Stateof issues water_2013


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Stateof issues water_2013

  1. 1. Sierra Club – John Muir Chapter 222 South Hamilton Street, #11, Madison, WI (608) 256-0565
  2. 2. Founded in 1892 by John Muir, Sierra Club is the oldest, largest, and most influential grassroots environmental organization in the United States. 1.4 million members & supporters Mission: To explore, enjoy, and protect the wild places of the earth; to practice and promote the responsible use of the earth's ecosystems and resources; to educate and enlist humanity to protect and restore the quality of the natural and human environment; and to use all lawful means to carry out these objectives
  3. 3. Born in Scotland, grew up in Marquette Co, WI, attended UW - Madison; Founded the Sierra Club in 1892 One of America’s most influential conservationists: “Father of our National Parks,” “Wilderness Prophet,” and “Citizen of the Universe” Self-proclaimed “poetico-trampogeologist-botanist and ornithologistnaturalist!!!” Photo from Sierra Club Colby Library Created Sierra club to “make the mountains glad”
  4. 4. 15,000 members & supporters in WI 6 Local Groups: Chippewa Valley, Coulee Region, Four Lakes, Fox Valley, Great Waters, Southeast Gateway 3 Special Activity Sections: River Touring Section, Inner City Outings and Sierra Student Coalition Executive Committee: 15 elected volunteers (9 at-large, 6 group delegates) 3 Chapter Staff: Chapter Director - Shahla Werner Chapter Coordinator - Jacinda Tessmann, Conservation Programs Coordinator - Elizabeth Ward Priorities: Reducing Climate Change through Clean Energy and Clean Transportation; Protecting Water Resources; Preventing Destructive Mining Impacts
  5. 5. We thwarted Perrier’s plans to build a water-bottling plant in Adams County We pushed for the clean-up of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) from the Fox River We supported Federal Wild & Scenic River designation for the St. Croix & Namekagon Rivers We helped secure Wild River status for the Pine, Pike, Popple, Brunsweiler, and Totogatic Rivers, a designation established by the Wisconsin state legislature in 1965 to preserve select rivers in a free-flowing condition and to protect them from development.” We helped pass a ban on Phosphorus lawn fertilizer We helped pass the historic Great Lakes Compact We supported enactment of the strongest numerical phosphorus and nitrogen nutrient limits in the nation
  6. 6. Protecting the Great Lakes: Opposing destructive shoreland development (AB 75); reducing invasive species (zebra mussels, Eurasian watermilfoil, Asian Carp); reducing toxins (pesticides, antibiotics, hormones, tar sands oil, coal ash); reducing nonpoint runoff and point pollution; Supporting strong Great Lakes Compact implementation, shoreland zoning, ballast water regulation, water infrastructure upgrades, Asian Carp barriers, restoration Protecting Water Supply: Opposing efforts to deregulate high capacity wells through budget motion 375 and SB 302 (undermine Lake Beulah); supporting new Groundwater Management Areas, spring protection, statewide water conservation Protecting Water Quality: Opposing uninspected, minimally enforced, highly subsidized factory farms or Confined Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) whose runoff and manure spills kill fish, contaminate drinking water and cause algal growth and dead zones in water bodies; Supporting increased water program staffing, increased inspections and enforcement; increased local control over livestock siting; stronger waste spreading rules
  7. 7. An 8 state agreement signed by President Bush in 2008 that establishes consistent, ecosystembased standards for assessing diversion requests & requires water conservation
  8. 8. The Community MUST: Be in a straddling community or county Show there’s no other source of water Implement a water conservation program Return the Great Lakes water to the lake it came from with no negative effect
  9. 9. • The Great Lakes Legacy Act provides up to $150 million per year in funding to clean up contaminated sediment in Great Lakes tributaries and harbors identified as one of 30 United States “areas of concern” (AOCs). • The 2008 Authorization provided $54 million per year for 2 years. Restoration of Hog Island Inlet and Newton Creek (Superior) and the Kinnickinnic River (Milwaukee) are complete, while Lincoln Park (Milwaukee) and the Sheboygan River are underway.
