Shalini Pandey seminar 2013 (Role of ICT in Rural Development)

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Shalini Pandey seminar 2013 (Role of ICT in Rural Development)

  1. 1. ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN EDUCATION 1
  2. 2. WHAT IS ICT ? ICTs stand for “Information and Communication Technologies” “diverse set of technological tools and resources used to communicate, and to create, disseminate, store, and manage information.” 2
  3. 3. CLASSIFICATION OF ICT CLASSIFICATION OF ICT 3
  4. 4. WHY THERE IS NEED TO INTRODUCE ICT IN TEACHING -LEARNING PROCESS ????????????? ?? 4
  5. 5. 1. Evolution of Education Technology IMPACT TIME Internet: Greatest impact TIME 5
  6. 6. 2. CHANGE IN THE NEED & INTEREST OF LEARNER • Due to globalisation, libéralisation • Computer technologies has become a daily part of our life. • Necessary to get job • To be connected with digital world 6
  7. 7. 3. Improve quality of education • By using multimedia and retaining the interest of learner • Provide a flexible eduaction an relatively low cost • Active learning 7
  8. 8. 4. Enhance reach for equal educational opportunities • Providing equal and same education to all irrespective of their status and location • All time avilability • Creating a mobile education system • Example : through distance education 8
  9. 9. Characteristic of ICTs Anytime For All Effective Learning Anywhere 9
  10. 10. Traditional & E-learning Approach Traditional and E-learning approaches Traditional Classroom Classroom E-Learning • Unlimited • Synchronous Content • Physical – limited size • Anytime, anywhere •PowerPoint/transparency/etc. • Multimedia / simulation • Textbooks/library • Digital library • Notes • On demand •Lecture Personalisation • One learning path • Learning path and pace determined by learner 10
  11. 11. Use of ICT in Education • ICT education (creation of human resource to meet the IT needs) • ICT supported education, and (use of ICT to support the print content) • ICT enabled education (educational Programme that is purely delivered through ICTs) 11
  12. 12. 1. ICT education • Refers to the creation of human resource to meet the IT needs • create a pool of manpower to address job opportunities in computers • Provided the basic computer programming skills to cater to the growing job market in computer based technologies 12
  13. 13. 2. ICT Supported Education • Use ICT to support the print content & distance education • Also called as multimedia education • Example: radio and television programmes, audio and video tapes, CD lessons 13
  14. 14. 3. ICT enabled education • Educational programme that is purely delivered through ICTs • ICT delivered content as the primary backbone of the teaching-learning process • Example: on-line courses through the web 14
  15. 15. Classification of ICT used in education • On the Basis of Delivery systems I. Synchronous Media II.Asynchronous Media • On the Basis of Content I. General awareness Content II.Instructional content 15
  16. 16. Synchronous Media • All participants to be together at the same time even though in different locations. • Example: Audio conferencing Teleconferencing Computer conferencing such as chat Internet telephony 16
  17. 17. Asynchronous Media • The learning process to be at “different times” and “different places • Example: Audio and video tapes CDs E mail Computer file transfers 17
  18. 18. General awareness Content It’s the ICT material prepared for•Broad audiences •awareness orientation •Nature of learning is broad •Multidimensional Example: An Video about Polio Immunization 18
  19. 19. Instructional content Its the material specially designed for specific purpose. •Clearly defined target Enrichment •Clear Objectives •Target related format and treatment •Evaluation critical, through formative process Example: an audio lecture prepared for distance education student 19
  20. 20. Communi ty Linkages Planning & Manageme nt Lifelon g Learni ng Access Potential Of ICTs Increase Efficienc y Quality Learnin g Quality Teaching Skill Formation 20
  21. 21. Research finding about impact of ICT in teaching learning process ICT has a positive Impact on the Teaching Learning Process in the following ways: • Better understanding • creating interest among the students • increasing the involvement of students • providing varied learning experiences •use of ICT helped to enhance the understanding and achievement of the students •that use of ICT helped in their professional growth and development by developing insights for the content transaction and getting new ideas. •use of ICT contributed to the growth and development of the institution
  22. 22. Effect of ICT • • • • Change in Delivery mode Change in teaching mode Change in teaching material Change in learning model 22
  23. 23. Change in Delivery mode Growing student population More virtual universities Increase in tuition fee Cost effective solutions (e.g. e-learning) Lack of facilities and funding Privatisation of education 23
  24. 24. Change in Teaching aids Blackboard OHP Transparency Television Video Conferencing Computer Whiteboard 24
  25. 25. Change in Teaching mode Tim
  26. 26. Change in Learning models INDUSTRIAL AGE LEARNING MODEL DIGITAL AGE LEARNING MODEL 26
  27. 27. E-learning: Blended mode Chalk-and-board has long ruled the classrooms •will not be eliminated •Less emphasis Interactive Digital Content: • more emphasis • on demand learning • interactive 27
  28. 28. How ICTs play its important role? ICTs provide an array of powerful tools that may help in transforming the present isolated, teacher-centered and text-bound classrooms into STUDENTFOCUSED, 28
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  31. 31. Suggestion for effective use of ICT in education  The teachers should increase the use of ICT for preparation of the teaching-learning materials  The management should motivate teachers to use ICT.  Training should be provided to teachers for developing skills required for using ICT. 31
  32. 32. • collaborate Computer companies with Education institute to provide training to inservice teachers • Organizing workshops and seminars on “the Use of ICT in the teaching-learning process” • Schools should prepare a schedule for a regular access to computers by students for preparing projects and assignments. 32
  33. 33. Thanks ! 33

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