Advances in Information & Communication Technology
Dr. Snehlata Maheshwari
Professor, Depatment of Home Science
Extension and Communication
Management, College of Home Science
Department of HECM
College of Home Science
S.No. Practical Date Signature
1. Creating Blog
2. Creating vlog
3. Web Television
4. Video on Demand
5. Internet Radio
6. Online Newspaper
7. Journals related to Home Science
8. Search Engine
9. Creating web page on HTML
10. Citizen Journalism
12. Web Visual Editor
14. E- Agriculture
15. New Media
Practical No. 1 Date:
A Blog is an abbreviated word used for term “Weblog“, This word used to describe
different type of Websites and Portals which share information on specific topics or
wider categories. It usually includes Features like Blog Posts, Videos, Comments, Links to
other websites, Widgets, etc. a blog is a Web page that serves as a publicly accessible
personal journal for an individual. Typically updated daily, blogs often reflect the
personality of the author.
A blog is a discussion or informational site published on the World Wide Web and
consisting of discrete entries ("posts") typically displayed in reverse chronological order;
the most recent post appears first.
Until 2009 blogs were usually the work of a single individual, occasionally of a small
group, and often covered a single subject. More recently "multi-author blogs" (MABs)
have developed, with posts written by large numbers of authors and professionally
A majority of blog is interactive; allowing visitors to leave comments and even message
each other via GUI (Graphic User Interface) widgets on the blogs, and it is this
interactivity that distinguishes them from other static websites.
Step to create a Blog
1. Log in to your Gmail account. Enter email id and password and click on Sign in.
2. Click on apps icon present at top in right side. A dropdown list will be appearing on your
screen. Click on more.
3. Click on Blogger. A new window will appear on your screen.
4. A new window will appear on your screen and reenter your password. click to Sign in.
5. Click on continue Blogging.
6. Page will appear on your screen. Click on New Blog.
7. A screen will appear. Type the title, address of your blog. Select template for your blog
and click on Create Blog.
8. Now your blog has been created. Start posting on your blog by clicking on creates new
9. A window will appear. Type your post and click on Publish.
Practical: 2 Date:
A video blog or video log, sometimes shortened to vlog is a form of blog for which the
medium is video, and is a form of web television. Vlog entries often combine embedded
video (or a video link) with supporting text, images, and other metadata. Entries can be
recorded in one take or cut into multiple parts. The vlog category is popular on YouTube.
A video blog, or vlog, is a collection of videos--your own or your favorites--posted on a web
site. It's easy to create a free video blog, and it's a great way to reach out to audiences and
show off your work. With a camcorder, editing software and a high-speed internet
connection, you're well on your way to producing a successful video blog.
Steps to create vlog on YouTube
1. Open YouTube by typing URL https://www.youtube.com/
2. Sign in with your Gmail account for creating vlog.
3. Click on upload option.
4. Following window will appear on your screen.
5. Click on upload button. Select the video which you want to upload. Click on open.
6. Your file will start uploading. Type the basic information like Title, description about the
video and click on publish.
7. Your vlog has been published successfully. You can upload more vlog by click on add
Practical: 3 Date:
Web television (abbreviated web TV) is original television content produced for
broadcast via the World Wide Web. It is also known as Internet television and online
Internet television (or online television) is the digital distribution of television content
via the Internet. Internet television is a general term that covers the delivery of
television shows and other video content over the Internet by video streaming
technology, typically by major traditional television broadcasters. It does not describe a
technology used to deliver content.
www.ndtv.com › Live TV
Practical: 4 Date:
Video on Demand
Video on demand (VOD) is a system which allows users to select and watch/listen to video or
audio content on demand. VoD is Short for Video-on-Demand, an umbrella term for a wide set
of technologies and companies whose common goal is to enable individuals to select videos
from a central server for viewing on a television or computer screen. VoD can be used for
entertainment (ordering movies transmitted digitally), education (viewing training videos), and
videoconferencing (enhancing presentations with video clips). Although VoD is being used
somewhat in all these areas, it is not yet widely implemented. VoD's biggest obstacle is the lack
of a network infrastructure that can handle the large amounts of data required by video.
Practical: 5 Date:
Internet radio (also web radio, net radio, streaming radio, e-radio, online radio, and
webcasting) is an audio service transmitted via the Internet. Broadcasting on the
Internet is usually referred to as webcasting since it is not transmitted broadly through
Internet radio involves streaming media, presenting listeners with a continuous stream
of audio that typically cannot be paused or replayed, much like traditional broadcast
media; in this respect, it is distinct from on-demand file serving. Internet radio is also
distinct from podcasting, which involves downloading rather than streaming.
Internet radio services offer news, sports, talk, and various genres of music—every
format that is available on traditional broadcast radio stations. Many
Internet radio services are associated with a corresponding traditional (terrestrial) radio
station or radio network, although low start-up and ongoing costs have allowed a
substantial proliferation of independent Internet-only radio stations.
