Batch production is one of manufacturingmethods where limited quantity of each typeof product is authorized for manufacture at atime. Manufacture of a limited number ofproducts produced at periodic intervals andstocked in warehouses as finished goods.
Blending the mixture Pasteurizing to kill bacteria Homogenizing to produce a uniform texture Cooling and resting to blend flavors Flavoring the ice cream Freezing to soft-serve consistency Adding fruit and sweetened chunks Packaging and bundling the finished product Hardening
Continuous Mass Process AssemblyIn continuous manufacturing system the items areproduced for the stocks and not for specific orders. Before planning manufacturing to stock, a salesforecast is made to estimate likely demand of theproduct.
Mass production (flow production or repetitive flowproduction) is the production of large amounts of standardizedproducts on production lines. Mass production is capital intensive, as it uses a highproportion of machinery in relation to workers.Mass production systems are usually organized into assemblylines. The assemblies pass by on a conveyor, or if they areheavy, hung from an overhead monorail
Heinz baked beans Kellogg’s corn flakes Mars bars Ford carsToothpaste
Weighing and mixing Filling the tubes Packaging and shipment
Process production involves a series of processeswhich raw materials go through. The end result is alarge quantity of finished product. Process productiontends to be quite capital intensive (i.e. requiringsignificant investment in production machinery andfacilities).
Vegetables or Grains Flavourings Malt Meal Yeast Water
Mash preparation Sterilization and inoculation Fermentation Distillation and rectification Water added Bottling
Assembly lines are designed for a sequential organization ofworkers, tools or machines, and parts. The motion of workers isminimized to the extent possible. All parts or assemblies are handled either by conveyorsor motorized vehicles such as fork lifts, or gravity, with nomanual trucking. Heavy lifting is done by machines such as overheadcranes or fork lifts. Each worker typically performs one simpleoperation.