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Presentation of surveying

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Presentation of surveying

  1. 1. Point to think
  2. 2. “Life is like riding a bicycle, To keep your balance, you must keep moving.” -Albert Einstein
  3. 3. Engineering• A creative process• Engineering is the art of applying scientific, social and economic principles to create machines, buildings, devices
  4. 4. Allah is biggest creater Works with Nature, Not Against It Nature Often Guides us how to solve this problem..
  5. 5. Civil Engineering• Civil Engineering is one of the oldest and most widely recognized engineering disciplines that deals with the design,construction,and maintenance
  6. 6. Engineer• Who apply his Knowledge of Science, Mathematics and Economics to Develop Useful Devices, Structures and Processes.
  7. 7. The Beginnings of Engineering  The Earliest Days  Egypt 10
  8. 8. History Of civil engineeringEgyptian is father of civil engineering history and all method of engineering iscreated by egyptians
  9. 9. Presentation By Shaker ullah
  10. 10. Survey• A general view, examinationor description of someone orsomething
  11. 11. Surveying
  12. 12. GEODETIC SURVEYING• In this type of surveying curvature of earth is considered.
  13. 13. PLAN SURVEYING• Plane surveying,• which assumes that the Earth is flat• This survey use for a small area
  14. 14. Engineering Survey• (Engineering Surveys) those surveys associated with the engineering design (topographic, layout and as-built)
  15. 15. Topogharaphy Survey• TOPOGRAPHIC SURVEY we collect the information about the natural and man-made features of the land
  16. 16. Geological Survey• Collect the information about soil andUse this survey for geological purpose
  17. 17. Archaelogical surveyCollect information about the location, distributionand organization of past human cultures
  18. 18. Triangulation Survey• The techniques used for surveying and land measurement About this technique we divide the land of triangular based
  19. 19. • Pedometer• Chain• Steel Band• Tape• Techometer• Distance Meter• Total Station
  20. 20. PedometerAn instrument for estimating the distance traveled on foot by recording thenumber of Steps taken
  21. 21. ChainAn istrument for use linear mearsuments
  22. 22. Steel Band
  23. 23. Distance Meter
  24. 24. Total StationA theodolite or EDMcombined with datalogger andautomatedmapping soft -ware.
  25. 25. • Copass• Clinometer• Sextant• Theodolite• Total Station
  26. 26. Modern Compasses
  27. 27. Clinometer• An instrument used for measuring the angle or elevation of slopes
  28. 28. THE “CHAIN” SURVEYchain surveying is the branch of surveying in which only linear measurement are made in field
  29. 29. Engineer Chain Length 100’
  30. 30. Gunter Chain• Length 66’
  31. 31. Revenue Chain• Length 33’
  32. 32. Metric Chain• Length 20m 25m 30m
  33. 33. Copass Survey• The branch of surveying in which use the compass for traversing
  34. 34. Prismetic Compasses
  35. 35. Surveyor Compass
  36. 36. Plane Table Survey• Plane table surveying is used for locating the field computation of area of field
  37. 37. • Alidade• Plumbing fork• Plane table• Tripod• Rainging Rod• Trough compass• Pegs
  38. 38. Alidade• Use for sighting object
  39. 39. Plumbing Fork• An instrument use for locating point on drawing sheet to land
  40. 40. Trough compass• For use finding north and also used for orientation
  41. 41. Levelling• Levelling is the process by which differences in height between two or more points
  42. 42. Auto level• Auto-Level is a Professional Leveling Tool used by Contractors, Builders, Land Surveying Professionals, or the Engineer who demands accurate leveling ..
  43. 43. Parts of auto level
  44. 44. Theodolite• A surveying instrument with a rotating telescope for measuring horizontal and vertical angles
  45. 45. Parts of theodolite
  46. 46. Electronic Distance Meter(edm)• A very accurate method of measuring distance by means of an electronic device. Most EDM instruments are operated by infra- red light or laser, with the beam being directed at a target which may be some kilometres away, and give a direct reading with an accuracy of 1 in 10000 or better
  47. 47. GPS• Global Positioning System• The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a worldwide radio- navigation system formed from a constellation of 24 satellites and their ground stations. GPS uses .
  48. 48. AQUEDUCT in the West of Belgium. This concrete structure has 498 meters long and 46 meters wide. Weight 65,000 tons and is supported by 28 one meters in diameter concrete columns.
  49. 49. Underwater train in Venice
  50. 50. Palm jumeirah
  51. 51. Telecome tower
  52. 52. Three tower in…..
  53. 53. Thank you

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