What is Community radio station
radio is a radio service
offering a third model of radio broadcasting in
addition to commercial and public
radio is a type of radio service
that caters to the interests of a certain area,
broadcasting content that is popular to a local
audience but which may often be overlooked
by commercial or mass-media broadcasters.
• Community stations serve geographic communities
and communities of interest.
They broadcast content that is popular and relevant
to a local, specific audience but is often overlooked
by commercial or mass-media broadcasters.
Community radio stations are operated, owned,
and influenced by the communities they serve.
They are generally nonprofit and provide a
mechanism for enabling individuals, groups, and
communities to tell their own stories, to share
experiences and, in a media-rich world, to become
creators and contributors of media. .
Modern community radio stations serve
their listeners by offering a variety of
content that is not necessarily provided by
the larger commercial radio stations.
Community radio outlets may carry news
and information programming geared
toward the local area (particularly immigrant
or minority groups who are poorly served by
major media outlets).
Specialized musical shows are also often a
feature of many community radio stations.
Community and pirate stations (in areas where
they are tolerated) can be valuable assets for a
• Community radio stations typically avoid content
found on commercial outlets such as Top 40 music,
sports and "drive-time" personalities.
• A meme used by members of the movement is that
community radio should be 10 percent radio and 90
• the social concerns of community radio are stressed
over radio per se.
CONCEPT OF COMMUNITY
Community radio is confined to a small
It depends on low power transmission
covering not more than 20-30km radius.
It serves a community which uses
common resources from livelihood has
common development issues and
concern, which are relatively localized.
COMMUNITY IN ThE
Communities are complex entities, and what
constitutes the "community" in community
radio is subject to debate which varies by
"Community" may be replaced by terms such
as "alternative", "radical" or "citizen" radio.
In sociology, a "community" has been
defined as a group of interacting people living
in a common location. Community radio is
built around the concepts of access and
The term "community" encompasses geographical
communities based around the reach of the radio's
signal (the people who can receive the message) and
their potential to participate in the creation of the
This is complicated by the fact that many radio
stations broadcast over the internet as well, thereby
reaching a (potentially) global audience.
Two philosophical approaches to community
radio exist, although the models are not
One emphasizes service and communitymindedness, focusing on what the station can
do for the community.
The other stresses involvement and
participation by the listener.
Community Radio plays a central role in
community development. To play this role they
need to provide quality programmes to ensure
continued audience, and support from the
It has been a great success in developed
nations but has lacked in developing countries
because of illiteracy and lack of awareness
Community radio faces the challenges in
effective and quality programme production in
terms of content, production quality and
A high turnover of staff that causes a lack of journalistic
and technical skills and thus a consistent demand for
Community Radio derives its strength and popularity
from community participation.
Community Radio is by definition relatively small and
often situated in locations where basic services, like a
constant supply of electricity, are lacking.
In many countries there is still a lack of a clear
regulatory framework in which Community Radio
Among the various challenges faced by the
community radio, the participation from the
people is the major one and no community radio
can survive without participation of people as it
demands 70% participation of the community
Without proper management skills, as well as
some knowledge of financial management and
income generation, it is very hard for Community
Radio to survive without donor funding, which
will always, eventually, dry up.
The success stories of community
radio stations are as follows•FM Ranchi
•Sangham radio making waves