What is the Philosophy behind Tayammum?Numerous people question as to what benefit could the hitting of hands upon the earth and then wiping them over the forehead and the back of the hands possibly possess (Tayammum), especially in the light of our knowledge that very many of the soils are dirty, polluted and a medium for the transfer of microbes?In answering such objections, attention ought to be paid to two points:1. The Ethical Benefit :Tayammum is one of the acts of worship in which the ‘soul’ of worship - in the true meaning of the word - becomes manifested. This is because man wipes his forehead, which is the most honorable portion of his body, by means of his hands that have been struck upon the earth in order to exhibit his humbleness and humility towards his Lord as if to say: My forehead and my hands are totally humble and subservient in Your presence - after which, he proceeds to engage himself in prayers or other acts of worship that require wudhu or ghusl. This, in itself, has a great effect in developing within the people a spirit of humility, subservience and thanksgiving.2. The Sanitary Benefit:Today, it has been established that soil, due to its containing numerous bacteria, is able to do away with contamination and pollution. These bacteria, whose work is to decompose organic substances and eliminate various kinds of infections, are generally located, in numerous numbers, on the surface of the earth or at less depths, where they are better able to avail of and benefit from the air and sunlight. And it is for this reason that an animal carcass or a human body - when buried after death, and similarly various polluted matter that are on the surface of the earth - get decomposed in a comparatively short period, and in the face of bacterial attack, the hub of infection gets destroyed. Surely, if the soil were not to have possessed such a characteristic, the entire planet, in a short period, would have transformed into a center of infection. Essentially, soil possesses a property that is similar to an antibiotic and is extraordinarily effective in eliminating microbes.Thus, pure soil is not only not contaminated but instead, serves to eliminate contamination and in this respect it can, to a certain extent, be a substitute for water - the difference being that water is the dissolver, meaning that it dissolves the bacteria and carries it with itself whereas soil eliminates the microbes.But it ought to be noted that the earth for tayammum should always be pure (taahir), just as the Qur'an, employing an interesting expression, says: طَيِّبا Interestingly, the use of the word صَعِيْد , which has been derived from the root صُعُوْد , is an allusion to the fact that it is better to use the soil lying on the surface of the ground for this purpose - the same soil, which receives the air and the sunshine, and contains the microbe-killing bacteria. If such a soil also happens to be pure, then tayammum by means of it shall possess the above benefits without carrying the slightest of detriments.
Surah al nissa
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 1:• The last verse of Surah Al Imran was concluded with an exhortation to Taqwa, while the presentSurah begins with Taqwa in the mood of command.• Importance of Taqwa in treating near relations well. ( Hadith on breaking of blood relations)• The rights of Orphans and protection of their property specially girls.• Permission of four marriages for a man on the condition that one treats his wives equitably
ICNA Sisters Wing• Importance of bridal-due( Mahr) ------ The verses which are recited in the Khutbah of Nikah.• Taqwa = Focus on responsibilities rather than rights.• Test the ability and understanding of minors before giving their inheritance.• Fear Allah while distributing inheritance.• Open heart ----- Avoid heart breaking statements, speak in fair words.
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 2:• Importance of knowledge of Law of Inheritance.• Law of Inheritance = Commands from Allah(swt) ---- emphatic orders, Obligatory• Law of distribution of Inheritance =Portions determined by Allah ---- He is Wise and All Knowing• These are the limits set by Allah, obeying them will grant Jannah and disobeying will cause torment of Hell fire -----Fierce admonition for those who change law of inheritance• Allah is All Knowing ----- Who violates His Law’s will not be able to escape from His grip .• Allah is All-Forbearing ----- These laws are not harsh but aim to prevent people suffering inconvenience andhardship.
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 3:• Punishment of Adultery ( Nuskh) ---- Allah opens the way for them in Surah Nur.• Essence of True Repentance ----- Sins committed due to ignorance, mindlessly, unintentionally ordeliberately and Sinner recognized his mistakes and ask Allah for forgiveness.• Repentance of four kind of People ---- Who do it quickly, with procrastination, at the time of deathor dying in state of Kufr without repenting.
