Leptospirosis

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What is Leptosirosis?

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Leptospirosis

  1. 1. LEPTOSPIROSIS Madeleine D. Soriño
  2. 2.  also known as Weil's syndrome, canicola fever, canefield fever, nanukayami fever, 7-day fever, Rat Catcher's Yellows, Fort Bragg fever, black jaundice and Pretibial fever
  3. 3. PATHOGEN
  4. 4.  Leptospirosis is caused by a spirochaete bacterium called Leptospira spp
  5. 5. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
  6. 6.  high fever  severe headache  Chills  muscle aches  Vomiting  jaundice (yellow skin and eyes)  red eyes  abdominal pain  Diarrhea  rash
  7. 7. If the disease is not treated the patient could develop:  kidney damage  meningitis (inflammation of the membrane around the brain and spinal cord)  liver failure  respiratory distress In rare cases death occurs.
  8. 8.  The incubation period (time of exposure to first symptoms) in animals is anywhere from 2 to 20 days.
  9. 9. MODE OF TRANSMISSION
  10. 10.  Humans become infected through contact with water, food, or soil containing urine from infected animals.  This may happen by swallowing contaminated food or water or through skin contact, especially with mucosal surfaces, such as the eyes or nose, or with broken skin.
  11. 11. Leptospira organisms have been found in (also in their urine):  Cattle  Pigs  horses  Dogs  Rodents  and wild animals.
  12. 12. TREATMENT
  13. 13.  antibiotics, such as doxycycline or penicillin, which should be given early in the course of the disease  Intravenous antibiotics may be required for persons with more severe symptoms.
  14. 14. Doxocycline Penicillin
  15. 15. Tests for Leptospirosis  Complete Blood Count  Urinalysis  Creatinine  Dark Ground Illumination  Leptospirosis IgM Spot Test
  16. 16. Complete Blood Count
  17. 17. Urinalysis
  18. 18. Creatinine
  19. 19. Dark Ground Illumination
  20. 20. Leptospirosis IgM Spot Test
  21. 21. PREVENTIVE MEASURES
  22. 22.  not swimming or wading in water that might be contaminated with animal urine  Protective clothing or footwear should be worn by those exposed to contaminated water or soil because of their job or recreational activities
  23. 23. Reference  http://www.pathologylabindia.com/lepto spirosis.htm  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leptospirosis
  24. 24. END

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