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  2. 2. National flower- Lotus Lotus, botanically known as the Nelumbo Nucifera is the national flower of India. The Lotus Flower symbolizes divinity, fertility, wealth, knowledge and enlightenment.  It is also regarded as a symbol of triumph as it can survive to regerminate for thousands of years.  Lotus represents long life, honor, and good fortune. Untouched by the impurity despite growing in mud, the flower is also meant to symbolize the purity of heart and mind. It holds additional significance for Hindus, as it is regarded as the symbol of many Gods and Goddesses and is often used in religious practices
  3. 3. National Tree- THE BANYAN TREE  The national tree of India, banyan is a very huge structure, long and deep roots branches symbolize the country's unity. The huge sized tree acts as a shield, protects from hot sun. This is the reason why the tree is planted near homes, temples, villagpeople following Hinduism, since ages. Rig es and roadsides. He tradition of worshipping 'sacred' trees is prevalent among the Veda and Atharva Veda stipulate that trees should be worshipped, for their inevitable role in human life. Banyan is considered one among the sacred trees.  In the Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva is sometimes depicted sitting in silence, under the banyan tree, with the saints sitting at His feet. With its seemingly unending expansion, the banyan tree symbolizes eternal life.
  4. 4. Tiger Our National ‘ANIMAL’
  5. 5. Tiger  Tiger is scientifically known as Panthera tigris.  It is a member of the Felidae family and the largest of the four ‘big cats’ of the Panthera genus.  On an average, a tiger is about 13 feet in length and 150 kilograms in weight.  Tiger was chosen as the National animal of India due to its grace, strength, agility and enormous power.  Often, The Tiger as the National Animal of India symbolizes the power, strength, elegance, alertness, intelligence and endurance of the nation.
  6. 6. National Bird- PEACOCK  The Peacock, Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus), is the national bird of India.  Emblematic of qualities such as beauty, grace, pride and mysticism, it is a multihued, swan-sized bird, with a fan-shaped crest of feathers, a white patch under the eye and a long, slender neck.  The male bird, peacock, flaunts a gleaming blue breast and neck and a spectacular bronze-green train of around 200 elongated feathers.
  7. 7. National Fruit of India- MANGO  Mango, cultivated in India since times immemorial, is regarded as the National Fruit of the country.  Described as the "Food of the Gods", in the sacred Vedas, the fruit is grown almost in all parts of India, except the hilly areas, but is mainly available in the summer season only.  There are more than 100 varieties of mangos in India, in a range of colors, sizes, and shapes
  8. 8. NATIONAL SONG- VANDE MAATARAM • sujalaaM suphalaaM malayaja shiitalaaM SasyashyaamalaaM maataram || Shubhrajyotsnaa pulakitayaaminiiM pullakusumita drumadala shobhiniiM suhaasiniiM sumadhura bhaashhiNiiM sukhadaaM varadaaM maataraM || Koti koti kantha kalakalaninaada karaale koti koti bhujai.rdhR^itakharakaravaale abalaa keno maa eto bale bahubaladhaariNiiM namaami taariNiiM ripudalavaariNiiM maataraM || Tumi vidyaa tumi dharma tumi hR^idi tumi marma tvaM hi praaNaaH shariire Baahute tumi maa shakti hR^idaye tumi maa bhakti tomaara i pratimaa gaDi mandire mandire || TvaM hi durgaa dashapraharaNadhaariNii kamalaa kamaladala vihaariNii vaaNii vidyaadaayinii namaami tvaaM Namaami kamalaaM amalaaM atulaaM SujalaaM suphalaaM maataraM || ShyaamalaaM saralaaM susmitaaM bhuushhitaaM DharaNiiM bharaNiiM maataraM |"
  9. 9. VANDE MAATARAM  Composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterji in Sanskrit, the song Vande Mataram was primarily conceived to serve as a motivation to the people in their freedom struggle.  The first publication emerged in the year 1882 in 'Anandamatha' amidst doubts of a ban by the British Raj.  Sharing an equal status with Jana-gana-mana (National Anthem of India), the song was first sung in the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress  Vande Mataram served as a voice against British rule during the freedom struggle.
  10. 10. National Flag Our national flag is the symbol of freedom and sovereignty. It is the flag under which our freedom fighter had fought for India’s independence. Before independence our national flag had spinning wheel in centre. It was necessary at that time for doing like that to remember the people who struggled for swadeshi movement which was started by Gandhi. After independence instead of spinning wheel, ashoka charka was replaced. The charka had 24 spokes. It stands for peace and love.
  11. 11. The National Flag of India, also called the 'Tiranga', was adopted during an ad hoc meeting of the Constituent Assembly of the country. The meeting was held on the 22nd July 1947, twenty- four days prior to India's independence from the British (which took place on 15th August 1947). Our national flag is rectangular in shape . It has 3 horizontal columns, each has 3 different colors. That is why it Is called tiranga or tricolor. At top it is saffron, middle it is white and bottom it is green. Saffron stands for spirit and sacrifice. White stands for peace and truth. Green stands for growth and in centre ashoka charka stands for peace and love. It is a rule that We should be ready to give our lives for our country. O we should respect our national flag and not let it down.
  12. 12. National Emblem The emblem of India is Sarnath lion. It was adapted as national emblem on 26th January 1950 when India become republic. It has four lions standing back to back, a elephant, a horse, a bull and a lion which is in the form that they are carrying the four lions.
  14. 14. HOCKEY  Hockey is the National Game of India. Hockey has been played in India for time immemorial.  There was a golden period of Indian hockey when hockey stalwarts of India ruled the game.  On the international scenario there were no competitors to match the magical hands of Indian hockey players.  The ball-juggling feats of players like Major Dhyanchand made people to think that Indian players used some kind of black magic  The Golden Era of hockey in India was the period from 1928 - 1956 when India won 6 successive gold medals in the Olympic Games.
  15. 15. NATIONAL ANTHEM The national anthem of India is 'Jana-gana- mana', composed originally in Bengali, by Rabindranath Tagore. 'Jana-gana-mana' was first sung on 27th December 1911. Its Hindi version, by the Constituent Assembly, on 24th January 1950.
  16. 16. NATIONAL ANTHEM • Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he Bharata-bhagya-vidhata. Punjab-Sindh-Gujarat-Maratha Dravida-Utkala-Banga Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga Uchchala-Jaladhi-taranga. Tava shubha name jage, Tava shubha asisa mage, Gahe tava jaya gatha, Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he Bharata-bhagya-vidhata. Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he, Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!