ICNA Sisters Wing• Believers are instructed firmly to give women their share of Inheritance.• It is quite likely that we dislike something and Allah has placed in it a lot of good.• Teaching Magnanimity in marital relations.• Marriage with step mothers is Haram ------- Reverence of kinsman
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 4:• Muharramat : Women with whom marriage is prohibited ---- (1) by kinship (2) by fosterage (3) byrelationship through marriage ----Mother, daughter, sister, Father’s sister, mother’s sister, brother’sdaughter, sisters daughter• Taking two sisters together in marriage is forbidden.• All Injunctions are great beneficence from Allah(swt) towards women ---- Ennoblement of womenand settlement of her rights
ICNA Sisters Wing• Muhsanat( protected women) = Women who are married , chaste, free, believer and have aprotection of a family• Purpose and Significance of Marriage ------ Nikah is not just for lust, lewdness andfrolicsomeness, it is a very sacred ligament. Basis is to now provide a dignified status to a womanin society / house.• Responsibility of men ---- Providing protection( Nikah) , responsible for security , providing honorand dignity, fulfilling her needs, spending money on her.
• Maher is obligatory.• Conditions necessary for Nikah ---- Permission from Wali, Maher, provide security and dignity,honored relation ,both parties are pleased and agreed• Allah is All wise and All knowing ---- Our perceptions are very limited and we should not makeour judgments criterion, whether we understand the cause of an injunction or not.ICNA Sisters Wing
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 5:• Islam is Deen e Fitrat --- Allah (swt) intends to make things easy for us as man has been createdweak.• Do not devour one anothers possessions wrongfully ----- Theft, robbery, usurpation, breach oftrust, bribery, embezzlement, all forms of interest, gambling and all transactions of unlawfulthings.( Hadith and admonition)• Kaffarah (writing off)of minor sins is to avoid major sins and perform righteous deeds.
ICNA Sisters Wing• What are major sins? Those sins whom Allah cursed or punishment has been prescribed for them inQuran and Sunnah. (7 sins mentioned in Hadith: Shirk, magic, unjust killing, interest, eating up theproperty of an orphan, deserting the battlefield of Jihad, false accusation against chaste woman) ----Disobeying parents.
• Three elements turn an act into a major sin: violation of rights, insufficient fear of God, breakingthose bonds and relationships on which the peace and tranquility of social order rest.• Allah(swt) has bestowed everyone with some special merit . Do not covet excellence given to others.• Men and women are equal in earnings.• Instead of Jealousy ask for Allah’s grace and trust His wisdom and knowledge.• Fulfill your rights ----- Allah watches over all things.ICNA Sisters Wing
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 6:• Men are qawwam : A person responsible for administering and supervising the affairs of either anindividual or an organization, for protecting & safeguarding them and taking care of their needs(financial/social responsibility).• Profile of a good wife: The best wife is she who, if you look at her, will please you; who, if you askher to do something, will obey; and who will safeguard herself and your property in your absence.( Hadith)
ICNA Sisters Wing• Nushuz ----- Rising up, elevation, challenging the authority , rebellion, disobedience, hatred,contrariness, diffidence, harshness, aggression, attitude of obstinate defiance, characterless,Immorality.• Amelioration of Nushuz ----- Admonish(Dissuade), Conciliatory counsel(apart from them in bed),beating in a manner that it does not affect the body and no injury to skin and bones.• Do not seek ways to harm them ----- Allah is Exalted, Great.
