The role of creativity in entrepreneurship


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The role of creativity in entrepreneurship

  1. 1. Creativity in Entrepreneurship Presented by Nikhil Singh
  2. 2. Foreword • Education provides the foundation for creativity, flexibility, and wealth creation in the society. • Motivation – Relating the different topics covered during this course – Application of the knowledge gained in class • Beliefs – Role of system is as vital as the individual in bringing about the successful implementation of an innovative design or idea – Creativity can be developed, sharpened, amplified, because it is a factor of nurture as well as nature
  3. 3. Overview • Discussion of the various definitions of creativity and its relevance to entrepreneurship • The role of educational institutions in the success of entrepreneurial culture in US • Current endeavors taken in the developing countries to encourage entrepreneurial skills • Suggestions to encourage creativity in Entrepreneurship development programs, based on the learning of this class
  4. 4. What is creativity? • Creative behaviors possessing an element of newness, novelty, and difference (Herrmann, 1996) • Creativity is an act, an idea, or product that changes an existing domain, or that transforms an existing domain into a new one, and creative person is whose thoughts or actions bring these changes. (Csikszentmihalyi)
  5. 5. What is creativity? • Wallas’ description of creative thinking, suggests a model in four stages: – – – – Preparation: problem definition Incubation: resting phase, subconscious mind Illumination: idea of a solution comes to mind Verification: solutions are tested • Koestler's premise on the creative process is "bisociation."
  6. 6. Creativity and Innovation • Creativity leads to innovation • “Innovation is the specific instrument of entrepreneurship. The act endows resources with a new capacity to create wealth. Innovation, indeed, creates a resource.” (Drucker) • Entrepreneurship is all about innovation • Innovation is economic or social, rather than a technical term
  7. 7. Entrepreneurship • “Entrepreneurship is a way of thinking, reasoning and acting that is opportunity obsessed, holistic in approach and leadership balanced.” • Entrepreneurial qualities – commitment and determination, leadership, opportunity obsession, tolerance of risk, ambiguity and uncertainty, creativity, self-reliance and ability to adapt, and the motivation to excel, ability to use failure experience as a way of learning
  8. 8. Entrepreneurship and Creativity • Creative in figuring out a way to work in a joint venture • Creativity comes in writing an amazing sales letter or visualizing the perfect logo • For practicing innovation, they need to be aware of change, and creatively use it to their advantage – The Unexpected, Incongruities, Process Need, Industry and Market Structures, Demographics. Changes in Perception, New Knowledge (Drucker)
  9. 9. Entrepreneurship and Creativity • Tolerance for ambiguity is related to certain entrepreneurial styles • “Creative destruction” – procedures and destroys or reallocates amassed resources • Creative in identifying the gap in the market and think up a product
  10. 10. Role of Educational Institutions • Until 1970, very few universities offered entrepreneurship courses • 1980s, entrepreneurship emerges as an important element in the dynamics of modern economics in US • In US, from a base of 16 in 1970, the number of schools offering entrepreneurship courses had grown to over 400 by 1995
  11. 11. Nurturing Creativity • Several techniques to encourage creative thinking – Ask Questions, Lateral Thinking, Six Thinking Hats, Brainstorming, TRIZ etc • Technology and business incubators – – – – “complete innovation system” Provide financial, marketing and design support Generation of new creative ideas and business plans joint and cross-disciplinary learning
  12. 12. Efforts in Developing Countries • Strategy of Entrepreneurship Development programs (EDPs). – Accelerate the industrial development by enlarging the supply of entrepreneurs – Industrial development of rural and less developed areas – Enlarging the small and small-medium enterprise sector – Providing productive self-employment to a number of young men and women • EDPs are functioning in India as a “School for Entrepreneurs” • Provided with the many benefits and advantages
  13. 13. Efforts in Developing Countries • Diploma holders of science, engineering and technology are being identified and selected for entrepreneurial training – have technical competency needed to start the new ventures • Attainment of technological self-reliance is the immediate goal
  14. 14. Recommendations • Entrepreneurship education should encourage students to challenge everything – there is no single right answer to choose – Most educated people are quite good at linear thinking – The creative person couples this depth with lateral creativity – Innovative thoughts require more than logical thinking
  15. 15. Recommendations • Programs should encourage activity-based projects – increases creativity, positive attitudes toward science, perception, logic development, communication skills, and reading readiness – Provides deeper understanding about how they can work better as individuals and together as a team
  16. 16. Recommendations • Teamwork should be encouraged in these programs – People who makeup teams have valuable experience of different domains – Working in teams focusing on ideas for change, encourages commitment to that process – Fun to brainstorm in teams, humor and laughter are outcomes, which spur creativity
  17. 17. Recommendations • Different techniques to enhance creativity must be incorporated in the courses – awareness of the different tools available such as TRIZ and Thinker Toys – practice the proper uses of brainstorming – encouragement to use tools for coming up with new ideas • The class should be structured to have elements of surprise for the students
  18. 18. Recommendations • Use of IT tools to promote creativity and thinking, should be incorporated in studies • Program should try to present familiar information in unfamiliar context – presenting information in new and innovative ways to help students look for new possibilities • Programs should be exciting and fun – humor encourage innovative thinking
  19. 19. Recommendations • Business and technological incubators should be established – Constant creativity and innovation in an appropriately rich environment where novel ideas can be launched and tested • Programs should entail approaches and activities that build the self-confidence of the students – Needed most in the verification step (Wallas)
  20. 20. Summary and Conclusion • Creativity plays a very significant role in Entrepreneurship • Educational institutions play a vital role in enhancing creative skills of individuals and teams • The various techniques and tools used to enhance creativity in Entrepreneurial institutes in US can be applied to enrich the entrepreneurial culture of developing nations
  21. 21. Thank You Time for Questions and Comments