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Problem of elder people in india


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Problem of elder people in india

  1. 1. Problem of Elder people in India
  2. 2. Today there are 77 million old people in India, problems of the old age people in India is increasing day by day…
  3. 3. Problems of old in India
  4. 4. Old age may bring on a need of mental sharpness. This can take place because of physical weakness. Deserted mind, especially God almighty's word abandoned, there will be a breakdown of the attitude. There is an embarrassment in old age to life from the viewpoint of success standards. Someone looks back and views life as a breakdown. Maybe he set ambitions, and now he is old and never understood the goals. There is an enormous danger of disenchantment. There is a leaning for great augment in mental attitude signs in old age, with stress on criticism and judgment. All these overlooked in youth; it is terrible on elderly.
  5. 5. he older believer may have stopped up growing religiously, or worse, may for no reason have got started. There is, therefore, no learning, no pursuit with God, no longing for the Word life. There is a propensity to vegetate, to become tired, to rely on the learning done years before. There can be a predisposition toward the negatives of Titus 2:3, becoming fake accusers, rumors, evil speakers, cruel in criticism.
  6. 6. There is a trend in the midst of older believers to drink a lot when they don't have something else going for them. There is the inclination to imagine that getting older means that a person has some wisdom. So there is the talkative senior citizen who never stops talking and impose continuous boredom on his listeners with his tired expression and homely chatter.
  7. 7. Old Age - Lack of Self-confidence There is habitually a lack of self-confidence in old age, particularly if the old people can't take care of themselves monetarily. Their children are in the chief of their lives and repeatedly the children's plans do not include them. Old age may bring a lack of ability to concentrate, forgetfulness, inability to speak, to hear, to see etc. So the old individual gets used to sitting in a chair as pensiveness, vegetating, saying nothing.
  8. 8. Old Age - Lack of Reason to Live There is occasionally a lack of reason to live, too much redundant time, and too much time for belligerent. There may be a craving to travel but no means to do so. There is a lack of important things to do. Old age brings about future shock. Senior citizen finds himself out of phase with the younger generations of children and grandchildren. Therefore a hazardous trend can get started toward hypercriticism.
  9. 9. Personality Disorder Old Age Personality Problems Personality disorders can appear at any time, including old age. Approximately 10% of older adults living at the house may have a personality disorder. This number is even higher among older adults living in nursing/old age homes. Old age personality problems are involving annoyance with self. The severe inferiority complex is with the overstated way of compensating. These unfortunate seniors need the inspiring influence of charity and love in their lives. It is very complicated for the extremely selfish or self-centered person to love himself or anyone else, until he realizes worry and charity for others. Then he may overlook himself and begin to love life itself. Personality problems concerning the world at large are likely to be found in the neverdo-wells, the alcoholics, and a person with very shallow personalities. The great need of this person is the fulfillment enjoyed from the hard work done. Devoid of this, they can experience very little real fulfillment or satisfaction in life, and their readjustment is not easy. Their need to do extremely well in something is very great indeed.
  10. 10. Old Age - Twilight Years
  11. 11. While journeying through life one has to make endless adjustments with many unexpected, perplexing, difficult situations. In childhood and youth one has other adults around to guide the way. As adults, the feeling that one is in charge helps in tackling such situations. But the elderly have no one to guide and at every step of the way they are made to realize that they most definitely are not in charge - so where do they go from there? The problem gets accentuated especially as the world ceases to have any resemblance to what the elderly were once accustomed to and changes at a bewildering pace with each passing day.
  12. 12. From the grim picture that comes to light it would appear that Anthony Powell was not very far off the mark when he wrote, "Growing old is like being increasingly penalized for a crime you haven't committed ." This is a grim reality though the contrary should have been true. The twilight years ought to have been the best years of a person's life; freed from the responsibility of having to make a living, one finally has all the time to actually live - "sit in the shade/reliving the good old times/letting bad memories fade."
  13. 13. New culture of old age. In olden days, when life was simpler and values counted for more. Those who reached a ripe old age held a happy place in society. They could relax and enjoy their twilight years, secure in the knowledge that they still commanded attention, respect and affection. Though they were well past their prime, they had given their best for still important- and so were they.
