The Asian Theater In the battle of Coral sea on May 7-8 1942, American navel forces stopped the Japanese advance and saved Australia from the threat of invasion.
The Battle of Midway Island U.S. planes destroyed four attacking Japanese aircraft carriers. U.S defeated the Japanese navy and established naval superiority in pacific.
Fall of 1942• Allied forces in Asia were gathering for two operations.1. commanded by U.S. general Douglas MacArthur, would move into Philippines through New Guinea and the South Pacific Islands.2. The other would move across the pacific with a combination of U.S. Army, Marine, and Navy.• The policy was to capture Japanese – held islands and “Island Hopping” up to Japan.
The European Theater• After the fall of Sicily, Mussolini was removed from office and placed under arrest by Victor Emmanuel III, king of Italy.• Germans set up effective new defensive lines in the hills south of Rome.• Rome did not fall to the Allies until June 1944.• The allies had been planning an invasion of France from Great Britain, across the English Channel.• The allies fought their way past underwater mines, barbed wire, and machine gun fire.• Within three months, the Allies had landed two million men and a half million vehicles.
The European Theater• Allies broke through German defensive lines.• Allied troops moved South and East.• Allies liberated Paris by the end of August.• In March 1945, they crossed the Rhine River and advanced into Germany.• At the end of April 1945, allied armies in northern Germany moved to the Elbe River, and they linked up with the Soviets.
The European Theater• In summer of 1943, Hitler gambled on taking the offensive using newly developed heavy tanks.• Soviet forces had reoccupied Ukraine by the end of 1943 and moved into the Baltic states.• Soviet troops occupied Warsaw in January 1945 and entered Berlin in April.• Hitler committed suicide on April 30, two days after Mussolini had been shot by Italian Partisans.• On May 1945, German commanders surrendered and the war in Europe was finally over.
The Asian Theater• The war in Asia Continued.• In 1943. U.S. forces had gone on the offensive and advanced, across the pacific.• Harry S. Truman, who had become president on the death of Roosevelt in April, had a difficult decision to make.• Truman hoped, using atomic weapons would enable the U.S to avoid an invasion of Japan.• Truman decided to use the bombs.
The Asian Theater Cont.• The first bomb was dropped on Japanese city Hiroshima.• Three days later, a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki.• Thousands of people died, and thousands more died later from radiation.• Emperor Hirohito stepped in and forced Japanese military leaders to surrender which they did on August 14.
The Asian Theater Cont.• World war 2 was finally over.• Seventeen million had died in battle.• 20 million civilians had perished as well