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illiteracy and education in pakistan

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Pakistan wants to be a developed and powerful nation then literacy is the key.....

illiteracy and education in pakistan

  1. 1. TOPIC : ILLITERACY Submitted by: Shakeela asghar
  2. 2. CONTEXT:  Definition  Literacy rate  No of girls school  Importance of female education  Quaid words about education  What Islam says  Problems in education  Causes of illiteracy  Effects of illiteracy  Solution  Conclusion
  3. 3. DEFINITION:  Inability to read and write a simple message in any languages.  Inability to understand all forms of communication.
  4. 4. LITERACY RATIO  Literacy ratio: the over all literacy ratio is 46% in Pakistan. o female literacy ratio: Female literacy ratio in Pakistan is 26%.
  5. 5. NUMBER OF GIRLS SCHOOLS  Punjab 15000  Sindh 13000  Kpk 8000  Baluchistan 4000
  6. 6. IMPORTANCE OF FEMALE EDUCATION  The children of well educated mothers are found to be more confident, vibrant ,active self reliant ,free from anxieties and other psychological problems.  Less educated mothers the children of less educated mothers are found shy, lacking in confidence, lack in interpersonal communication skills ,less participation in class, less reactive.
  7. 7. FEMALE EDUCATION LEVEL:  7 millions girls under 10 to go to primary schools.  5.4 millions between 10-14 attend secondary schools.  3 millions go to higher education.  0.5 million go to universities.
  8. 8. QUAID E AZAM SAID  Quaid-e-Azam said:  Education does not merely mean academic education and even that of a very poor type. What we have to do is to mobilize our people and build up a character of our future generation.
  9. 9. WHAT ISLAM SAYS:
  10. 10. PROBLEMS IN EDUCATION  1. Education System is based on Unequal Lines  The educational system of Pakistan is based on unequal lines. Medium of education is different in both, public and private sector. This creates a sort of disparity among people, dividing them into two segments.
  11. 11.  2. Regional Disparity  Regional disparity is also a major cause. The schools in Baluchistan (The Largest Province Of Pakistan By Area) are not that much groomed as that of Punjab (The Largest Province Of Pakistan By Population). In FATA, the literacy rate is deplorable constituting 29.5% in males and 3% in females.
  12. 12.  3. Ratio of Gender Discrimination  The ratio of gender discrimination is a cause which is projecting the primary school ratio of boys & girls which is 10:4 respectively. For the last few years there has been an increase in the growth of private schools. That not only harms the quality of education but creates a gap among haves and has not.
  13. 13.  4. Lack of Technical Education  The lack of technical education is a biggest flaw in the educational policy that has never been focused before. Therefore, less technical people mean less
  14. 14.  5. Funds  The allocation of funds for education is very low. It is only 1.5 to 2.0 percent of the total GDP. It should be around 7% of the total GDP
  15. 15.  6. Untrained Teachers  The teachers in government schools are not well trained. People who do not get job in any other sector, they try their luck in educational system. They are not professionally trained teachers so they are unable to train a nation.
  16. 16.  7. Poverty  Poverty is also another factor that restricts the parents to send their children to public or private schools. So, they prefer to send their children to madrassas where education is totally free
  17. 17. CAUSES OF ILLITERACY  Poverty  Learning disabilities  Lacks of schools in rural areas  Poor education system  Corruption  Unemployment  Low budged of education  Regional disparity  Ratio of general discrimination  Wadera system
  18. 18. CAUSES' OF ILLITERACY  Male dominant society  Gap between lower and upper class  Non-seriousness of the government towards education
  19. 19. EFFECTS OF ILLITERACY  Illiteracy rates increase drug and alcohol abuse in society.  Illiteracy decreases the rate of technological advancement in society.  Illiterate people may not vote.  increased illiteracy rates have the ability to diminish society.  Illiteracy links to poor health.  Illiteracy contributes to high unemployment rates in a society.
  20. 20. EFFECTS OF ILLITERACY  Illiteracy leads to generational learning problems.  Illiteracy rates increase poverty in society.  Illiteracy increases incarceration rates in society.
  21. 21. SOLUTION  . Increase number of primary schools in rural areas.  Betterment in schools’ infrastructure.  Free and compulsory education  Encouragement of private sector  Special emphasis on female education  Encouragement of intelligent students and diligent teachers  Effective promotion of distance education  Social campaign against illiteracy
  22. 22. SOLUTION  Budget for education should be increased  Schools should be provided in every village of Pakistan  Available schools should be utilized for education only  Education should be free for all up to University.  Education should be compulsory for all up to 12th Standard.  Salaries of teachers should be increased so that people can join this profession easily.
  23. 23. CONCLUSION:  Literacy is a strong weapon which can root out the social issues like dowry , corruption and child labor. Literate population can contribute manifolds in the economics and social development of nation. if Pakistan want to be a developed and powerful nation then literacy is the key. Then government should introduce new schemes and policies to promote literacy.
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Pakistan wants to be a developed and powerful nation then literacy is the key.....

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