List of Internet Radio URL:
Practical: 6 Date:
An online newspaper is the online version of a newspaper, either as a stand-alone
publication or as the online version of a printed periodical.
Online newspapers are much like hard-copy newspapers and have the same legal
boundaries, such as laws regarding libel, privacy and copyright, also apply to online
publications in most countries.
Following is some URL for online Newspaper:
Step to open e-paper (Times of India e-paper)
1. Type the URL of e-paper.
2. Choose the publication, edition and version. Click on Submit button.
3. Page will appear. Choose the connection type.
Practical: 7 Date:
List of Home Science related Journal
Journal: A journal is a peer-reviewed periodical in which current research work relating
to a particular academic discipline is published. Academic journals serve as forums for
the introduction and presentation for scrutiny of new research, and the critique of
existing research. Content typically takes the form of articles presenting original
research, review articles, and book reviews.
Following is a list of Journal available in Library College of Home Science, MPUAT, Udaipur:
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Asian Agri History
Development and Change
Indian Journal of Adult Education
Indian Journal of Gender Studies
Journal of Communication Studies
Journal of Family Theory & Review
Journal of Family Issues
Journal of Human Ecology
Journal of Marriage & Family
Journal of Nutrition
Journal of Social Research
Man & Development
Man Made Textile in India
There are some e-journal sites which can be accessed:
CeRA- Consortium for e-Resources in Agriculture
DOAJ- Directory of Open Access Journals
Practical: 8 Date:
List of Search Engine
Search Engine: A software program or script available through the Internet that
searches documents and files for keywords and returns the results of any files
containing those keywords. Today, there are thousands of different search engines
available on the Internet, each with their own abilities and features. The first search
engine ever developed is considered Archie, which was used to search for FTP files and
the first text-based search engine is considered Veronica. Today, the most popular and
well known search engine is Google.
List of important search engine is as follow:
Important terminology related to Internet
Web Page: A web page (or webpage) is a web document that is suitable for the World Wide
Web and the web browser. A web browser displays a web page on a monitor or mobile device.
The web page is what displays, but the term also refers to a computer file, usually written in
HTML or comparable markup language.
It is a document on the World Wide Web. Every Web page is identified by a unique URL
(Uniform Resource Locator).
Web browsers coordinate web resources centered around the written web page, such as style
sheets, scripts and images, to present the web page.
WWW: The World Wide Web (abbreviated as WWW or W3, commonly known as the web) is a
system of interlinked hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. With a web browser, one
can view web pages that may contain text, images, videos, and other multimedia and navigate
between them via hyperlinks.
Web browser: A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for
retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web. An
information resource is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI/URL) and may be a web
page, image, video or other piece of content. Hyperlinks present in resources enable users
easily to navigate their browsers to related resources.
Example: Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome etc.
Website: A website, also written as Web site, web site, or simply site, is a set of related web
pages served from a single web domain. A website is hosted on at least one web server,
accessible via a network such as the Internet or a private local area network through an
Internet address known as a Uniform resource locator. All publicly accessible websites
collectively constitute the World Wide Web.
Server: A server is a system (software and suitable computer hardware) that responds to
requests across a computer network to provide, or help to provide, a network service. Servers
can be run on a dedicated computer, which is also often referred to as "the server", but many
networked computers are capable of hosting servers. In many cases, a computer can provide
several services and have several servers running.
Practical: 9 Date:
Creating web Page using HTML
HTML or Hypertext Markup Language is the main markup language for creating web pages and
other information that can be displayed in a web browser.
HTML is written in the form of HTML elements consisting of tags enclosed in angle brackets (like
<html>), within the web page content. HTML elements form the building blocks of all websites.
Format of HTML document
<title>This is a title</title>
<p> This is paragraph</p>
Note: HTML document is typed in notepad and saved with the extension “.html” .
An HTML element starts with a start tag / opening tag
An HTML element ends with an end tag / closing tag
The element content is everything between the start and the end tag
Some HTML elements have empty content
Empty elements are closed in the start tag
Most HTML elements can have attributes
WebPages on HTML can be created by using HTML Tags. Following is a list of some important HTML Tags
<html> Defines the root of an HTML document
<head> Defines information about the document
<title> Defines a title for the document
<body> Defines the document's body
<p> Defines a paragraph
Example: <p>This is a paragraph.</p>
<br> Defines a single line break
<h1> to <h6> Defines HTML headings
<img> tag defines an image
Example: <img src="C:UsersShalini PandeyDesktopflower.jpg" alt="Flower" width="104"
<a> tag defines a hyperlink
Example: <a href="http://www.w3schools.com"> This is a link </a>
<b> tag defines bold text.