  10. 10. Murphy Oil Refinery: Superior; Oil and chemicals on the shore threaten water. Calumet Specialty Products has proposed shipping tar sands oil across Lake Superior. Nuclear Waste Storage: Point Beach, Kewaunee nuclear plants “temporarily” store nuclear waste on Lake Michigan in pools, dry cask; leaks reported in many other locations SS Badger Ferry: Burns 55 tons of coal; Dumps 3.8 tons of coal ash into Lake Michigan every day
  11. 11. Support maintaining funding for the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative at $300 million in the fiscal year 2014 budget (Gwen Moore & Tom Petri do) Oppose House bill to slash the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) budget from $285 million to $60 million Support Strong Great Lakes Compact Rules: and thorough oversight of diversion requests Reduce Invasive Species: Support Ballast Water Regulation, Asian Carp surveys and control Oppose tar sands shipping and pipelines Participate in Beach Clean-Ups Plant a rain garden and keep storm drains clean Support strong water conservation policies Oppose AB 75 to gut shoreland zoning protections
  12. 12. Source: U.S. Geological Survey 70% of Wisconsinites and 97% of inland communities depend on groundwater for drinking water Wisconsin uses about 760 million gallons of groundwater per day. Rainfall over Wisconsin averages 32 inches annually, but only 6-10 inches of it soaks in to become groundwater.
  13. 13. Photo by Tom Kujawski/For the State Journal Robert’s Irrigation of Plover drilling a high capacity well in Portage Co.
  14. 14. There are over 3,000 high capacity wells permitted in the Central Sands Area, where surface water drawdowns are already occurring, according to the Friends of Central Sands. The proposed Richfield Dairy in Adams County would house 4,300 cows and pump 72.5 million gallons of groundwater each year (138 gallons / min)
  15. 15. The 2011 Lake Beulah vs. DNR State Supreme Court decision stated that the DNR has the authority – and the responsibility – to consider the environmental impacts of significant groundwater removal. Budget Motion 375 prevents neighbors from challenging a high capacity well based on cumulative impacts; and SB 302 would prohibit DNR from considering cumulative impacts in high capacity well permitting and mandate rushed permit reviews
  16. 16. • Support maintaining DNR authority to consider cumulative impacts of permitting new high-capacity wells • Support increased protections for springs • Support Adaptive Management, which would allow the DNR to change permits if impacts result from overpumping • Oppose arbitrary legislatively mandated permit deadlines in favor of allowing DNR to take the time needed to review complex high capacity well applications • Conserve water as individuals by installing rain barrels
  17. 17. Wisconsin has over 235 permitted Confined Animal Feeding Operations (CAFO’s) or factory farms, most of which are dairies. A CAFO is defined as an operation with at least 1,000 confined Animal Units, or at least 700 dairy cows, 55,000 turkeys, or 20,000 laying hens. Wisconsin’s Livestock Siting Law, enacted in 2004, along with DATCP’s “Siting Rule,” issued by the Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection (DATCP) in 2006, restricts ability of local governments to direct the location of new CAFOs through zoning or protective ordinances. DATCP on the current Livestock Siting application: “A properly completed [siting] application essentially guarantees approval.”