• The role of family arbitrator in marital disputes. If they both want reconciliation , Allah will bringharmony.• Rights of Allah and rights of people ----- Avoid all kinds of Shirk, emphasis on well treatment ofparents, relatives, orphans, needy, neighbors, companion, wayfarer, servants and employees.(eightrights)ICNA Sisters Wing
• Arrogant and the boastful hinders the fulfillment of rights.• Avoid niggardliness ---- Its hiding of grace giving by Allah(swt) ----- Unthank fullness• Don’t spend out to make a show of it ----- Avoid Pietism ----- Showing off is a hidden Shirk• Witnesses from every community, and Prophet(saw) witness on them all ------ His ExcellencyICNA Sisters Wing
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 7:• 2nd injunction concerning intoxicants --- Do not pray while you are intoxicated or instate of Janabat• Commands prohibiting liquor came gradually• Tayammum means to turn to, to aim at, to head for, to intend ----- A useful psychological device tokeep the sense of ritual purity and the sanctity of Prayer alive in mans mind even when water isnot available.(Blessing)
ICNA Sisters WingWhat is the Philosophy behind Tayammum?1. The Ethical Benefit :Humbleness and humility towards his Lord as if to say: My forehead and my hands aretotally humble and subservient in Your presence2. The Sanitary Benefit :Soil possesses a property that is similar to an antibiotic and is extraordinarily effective ineliminating microbes.
ICNA Sisters Wing• Selling a part of the Book and altering the words from their context ---- Attitude of the people of Thebook ---- What is the lesson for us? What are we doing?• Allah does not forgive Shirk ----- Shirk in Knowledge, in power and in Ibadah , avoid all.• Indulgence in self praise, claiming and broadcasting your own sanctity is not permissible.
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 8:• Jibt : baseless superstitions and Taghut : false deities• Curse of Allah(swt) for those who prefer polytheist rather than Muslims( Background: Ka’ab binAshraf)• The blind pursuit of material gains sometimes makes man surrender religion and faith.• Jealousy and Narrow-Mindedness ---- Curse and disgrace due to unreasonable envy, burning ofskin and then new skin keep exchanging so that pain never stops and decreases.
ICNA Sisters Wing• The Knowledge of Book is not fruitful enough until one acts according to what its dictates andabstains from material greed and pursuit of carnal desires.• Fulfilling trust obligations ---- wealth, kin, rights, responsibilities and commitments• Judge with justice and fairness ---- Always say what is just• Obedience to the Allah (swt) and Prophet (saw) and then the authority ----- Importance of Sunnah
ICNA Sisters Winghttp://www.islamworld.net/docs/it-is-truth/AboutHumanBody.htmlSensory Characteristic of the SkinDr. Tagata Tejasen, a Buddhist convert to Islam
ICNA Sisters WingRukooh No 9:• Background of the revelation ---- The dispute between a Jew and a hypocrite named Bashir ----Consulting Umar (ra) after prophet(saw) had made his judgment in their dispute• Not accepting the decision of Prophet(saw) is Kufr.• Qiyas , Analogical reasoning in a dispute if solution is present in Quran and Sunnah is Haram.• If one makes a mistake, instead of looking for excuses , ask for forgiveness.
ICNA Sisters Wing• Surrender in total submission to all rulings by Prophet(saw) ---- No discomfort in hearts, submitwillingly,---- Importance of Hadith ---- What are we doing? Fitna of this time= Munkir Hadith• Obedience of Prophet(saw) will grant the companionship of the Prophets, Siddiqin, Martyrs, andthe righteous.• Attitude of believer with hypocrites ---- Ignore , give them good counsel and speak to them inappealing words, say to them penetrating words about themselves.• We have to believe in Prophet(saw) in six status: Teacher , Expositor of Quran, role model, Lawgiver, Judge and Ruler.
