. When singers become common (Al-Haythami)<br />38. When the last ones of the Ummah begin to curse the first ones (at-Tirmidhi)<br />39. People will claim to follow the Qur'an but will reject hadith & sunnah (Abu Dawood)<br />40. People will believe in the stars (Al-Haythami)<br />41. People will reject al-Qadr (the Divine Decree of Destiny) (Al-Haythami)<br />44. Wealth will increase so much so that if a man were given 10,000, he would not be content with it (Ahmad & Bukhari)<br />46. Earthquakes will increase (Bukhari & Muslim)<br />48. Women will be naked in spite of being dressed, these women will be led astray & will lead others astray (Muslim)<br />51. When people begin to compete with others in the construction of taller buildings (Bukhari)<br />59. When men lie with men and women lie with women (Al-Haythami)<br />60. Trade will become so widespread that a woman will be forced to help her husband in business (Ahmad)<br />61. A woman will enter the workforce out of love for this world (Ahmad)<br />62. Arrogance will increase in the earth (at-Tabarani, al-Hakim)<br />
  11. 11. The Hour & ItsSigns<br />Side Notes<br />Very Last Moments<br />Isa (as) dies<br />No more believers<br />Fire from Yemen engulfs<br />Quran is taken up<br />Quran pages without any Ayats<br />Mecca destroyed<br />Snipets :: Isa (as)<br />Descends from Heaven on Two Angels<br />He will come to Prophet’s (saw) Ummah<br />He will not lead us in Salah<br />Go from Damascus to Jerusalem to kill Dajjal<br />Will live among us for 7 years after Dajjal is killed<br />He will marry, have kids and do Hajj<br />
  12. 12. The Hour & ItsSigns<br />Experience The Last Day<br />Abdullah bin Umar, the Holy Messenger (upon whom be peace) said: “ The one who wants that he should see the Resurrection Day as one would see it with one's eyes, should read Surah At-Takwir, Surah Al-Infitar and Surah Al-Inshiqaq ".<br /> [Musnad Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn al-Mundhir, Tabarani, Hakim and IbnMarduyah]<br /><ul><li>82. Surah At -Takwir
  13. 13. 82. Surah Al – Infitar
  14. 14. 84. Al - Inshiqaq</li></li></ul><li>Death & Life in Barzakh<br />At Death<br />Allah’s Hesitation to take the Soul<br />Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "Allah said, 'I will declare war against him who shows hostility to a pious worshipper of Mine. And the most beloved things with which My slave comes nearer to Me, is what I have enjoined upon him; and My slave keeps on coming closer to Me through performing Nawafil (praying or doing extra deeds besides what is obligatory) till I love him, so I become his sense of hearing with which he hears, and his sense of sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he grips, and his leg with which he walks; and if he asks Me, I will give him, and if he asks My protection (Refuge), I will protect him; (i.e. give him My Refuge) and I do not hesitate to do anything as I hesitate to take the soul of the believer, for he hates death, and I hate to disappoint him." (SahihBukhari, Book #76, Hadith #509)<br />Presence of Shaytan at deathbed<br />A Kafir’s belief at the death bed is not acceptable<br />The Angel of Death sits at the head of the dying person<br />The Angel of Death informs the believer of Allah’s forgiveness and pleasure, and informs the Kafir of Allah’s wrath and anger<br />
  15. 15. Death & Life in Barzakh<br />Soul’s Journey<br />The soul of the believer comes out easily; the Kafir is punished with difficulty with which his soul comes out<br />The sould of the believer comes out with a scent like the finest musk, and the soul of the Kafir comes out with a stench like the foulest rotting meat<br />The believer’s soul comes out whilst he is praising Allah<br />The soul is taken, the eyes follow it. [Hadith in Muslim]<br />Angels come with silk cloth and ask the soul to come out. [ InbMajah, IbnHibban]<br />Angels praise the believer’s soul as it is raised to the Heaven<br />Angels come with stinky rug and yanks the soul from the body of the unbeliever [ InbMajah, IbnHibban]<br />Angels