Distance
education:
challenges facing in
st century
the 21
Distance education
 It

is a field of education that focuses on
teaching methods and technology with the aim
of deliverin...
Conventional education
Conventional system of education at
any level - secondary or tertiary.
Teaching-learning takes plac...
Terms related to distance
education
Non-formal education: it is an education free from formalities or with
relaxed formali...
Mission of distance
education
Providing second chance students the
opportunities to pursue academic or
professional studie...
Second chance parameters

Lack of entry qualifications.
 work/family/health
constraints.
 Remote location.
 Being a wom...
Current influential
trends
Growing

access to higher education.
Globalization.
Emergence of the ICT.
Marketization.
B...
Size and mode of
operation
Single mode
 Dual mode
 Blended mode
 Consortia

Case study on reviews including
comparison of distance education versus
conventional courses
1.
2.
3.
4.

Final course gra...
Final course grades and
grade distributions


GPA of students in 18 sections where 604 students were in
telecourses and 3...
Examination or test
scores


University of California in 1998 concluded that cyber
learners can learn as well as, or bett...
Completion /success
rate
The study of 1993 compile that students
enrolled in courses offered through the use of
distance e...
Other comparing
measures
Learning style
 Writing : volume, quality, improvement

Typical research topic









Comparison with outcomes in conventional education
settings.
Perseverance in studies...
Challenges facing DE in
the digital age
 Finding

a cost effective model.
 Restructuring the overall operation and
under...
Future development
challenges of DE
Defining clear missions of each DE institution.
 Enhancing academic reputation of DTU...
Recommendations
 Should

provide a diverse, highly qualified,
dynamic faculty and staff.
 Should develop and acquire ade...
THANKX
BYTALVINDER KAUR
38324
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Talvndr .challenges facing distance education in the 21st century

  1. 1. Distance education: challenges facing in st century the 21
  2. 2. Distance education  It is a field of education that focuses on teaching methods and technology with the aim of delivering teaching often an individual basis to students who are not physically present in a traditional setting such as classroom.  It is the process to create and provide assess to learning when the source of information and the learners are separated by time and distance.
  3. 3. Conventional education Conventional system of education at any level - secondary or tertiary. Teaching-learning takes place in classrooms where the students and teachers meet regularly at fixed timings.
  4. 4. Terms related to distance education Non-formal education: it is an education free from formalities or with relaxed formalities to make education more accessible to different kinds or types of learners. 2. Correspondence education: it is a education conducted by the postal services without face to face contact between teacher and learners through written or tape-recorder materials. 3. Open education: education given to more flexible methods of study and teaching in which there is openness in access, content, delivering system and assessment. Distance education in other terms is also known as home study, independent study, off- campus, extra mural studies, university without walls, external studies. 1.
  5. 5. Mission of distance education Providing second chance students the opportunities to pursue academic or professional studies.
  6. 6. Second chance parameters Lack of entry qualifications.  work/family/health constraints.  Remote location.  Being a woman. 
  7. 7. Current influential trends Growing access to higher education. Globalization. Emergence of the ICT. Marketization. Blurring of boundaries between distance education and conventional universities.
  8. 8. Size and mode of operation Single mode  Dual mode  Blended mode  Consortia 
  9. 9. Case study on reviews including comparison of distance education versus conventional courses 1. 2. 3. 4. Final course grades and grade distributions Test scores Student satisfaction and attitude surveys Completion/retention rates
  10. 10. Final course grades and grade distributions  GPA of students in 18 sections where 604 students were in telecourses and 368 students were in conventional courses.(John Calhoun community college in 1993)  Another study in the same year in northern Virginia community college shown equivalent final grades but retention rates were notably higher in the conventional education(Manning)
  11. 11. Examination or test scores  University of California in 1998 concluded that cyber learners can learn as well as, or better than conventional regardless of characteristics such as gender, ethnicity, academic background, computer skills etc.
  12. 12. Completion /success rate The study of 1993 compile that students enrolled in courses offered through the use of distance education had a successful matriculation than their campus- based counterparts by the beginning of fall term 1998.
  13. 13. Other comparing measures Learning style  Writing : volume, quality, improvement 
  14. 14. Typical research topic       Comparison with outcomes in conventional education settings. Perseverance in studies. Explanations of drop- out rates. Use of diverse technologies. Impact of support services. Economies of scale.
  15. 15. Challenges facing DE in the digital age  Finding a cost effective model.  Restructuring the overall operation and underlying premises of the industrial mode.  Utilizing the open educational resources.  Enhancing collaborative ventures.
  16. 16. Future development challenges of DE Defining clear missions of each DE institution.  Enhancing academic reputation of DTUs.  Finding an optimal balance between promoting equity and assuring quality.  Establishing efficient support systems.  Launching closer interfaces with labor markets.  Minimizing the digital divide.  Creating fruitful collaborations with other HE institutions. 
  17. 17. Recommendations  Should provide a diverse, highly qualified, dynamic faculty and staff.  Should develop and acquire adequate fiscal, capital resources and use them effectively.  Should provide quality support services.  Should provide an instructional programs.
  18. 18. THANKX BYTALVINDER KAUR 38324

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