  14. 14. We will not disagree that old age as we know it presents frightening challenges to individuals and societies. But we also disagree in part because old age is now that it is a life stage covered in myths and misconceptions. Simply put, much of what we hear about old age is not correct, that it is all and only about loneliness, depression, intergenerational wars. Like every phase in life, old age does have its problems in fact, we'd agree with the accepted stand there are more problems linked with old age than earlier life stages. However, much so-called knowledge about old age is assumed. We know less about the last 30 years in life than we know about the first five.
  15. 15. Old age has become, for the first time in the history of the human species, a regular stage in life. Human culture has produced old age and now it is essential that we create a new culture to support it. There is nothing you can do to prevent the aging. But old age can be an interesting and emotionally pleasing stage of life if lifted social and structural obstacle and we create a culture of old age.
  16. 16. A Sense of Helpless Despair Every so often one is not quite so lucky and then the days are longer and emptier. It is lamentable but whenever we think of senescence, what automatically come to mind are visions of solitude and neglect. And if we integrate to these failing health and illness the picture becomes filled with a sense of helpless despair. Although it is true that at no stage of life is it ever smooths sailing and every stage has its own attendant problems, those of senescence seem insurmountable because the physical ability and mental resilience to cope with adverse situations are vastly reduced. And, to top it all, if there is no one else around even remotely intriguingly fascinated in whether the problem at hand merits a solution, the fight becomes that much harder.
  17. 17. Old Age - Health Problems Minor Ailments and Major Diseases
  18. 18. To make things worse, old age also means an old and failing body which will simply not cooperate and lets one down ever so often. Even if one does not become sans eyes, sans teeth, sans everything right away, one does begin to slow down physically. Having rendered service for a lifetime, the organs and senses seem to stutter, gasp, choke and wheeze before finally quitting. Minor ailments and major diseases rear their heads and waking hours are preoccupied with symptoms and pills, diets and therapies . Visits to the doctor become routine as, for the first time, even for those who had been conscientious all along, health and thoughts of impending mortality assume paramount importance.
  19. 19. Illnesses must be diagnosed and treated with the help of doctors, treatments, tests and therapies - and then the bills come pouring in and the financial burden becomes yet another problem of old age. No matter how large the nest-egg one has carefully managed to put by, the sum remains constant while expenses mount. It is not just medical bills but sky rocketing prices of just about everything required by one. In the ensuing struggle to balance the books, many familiar trappings of life that one had become accustomed to, have to go - and this brings more despondency. Added to this is the depressing anxiety of not knowing just how far ahead one must plan or for how one must make the money last.
  20. 20. Old Age - Natural changes Old people have limited regenerative capabilities and are more prone to disease, syndromes, and sickness than other age groups. There is often a common physical decline, and people become less active. Old age can reason, along with other things: ♠ Hair loss ♠ Change of hair color to gray or white ♠ Wrinkles and Liver spots on the skin. ♠ Agility and Slower reaction times ♠ Reduced ability to clear thinking. ♠ Lessened hearing ♠ Diminished eyesight ♠ Difficulty recalling memories ♠ Lessening or termination of sex, sometimes because of physical symptoms such as erectile dysfunction in men, but often simply a decline in libido. ♠ Greater weakness to bone diseases such as osteoarthritis.
  21. 21. Old Age - Cardiovascular Diseases
  22. 22. Heart Disease: This is the main cause of death accounting for geriatric death. It accounts for approximately over one-third of deaths in the elderly, mainly from coronary disease, stroke and congestive heart failure, the basic process being that of atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries that provide pure oxygenated blood to the heart, the brain, the kidneys, the viscera and the limbs. Though we do see some patients with congenital heart diseases such as aortic stenosis and atrial septal defect, and rare cases of rheumatic valvular lesions in those age above 60, yet the familiar cardiovascular problems seen in the elderly are due to: 1. Coronary heart disease (heart attacks and angina) 2. Hypertension 3. Stroke 4. Arrhythmias requiring pacemakers or drug treatment 5. Congestive heart failure 6. Varicose veins 7. Painful claudication of legs due to atherosclerotic narrowing of arteries, thereby hampering blood supply specially when more blood is required, such as during walking. 8. Weakening of the walls of large arteries and aorta also results in sac-like widening of these blood vessels, the disorder called ' aneurysms' and rupture of one of these may result in loss of consciousness, paralytic stroke and even sudden death. A further type of heart disease seen in link with chronic lung disease in the elderly is the condition of chronic cor pulmonale, a condition of right heart failure (leg oedema, liver congestion, Cyanosis and congested prominent neck veins), as result of chronic bronchitis, smoking, or after lengthy exposure to domestic of industrial smoke and fumes.
