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ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL
ORGANIZATIONS IN
DEVELOPMENT
Submitted To:Submitted To:
Dr. Rajshree UpadhyayDr. Rajshree Upadhyay
P...
QUALITY OF
LIFE
• Various Government Policies
• Developmental Programmes
• Developmental Plans
• Developmental Efforts By ...
Vs
Degree of Well
being felt by an
Individual
Physical
well being
Psychologic
al well being
DEFINITION
The Wo rld He alth O rg anizatio n describes QOL as a broad-ranging
concept that incorporates individual's phys...
An indicator
is a
parameter
that
indicates,
gives
information
and
describes
certain
phenomena
and their
evolution in
time....
THEORETICAL MEASUREMENT OF QOL
Measurement of “objective” or social
indicators
Measurement of subjective well-being
(SWB)
...
European System of Social Indicators
for quality of life
(8) Labour market and working conditions
(9) Income/ standard of ...
Quality of
life
indicators
of OECD
Work–life balance Civic engagement and governance
Social connections Subjective well-be...
Health
• One of the most valuable assets.
• Health status and job are the main factors that influence a person’s quality o...
Work and Family Life Balance
• Equal amount of time resource for everyone
• Time distribution of individual have effect on...
Education
• Basic human need nowadays
• A tool that helps to achieve one’s goals in life
• Educated people are healthier, ...
Social connections
• Social creatures
• Well-being is very much affected by their social network or social capital
• Peopl...
Personal Security
• Prevalence of crime in society
• Crime prevalence means unsafe and people are afraid to live
• Crime o...
Civic Engagement and Governance
• Political freedom is one of the basic human rights and freedoms.
• People’s sense of con...
Environment
• Quality of life is dependent on the surroundings
• To ensure the sustainability of natural resources for fut...
Subjective well-being
• Life satisfaction indicators measure subjective well-being
• Shows how people assess their own wel...
WHOQOL-100
Health Psychology Level of Independence
EnvironmentSocial Relations Spirituality/Religion/Personal beliefs
QUALITY OF LIFE INDEX
Also known as where-to-be-born index, prepared by Economist Intelligence Unit of UN
attempts to meas...
Where to born Index- 2013
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX
A composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income indices used to rankcountries into...
WORLD HAPPINESS REPORT
Report combines both objective and subjective measures to rankcountries by happiness
Report combine...
In the global
happiness
ranking list,
India stands at
rank 111 out of
187 countries
India’s Performance
Performanc
e on
Education
Indicators
• Mean years of schooling- 4.43
• Expected years of schooling- 11...
India’s Performance
Performance
on Health
Indicators
• Life expectancy at birth- 66.41
• Infant mortality rate (per 1000 l...
India’s Performance
Performance
on Economic
Indicators
• Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP
$)- 5,149.81
• G...
India’s Performance
Performance
on Poverty
Indicators
• Multidimensional poverty index- 0.28
• Population in multidimensio...
India’s Performance
Performance
on
Population
Indicators
• Population total (millions)1,252.14
• Population under age 5121...
India’s Performance
Performance
on Human
Security
Indicators
• Birth registration (% under age five)- 41.1
• Old age pensi...
India’s Performance
Performance
on
Environment
Indicators
• Primary energy supply, Fossil fuel (% of total)-
72.3
• Carbon...
Quality of life in india
Quality of life in india
Quality of life in india
Quality of life in india
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Quality of life in india

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quality of life in india, india's performance on different developmental index, QOL, quality of life, hdi, human development, quality of life in india

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Quality of life in india

  1. 1. ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN DEVELOPMENT Submitted To:Submitted To: Dr. Rajshree UpadhyayDr. Rajshree Upadhyay Professor, College of HomeProfessor, College of Home Science, UdaipurScience, Udaipur Presented By:Presented By: Shalini PandeyShalini Pandey M.Sc. Final YearM.Sc. Final Year Deptt. of HECMDeptt. of HECM MEASUREMENT OF QUALITY OF LIFE AND PRESENT STATUS OF INDIAN POPULATION
  2. 2. QUALITY OF LIFE • Various Government Policies • Developmental Programmes • Developmental Plans • Developmental Efforts By Different Organization • Extension Efforts • Ministerial Efforts • Governmental Department • NGOs/VOs • Poverty Elevation Programme • Women And Child Development Programmes • Social Support Schemes • Developmental Institute • Research Institutions
  3. 3. Vs Degree of Well being felt by an Individual
  4. 4. Physical well being Psychologic al well being
  5. 5. DEFINITION The Wo rld He alth O rg anizatio n describes QOL as a broad-ranging concept that incorporates individual's physical health, psychological state, level of independence, social relationships, personal beliefs and their association to salient features of the environment. According to ecological economist Robert Costanza: Quality of Life (QOL) has long been an explicit or implicit policy goal, adequate definition and measurement have been elusive. Diverse "objective" and "subjective" indicators are used to measure quality of life.
