PACKAGING OF  GLASS & PORCELAIN      PRODUCTSGroup No. 8•Naveen Varghese•Sagar More•Saktivel Nadar•Varsha Jagdale•Vinod Ta...
INTRODUCTION   SCOPE:     GLASS PRODUCTS     PORCELAIN PRODUCTS   OBJECTIVE:     MANUFACTURING     PACKAGING MATERIA...
CONTENTS   DEFINITION   RAW MATERIALS USED   MANUFACTURING PROCESS   APPLICATION INDUSTRIES   PROPERTIES   PACKAGING...
DEFINITIONGLASS:   An INORGANIC PRODUCT of fusion   Cooled through its GLASS TRANSITION   Without crystallizing   An a...
DEFINITIONPORCELAIN:   A hard, white, translucent ceramic   Made by firing a pure CLAY   Glazed with variously colored ...
GLASS
RAW MATERIAL   SAND – MAIN INGREDIENT   SODA ASH – FLUXING AGENT   LIME STONE – STABILIZERS   ALUMINA, MAGNESIUM & POT...
MANUFACTURING OF GLASS   Weighing & Mixing   Glass Melting   Container Forming   Container Conditioning   Surface Tre...
MANUFACTURING OF GLASS
TYPES OF GLASS   USP TYPE I BOROSILICATE GLASS   USP TYPE II DE-ALKALIZED SODA-LIME GLASS   USP TYPE III SODA-LIME G...
TYPES OF GLASS USP   Type I Borosilicate glass         - Neutral glass         - Least reactive glass
TYPES OF GLASS USP Type II: De-alkalized Soda-lime glass  ○ Sodium hydroxide & calcium oxide  ○ Alkali resistant
TYPES OF GLASS USPType III:   SODA LIME GLASS      - Liquid formulations      - Dry Powders
TYPES OF GLASS USPType NP:   SODA LIME GLASS      - Capsules & tablets      - Lab Apparatus
COLOUR OF GLASS   Amber          Carbon & Sulphur or Iron & Manganese dioxide   Yellow         Cadmium & Sulphur Compoun...
APPLICATION INDUSTRIES Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Food & Beverages Decorative Articles Laboratory apparatus Windows &...
PORCELAIN
RAW MATERIALS   CLAY – MAIN INGREDIENT   FELDSPAR OR FLINT   SILICA   COMPOUNDS OF    AL ,OXYGEN & SOAP STONE
MANUFACTURING OF PORCELAIN   CRUSHING THE RAW    MATERIALS   CLEANING AND MIXING   FORMING THE BODY   BISQUE-FIRING  ...
APPLICATION INDUSTRIES ARCHITECTURAL DECORATIVE ARTICLE ELECTRICAL ACCESSORY MEDICAL CHEMICAL HOUSEHOLD BATHROOM FI...
PROPERTIES
PROPERTIES OF GLASS   Transparent   Chemically inert - Compatible with majority of    pharmaceutical formulations, food ...
PROPERTIES OF PORCELAIN   Opaque   Chemically inert   Moldable - Any shape, size as desired   Can withstand High Tempe...
PACKAGING
PACKAGING   Packaging Materials     CFB box     Paper Board Cartons     Thermoformed Plastics     Wooden Crates     ...
CFB BOXES   Available in Various Sizes   Light weight   With or without partitions   Good Printability   Good stackin...
QUALITY ASPECTS   Box compression strength   Edge crush test   Cobb test   Bursting strength   Grammage   Burst fact...
PAPER BOARD CARTONS   Good aesthetics   Printability   Light in weight   Ease of packing, storing, distributing and sh...
QUALITY ASPECTS   Box compression Strength   Taber Stiffness   Cobb Test   Bursting strength   Grammage   Burst Fact...
THERMOFORMED TRAYS Easy Modification Low Initial Project Costs Short Production Time Short Tooling Lead Time
WOODEN CRATES   Transport large & heavy items   Easy to produce and acquire   Anti theft proof   Good stacking propert...
Plastic Crates   Smooth surface   Easily cleaning   Does not rot when kept on soil   Odourless   Hygienic   Light we...
CUSHIONING   Absorb kinetic energy during sudden impact or dropDifferent Cushioning materials   Bubble films   Expanded...
LABELING
LABELS     THIS SIDE UP     FRAGILE     DO NOT STACK
LABELSHANDLE WITH CAREKEEP DRY
CASE STUDY
GLASS PANEL
GLASS PANELProperties:   Strongest on edges   Sharp corners   Large surfaceConsiderations:   Packed upright on longest...
