Control of Capital Issues Before SEBI came into existence issue of capital by companies was regulated by Controller of Capital Issue under Capital issue (Control ) Act in 1947. The act was repealed on 29th May, 1992.With the abolition of CCI companies are not required to take permission of govt. for issue of capital they just have to get clearance from SEBI. Govt. of India set up Securities and Exchange Board of India on 12th April, 1988. it was given statutory powers by an Act of parliament known Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, Act, 1992.
Organisation of SEBI: SEBI has got 5 departments Primary Market department Issue Management Intermediaries department Secondary market department Institutional Investment department Advisory Investment departmentFUNCTIONS OF SEBISection 11 of SEBI Act, 1992 gives the functions to be performed by the board. These are:-1. Regulatory Functions2. Development Functions3. Powers given by Securities Contract Regulation Act, 1956
Objectives of SEBI Act, 1992 Provide investors protection and safeguard their rights and interest. Promote fair dealings by the issue of securities and ensure a market place where funds can be raised at a relatively low costs. Promote efficient services by the intermediaries in the capital market such as brokers and merchant bankers
SEBI GUIDELINES IPO & Primary MarketCompany Merchant bankers Underwriters Stock Broker & Sub-broker to the issue Banker to the issue Registrar to the issue & Share transfer agent Investors protection & Education Venture CapitalForeign Institutional Investors (FII)
Initial Public Offering & Primary Market- SEBI (Disclosure& Investors Protection) Rules and Regulation, 24th Feb., 2009.1. Minimum offering of 25% of post issue capital to the public. This requirement was relaxed to 10% first for IT sector, later it was relaxed to all the sectors.2. IPO of issue size up to 5 times of pre-issue , shall be allowed only to those companies having consistent track record of making profit at least for 5 years.3. For issue above Rs. 100 crores book building route has been made compulsory for comp. making IPO.4. Time for finalizing the allotment of shares and refund has been reduced from 30 to 15 days.5. Issue shall open within 12 months from the date of issue of observation letter by SEBI.6. Should disclose price band at least 2 working days before opening of bid by announcement in all newspapers in which pre-issue advt. was released.
SEBI Guidelines regarding Companies Act Free pricing of issues. A new issue can be priced freely provided it is backed by promoters with good track record of at least 5 years. Underwriting made mandatory. The new guidelines issued by SEBI have directed full underwriting of public issue. Issue of shares at par. A new company with no previous track record will be permitted to issue capital only at par. Promoters contribution is fixed at 25% of total issue of less than Rs. 100 crores size and 20% of the issues above Rs. 100 crores For public issue of existing listed companies, the issuer will have to disclose the high and low prices of the shares for the last 2 years. No bonus issue shall be made within 12 months of any public issue or right issue.
SEBI (Merchant Banking) Rules and Regulation,2006MBs are intermediaries who perform the activity of pre-issue and post-issuemanagement activity and also act as co-mangers, underwriters, portfoliomanagers and advisors. Guidelines framed by govt.:--- Catagories of MBs CAT I- MBs who conduct all above activities. They also act as co-managers, underwriters or portfolio managers.CAT II- MBs who can act as advisors, consultants, co-managers and portfolio managers.CAT-III- MBs act as underwriters, advisors and consultants.CAT-IV- MBs act as advisors or consultants to an issue. Certificate of registration:-- Minimum adequacy norms in terms of its net worth is satisfied by each category of MBs. They have necessary infrastructure, office , space, equipment and manpower. They employ at least 2 persons competent to handle merchant banking business. They are not involved in any litigation connected with security market. They pay the prescribed fees.
Capital Adequacy Norms:--- CAT-I MBs – Rs 5 corers CAT-II MBs- Rs 50,00,000 CAT-III MBs-Rs 20,00,000 CAT-IV MBs- NIL. No. of MBs depending on the size of issue Size of issue Max. no. of MBsBelow Rs 50 crores 2Rs 50 to 100 crores 3Rs 100- 200 4Rs 200-400 5Rs 400 and above More than 5 Renewal of registration At the time of renewals of registration shall continue to fulfill all the conditionsrequired at the time of registration , pay prescribed renewal fees.
