Project formulation by shalini


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Project formulation by shalini

  1. 1. HEX-481 INTRODUCTION TO JOURNALISM PROJECT REPORT ON UNIVERSITY PRESS Submitted To: Submitted By: Dr. Anupama Pandey Sunita Sijwali ( 38302) Department of Home Science Extension Shalini Pandey( 38306)
  2. 2. CONTENT  Introduction of project report  Steps of project formulation  Project description  Market potential  Capital cost and source of finance  Assessment of working capital requirement  Other financial aspect  Economic and social variable  Accounting and bookkeeping system
  3. 3. Project Formulation A project report provides all the necessary information of the unit proposed to set up is included under formulation of project. It’s required by various developmental objectives that helps us in setting up of the unit particularly financial institution and banks that provide financial assistant. The report should be prepared in such a way that it is able to provide complete information that may be required by financial institution for appraising the project. A well prepared project report will not only save the time & energy of the banker but also help the entrepreneur who has to face many objectives and queries for the banker. An entrepreneur when starting for any business unit should have the following information readily available:i. To decide the type and level of industrial unit. ii. To match his financial resources with the required amount. iii. To prepare the project report. The guidelines for project report are as follow: i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii. General information Project description Market potential Capital cost and source of finance Assessment of working capital requirement Other financial aspect Economic and social variable 1. General information a. Industrial Profile Form of ownership: Partnership Name of Enterprise: University Press Address: GBPUAT, Pantnagar b. Entrepreneur Profile Name of entrepreneur: 1.Sunita Sijwali 2. Shalini Pandey Qualification: B. Sc. Home Science (lll yr.)
  4. 4. c. Qualities of entrepreneur Self Confidence Risk Taking Knowledgeable Foresightedness Managerial competence Result oriented Leadership Open minded and flexible Innovative and creative Energetic and hardworking d. Product Profile: A press will be accomplishing following work:i. Job work which include the printing of leaflets, booklets, pamphlets, calendars, folders, annual reports and other miscellaneous items. ii. Book work include printing of educational journals, novels and other books etc. iii. Magazines and newspaper printing. iv. Packing work which include Monocarts and corogated boxes used for packing of items. 2. Project description: a. Site: the press has to be set up in the Pantnagar nearby college of technology, G. B. P. U. A.T. b. i. ii. iii. iv. v. Pantnagar. Total area for setting up of unit is 2000*5.50*2.5. Physical infrastructure: The press will consist of following unitsComposing unit: this unit consist of computers having designing software’s (PageMaker, coral, Photoshop etc.), used for preparing format of printing material. Scanning unit: This unit consists of image setter & scanner which sets the images and scan the printed material on plate. Plate exposing frame: this prepare the plate in YMCK pattern ( yellow, magenta, kala and which is used in printing machine. Printing unit: This unit consist following sheet fed printing machineSingle color printing machine Double color printing machine four color printing machine Five/ six color printing machine Binding unit: this unit consist following machine— Paper cutting machine ,42’’ Stitching machine ½’’ to 3 ½’’ Lamination 25’’ Die/ creasing 19’’ to 25’’
  5. 5. vi. Machine & Skilled labor: S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 MACHINE Single color sheet fed offset printing machine Mini offset Composing unit(computer, printer) Plate exposing frame Paper cutting machine Stitching & lamination Accountant Store keeper Marketing person REQUIRED LABOUR 2 1 2 2 2 6 1 1 2 vii. Utility: Electricity: The voltage requirement by the appliances & equipment’s are as per following table: S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 MACHINE Single colour sheetfed offset printing machine Mini offset Computers Plate exposing frame Paper cutting machine Stitching machine lamination machine REQUIRED VOLTAGE 10 hp 100 watt 2 hp 5 hp 1 hp 2.5 hp There is a continuous supply of electricity in this area, if in case electricity cuts then generator facility will be available in the unit. viii. List of machinery and equipments: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Single colour sheet fed offset printing machine Mini offset Computers Plate exposing frame Paper cutting machine Stitching machine lamination machine
  6. 6. 3. Market potential a. Demand and supply position: there is regular demand of product (printing materials like poster, books, information booklet, register, brochure. Folder, magazines and journals) because of university. b. Price: the price of product is decided as per the university order. c. Marketing Strategy: There is two person appointed for the purpose of marketing and public relation although in University there is not much need of marketing of product. d. Seasonal factor: Before New Year , brochure or admission of new students, publishing of monthly journals work increases. Sometime extra time is spend by worker in accomplishing their work. e. Transportation: University transport facility is available. 4. Capital Cost estimation a. Land: ₨ 000, 00 27, b. Machinery: S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 MACHINE Single color sheet fed offset printing machine Mini offset Computers Plate exposing frame Paper cutting machine Stitching machine lamination machine Other material COST 30 lac 2.5 lac 1.5 lac 2.5 lac 4 lac 75 thousand 3 lac 10 lac Total Fixed cost= land cost+ infrastructure cost+ machinery cost = 2700000+5000000+5000000 =1, 32, 00,000 5. Working cost estimation a. Salary of the employers: S.No. MACHINE 1 Single color sheet fed offset printing machine 2 Mini offset 3 Computers 4 Plate exposing frame 5 Paper cutting machine 6 Stitching machine & lamination machine No. of employees 2 1 2 2 2 6 salary 8000+3000 = 11000 4000 7000*2= 14000 7000*2= 14000 5000*2=10000 4000*6= 24000
  7. 7. Total=77,000 b. Electricity bill =8000-10000 per day (8 hour) c. Raw material (paper roll): 10,00,000 yearly = 83,000 per month d. Other input (ink, chemicals, maintenance etc.): 5,00,000 yearly = 42,700 per month Total running cost= employee salary+ paper cost+ other raw material cost+ electricity =77,000+ 10,000+ 83,000+ 42,700 =₨ 12,700 2, Steps for setting a press 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Selecting the business to be set up. Analyzing the strength and weaknesses. Product selection Market survey Form of ownership Selecting the Area For setting an enterprise: the minimum area required for establishing a press is 2,000 yard square. Building infrastructure: the building will be single story but If the area is less then required area; multistory building can be built, the heavy machines will be on the ground floor, the binding, cutting and lamination work will be on first floor and employees office will be on second floor. Getting license from Sales tex department: Sales tex department of government of India provides two certificate for the enterprise. Firstly they check the area and infrastructure then they provide “Form-16” and "Form-C” “Form-16” is certificate for road permit. It is helpful for importing raw material from other states. The press gives one copy of this certificate to the suppling agency and one copy is submitted in the border line of the state. “Form-C” is for getting rebate in the tex. Generally press have to pay 5-15% tax on the raw material like paper, ink, chemical, cleaning material etc. after getting “Form-C” press have to pay only 2% tax on these items. Machinery and equipment Finance Installation of machinery Recruitment of manpower Raw material Production Marketing Quality control
  8. 8. Accounting & book keeping: Account system will be maintain through following syatem- 1. Stock ledger: It consist maintenance of all stocks from where it is coming & where it will be delivered. 2. Cash book: It will record all financial transactions of press for example salary of employee, draft received from client etc. 3. Demand supply book: It will record all orders , payments , & supply of the material. Advantage of accounting & book keeping system:     This will helpful in getting acquainted with the financial status of the business. To prepare & present the accounts to know the results of business. Helpful in identifying, recording, & classifying the monetary transactions. Helpful in communicating the results.