Queen elizabeth 1


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Discusses about Queen Elizabeth and her era.

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Queen elizabeth 1

  1. 1. 1 Shaina Mavreen D. Villaroza Long Quiz III-Sodium Social Science 3 Queen Elizabeth 1 I. 1.) Who is Elizabeth as:  A Woman: As a woman, she was the first to successfully occupy the English throne. Called Glorianna and Good Queen Bess, Elizabeth enjoyed enormous popularity during her life and became an even greater legend after her death. Elizabeth was the longest-reigning English monarch in nearly two centuries. She was the last of the Tudor monarchs, never marrying or producing an heir, and was succeeded by her closest relative, James VI of Scotland. “God may pardon you, but I never can.” –Elizabeth I (1533 – 1603) English Monarch. Said to the dying Countess of Nottingham. “Anger makes dull men witty, but it keeps them poor.” –Elizabeth I (1533 – 1603) “I muse of how men of wit can so hardly use that gift they hold.” –Elizabeth I Speech to a delegation from the English Parliament. “Madam I may not call you; mistress I am ashamed to call you; and so I know not what to call you; but howsoever, I thank you.” –Elizabeth I Writing to the wife of the Archbishop of Canterbury, expressing her disapproval of married clergy.  A Lover: Before Elizabeth became queen, she was intimate with Lord Robert Dudley whom she later found had a wife. Though she loved him, throughout her reign, she never had private meeting with him. It was said that she mentioned his name in her last words.
  2. 2. 2 The Duke of Anjou was interested of her but he turned out to like both men and women. Edward VI (Elizabeth’s half brother) succeeded his father in 1547 at the age of nine. Because of her position as a member of the royal family, Elizabeth became a pawn in the intrigues of the nobles who governed in the boy’s name. One of them twice proposed marriage to her. She let her hair cut and she married herself to England. “To me it shall be a full satisfaction both for the memorial of my name, and for the glory also, if when I shalllet my last breath, it be engraven upon my marble tomb, „Here lieth Elizabeth, who reigned a virgin and died a virgin‟.” –Elizabeth I Said “to the Speaker, Knights and Burgesses of the Lower House who laid an address before her in the great gallery of Whitehall Palace urging her to marry”.  A Queen: The 45-year reign of Elizabeth I as queen of England and Ireland (1558-1603) was so influential it became known as the Elizabethan Age. During her rule, Elizabeth helped shaped the future of England, creating a stable monarchy, developing legal institutions, encouraging commerce, establishing the Protestant religion as England’s faith, and defending the nation against Spanish forces. In 1601, near the end of her reign, Elizabeth delivered to Parliament what came to be known as her Golden Speech. The speech demonstrates Elizabeth’s skills of oratory as well as her devotion to her people. “I know I have the body of a weak and feeble woman, but I have the heart and stomach of a King, and a King of England too.” –Elizabeth I “I am your anointed Queen. I will never be by violence constrained to do anything. I thank God that I am endued with such qualities that if were turned out of the Realm in my petticoat I were able to live in any place in Christome.”-Elizabeth I (Threat) “I will make you shorter by a head.” –Elizabeth I Said to the leaders of her council, who were opposing her course toward Mary, Queen of Scots. (Last words) “All my possessions for a moment of time.” –Elizabeth I
  3. 3. 3 2.) What were her attributes which made her to be : As a woman, Elizabeth I was an intellectually gifted pupil because she underwent rigorous training in Greek, Latin, rhetoric, and philosophy. The noted scholar Roger Ascham served as her tutor, and he educated her as a potential heir to the throne rather than as an insignificant daughter of the monarch. As a lover, Elizabeth I concentrated on being a Queen to England. Although she entertained many marriage proposals and flirted incessantly (her closest brush with marriage came with Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester), she never married nor had children. As a Queen, Elizabeth I was dominating, strong, and trusts only her loyal adviser, Sir Francis Walsingham, who remained a strong supporter of her until the end. She was rather less forgiving and distrusting because of betrayal. She once said, “As for me, I see no such great cause why I should either be fond to live or fear to die. I have had good experience of this world, and I know what it is to be a subject and what to be a sovereign. Good neighbours I have had, and I have met with bad: and in trust I have found treason.” Having refused suitors pressed upon her when a princess, as a queen, Elizabeth was never able to make a decision to marry and she had no desire to share power with a husband. She rejected her sister Mary’s husband, Philip II, king of Spain, who wished to remain allied with English naval power, as well as nearly every eligible European royal bachelor, including a future king of France. 