Maintenance of the books of A/cs:---- The copy of B/S at each accounting period. The statement containing thename of the issue co, size of the issue, timing of the issue and activitiesperformed by merchant bankers on behalf of issue company. P/L account andauditors report.SEBI ( Underwriters) Rules and Regulation Act,1993 Underwriters are intermediaries who undertake to subscribe the unsubscribedportion of issued capital.Condition for grant or renewal of certificate In case of any change in the constitution, underwriter shall obtain priorpermission of the Board to continue to act as underwriter. the underwriter should enter into valid agreement with body corporate onwhose behalf he is acting as underwriter. He shall pay the amount of fees of registration in the mannerAn underwriter may, if so desired makes an application in FORM A forrenewal of certificate before 3months of the expiry of period of certificate.
Which is Rs 2 lakh for 1st ,2nd year and Rs 20,000 for 3rd year.Registration is granted for 3 years. Has the necessary infrastructure like adequate office space, equipment manpower to effectively discharge his activities. Has any past experience in underwriting or has in his employmentminimum 2 persons who had the experience in underwriting.Not to Act as underwriter without certificate:-- No person shall act underwriter unless he holds a certificate grantedby the Board under the regulation. Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-rule(1), every stock-broker or merchant banker holding a valid certificate of registrationunder Section 12 of the Act, shall be entitled to act as an underwriterwithout obtaining a separate certificate for underwriting activities whichshall be governed by the rules and regulations.CAPITAL ADEQUACY NORMS:- The capital adequacy requirement referred to insub-regulation 6 shallnot be less than the networth of Rs 20 lakhs.
SEBI ( Stock Broker and Sub-brokers) Rules,1992•Stock broker means a member of stock exchange• Sub-broker means any person not being a member of stock exchange whoacts on behalf of a stock broker as an agent or otherwise for assisting theinvestors in buying, selling or dealing in securities through stock broker.• No stock broker or sub broker shall buy,sell or deal in securities unless heholds a certificate granted by board under the regulation, provided that suchperson may continue to buy, sell or deal in securities if he has made anapplication for such registration.CONDITION FOR GRANT OF CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION:-• He holds the membership of any stock exchange• He shall abide by rules, regulation and bye-laws of stock exchange of whichhe is a member.• He shall pay the fees for registration in the manner provided in theregulations• He shall take adequate steps for redressal of grienvances of the investorswithin one month of the date of receipt of complaints.
Condition for the grant of Certificate to Sub- Broker:-- He shall pay the fees in the manner provided in the regulationsEvery stock broker shall subject to pay registration fees in the manner set out below : (a) where the annual turnover does not exceed rupees Rs. 1 crore during anyfinancial year, a sum of Rs. 5,000 for each financial year; (b) where the annual turnover of the stock-broker exceeds Rs 1 crore duringany financial year, a sum of Rs. 5,000 plus 1 % of the turnover in excess of Rs. 1 crore for each financial year He shall take adequate steps in redressal of grievances of the investors within one month of the date of complaints. In case of any change in constitution , the sub-broker shall obtain prior permission of the board to continue to buy , sell or deal in securities in any stock exchange. He is authorized in writing by a stock- broker being a member of stock exchange for affiliating himself in buying, selling or dealing in securities.
SEBI (Banker to the Issue) Rules and Regulation Act,1992 Banker to the issue helps in functioning in primary market by engaging in activities of acceptance of application for shares/debentures along with application money from investors. A bank can operate as banker to the issue only after obtaining a certificate of registration from SEBI. It considers past experience, nature, size of bank. Certificate of registration is granted if it satisfies :-- The applicant has necessary infrastructure, office space,equipemnet, data processing and manpower. Applicant is scheduled bank. Application fees is paid i.e. Rs 2.5 lakh for 1-2 years from date of initial registration and Rs. 1 lakh for 3rd year. Renewal is made 3 months before expiry by paying renewal fees of Rs 1 lakh annually for 1-2 years and Rs 20,000 for 3rd year. Banker to the issue should record in the statement the agreement with issuing company, Submission of daily statements, furnishing the information to SEBI i.e. details of issue, No. of applicants and details of application money, refund to the investors. Inspection by RBI.