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 10:• Be prepared at all times for your protection---- Always be on your guard against encounters• Why being flinch and Pusillanimous a crime ----- spreading demoralization to discourage others• Hypocrites ----- Opportunist• Importance and merits of Jihad• Ayah 75 ----- Supplication of the oppressed( Answering their call )• Difference between the war of believer and non believer ----- purpose and intent is different• Disbeliever fight in way of Taghoot , they are fellows of Satan but believer fight in way of Allah• The guile of Satan is feeble
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 11:• A blessing comes only by grace of Allah(swt) & calamities are the results of misdeeds of man himself.• Tawakul Ilallah• Warning for spreading rumors ---- “For a man to be a liar it is enough that he repeats everything without firstverifying its truth.”• Never stop persuasion of believers ---- Rouse the believers for Jihad, urge others to strive for the cause of God• Good and bad recommendations ----- Our share and attitude• Thrive salutation ------ supplication for peace and safety ----- Fraternity of society
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 12:• Types of hypocrisy ---- http://www.slideshare.net/DrYunus/nifaq-or-hypocrisy• Opportunism, double dealing and preference of duniya ----- Hypocrisy• Fighting with which hypocrite is permissible and with which is impermissible
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 13:• Diyah and Qassas (blood money) ---- This is not a fine or penalty but repentance & expiation for which Niyahshould be of regret, contrition & self purification through worship, by acts of charity or by fulfillment of all the duties• Wrath of Allah(swt) for killing a believer intentionally---- Reward of hell & curse ---- Value of believer’s life today• Do not reach to conclusion without investigating into related facts of an event ---- Never guess and judge people’sfaith, investigate• Ranks of Mujahidin ---- We always look for sale in this duniya , heed for virtues, how we can collect more andmore good deeds• Try to improve our own rank ------ Better rank of people who strive than those who remain passive
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 14:• Attitude of looking at circumstances and setting for doing something righteous• The merits and blessings of Hijrah( migration) ---- Hadith• Muhajir is one who leaves everything Allah and His messenger have prohibited.• Purpose and expedience for migration.• Admonition for those who do not migrate and what damage it will cause here and Hereafter.• Conditions for concession incase of not migrating from Darul- Kufr ------ Allah is Forgiving , Very Merciful
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 15:• The concessions given in travel ---- Qasr (48 miles, fifteen days)• Salat ul Khuf ------ Must always be on your guard, vigilant, alert and make arrangements for security• Prayer is a time related duty and even in state of fear is not excused• Remembrance of Allah in all situations.• Wahn ---- Faint of heart , don’t show your weaknesses
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 16:• Background of these verses --- Bashir ibn Ubayriq of the Banu Zafar tribe of the Ansar stolesomething from another Ansar and then incriminate a Jew for his own crime• Prejudice and chauvinism ----- Do not support criminals due to kinship or tribal solidarity• Whoever commits a breach of trust with others in fact commits a breach of trust with his own selffirst, he uses the abilities of heart and mind given by Allah( swt) against their will in doing wrong andinequity.
ICNA Sisters Wing• Throwing the blame of your own sins on someone else is a flagrant sin.• After realizing your own mistakes and wrong doing immediately repent and ask Allah for Hisforgiveness.• Don’t look for excuses . Never blame your sins on an innocent person, for then you will beimmersed into one sin after another.
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 17:• Allah’s grace and mercy on Prophet(saw) for revealing the reality of Bashir(hypocrite)• There is no good in most of the whisperings.• Secretly enjoining in charity( sadqa) is beneficent.• The merits of removing mutual bickering among people and of bringing them to understand,accommodate and cooperate with each other.
ICNA Sisters Wing• Etiquettes of talking in a group or a social gathering.• Different forms of contending one self against Prohpet (saw) ----- Adopting disbelief, infidelity andpolytheist traditions, adopting bidah in place of Sunnah, Munkir Hadith, believing in a new prophet.
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 18:• The eternal punishment of Shirk and Kufr.• Types of Shirk ----- lordship, attributes and worship• Salutation, worshipping and obedience to Satan• Different deluding methods of Satan ---- Engrossing in vain desires, slit the ears of the cattle,altering/disfiguring the creation of Allah, promises and false hopes, took Satan rather than Allahfor guardian
ICNA Sisters Wing• Vain desires which have no basis in Shariah, disfiguring Allah’s creation is fighting with nature, falseconsolation that every thing is fine, false hope that if you have faith other things will be forgiven.• As a result Human beings become braves on their sins -- Greediness of promises & desires• Faith of cheap salvation ----- Allah’s law of reward and punishment• The best way of life, the best Deen = Islam ---- submitting whole being to Allah (swt), attitude ofIhsan, following exclusively the way of Abraham whom Allah took for a friend.