  23. 23. Special Features for Cardiac Care in the Old Age. 1. The older persons often tend to put down their symptoms, so they should be given a very patient hearing and due importance given to even petty complaints like, "not feeling too bright today ", and "profuse undue sweating" could be a indicator of silent heart attack as painless heart attacks are more ordinary in the older people, especially among the diabetics, 2. Environmental influences such as sudden changes in temperature, severe cold or heat have a strong deadly effect on the cardiovascular function in the older people, so the senior citizens have to be safeguarded against such exposures in order to avert frequent occurrence of aggravation of angina, heart attack, tachyarrhythmias (rapid and at times irregular beating of heart) and congestive heart failure. 3. Disease, disability or death of the spouse or a close friend habitually result in serious disturbances and imbalance in the psychological behaviour of the elderly and this in turn worsens or initiates serious cardiac malfunction in the elderly. Demise within a few months of the demise of the spouse is not uncommon in the elderly.
  24. 24. Old Age - Eye Problems Vision problems are one of the initial signs of ageing.
  25. 25. As with other parts of the body, the eyes commence to undergo alters as they age. In fact, vision problems are one of the initial signs of ageing. On the other hand, you can decrease the effect of age-related eyesight problems and boost your overall health in general by keeping track of changes that take place in your vision, making sure your eyes are sheltered from possible injury, eating nutritious foods and seeing an eye specialist on a regular basis. Here are some of the conditions that occur on aged people. Floaters: Small spots that move across the visual plain are called floaters. They are further noticeable in brightly lit areas, in particular outdoors on a bright, sunny day. Even though floaters are in general harmless, they can be a sign of more severe problems, such as a detached retina. Dry Eye Syndrome: When people get older, now and then their tear ducts do not work as well as when they were younger. Their eyes lose moisture and can become dry and distressing. They can itch, burn and go red. In most cases, the drawback can be resolved by using a humidifier, having prearranged eye drops and, in severe conditions, surgery. Cataracts: Most important improvements in health care have made the drawback of cataracts much more treatable. Once people get cataracts, the lens of their eyes becomes cloudy and it is difficult to see, particularly at night with the bright car lights. Now with out-patient day surgery, most cataract patients have greatly enhanced eyesight. Glaucoma The Glaucoma is an eye problem that is often genetic and worsens with age. By this condition, the fluid pressure goes up inside the eye. This pressure can damage the optic nerve that sends messages to the brain. It can also produce blindness. Glaucoma can also become worse when simultaneous to other diseases such as Macular Degeneration. Macular Degeneration: One of the main eye problems that take place with aging is Macular Degeneration, which arises when the retina worsens and vision is very much impaired. Regrettably, there is no cure for this situation yet. But, if the problem is identified early enough, the effect can be considerably reduced through Vitamins, Laser therapy, Medicine and Vision Aids.
  26. 26. Old Age - JoinOne of the most familiar problems faced by elderly people is joint pain. There are of course several types of problems that cause normal joint pain in "old" people and "normal" people alike. Bursitis, tendinitis, various types of arthritis, and other complaints, can be the cause of a person's aching joints. Knee Joint The joining of the bones between your upper and lower leg form a complicated support structure called the knee joint. Your knee joint lets you to bend and rotate your knee, assisting you to walk and run freely. Due to its repeated use, the knee joint is vulnerable to injury and harm that can cause knee joint problems. Specific types of complaint can also cause knee joint problems. If you experience symptoms related with knee joint problems, contact your doctor for further evaluations and care. Over Weight Excess of body weight places added pressure onto these joints causing pain and lessens overall mobility and flexibility of the joints. The most general cause of osteoarthritis in Americans is obesity. An early treatment for curing osteoarthritis involves of an efficient weight loss program merged with a healthy and nutritious diet, which is firmly recommended by doctors. A healthy diet that includes correct portioning of food will help cut weight and keep the weight off:t Pains One of the most familiar problems faced by elderly people
  27. 27. Old Age - Arthrities Stand erect and join your toes. The inner side of your knees must nearly touch each other. If there is a gap of one or two fingers, be sure that the knee has been damaged. A considerable number of old people who have pains in the joints have them because of arthritis. The pains generally strike first in the outer joints like wrists, carpels, fingers on both sides or joints with a history of injury. If an old aged patient totally lacks hand and wrist pain involvement, a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis is doubtful. Load bearing joints are also susceptible. In the past arthritis was connected with old age in people's minds and there was a tendency to suffer it stoically as inevitable. It is a severe disease, though, with a much reduced life span and a 27% mortality at ten years. Acupunture: It is constructed on the theory that inserting hair-fine needles along certain energy lines can help stimulate energy-flow. It can therefore help in decreasing pain. Alexander technique: - It contains analysing whole body patterns, rather than a certain part of the body which includes the symptom. It is designed to help us manoeuvre in a better way and remove tension to give a greater effect during old age. Aromatherapy: It is a system similar to that of massage. It comprises the use of extracted oil from flowers, plants and trees, and using it in blend with massage, baths and steam inhalation. Homeopathy: has its ancestries in history. Established in the 18 century, it's a system of remedies based on the principle that taking tiny amount of natural substances to stimulate body own defences against arthritis. Medicated sesame oil helps loosen stiff joints, clears toxins, nourishes tissues, relieves pain, counters the aging process, enhances the skin, improves blood circulation, and regenerates the nerves . One has to influence his body weight. Then, one must in-take lots of water. Take extra salads. Sidestep fatty and starchy food. Old people suffering from knee pain must not wear high heels. If the disease has not advanced much, removing synovial membrane or cleaning the joint through arthroscopy is enough to dismiss the pain.