Tables are defined with the <table> tag. A table is divided into rows with the <tr> tag. A row is
divided into data cells with the <td> tag. A row can also be divided into headings with the <th>
tag. The <td> elements are the data containers in the table.
<table> tag defines a table.
<th> tag defines a header cell in a table.
<tr> tag defines a row in a table.
<th> tag defines a header cell in a table.
<td> tag defines a cell in a table.
<table border="1" style="width:300px">
First Name Last Name Points
Shalini Pandey 94
The most common HTML lists are ordered and unordered lists:
a. HTML Unordered Lists
An unordered list starts with the <ul> tag. <ul> tag defines an unordered list. Each list item starts with
the <li> tag. <li> tag defines a list item. The list items are marked with bullets.
b. HTML Ordered Lists
An ordered list starts with the <ol> tag. <ol> tag defines an ordered list. Each list item starts with the
<li> tag. <li> tag defines a list item. The list items are marked with numbers.
HTML Forms and Input
HTML forms are used to pass data to a server. <form> defines an HTML form for user input. <input>
defines an input control. An HTML form can contain input elements like text fields, checkboxes, radio-
buttons, submit buttons and more.
The <form> tag is used to create an HTML form. The <input> element is used to select user information.
An <input> element can vary in many ways, depending on the type attribute. An <input> element can be
of type text field, checkbox, password, radio button, submit button, and more.
a. Text Fields
<input type="text"> defines a one-line input field that a user can enter text into:
First name: <input type="text"
Last name: <input type="text"
b. Password Field
<input type="password"> defines a password field.
Password: <input type="password"
Note: The characters in a password field are masked (shown as asterisks or circles).
c. Radio Buttons
<input type="radio"> defines a radio button. Radio buttons let a user select ONLY ONE of a limited
number of choices.
<input type="radio" name="sex"
<input type="radio" name="sex"
<input type="checkbox"> defines a checkbox. Checkboxes let a user select ZERO or MORE options of a
limited number of choices.
<input type="checkbox" name="vehicle"
value="Bike">I have a bike<br>
<input type="checkbox" name="vehicle"
value="Car">I have a car
I have a bike
I have a car
e. Submit Button:
<input type="submit"> defines a submit button.
A submit button is used to send form data to a server. The data is sent to the page specified in the
form's action attribute. The file defined in the action attribute usually does something with the received
Practical: 10 Date:
The concept of citizen journalism is also known as "public", "participatory", "democratic”,
“guerrilla" or "street" journalism. It is based upon public citizens "playing an active role in
the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing, and disseminating news and information.
Citizen journalism is defines "as an alternative and activist form of newsgathering and
reporting that functions outside mainstream media institutions, often as a repose to
shortcoming in the professional journalistic field, that uses similar journalistic practices but
is driven by different objectives and ideals and relies on alternative sources of legitimacy
than traditional or mainstream journalism.
Citizen journalism is when private individuals do essentially what professional reporters do -
report information. That information can take many forms, from a podcast editorial to a
report about a city council meeting on a blog. It can include text, pictures, audio and video.
But it's basically all about communicating information of some kind.
The other main feature of citizen journalism is that it's usually found online. In fact, the
emergence of the Internet - with blogs, podcasts, streaming video and other Web-related
innovations - is what has made citizen journalism possible.
"Citizen Journalism" or Participatory Journalism is an evolving form of journalism through
user generated content. When any common man in his capacity as a citizen of a nation
takes up the initiative to report things or express his views about happenings around him
then the occurrence is popularly termed as citizen journalism or participatory journalism.
Citizen Journalists are not bound by the conventional term of a journalist. Citizen journalists
take up an initiative to express ideas irrespective of their educational or professional
background. In a way this emerging form of journalism is promising a scenario of breaking
free from media bias as well as taking local news on a global platform.
Practical: 11 Date:
Creating Webpage by using Dreamweaver
Adobe Dreamweaver is a proprietary web development tool developed by Adobe Systems.
Dreamweaver was originally developed by Macromedia in 1997, and was maintained by
them until Macromedia was acquired by Adobe Systems in 2005.
Adobe Dreamweaver is available for both OS X and Windows.
Adobe Dreamweaver is a web design and development application that provides a
visual editor (referred to as the Design view) and a code editor with standard
features such as syntax highlighting, code completion, and code collapsing as well as
more sophisticated features such as real-time syntax checking and code
introspection for generating code hints to assist the user in writing code.
The Design view facilitates rapid layout design and code generation as it allows users
to quickly create and manipulate the layout of HTML elements.
Dreamweaver features an integrated browser for previewing developed webpages
in the program's own preview pane in addition to allowing content to be open in
locally installed web browsers.
It provides transfer and synchronization features, the ability to find and replace lines
of text or code by search terms or regular expressions across the entire site, and a
template feature that allows single-source update of shared code and layout across
entire sites without server-side includes or scripting.