  6. 6. An indicator is a parameter that indicates, gives information and describes certain phenomena and their evolution in time. For years people have tried to find ways to measure the well-being of society.
  7. 7. THEORETICAL MEASUREMENT OF QOL Measurement of “objective” or social indicators Measurement of subjective well-being (SWB) Quantitative aspects that are helpful in measuring social condition •Income •Employement •Education cognitive sense of satisfaction with life •Life satisfaction •Pleasant ansd unpleasant Mood •Emotions
  8. 8. European System of Social Indicators for quality of life (8) Labour market and working conditions (9) Income/ standard of living/ consumption pattern (12) Social security (10) Health (11) Environment (13) Public safety and crime (14) Total living situation (1) Population (2) Household and families (5) Leisure/media/ culture (3) Housing (4) Transport (6) Social and political participation (7) Education and vocational training
  9. 9. Quality of life indicators of OECD Work–life balance Civic engagement and governance Social connections Subjective well-being Education Health Environment Personal security
  10. 10. Health • One of the most valuable assets. • Health status and job are the main factors that influence a person’s quality of life. • Has an instrumental value, because good health enables working-age people to actively participate in the labour market and lifelong learning, as well as to have good social relationships. Health indicators includes: • Life expectancy at birth, • Infant mortality, • Self-reported health status, • Self-reported longstanding illness, • Self-reported limitations in daily activities, • Obesity and overweight.
  11. 11. Work and Family Life Balance • Equal amount of time resource for everyone • Time distribution of individual have effect on quality of life • Children well being depend on time devoted by parents to them. • people’s preferred daily schedule depends on everyone’s family situation and priorities Indicators when describing work and family life balance: • long working hours, • commuting time, • time for leisure and personal care, • satisfaction with time • allocation, • employment rate of mothers with children of compulsory school age.
  12. 12. Education • Basic human need nowadays • A tool that helps to achieve one’s goals in life • Educated people are healthier, more active in social life and they earn higher wages • People have different educational opportunities starting from the first years of life Educational indicators • The share of the population aged 25–64 with at least upper-secondary education, • Participation rate in lifelong learning of the population aged 25–64, • Educational expectancy at age 15, • Literacy Skills of 15-year-old students, and
  13. 13. Social connections • Social creatures • Well-being is very much affected by their social network or social capital • People surrounded by supportive friends are happier • Emotional support, • The benefits of acquaintances can also be material. • Help to develop common values and trust in one another at the community level Indicators are: • Social network support • Frequency of social contacts • Time spent on volunteering • Trust in other people
  14. 14. Personal Security • Prevalence of crime in society • Crime prevalence means unsafe and people are afraid to live • Crime often has more victims than just one • Indirectly people close to the victim suffer too • Affects not only physical, but also mental health • Difficult to measure Indicators • The number of homicides per 100,000 people, • Self-reported victimisation, • Violence against children, and • Feeling of security.
  15. 15. Civic Engagement and Governance • Political freedom is one of the basic human rights and freedoms. • People’s sense of control over their lives. When an individual goes voting, he • Participates in a public dialogue and shows that he has trust in • Democracy • Voting means politicians’ sense of responsibility towards society • Contributes to the implementation of policies effective and represent people’s wishes. Indicators on civic engagement and governance are: • Voter turnout, • Participation in other types of political activities, • Consultation on rule-making, and • Trust in institutions.
  16. 16. Environment • Quality of life is dependent on the surroundings • To ensure the sustainability of natural resources for future generations • The extent of polluted air, water, soil; • How much there is noise, • Artificial or natural materials around him. • Most diseases are caused by the low quality of the living environment. Indicators include: • Air quality, • Environmental burden of disease, • Satisfaction with the quality of local environment, • Access to green spaces.
