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Classification of Joints

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An overview to help learn things by heart for the 1st year anatomy exam at Cambridge medical school.

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Classification of Joints

  1. 1. Classification of Joints Type of joint Joint - HEAD 2* Synovial Synovial Fibrous 1* cartilaginous cartilagenous (typical) (atypical*) temporomandibular + disc skull sutures sphenooccipital atlantoaxial atlantooccipital Type of joint Joint - TRUNK 2* Synovial Synovial Fibrous 1* cartilaginous cartilagenous (typical) (atypical*) intervertebral costovertebral 1st-10th costotransverse 11th 12th costotransverse costochondral 1st sternochondral 2nd-7th sternochondral sternoclavicular + disc acromioclavicular sternomanubrial xiphisternal pubic symphysis sacrococcygeal sacroiliac Type of joint Joint – UPPER LIMB 2* Synovial Synovial Fibrous 1* cartilaginous cartilagenous (typical) (atypical*) Shoulder ball & socket Elbow hinge Wrist ellipsoid, disc? Radioulnar pivot 1st carpometacarpal saddle condyloid carpometacarpal plane Interphalangeal hinge Type of joint Joint – LOWER LIMB 2* Synovial Synovial Fibrous 1* cartilaginous cartilagenous (typical) (atypical*) Hip Ball & socket Knee condyloid Sup. tibiofibular plane Inf. tibiofibular Ankle plane Subtalar – post Plane / ball & talocalcaneal socket Subtalar - ball & socket talocalcaneonavicularFibrous fibrous tissue, rather immobile1* cartilaginous hyaline cartilage2* cartilaginous fibrocartilage between layers of hyaline cartilageSynovial (typical) hyaline cartilage, synovial fluid, potentially discSynovial (atypical) fibrocartilage, synovial fluid, potentially disc C. Riedinger 2011

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