Basic Components of Dreamweaver
Floating windows i.e. known as Panels and Inspector.
Practical: 12 Date:
Web Visual Editor
A visual editor is software that allows the user to create web pages without using Hypertext
Markup Language (HTML) or Extensible Markup Language (XML) code. The visual editor
typically resembles word processing software. The user can add and edit both text and
images by typing in a word processing window.
For example, to change a headline from red to blue in an editor, the user can — highlight
the headline, open the color window, and then click on the desired color. If the user knew
the code for the color, it may be faster to open the code page and change a few numbers of
code to change the color.
This type of software has made it faster and easier to create web sites and web pages.
While it is helpful for the user to know how to write HTML or XML code, it is not necessary.
With a visual editor, a user can add pages, add and revise text, change the style, font and
color of text, and insert and move images.
List of best web visual editor is as follow:
1. Adobe Dreamweaver
2. Adobe Creative Suite
3. Microsoft Expression Studio Web Professional
4. Microsoft Expression Studio Ultimate
5. NetObjects Fusion
6. CoffeeCup HTML Editor
10. Evrsoft First Page
Practical: 13 Date:
Electronic journals, also known as ejournals, e-journals, and electronic serials, are scholarly
journals or intellectual magazines that can be accessed via electronic transmission. In
practice, this means that they are usually published on the Web. They are a specialized form
of electronic document: they have the purpose of providing material for academic research
and study, and they are formatted approximately like journal articles in traditional printed
journals. Many electronic journals are listed in directories such as the Directory of Open
Access Journals, and the articles indexed in bibliographic databases and search engines for
the academic discipline concerned.
Some electronic journals are online-only journals; some are online versions of printed
journals, and some consist of the online equivalent of a printed journal, but with additional
online-only (sometimes video and interactive media) material.
Most commercial journals are subscription-based, and/or allow pay-per-view access. Many
universities subscribe in bulk to packages of electronic journals, so as to provide access to
them to their students and faculty. It is generally also possible for individuals to purchase an
annual subscription to a journal from the original publisher.
An increasing number of e-journals are available as open access journals, requiring no
subscription and offering free full-text articles and reviews to all. Individual articles from
electronic journals may be found online for free in an ad-hoc manner: in working paper
archives; on personal homepages; and in the collections held in institutional repositories
and subject repositories. Some commercial journals find ways to offer free materials. They
may offer their initial issue or issues free, and then charge thereafter. Some give away their
book reviews section for free. Others offer the first few pages of each article for free.
Most electronic journals are published in HTML and/or PDF formats, but some are available
in only one of the two formats.
Websites for e-Journals are:
Practical: 14 Date:
E-agriculture (sometimes written eagriculture) is a relatively recent term in the field of
agriculture and rural development practices. Consistency in the use of this term began to
materialize with the dissemination of results from a global survey carried out by the United
Nations (UN). This survey conducted in late 2006 by the Food and Agriculture Organization
of the United Nations (FAO) found that half of those who replied identified “e agriculture”
with information dissemination, access and exchange, communication and participation
processes improvements around rural development. In contrast, less than a third
highlighted the importance of technical hardware and technological tools.
E-agriculture, therefore, describes an emerging field focused on the enhancement of
agricultural and rural development through improved information and communication
processes. More specifically, e-agriculture involves the conceptualization, design,
development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and
communication technologies (ICTs) in the rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture.
E-Agriculture is a global Community of Practice, where people from all over the world
exchange information, ideas, and resources related to the use of information and
communication technologies (ICT) for sustainable agriculture and rural development.
With over 11,000 members from 160 countries and territories, the e-Agriculture
Community is made up of individual stakeholders such as information and communication
specialists, researchers, farmers, students, policy makers, business people, development
practitioners, and others.
The members have a common interest that brings us together: improving policies and
processes around the use of ICT in support of agriculture and rural development, in order to
have a positive impact on rural livelihoods.
Practical: 15 Date:
New media is a generic term for the many different forms of electronic communication that
are made possible through the use of computer technology. The term is in relation to "old"
media forms, such as print newspapers and magazines that are static representations of
text and graphics.
New media refers to on-demand access to content anytime, anywhere, on any digital
device, as well as interactive user feedback, and creative participation. Another aspect of
new media is the real-time generation of new and unregulated content. Most technologies
described as "new media" are digital, often having characteristics of being manipulated,
networkable, dense, compressible, and interactive.
New media includes:
Streaming Audio and Video
DVD and CD-ROM Media
Virtual Reality Environments
Integration of Digital Data with the Telephone, such as Internet Telephony
Use of the term new media implies that the data communication is happening between
desktop and laptop computers and handhelds, and the media they take data from, such as
compact discs and floppy disks.