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Indian Society


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Indian Society

  1. 1. INDIAN SOCIETY A motley of various co-existing conflicting trends Presented by: Bharat Jhalani July 2008
  2. 2. Intro <ul><li>A Constitution for India framed by the Indians was arguably the best gift to Indians on the eve of independence. The transcendent goal of racial revolution was presented by Jawaharlal Nehru to the members of the Constituent Assembly in the following words: </li></ul><ul><li>“ The first task of this assembly is to free India through a new Constitution, to feed the starving people and to clothe the naked masses and to give every Indian the fullest opportunity to develop himself according to his capacity.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Intro <ul><li>After sixty years of India’s independence and some five-and-a-half decades after the commencement of the Constitution, it becomes necessary to take stock of our goals of social revolution—that were promised to our people. The revolution aimed at bringing about a fundamental change in the structure of the Indian society and to develop national unity and solidarity </li></ul>
  4. 4. Growing Economy! <ul><li>We are second fastest growing economy in the world(9.4% in F.Y.06-07) only behind China. </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd largest economy on PPP. </li></ul><ul><li>We are home to second most number of billionaires in the world after US. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 20   China 10 21   Hong Kong 9 27   Canada 8 25   Turkey 7 30   Japan 6 34   United Kingdom 5 53   Russia 4 56   Germany 3 56   India 2 over 400   United States 1 Number of billionaires Nation/Region Rank Worlds Richest
  6. 7. Growth Paradox <ul><li>A 2007 report by the state-run National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (NCEUS) found that 65% of Indians, or 750 million people, lived on less than 20 rupees per day with most working in &quot;informal labour sector with no job or social security, living in abject poverty.&quot; </li></ul>
  7. 8. Flood of Paradoxes <ul><li>India’s rank in Human development index is 128 out of 177 countries china’s is 81. </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy at birth is 63.7 years and ranks 125 </li></ul>
  8. 9. Sex-Ratio paradox <ul><li>Sex ratio in India is on a decline and that too in economically developed areas. </li></ul><ul><li>India, the national average is 933 women per 1,000 men. Punjab, on of India’s most developed states, demonstrates an even more masculine sex ratio of 874. </li></ul><ul><li>The Indian average child sex ratio is 927, whereas the child sex ratio in Punjab is alarmingly low 793/1,000 </li></ul><ul><li>In Sub-Saharan Africa it is 1022. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Education Paradox <ul><li>38% of doctors in the US are Indians </li></ul><ul><li>36 % of the scientists at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) </li></ul><ul><li>34 % of Microsoft employees are Indians </li></ul><ul><li>30% IBM employees. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Education Paradox <ul><li>40% of our population is still illiterate. </li></ul><ul><li>Adult literacy rate is 61% in Sri Lanka it is 92% and in China 90% </li></ul><ul><li>Our rank is114 amongst 177 countries in terms of adult literacy rate. </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>