  17. 17. Subjective well-being • Life satisfaction indicators measure subjective well-being • Shows how people assess their own well-being. • Measuring of subjective well-being has often been questioned. • The main issue concerning subjective well-being is whether it is possible to ask questions so that everyone understands them the same way and answers according to similar principles. • Life satisfaction data should not describe the current emotional state; it should rather be an assessment of a long-term situation. Two subjective well-being indicators: • Life satisfaction
  18. 18. WHOQOL-100 Health Psychology Level of Independence EnvironmentSocial Relations Spirituality/Religion/Personal beliefs
  19. 19. QUALITY OF LIFE INDEX Also known as where-to-be-born index, prepared by Economist Intelligence Unit of UN attempts to measure which country will provide the best opportunities fora HEALTHY, safe and prosperous life in the years ahead a tool forcommunity development which can be used to monitorkey indicators that encompass the social, health, environmental and economic dimensions used to comment frequently on key issues that affect people and contribute to the public debate about how to improve the quality of life in the community
  20. 20. Where to born Index- 2013
  21. 21. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX A composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income indices used to rankcountries into four tiers of human development. Created by Pakistani Economist Mahbub Ul Haq and Indian Economist Amartya Sen in 1990. Published by the united nations development programme Most commonly used international measure of development
  22. 22. WORLD HAPPINESS REPORT Report combines both objective and subjective measures to rankcountries by happiness Report combines both objective and subjective measures to rankcountries by happiness Report outlined the state of world happiness, causes of happiness and misery, and policy implications Published along with the HDI
  23. 23. In the global happiness ranking list, India stands at rank 111 out of 187 countries
  24. 24. India’s Performance Performanc e on Education Indicators • Mean years of schooling- 4.43 • Expected years of schooling- 11.7 • Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older)- 62.8 • Population with at least some secondary education (% aged 25 and above)- 38.7 • Gross enrolment ratio: pre-primary (% of children of pre-school age)- 58 • Gross enrolment ratio: primary (% of children of primary school age)- 113 • Gross enrolment ratio: secondary (% of children of secondary school age)- 69 • Gross enrolment ratio: tertiary (% of population of tertiary school age)- 23 • Primary school dropout rates (% of primary school cohort)- n.a. • Pupil-teacher ratio- 35 •
  25. 25. India’s Performance Performance on Health Indicators • Life expectancy at birth- 66.41 • Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births)- 44 • Under five mortality rate (per 1000 under five children)- 56 • Infants lacking immunization - % of one year olds, DTP-12 • Infants lacking immunization - % of one year olds, Measles- 26 • Antenatal coverage (% of live births)- 74.2 • HIV prevalence (% ages 15-24), female- 0.1 • HIV prevalence (% ages 15-24), male- 0.1 • HIV prevalence (% ages 15-49), total- 0.3 • Adult mortality rate (per 1000), female- 159 • Adult mortality rate (per 1000), male- 247 • Age standardized obesity rate (% of ages 20 and older)- 1.9
  26. 26. India’s Performance Performance on Economic Indicators • Gross national income (GNI) per capita (2011 PPP $)- 5,149.81 • GDP (2011 PPP$) (billions)- 6,245.4 • GDP per capita (2011 PPP$)- 5,050.11 • Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP)- 29.59 • Domestic credit provided by the banking system (% of GDP)- 76.59
  27. 27. India’s Performance Performance on Poverty Indicators • Multidimensional poverty index- 0.28 • Population in multidimensional poverty (%)- 55.28 • Intensity of multidimensional poverty (%)- 51.1 • Population near multidimensional poverty (%)- 18.24 • Population in severe multidimensional poverty (%)- 27.84 • Population living below $1.25 a day (%)- 32.68 • Share of working poor, below $2 a day (%)- 74.5
  28. 28. India’s Performance Performance on Population Indicators • Population total (millions)1,252.14 • Population under age 5121.29 • Population ages 65 and older- 66.05 • Urban (% of population)- 32% • Median age (years)- 26.94 years • Dependency ratio, young age (ages 0-14)- 42.88 • Dependency ratio, old age (65 and older)- 8.26 • Sex ratio at birth (male to female births)- 1.11
  29. 29. India’s Performance Performance on Human Security Indicators • Birth registration (% under age five)- 41.1 • Old age pension recipient s (% of statutory pension age population)- 24.1 • Refugees by country of origin (thousands)- 14.258 • Homeless population (% of population)- 0.974 • Prison population rate (per 100,000 population)- 30 • Homicide rate (per 100,000)- 3.46
  30. 30. India’s Performance Performance on Environment Indicators • Primary energy supply, Fossil fuel (% of total)- 72.3 • Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (tonnes)- 1.67 • Natural resource depletion (% of GNI)- 4.88 • Forest area (% of total land area)- 23.07 • Fresh water withdrawals (% of total renewable water resources)- 33.88 • Population living on degraded land (%)- 9.6 • Impact of natural disasters: number of deaths (per year per million people)-1.45

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