  28. 28. Old Age Depression Depression can be a sign of a physical disease. It can be a psychological response to the illness, or directly caused by the physical ill health. ♥ Physical illnesses that amplify the risk for depression include: Stroke, Cancer, Heart Disease, Thyroid disorders and Parkinson's disease. ♥ Indication of depression may occur as part of dementia (Alzheimer's Disease) ♥ Warning sign of depression are also a side effect of many drugs normally prescribed for the elderly. Depression in the elderly is a general problem, but is often not acknowledged or treated. In the elderly, a number of life changes can increase the risk for depression, or make presented depression worse. Old people often use alcohol to self-treat depression, but this may make symptoms worse. Many old age people will not acknowledge to feeling depressed, for concern that they will be seen as "weak" or "crazy." A few old people will not report their depression because they believe that feeling sad is "normal," or that nothing can be done about it. Don't hesitate to contact your Doctor for further advice.
  29. 29. Alzheimer's Disease photo credit: Photobucket Alzheimer's Disease is a worrying thought for many old age people. Persons over 60 are maximum at risk for this Alzheimer's Disease. Memory problems triggered by this disease begin gradually. At first, it may be simple to overlook them or to imagine that they are a normal part of aging. It's not uncommon for an older people to forget a well-known person's name now and then, or to forget having paid a bill. But with this disease, these symptoms begin to happen more and more often. A survey estimates that it affects as many as four million Americans. In between the age 65 and 74, around 3 per cent of old people develop Alzheimer's. This disease is much more familiar over age 85, upsetting as many as half of these older people. The typical Alzheimer's patient lives for about eight to ten years after diagnosis. But, subject on age, general health, and the advancement of the disease, many people will live for twenty years or more.
  30. 30. Old Age and Parkinson's Disease (PD) Parkinson's usually begins around age 60, but it can start earlier.
  31. 31. Parkinson's Disease (PD) belongs to a cluster of conditions called motor system illness, which are the consequence of the loss of Dopamine-producing brain cells. The four primary symptoms of PD are (1) trembling in hands, arms, legs, jaw, and face; (2) rigidity, or stiffness of the limbs and trunk; (3) Bradykinesia, or slowness of movement; and (4) postural instability, or mess up balance and coordination. As these symptoms become more distinct, patients may have trouble in walking, talking, or completing other simple everyday jobs. Parkinson's Disease rarely affects people below the age of 50. Early symptoms of PD are slight and occur gradually. In some people the disease develops more quickly than in others. As the disease progresses, the shaking, or tremor, which affects the majority of PD patients may begin to obstruct with daily activities. Further symptoms may include depression and other emotional changes; complicatedness in swallowing, chewing, and speaking; urinary problems or constipation; skin problems; and sleep interruptions. There are at present no blood or laboratory tests that have been proven to help in diagnosing periodic PD. As a result the diagnosis is based on medical history and a neurological investigation. The disease can be hard to diagnose correctly. Doctors may occasionally request brain scans or laboratory tests in order to rule out other ailments. At present, there is no heal for PD, but a variety of medications give powerful relief from the symptoms. In some cases, surgery may be apt if the disease doesn't react to drugs. For more details, consult your Doctor.