3.) How did she make England prosper? Elizabeth effectively expanded royal government by increasing the role of sheriffs in the counties and by relying upon justices of the peace to perform the basic administrative work of local government. Thousands of gentlemen served in this capacity, each an official, if unpaid, member of the regime. Elizabeth realized the importance of securing the cooperation of powerful men in order to rule effectively. She made extensive use of the Privy Council and summoned ten parliaments during her reign. She used Parliament to raise taxes and to endorse her policies, but also allowed its members to suggest laws regarding local issues, something rarely permitted by prior monarchs. The House of Lords and the House of Commons both grew in size during her reign, but they remained councils of the queen rather than parts of an independent legislature. When she did not like the advice Parliament offered, she ended its sessions. At the center of her government, Elizabeth was fortunate in having a succession of capable ministers, including Sir Nicholas Bacon, Sir Francis Walsingham, and Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, who was her personal favorite.
  4. 4. 4 II. Pictures of England during the Elizabethan/Golden Age. Elizabeth I Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry VIII and his second wife Anne Boleyn, ruled England from 1558 to 1603 during what is known as the Elizabethan Age. Elizabeth’s reign was a time of great prosperity and achievement, and her court was a center for poets, writers, musicians, and scholars. Elizabeth I Elizabeth I of England, who ruled from 1558 to 1603, wore stiff and elaborate clothing that asserted her power, authority, and right to rule. Jewels ornamented many of her gowns. Anne Boleyn Anne Boleyn was the second and most famous wife of King Henry VIII. Anne married Henry after the Church of England annulled his first marriage to Catherine of Aragón. Anne Boleyn failed to provide the male heir Henry so desperately wanted, but the princess she bore became Queen Elizabeth I. Mary, Queen of Scots Mary, Queen of Scots, who ascended to the throne scarcely a week after her birth, grew to be a Catholic monarch in a Protestant land. In 1565 she married the Scottish Catholic lord Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley, father of the future James I of England. After his death, she married James Hepburn, 4th earl of Bothwell, but the resulting fury of the Scots nobles forced her to abdicate and escape to England. Kept as a virtual prisoner by Elizabeth I of England, she joined Catholic plots to topple her fellow queen, and in 1587 Elizabeth reluctantly agreed to her execution.
  5. 5. 5 Elizabethan Hardwick Hall Built in the 1590s, Hardwick Hall is one of the finest Elizabethan mansions in England. It was built for Elizabeth, Countess of Shrewsbury. The mansion’s grounds preserve the original layout of walled courtyards. Nearby are the ruins of Hardwick Old Hall, also built for the countess, which was superseded by the present mansion. The county of Derbyshire is well endowed with great houses, many of which date back to the 15th century. Apart from Hardwick Hall, some of the best known include Haddon, Chatsworth, and Sudbury halls. Hilliard’s Young Man Among Roses This 16th-century miniature by English artist Nicholas Hilliard shows the Elizabethan ideal of the courtly gentleman, dressed in ruff, doublet, and hose. This foppish young gentleman demonstrates the masculine fashion for jewelry and adornment during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, but the style could be found in most countries of 16th-century Europe. The miniature is in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. Theatres
  6. 6. 6 Arts Architecture Elizabethan Writers The Elizabethan era in 16th-century England was a prolific period for English literature. Edmund Spenser (lower right), Christopher Marlowe (upper right), Sir Walter Raleigh (center), and William Shakespeare (left) were only a few of the many writers who created their great works during the reign of Elizabeth I.