SEBI (Registrar to the Issue and Share transfer agent) Rules and Regulation Act,1993 Registrar to the issue perform the function to collect application from investors and keep a proper record of application and money received from investor, assist co. in determining the basis of allotment of securities. Share transfer agent maintain record of holder of securities of company for & on behalf of company & handle all matters related to transfer and redemption of securities of the company. Category of Registrar and Share transfer agent CAT-I -those who carry on activities of both Registrar and STA CAT-II- Those who carry on activities of either Registrar and STA Both require registration with SEBI for carrying on with their operations. They can also seek renewal of registration. Capital adequacy is net worth of Rs 6 lakh for CAT-I and Rs 3 lakh for CAT-II Annual fees of Rs 15,000 & Rs 10,000 respectively for initial registration. Maintenance of book of Account- record relating to all applications received from investors relating to the issue, record all rejected application together with reasons, basis of allotment of shares in consultation with stock exchange, date of transfer of shares, name of transferor and transferee.
SEBI (Investors protection & Education Fund)Regulations, 2009 “ Fund” means Investors Protection and Education Fund created by the Board under section 11 of the Act. “ Legal Proceedings” means any proceedings before a court where one thousand or more are effected by misstatement in connection with the issue sale , purchase of securities. Non payement of dividend Non receipt of shares allotted or refund of application money.Utilization of fund:- The fund shall be utilized for the purpose of protection of investors and promotion of investors education and awareness with these regulations. Education activities including seminar, training, research and publications aimed at investors. The fund is utilized to provide aid which shall not exceed 70% of the total expenditure on legal proceedings.
• Such an aid shall not be considered for more than one legalproceedings in a particular matter.• If more than one investor applies for seeking legal aid , theapplication is received first is considered first for such an aidClassification of complaints:-• Type I- Non-receipt of refunds orders/allotment letters/ stockinvest.• Type II- Non-receipt of dividend• Type III- Non-receipt of share certificate/ bonus shares• Type IV- Non receipt of debenture certificate/interest ondebentures/redemption amount of debentures/ interest on delayedpayments of interest.• Type V- Non-receipt of annual reports, right issue forms/ intereston delayed receipt of refund orders/ dividends.
SEBI (Venture Capital fund) Amended Regulation, 2010 Venture capital Fund means fund established in form of trust under Indian trust Act,1882 or a company including body corporate and registered under these regulations which:-- Dedicated pool of capital Raised in a manner specified in the regulation.Or venture capital undertaking domestic company whose shares are not listed on recognized stock exchange in India, which is engaged in the activity of providing services, production or manufacturing of articles or thing.Registration of VC Funds:-- Application of grant of certificate Any company or trust proposing to carry on any activity as a venture capital fund on or after the commencement of these shall make an application to the Board for grant of certificate.
Eligibility Criteria:---For the purpose of grant of Certificate by Board the applicationshould fulfill these criteria Memorandum of association and Article of Association prohibitsto form making an invitation to public to subscribe its securities.Its director, employee is not involved in any litigation connectedwith security market.Minimum Investment in Venture Capital Fund:--• A venture capital fund may raise monies from any investorwhether Indian or foreign or NRI.• No VCF set up as a company shall accept any investment fromany investor which is less than Rs 5lakhs.
SEBI Guidelines for FIIs All foreign institutional investors including pension funds, mutualfunds, asset mangement companies and portfolio managers werepermitted to invest in Indian capital market fulfilling the followingconditions:- The FIIs are required to obtain certificate of registration from the SEBI. For grant of certificate SEBI checks the applicants track record, professional competence, financial soundness, experience, general reputation of fairness and integrity They have to obtain approval from RBI under Foreign Exchange Regulation Act (FERA), 1973. Certificate of registration is granted for period of 3 years and after it can be renewed. FIIs are permitted to invest in securities in the primary and secondary markets including shares, debentures
listed or to be listed on a recognized stock exchange in India; and Units of schemes floated by domestic mutual funds including UnitTrust of India, whether listed on a recognized stock exchange ornot.• A registered foreign institutional investor shall pay a fee of US $10,000 for every block of three years after grant of registrationduring which the registration subsist.• The fee mentioned in shall be paid at least one month beforeexpiry of the period of three years.