curse the unbeliever’s soul as it raised up [ Surah an-Nisa, 4; Ayat 97 ]<br />The Angels open all of the heavens, one after the other, for the soul of the believer, all of it is opened for him<br />The gates of heaven are not opened for the Kafir<br />Allah (swt) orders that the soul of the Believer should be returned to the earth after his book has been registered in “al-Illiyun” [ Surah Al-Mutaffifin, 83, Ayat 18-20 ]<br />The soul of Kafir is thrown down from the heaven back into his body, after his book has been registered in “Sijjin”. [ Surah Al-Mutaffifin, 83, Ayat 7-9 ]<br />The pressing of the grave<br />
  16. 16. Death & Life in Barzakh<br />Soul’s Journey<br />Mental faculties will be restored to the dead in the grave [Sahih at-Taghribwa’t –Tarhib, Vol 4 ]<br />Two Angels come to question [ Tirmidhi ]<br />Allah will help and strengthen the believers in the grave [ Surah al-Ibrahim, 14, Ayat 27; SahihBukhari]<br />The righteous man will sit in his grave unafraid before the questioning, whilst the evil man will sit in his grave utterly terrified. [Sahih at-Taghribwa’t –Tarhib]<br />For the believer, a door/window will be opened from his grave onto Paradise [ Narrated Al-Bara' ibnAzib; Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 40, Number 4735 ]<br />For the unbeliever/Kafir, a door/window will be opened from his grave onto Hell-Fire [ Narrated Al-Bara' ibnAzib; Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 40, Number 4735 ]<br />The believer will see his place in Paradise; and the Kafir will see his place in Hell-fire [ Narrated Al-Bara' ibnAzib; Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 40, Number 4735 ]<br />The grave of the believer will be widened as far as eye can see, and the grave of the Kafir will be constricted<br />The good deeds will come in the form of a handsome, well dressed, finely perfumed man, who will bring glad tidings. The bad deeds will come in the form of a scruffily-dressed, stinking man who will bring disturbing news [ Narrated Al-Bara' ibnAzib; Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 40, Number 4735 ]<br />The Kafir will be struck with an iron chain until he is turned to dust [ Narrated Al-Bara' ibnAzib; Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 40, Number 4735 ]<br />Animals can hear the punishment of the grave [Sahih al-Jami ]<br />The soul of the believer is tied to his debt [Tirmidhi]<br />The dead does not hear [ the way we do and react ] what goes on the earth [ Surah ar-Rum, 30; Ayat 52-53. Surah Fatir, 35; Ayat 22-23 ]<br />Exception, people of Kulaib [After battle of Badr] heard the words of the Prophet (saw) [ al-Alusi, Kitab al-Ayat al-Bayyanat fi Adam Sama al-Amwat]<br />
  17. 17. Al-Qabr :: The Grave<br />Rewards in the Grave<br />To see his place in the Hellfire had he been a sinner; and to see his position in Paradise that Allah (swt) has substituted for him<br />Light in the grave<br />Widening of the grave<br />Deep and comfortable sleep<br />Souls in green birds flying in Paradise<br />Cool and green<br />Good actions look like good-looking person to keep him company<br />Prays in the grave<br />Given special dress & covering<br />Given bed<br />Glad tidings of things that happen to his family / children<br />Portal to Jannah; will get its fragrance, etc<br />
  18. 18. Al-Qabr :: The Grave<br />Punishment in the Grave<br />Sees the position in Paradise had he done good, and his abode in the Hellfire that was substituted for him<br />Tightness of his grave to the extent that his ribs will break<br />Portal to Hellfire<br />Bad actions look like evil-looking person to keep him company<br />Darkness<br />Beaten with hammer until he turns to dust then will be returned as was<br />Bed of fire<br />
  19. 19. Al-Qabr :: The Grave<br />Actions that Impact in Grave<br />Safety from Punishment<br />Du’a<br />Charity<br />Specially for Orphans<br />Knowledge <br />Some Reasons for Punishment<br />Riba<br />Not clean during urination<br />Nameemah (Slandering) / Geebah (Backbiting)<br />
  20. 20. JazzakAllahKhairan<br />