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Report pre spanish civilization


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this is my report on our History subject :)

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Report pre spanish civilization

  1. 1. PRE SPANISH CIVILIZATION OF OUR PEOPLE Prepared by:Prepared by: Kristine Joy M. ObsianaKristine Joy M. Obsiana
  2. 2. Pre-Colonial PhilippinesPre-Colonial Philippines A. Society and Classes B. Government C. Law D. Superstitions E. Language F. Literature G. Arts H. Calendar I. Agriculture and Industries
  6. 6. NOBLES Datu Gat or Lakan Dayang Raja
  7. 7. FREEMAN Timagua Timawa Malaya Mahadlika
  8. 8. SLAVES 1.Birth 2.Captivity in wars 3.Purchase 4.Failure to pay debts 5.Punishment for crimes
  9. 9. Type of Slaves Aliping namamahay Alipin saguiguilid
  10. 10. In Visayans TumatabanTumataban - worked for his master when summoned to do so. TumarampukTumarampuk - worked one day for his master AyueyAyuey - worked three days for his lord.
  11. 11. “Any member of the social classes could go up or down the social ladder depending upon the attendant circumstances.” (Agoncillo 1960)
  12. 12. DID YOU KNOW?DID YOU KNOW ? From the accounts of Antonio de Morga and Juan de Plasencia, one gets the impression that the so called slaves were not actually slavesso called slaves were not actually slaves in the European sense, but dependents. Even today, in some places such dependents exist, yet it had not been proper to called them slaves. John leddy Phelan in his book The Hispanization of the Philippines (Madison, 1959), p 20, correctly points out that “to call the pre hisponic system of labor organization slavery, as spaniards invariably did, is misleading. The whole arrangement had much more common with debts peonage and share- cropping than it did with the European of chattel slavery.” (Agoncillo 1960:3) p. 36
  13. 13. GOVERNMENT unit of government was the barangay, which consisted of from 30 to 100 families. The term came from the Malay word balangay, meaning sailboat barangays were headed by chieftains called datu
  14. 14. balangay
  15. 15. DatuDatu the chief executive, legislator and judge. govern his subject the supreme commander in time of war to promote their welfare and interests.
  16. 16. communitycommunity Served their chieftains during war and voyages Helped him in the tilling and sowing of the land Helped him in the construction of his house They paid tributes called buwis
  17. 17. WarsWars A man from one barangay went to another and was murdered without and obvious cause Kidnapping the wives of men belonging to one barangay Maltreatment of men of one barangay by men of another barangay
  18. 18. LAWS were either customary (handed down from generation to generation orally) or written (promulgated from time to time as necessity arose) dealt with various subjects such as inheritance, property rights, divorce, usury, family relations, divorce, adoption, loans, etc. those found guilty of crimes were punished either by fine or by death; some punishments can be considered as torture by modern standards
  19. 19. Legislation before laws are made, the chief consults with a council of elders who approved of his plan they are not immediately enforced until the new legislation is announced to the village by the umalohokan, who also explains the law to everyone
  20. 20.  Judicial Process  disputes between individuals were settled by a court made up of the village chief and the council of elders; between barangays, a board made up of elders from neutral barangays acted as arbiter  the accused and the accuser faced each other in front of the “court” with their respective witnesses  both took an oath to tell the truth; most of the time, the one who presents the more witnesses wins the case  if the losing party contests the decision, he is bound to lose in the end because the chief always take the side of the winner
  21. 21. Trial by Ordeal to determine the innocence of an accused, he is made to go through a number of ordeals which he must pass examples include dipping one’s hand in boiling water, holding a lighted candle that must not be extinguished, plunging into a river and staying underwater for as long as possible, chewing uncooked rice and spitting, etc. among the Ifugaos, ordeal by combat was common, i.e. bultongbultong(wrestling), alaw (duel)
  22. 22. bultong
  23. 23. SUPERSTITIONS Witches  Aswang  Mangkukulam  Mangangaway  Tianak  Tikbalang
  24. 24. SUPERSTITIONS Anting anting Gayuma Odom Uiga
  25. 25. SUPERSTITIONS The appearance of a comet is an ill omen for it tells war, pestilence or calamity When a pregnant woman cuts her hair, she will give birth to a hairless child A pregnant woman should not eat twin bananas, otherwise she will give birth to twins A girl who sings before the stove while cooking, will marry an old widow When a cat wipes its face with its paws,