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 19:• Treating the orphans well specially girls (justice)• “Shuh Nafs” ----- miserliness of heart, avarice, selfishness, narrow mindness. Main reason ofglitches among human relations• Shuh Nafs in the marital relations( husband and wife). It will become a hinder incompromise/reconciliation• Marital settlement is better -----Emphasis on compromising on their rights(give and take)• Importance of Taqwa in Muamalat (interactions/transactions)• If we try to acquire attitude of Ihsan Allah will make us need free of each other, no indigence..
• Admonish to treat wives with absolute justice. No one is responsible for something beyond his control.• Repeating “All that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth belongs to Allah” three times. (1) The limitlessscope of Allah’s power of creation which lacks nothing, if a couple separate due to incompatible conditions,Allah can make it compatible , He has full control on all causes and resources.(2) Allah’s special favor on usthat He order us to act on these laws of Shariah and Fear Him , obedience is our own benefit and disobedienceis our own loss.(3) Future depends on obedience , Allah will establish His Deen and whoever deserves thisAllah will prevail themICNA Sisters Wing
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 20:• Be upholder of justice ----- Bearing witness to truth , do not swerve from justice by following yourown desires.• Do not adopt twist and turn behavior or avoid saying truth.• Belief in Hereafter and the fear of God is only guarantee of universal peace.• Believers are asked to believe ---- Make your fancies, actions, attitude, creed, humor, character,despites, purposiveness and endeavors all under that aqeeda in which you believe ( Ranks ofFaith/ Iman) ---- Sincerity
ICNA Sisters Wing• Ranks of Kufr ----- check ourselves• Don’t make unbelievers your allies ---- Seek honor from Allah alone• Do not sit in gatherings where Allah’s words are ridiculed. Todays fitna of opinion basedexplanation of Quran.• Characteristics of the Hypocrites.
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 21:• Laziness in offering prayers ---- The distinctive feature of hypocrites.• Praying to show off --- Pharisees ---- Pilferage in prayers• Hypocrisy ---- Dangle between Faith and Disbelief . They will be in the lowest level of the Hell fire.• Repentance and then live righteously ---- Hold fast to Allah , sincerity in faith in God , concentrationof all affections on God, deeds are acceptable to Allah when they are only for His sake andpleasure.
ICNA Sisters Wing• Shukr denotes an acknowledgement of benefaction and a feeling of gratitude ---- Allah is All-Appreciative.• Do not speak evil publicly ----- no foul language as Abhorrence (sensitivity) diminishes , evil andinjustice become widespread ( Oppresses can become oppressor , back biting)• We should forgive because we like to be forgiven by God who, though able to punish us, pardon us.• There is nothing in between faith and disbelief
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 22:• Prophet Isa was raised on high .• Wrong-doing of Jews -- bearing people from the way of Allah & taking interest which had beenprohibited• Consuming the wealth of others wrongfully narrows the lawful as a measure of punishment.• Firmly rooted in knowledge ----- Have a quest for truth and whose minds are free from prejudice,obduracy, blind imitation of their forefathers . When they find the light they open their hearts to it(They listen and they obey)
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 23:• Different method of Wahi ----- Dream, angel in human disguise, angel in his original form, directdialogue with God Himself, direct inspiration on heart( bell, buzzing of bee)• Do not exceed the limits in religion , no exaggeration ----- The legal limit of everything is what theHoly prophet(saw) has left determined by his word and deed.• Limits of materialism, Sunnah and bidah ----- Moderation• Complexity of the doctrine of trinity.
ICNA Sisters WingRuku No 24:• Servant of Allah (swt) ; salutation ----- The honor of being a servant of Allah(swt)• Disdains to serve Allah and waxes arrogance• Avoid arrogance ----- Consequence of arrogance• Quran is the ultimate guidance ----- Distribution of inheritance( Kalala)