  18. 18. What triggers the WI Livestock Siting Law? • First – a local government must enact a siting ordinance to even gain access to the uniform state standards of the Siting Law (without a local ordinance, there is no opportunity for local communities to weigh in on siting decisions!) • Second, in most instances the livestock operation must propose to have at least 700 Animal Units for the Siting Law to apply • Third, for expanding livestock facilities, the proposed expansion must be at least 20% for the Siting Law to apply • Fourth, if there is a local ordinance and the planned facility is of the requisite size, the owner of the proposed facility must complete a DATCP application that addresses each of the five standards found in the law 1) Location of livestock structures 2) Odor and air emissions 3) Nutrient Management 4) Waste storage facilities and 5) Runoff management
  19. 19. Karst is an area of irregular limestone characterized by fissures, sinkholes, underground streams, and caverns. Karst areas are especially vulnerable to pollution, as waste can travel long distances. Karst areas should be mapped statewide, and afforded stronger waste spreading protections. Wisconsin should also require Nutrient Management Plans for spreading industrial and municipal (non-manure)
  20. 20. August 19, 2013: “The Day Enforcement & Science Died” DNR Secretary Cathy Stepp: “The Division of Enforcement and Science will be eliminated as a Division and its component parts – Law Enforcement and Science Services – will report to the Secretary’s Office.” Under the reorganization, “the Chief Warden will report directly to the Deputy Secretary” and “effective immediately, the Bureau of Science Services will become a part of the Office of Business Support and Sustainability and report directly to the Office’s Director.” +enforcement+and+science
  21. 21. Town of Ripon residents near the 8,000 cow Rosendale CAFO can participate in a well water sampling program sponsored by Fond du Lac County UWExtension and the Town of Ripon. 6.5% private wells in WI exceed safety standards for nitrates. In past 20 years, 17% of wells sampled near Ripon have tested positive for bacteria D=2422 Rosendale’s WPDES permit was renewed in 2013. The WDNR reduced the land-spreading setback from private wells from 200 to 100 feet.
  22. 22. 2002: Maple Ridge Dairy (Central WI) spread 250,000 gallons liquid manure onto 32 acres frozen field in February near their Stratford farm in Marathon county. Run-off traveled onto neighbors’ land and a tributary feeding the Big Eau Pleine River. March 2004: Stahl Brothers Farm (Northeastern WI) spread tens of thousands of gallons of animal waste on a field across the from the Tremls’ home, causing every family member, including their 7 month-old, to become seriously ill from contaminated water In April 2009 the same farm had a manure pit leak that sent 100,000 gallons of manure into a waterway 904161654_rev1 November 2013: A pipe ruptured at the Dane County Digester, spilling 300,000 gallons of manure, with some going into Six Mile Creek. Aggressive clean-up efforts have been employed, and a berm and automatic shutoff valve was constructed, though they are currently
  23. 23. • We need to restore some local authority to take into account localized concerns, such as high-quality waterways, unique topography, etc. “Uniform state standards” make little sense because our land and natural resources are not uniform! • We need to increase the scientific understanding of the environmental and public health impacts of livestock operations so that local restrictions are scientifically sound and truly protective of public health and the environment. • We need to return zoning power to local communities so that at least some areas can be maintained “CAFO-free.”
  24. 24. Photo: MI Sierra Club • • • • Builds community awareness of pollution problems Helps identify and restore problem sites Become advocates for their watersheds Increases the amount of needed water quality information available on our waters
  25. 25. Kris Stepenuck Citizen Stream Monitoring Program Coordinator Environmental Resources Center 445 Henry Mall, Rm 202 Madison WI 53706 608-265-3887 Erin McFarlane Clean Boats Clean Waters Program Coordinator
UWEX Lake Program
 UW Stevens Point College of Nat Res. 800 Reserve St. 

 Stevens Point WI 54481
 715-346-4978 Lauren Herman Citizen Lake Monitoring Network Educator Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources 107 Sutliff Avenue Rhinelander WI 54501 Bob DuBois Biologist Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources 1401 Tower Ave Superior WI 54880 715-392-6976 Three levels of Citizen Monitoring Available:
  26. 26. • Support Restoring Local Control for WI Livestock Siting • Support Stronger Waste Spreading Regulations, especially for Karst areas, and support statewide Karst Mapping • Support Stronger Regulations for Industrial and Municipal Waste Spreading • Support Requiring all Manure Digesters to Install Automatic Shutoff Valves and Berms around pipes • Become a Citizen Water Monitor, and send samples to the State Hygiene Lab to test for E. coli, Phosphorus, and Total Coliforms • Track and Expose the Lobbying Activities and Campaign Contributions of the Dairy Business Association, the Farm Bureau, and other Industry Groups • Track & Publicize Manure Spills and related health issues • Testify at DNR, DATCP, and Natural Resource Board CAFO and water rule hearings • Support Private Well Testing • Push the EPA to Create Strong CAFO Rules • Support a federal ban on sub-therapeutic use of antibiotics in CAFOs