  26. 26. LANGUAGE • there are more than one hundred languages in the Philippines, eight of which are considered major languages. They are: Tagalog, Iloko, Pangasinan, Pampangan, Sugbuhanon, Hiligaynon, Samarnon or Samar-Leyte, and Magindanao • these languages are descended from Austronesian or Malayo-Polynesian language • the differences might be accounted for the need to forming new words and phrases to fit the new environment • many of the words or terms in Filipino languages were derived from Malayan
  27. 27. Malay Tagalog English abu abo ash aku ako I alang halang across alangan alangan Half-hearted alun alon waves anam anim six amok hamok attack;struggle babi baboy pig
  28. 28. “There is no single or general language of the Filipinos extending throughout the islands, but all of them , though there are many different tongues, are so much alike that they may be learned and spoken in a short time.” --Father Pedro Chirino 1604
  29. 29. LITERATURE ORALORAL WRITTENWRITTEN Poetry Bugtong Salawikain Myths Legends awit Poetry Bugtong Salawikain Myths Legends awit Darangan Bantugan Ilim Hudhud Darangan Bantugan Ilim Hudhud
  30. 30. ARTS bahay kubo Bahay sa dagat Kweba Canoe Karakoa
  31. 31. ARTS TattooTattoo were also fashionable for some pre-colonial Filipinos; they also exhibit a man’s war record SculptureSculpture (clay, stone, wood and gold) weaponsweapons
  32. 32. first glimpse can be seen in primitive tools and weapons that were polished along the lines of leaves and petals of flowers can also be seen in beads, amulets, bracelets, and other ornaments made of jade, red cornelian, and other stones dyed and ornamented their barkcloth with designs of attractive colors
  33. 33. in the Iron Age, aside from armlets, bracelets, rings, and headbands, tattoos also became fashionable; metals and glass also came into use; weaving became a preoccupation for women; weapons were manufactured with designs on their handles; pottery with incised designs were made; and carvings made of wood, bone, ivory or horn were also done not only for the use of the living but also of the dead
  34. 34. utensils gangsa
  35. 35. Igorot shields
  36. 36. CALENDAR BISAYAN - 12 months and 356 days a year. - 30 days except on the last which contained 26 days. IFUGAO - 13 months and 356 days a year - 28 days each month except the 13month which contains 29 days. - tumunoh- tumunoh
  37. 37. AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIES  Fishing  Mining  Lumbering  Weaving  Metal work  Making tools and weapon  Manufacturing of wines  Raising of poultry and stock  Tuning  Ship building
  38. 38. AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIES • main source of livelihood • rice,coconutscoconuts, sugar cane, cotton, hemp, bananasbananas, oranges, and many species of fruits and vegetables were grown • done in two ways : kainginkaingin system (slash and burn) and tillagetillage
  39. 39. agricultural productivity was enhanced by use of irrigation ditches like those found in the Ifugao Rice Terraces.Ifugao Rice Terraces. landholding was either public (less arable land that could be tilled freely by anyone) and private (rich and cultivated lands belonging to nobles and datus) some rented land and paid in gold or in kind
  40. 40. Ifugao Rice Terraces, acclaimed by poets as the “Eight Wonder of the world” built more than 2,000 years ago by hardly Ifugaos, using only their bare hands and crude stone tools along the massive slopes of the mountains. DID YOU KNOW ?
  41. 41. the daily fare consisted of rice and boiled fish, or sometimes pork or venison, carabao or wild buffalo meat fermented the sap of palm trees and drank it as liquor called tuba
  42. 42. Livestock Pre-colonial Filipinos raised chickens, pigs, goats, carabaos, and small native ponies
  43. 43. Fishing  Was a thriving industry for those who live in the coast or near rivers and lakes  Various tools for fishing such as nets, bow andbow and arrowarrow, spear, wicker basket, hooks and lines, corrals and fish poisons were used.  Pearls fisheries also abound in Sulu. Fishing with bow & arrow
  44. 44. Mining • Comparatively developed before the coming of the Spaniards. • The ancients mined gold in many parts of the archipelago and were traded throughout the country and with other countries.
  45. 45. Lumbering and Shipbuilding were flourishing industries Filipinos were said to be proficient in building ocean-going vessels
  46. 46. Weaving  home industry that was dominated by women using crude wooden looms, textiles such as sinamay from hemp, medrinaque from banana, cotton, linen, and silk, were woven
  47. 47. m h/12849-h.htm 1_archive.html aharlika.htm undation.html Agoncillo, Teodoro A. History of the Filipino People. Quezon City: C & E Publishing. Inc., 1990 Mabahague, Ernie Ronel T. (USTMabahague, Ernie Ronel T. (UST Manila) “Manila) “Philippine History: PrePhilippine History: Pre Colonial PeriodColonial Period” in http://” in http:// www.slideshare.prespanishcivilizatiwww.slideshare.prespanishcivilizati on:impact.intro.htmon:impact.intro.htm Rama, Michael DC. Et al., Pilipinas Isang Sulyap at Pagyakap. Makati City: Edcrish International, Inc., 2006 Zaide, Georgorio F. and Zaide, Sonia M. Philippine History and Government. Quezon City: All-Nations Publishing Co., Inc, 2010
  48. 48. Kristine joy M.Kristine joy M. obsianaobsiana