GLASS PANEL
BATHROOM FIXTURES
BATHROOM FIXTURESProperties   Heavy   High impact strength   Irregular shape   Protruded endsConsideration   Voids to...
FLOWER VASE
FLOWER VASEProperties:   Fragile   Irregular shape   Handles (weakest part)   CostlyConsideration:   Fillers to be us...
GLASS BOTTLES
THANK YOUYOU THINK
Definition   Clay-A fine-grained, firm earthy material that is plastic when    wet and hardens when heated, consisting pr...
   Stabilizer- is a chemical that is added to a solution or mixture    or suspension to maintain it in a stable or unchan...
   Disadvantages using wooden crates:   1. Low strength/weight ratio: Depending on the wood used, wooden crates have a l...
Pacakging of glass & porcelain
Pacakging of glass & porcelain
Pacakging of glass & porcelain
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Pacakging of glass & porcelain

  1. 1. PACKAGING OF GLASS & PORCELAIN PRODUCTSGroup No. 8•Naveen Varghese•Sagar More•Saktivel Nadar•Varsha Jagdale•Vinod Tavanoji
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION SCOPE:  GLASS PRODUCTS  PORCELAIN PRODUCTS OBJECTIVE:  MANUFACTURING  PACKAGING MATERIALS USED FOR GLASS & PORCELAIN  LABEL INFORMATION
  3. 3. CONTENTS DEFINITION RAW MATERIALS USED MANUFACTURING PROCESS APPLICATION INDUSTRIES PROPERTIES PACKAGING & TESTING PRODUCTS & ITS CHARACTERISTICS
  4. 4. DEFINITIONGLASS: An INORGANIC PRODUCT of fusion Cooled through its GLASS TRANSITION Without crystallizing An amorphous (non-crystalline) solid material Typically brittle Optically transparent
  5. 5. DEFINITIONPORCELAIN: A hard, white, translucent ceramic Made by firing a pure CLAY Glazed with variously colored fusible materials
  6. 6. GLASS
  7. 7. RAW MATERIAL SAND – MAIN INGREDIENT SODA ASH – FLUXING AGENT LIME STONE – STABILIZERS ALUMINA, MAGNESIUM & POTASH
  8. 8. MANUFACTURING OF GLASS Weighing & Mixing Glass Melting Container Forming Container Conditioning Surface Treatment Automatic Inspection Product Handling & Packaging
  9. 9. MANUFACTURING OF GLASS
  10. 10. TYPES OF GLASS USP TYPE I BOROSILICATE GLASS USP TYPE II DE-ALKALIZED SODA-LIME GLASS USP TYPE III SODA-LIME GLASS USP TYPE NP SODA-LIME GLASS
  11. 11. TYPES OF GLASS USP Type I Borosilicate glass - Neutral glass - Least reactive glass
  12. 12. TYPES OF GLASS USP Type II: De-alkalized Soda-lime glass ○ Sodium hydroxide & calcium oxide ○ Alkali resistant
  13. 13. TYPES OF GLASS USPType III: SODA LIME GLASS - Liquid formulations - Dry Powders
  14. 14. TYPES OF GLASS USPType NP: SODA LIME GLASS - Capsules & tablets - Lab Apparatus
  15. 15. COLOUR OF GLASS Amber Carbon & Sulphur or Iron & Manganese dioxide Yellow Cadmium & Sulphur Compounds Blue Cobalt or Cupric Oxide Green Iron, manganese, chromium oxides Opal Fluorides & Phosphates Violet Manganese Red Cuprous or Cupric Oxide Black Iron Oxide Yellow Green Chromic Oxide
  16. 16. APPLICATION INDUSTRIES Chemical & Pharmaceuticals Food & Beverages Decorative Articles Laboratory apparatus Windows & Furniture Optical Cosmetics Perfumery
  17. 17. PORCELAIN
  18. 18. RAW MATERIALS CLAY – MAIN INGREDIENT FELDSPAR OR FLINT SILICA COMPOUNDS OF AL ,OXYGEN & SOAP STONE
  19. 19. MANUFACTURING OF PORCELAIN CRUSHING THE RAW MATERIALS CLEANING AND MIXING FORMING THE BODY BISQUE-FIRING GLAZING FIRING FORMED PRODUCT
  20. 20. APPLICATION INDUSTRIES ARCHITECTURAL DECORATIVE ARTICLE ELECTRICAL ACCESSORY MEDICAL CHEMICAL HOUSEHOLD BATHROOM FIXTURES
  21. 21. PROPERTIES
  22. 22. PROPERTIES OF GLASS Transparent Chemically inert - Compatible with majority of pharmaceutical formulations, food products, cosmetics Non-permeable to gas, moisture and odour Moldable - Any shape, size as desired Can be sterilized 100 % recyclable (environment friendly) No need of protective coating inside Do not deteriorate, stain, fade or corrode Ideal for high speed filling /capping / labeling machines Brittle/ Fragile Heavy
  23. 23. PROPERTIES OF PORCELAIN Opaque Chemically inert Moldable - Any shape, size as desired Can withstand High Temperature Refractory Tough & Durable Stain & Water Resistant Scratch resistant Non Conductor of Electricity Brittle/ Fragile
