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Islam Historical Timeline

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300 years of Islamic Timeline after Prophet's (saw) death highlighting some major points,

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Islam Historical Timeline

  1. 1. 200AH 822AD 300AH 0 622AD 100AH 722AD 110AH 732AD 120AH 742AD 130AH 752AD 140AH 762AD 150AH 772AD 160AH 782AD 170AH 792AD 180AH 802AD 190AH 812AD 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 310 320 Quran Revelation Period Wasil b Ata (131 AH) Mu’tazila (main) Khawarij (later sub) Sheeah (later sub) Qadariyyah (later sub) Ja’bd b Dirham (124 AH) Murjiah ( led to) Jabariyyah (led to ) Jahm bin Safwan (128 AH) Jahmiyyah (main) Murjiah ( led to) Jabariyyah (led to ) Muqatil bin Sulayman ( 150 AH ) Renowned mufassir who refuted Jahm bin Safwan with exaggeration - 100AH to 150 AH - 4 Main Individuals - Leaders of real innovations regarding the names and attributes of Allah gained prominence under the influence of the mentioned people Khalifah al-Ma’mun ( 198 – 218 AH ) Mu’tazilah Period - 4 main sects survived. - Khawarij, Shi’ah, Mu’tazilah & Mujri’ah. - Mu’tazilah rose power & prominence during this period. - Comes to an end during al-Mutawakkil ( 232 AH ) - 4 main sects survived. - Khawarij, Shi’ah, Mu’tazilah & Mujri’ah. - Mu’tazilah rose power & prominence during this period. - Comes to an end during al-Mutawakkil ( 232 AH ) Abu’l Hasan al Allaf ( 226 AH ) Allah’s ability will come to an end Al-Naazam ( 231 AH ) Student of Abu’l Hasan al Allaf - Allah has no ability to do evil or harm - Denied miracles of the Quran - Rejected trustworthiness of the Sahabas - Denied ability to see Allah in Judgement Day - 2 Principal individuals influenced deviation in this period Abd Allah bin Sa’id bin Kullab ( 242 AH) Muhammad bin Karram as-Sijistani ( 255 AH ) - 2 Principal individuals influenced deviation in this period Abd Allah bin Sa’id bin Kullab ( 242 AH) Muhammad bin Karram as-Sijistani ( 255 AH ) Quran Revelation Period Quran Revelation Period Ummah is upon only one Aqeedah Up to 37 AH Ummah is upon only one Aqeedah Up to 37 AH 4 main groups of innovators, 37 to 100 AH Khawarij Shi’ah Qadariyyah Murji’ah 4 main groups of innovators, 37 to 100 AH Khawarij Shi’ah Qadariyyah Murji’ah - 100AH to 150 AH - 4 Main Individuals - Leaders of real innovations regarding the names and attributes of Allah gained prominence under the influence of the mentioned people Caliphate of Abu Bakr Siddique (Abdullah ibn Abi Quhafa) 11 – 13AH 632 – 634AD Caliphate of Umar al-Khatab 13 – 23AH 634 – 644AD Rightly Guided Caliphs Rightly Guided Caliphs Imam Abu Hanifa ( Nu'man ibn Thabit ) 80 – 150AH 699 – 767AD Imam Mālik ibn Anas 93 – 179AH 711 – 795AD Imam Shafi ( Abū ʿAbdullāh Muhammad ibn Idrīs al-Shafiʿī ) 150 – 206AH 767 – 820AD Imam Ahmad / Hanbal ( Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Hanbal Abu `Abd Allah al- Shaybani ) 164 – 241AH 780 – 855AD Imam Bukhari ( Muhammad Ibn Ismail Ibn Ibrahim Ibn al-Mughirah Ibn Bardizbah al-Bukhari ) 196 – 256AH 810 – 870AD Imam Muslim ( Abul Husayn Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj ibn Muslim ibn Warat al-Qushayri al-Nisaburi ) 206 – 261AH 821 – 875AD Imam Tirmidhi ( Abū ‛Īsá Muḥammad ibn ‛Īsá ibn Sawrah ibn Mūsá ibn al Ḍaḥḥāk al-Sulamī al-Sulamī al-Tirmidhī ) 209 – 279AH 824 – 892AD Imam Abu Dawood ( Abu Dawood Sulayman ibn Ash`ath Azdi Sijistani ) 202 – 275AH 817/818 – 889AD Abd Allah bin Sa’id bin Kullab ( 242 AH) - Allah cannot have attributes of choice that are limited by time i.e. love, speak, etc - Allah has internal & external speech These two ideas affected later scholars Abul Hasan al-Ash’ari Abu Mansur al-Maturidi Muhammad bin Karram as-Sijistani ( 255 AH ) - attributed a body to Allah - Allah’s attributes had a beginning - Iman is simply the statement of tongue, no need for action Caliphate of Uthman bin Affan 23 – 35AH 644 – 656AD Caliphate of Ali bin Abi Talib 35 – 40AH 656 – 661AD 10AH 632AD 20AH 642AD 30AH 652AD 40AH 662AD 50AH 672AD 60AH 682AD 70AH 692AD 80AH 702AD 90AH 712AD 10AH 632AD 20AH 642AD 30AH 652AD 40AH 662AD 50AH 672AD 60AH 682AD 70AH 692AD 80AH 702AD 90AH 712AD 110AH 732AD 120AH 742AD 130AH 752AD 140AH 762AD 150AH 772AD 160AH 782AD 170AH 792AD 180AH 802AD 190AH 812AD

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