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The Annapolis and Elk Ridge Rail Road was used for about five weeks at the start of the war. This ppt tells the story of this little railroad that held the country together for those crucial first weeks

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  1. 1. The Republic Hung By a Thread The Story of the Annapolis and Elk Ridge Railroad
  2. 2. April 1861 <ul><li>Fort Sumter had fallen </li></ul><ul><li>Washington could soon be isolated </li></ul><ul><li>Troops left Philadelphia on April 18 and arrived in Baltimore the next day </li></ul><ul><li>Had to go from President Street Station to Camden Station </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pratt Street Riot <ul><li>6 th Massachusetts evaded civilians then went to Camden Station and on to Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania troops returned to Philadelphia </li></ul>
  4. 4. Baltimore Shuts Down <ul><li>Governor Thomas Hicks and Mayor George Brown asked Lincoln not to bring troops through Baltimore </li></ul><ul><li>Hicks dispatched troops to disable bridges leading to Baltimore </li></ul>
  5. 5. In Philadelphia <ul><li>Two fully-equipped regiments were waiting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7 th New York led by Col. Marshall Lefferts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 th Mass. led by Brig. General Ben Butler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A battle of wills ensued </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Philadelphia to Washington <ul><li>Via rail and bay </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To Perryville </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Board ferry to Annapolis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Via steamer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Around Cape Charles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Up the Potomac </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Or on to Annapolis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Via rail </li></ul>
  7. 7. Decisions, Decisions <ul><li>Butler chose the train </li></ul><ul><li>Troops boarded a ferry </li></ul><ul><li>Arrived in Annapolis harbor on April 20 th </li></ul><ul><li>Sat offshore at the Naval Academy before it was allowed to land </li></ul>
  8. 8. Decisions, Decisions <ul><li>Lefferts chose the steamer Boston; bypassed trip up Potomac </li></ul>Arrived after Butler Good decision – both means were very crowded
  9. 9. On to Washington <ul><li>Narrow, muddy road “infested with guerillas and bushwhackers” </li></ul><ul><li>Green troops </li></ul><ul><li>Low on ammunition and supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Preferred not marching </li></ul><ul><li>Winfield Scott was increasingly anxious </li></ul><ul><li>Sent eight messengers looking for the troops </li></ul>
  10. 10. A&ER Railroad <ul><li>Chartered in 1837, two years after B&O completed branch from Baltimore to Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Was to link Annapolis to that branch and on to Elk Ridge and the Patapsco – never got there </li></ul><ul><li>$2 from Annapolis to Baltimore; $2.30 to Washington </li></ul>
  11. 11. Take the Train <ul><li>Late on the 23 rd – Mass. troops found rail depot </li></ul><ul><li>Small, rusting, slightly disassembled locomotive and several rail cars found </li></ul><ul><li>Pvt. Charles Homans of Company E </li></ul><ul><li>By sunset, decision made to use train to proceed to Washington in the morning </li></ul>
  12. 12. Moving On <ul><li>Turmoil overnight </li></ul><ul><li>Not sure of condition of rails </li></ul><ul><li>At 4 a.m. two companies of New Yorkers left the Academy grounds with a howitzer </li></ul><ul><li>Mass. men had worked overnight – engine ready and first two miles of track restored </li></ul><ul><li>Cut off tops of two cattle cars, one for howitzer, other for ammo and six riflemen </li></ul>
  13. 13. Moving On <ul><li>Two converted cattle cars, locomotive – with Pvt. Homans at the helm – two passenger cars filled with troops </li></ul><ul><li>Going was slow </li></ul><ul><li>Stopped often to search for missing track, reassemble tracks, chase off marauders </li></ul><ul><li>Got to 6 mile mark by 9 a.m. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Millersville <ul><li>Locomotive sent back to get the remainder of the New Yorkers </li></ul><ul><li>2 p.m. arrived at Millersville water station </li></ul><ul><li>Bridge just beyond had been destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>20 feet high, 16 feet long, over a road </li></ul><ul><li>Engineers of the 7 th started rebuilding </li></ul>
  15. 15. Millersville
  16. 16. Millersville
  17. 17. On to Annapolis Junction <ul><li>Kept moving </li></ul><ul><li>Replaced rails, found some in fields, one at the bottom of a pond </li></ul><ul><li>On edge </li></ul><ul><li>Arrived in Annapolis Junction about 3 a.m. </li></ul><ul><li>In morning, train arrived, departed for Washington </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Link is Established <ul><li>May 5: Butler controlled Relay House </li></ul><ul><li>May 8: Second route from Perryville to Locust Point (by Fort McHenry) to Washington was established </li></ul><ul><li>May 13: Butler’s men occupied Baltimore and writ of habeas corpus was suspended </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Railroad Continues <ul><li>Ran until 1879 – never paid interest on initial loan </li></ul><ul><li>Reorganized in 1886 as Annapolis, Baltimore and Washington Railroad </li></ul><ul><li>Purchased in 1902 by the Washington, Baltimore and Annapolis Electric Railway </li></ul><ul><li>Operated until 1935 </li></ul>
  20. 20. It’s Still There
  21. 21. Over Dorsey Run
  22. 22. Fort Meade Stables
  23. 23. Odenton Station
  24. 24. Millersville Bridge
  25. 25. Millersville Bridge
  26. 26. Millersville Bridge – circa 1902
  27. 27. Millersville Bridge Today
  28. 28. Millersville Bridge Today
  29. 29. Where the Stones Are Now