  24. 24. PACKAGING
  25. 25. PACKAGING Packaging Materials  CFB box  Paper Board Cartons  Thermoformed Plastics  Wooden Crates  Plastic Crates Accessory Materials  Cushioning  Fillers  Wraps  Straps
  26. 26. CFB BOXES Available in Various Sizes Light weight With or without partitions Good Printability Good stacking properties Various flute types
  27. 27. QUALITY ASPECTS Box compression strength Edge crush test Cobb test Bursting strength Grammage Burst factor Moisture content Type of flute
  28. 28. PAPER BOARD CARTONS Good aesthetics Printability Light in weight Ease of packing, storing, distributing and shelving
  29. 29. QUALITY ASPECTS Box compression Strength Taber Stiffness Cobb Test Bursting strength Grammage Burst Factor Moisture Content
  30. 30. THERMOFORMED TRAYS Easy Modification Low Initial Project Costs Short Production Time Short Tooling Lead Time
  31. 31. WOODEN CRATES Transport large & heavy items Easy to produce and acquire Anti theft proof Good stacking properties
  32. 32. Plastic Crates Smooth surface Easily cleaning Does not rot when kept on soil Odourless Hygienic Light weight Reusable Recyclable Environment friendly
  33. 33. CUSHIONING Absorb kinetic energy during sudden impact or dropDifferent Cushioning materials Bubble films Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) Expanded Polyethylene (EPE) Expanded Polyurethane (EPU)
  34. 34. LABELING
  35. 35. LABELS THIS SIDE UP FRAGILE DO NOT STACK
  36. 36. LABELSHANDLE WITH CAREKEEP DRY
  37. 37. CASE STUDY
  38. 38. GLASS PANEL
  39. 39. GLASS PANELProperties: Strongest on edges Sharp corners Large surfaceConsiderations: Packed upright on longest edge Wooden crates to be used Minimum 3” foam to be used Rigid material at bottom edge To be labeled as fragile
  40. 40. GLASS PANEL
  41. 41. BATHROOM FIXTURES
  42. 42. BATHROOM FIXTURESProperties Heavy High impact strength Irregular shape Protruded endsConsideration Voids to be filled Strap properly Bottom of box to be tapped properly
  43. 43. FLOWER VASE
  44. 44. FLOWER VASEProperties: Fragile Irregular shape Handles (weakest part) CostlyConsideration: Fillers to be used Bubble wrapped Cushioned properly
  45. 45. GLASS BOTTLES
  46. 46. THANK YOUYOU THINK
  47. 47. Definition Clay-A fine-grained, firm earthy material that is plastic when wet and hardens when heated, consisting primarily of hydrated silicates of aluminum and widely used in making bricks, tiles, and pottery. Flux-A continued flow Feldspar -Any of a group of aluminosilicate minerals that also contains calcium, sodium, or potassium. Feldspars are the most common minerals in the Earths crust and are the major component in nearly all igneous rocks
  48. 48.  Stabilizer- is a chemical that is added to a solution or mixture or suspension to maintain it in a stable or unchanging state. Anti theft proof: Due to the manufacturing process of nailing the boards together, opening the crates are sometimes harder which decreases the risk of unauthorized access to the goods
  49. 49.  Disadvantages using wooden crates: 1. Low strength/weight ratio: Depending on the wood used, wooden crates have a lower material strength than plywood. This is partly due to the manufacturing process of plywood where the fibres are put in different directions to increase strength. 2. More material needed: To get the same strength as other materials such as plywood, plastic or metal, more volume is needed. The increase in packaging volume may increase transportation cost. 3. Low material flexibility: Non-engineered wood generally has a lower material flexibility than for example plywood. This may result in damages from excessive pressure. With more flexible materials, pressure on the material can be spotted and decreased before damages occur. 4. Can seldom be reused: After opening most wooden crates, the solid wood material often has to be disposed of. This increases environmental impact and, if boards are not used for other purposes, requires resources for material disposal

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