Lotus, botanically known as the Nelumbo Nucifera is the national flower
The Lotus Flower symbolizes divinity, fertility, wealth, knowledge
It is also regarded as a symbol of triumph as it can survive to
regerminate for thousands of years.
Lotus represents long life, honor, and good fortune.
Untouched by the impurity despite growing in mud, the flower is
also meant to symbolize the purity of heart and mind.
It holds additional significance for Hindus, as it is regarded as the
symbol of many Gods and Goddesses and is often used in religious
THE BANYAN TREE
The national tree of India, banyan is a very huge structure, long
and deep roots branches symbolize the country's unity.
The huge sized tree acts as a shield, protects from hot sun. This
is the reason why the tree is planted near homes, temples,
villagpeople following Hinduism, since ages.
Rig es and roadsides.
He tradition of worshipping 'sacred' trees is prevalent among
the Veda and Atharva Veda stipulate that trees should be
worshipped, for their inevitable role in human life. Banyan is
considered one among the sacred trees.
In the Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva is sometimes depicted
sitting in silence, under the banyan tree, with the saints sitting at
His feet. With its seemingly unending expansion, the banyan tree
symbolizes eternal life.
Tiger is scientifically known as Panthera tigris.
It is a member of the Felidae family and the
largest of the four ‘big cats’ of the Panthera
On an average, a tiger is about 13 feet in length
and 150 kilograms in weight.
Tiger was chosen as the National animal of India
due to its grace, strength, agility and enormous
Often, The Tiger as the National Animal of India
symbolizes the power, strength, elegance,
alertness, intelligence and endurance of the
The Peacock, Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus),
is the national bird of India.
Emblematic of qualities such as
beauty, grace, pride and mysticism, it
is a multihued, swan-sized bird, with a
fan-shaped crest of feathers, a white
patch under the eye and a long,
The male bird, peacock, flaunts a
gleaming blue breast and neck and a
spectacular bronze-green train of
around 200 elongated feathers.
National Fruit of India-
Mango, cultivated in India since times
immemorial, is regarded as the
National Fruit of the country.
Described as the "Food of the Gods",
in the sacred Vedas, the fruit is grown
almost in all parts of India, except the
hilly areas, but is mainly available in
the summer season only.
There are more than 100 varieties of
mangos in India, in a range of colors,
sizes, and shapes
Composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterji in Sanskrit, the
song Vande Mataram was primarily conceived to serve
as a motivation to the people in their freedom
The first publication emerged in the year 1882 in
'Anandamatha' amidst doubts of a ban by the British
Sharing an equal status with Jana-gana-mana (National
Anthem of India), the song was first sung in the 1896
session of the Indian National Congress
Vande Mataram served as a voice against British rule
during the freedom struggle.
Our national flag is the symbol of freedom and
sovereignty. It is the flag under which our
freedom fighter had fought for India’s
Before independence our national flag had
spinning wheel in centre. It was necessary
at that time for doing like that to remember
the people who struggled for swadeshi
movement which was started by Gandhi.
After independence instead of spinning wheel,
ashoka charka was replaced. The charka
had 24 spokes. It stands for peace and love.
The National Flag of India, also called the 'Tiranga', was adopted
during an ad hoc meeting of the Constituent Assembly of the
country. The meeting was held on the 22nd July 1947, twenty-
four days prior to India's independence from the British (which
took place on 15th August 1947).
Our national flag is rectangular in shape . It has 3
horizontal columns, each has 3 different colors. That
is why it Is called tiranga or tricolor.
At top it is saffron, middle it is white and bottom it is
green. Saffron stands for spirit and sacrifice. White
stands for peace and truth. Green stands for growth
and in centre ashoka charka stands for peace and love.
It is a rule that We should be ready to give our lives for
our country. O we should respect our national flag and
not let it down.
The emblem of India is Sarnath lion. It
was adapted as national emblem on 26th
January 1950 when India become
republic. It has four lions standing back to
back, a elephant, a horse, a bull and a
lion which is in the form that they are
carrying the four lions.
Hockey is the National Game of India. Hockey has been
played in India for time immemorial.
There was a golden period of Indian hockey when hockey
stalwarts of India ruled the game.
On the international scenario there were no competitors to
match the magical hands of Indian hockey players.
The ball-juggling feats of players like Major Dhyanchand
made people to think that Indian players used some kind of
The Golden Era of hockey in India was the period from 1928
- 1956 when India won 6 successive gold medals in the
The national anthem of India is 'Jana-gana-
mana', composed originally in Bengali, by
'Jana-gana-mana' was first sung on 27th
Its Hindi version, by the Constituent Assembly,
on 24th January 1950.
• Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he
Tava shubha name jage,
Tava shubha asisa mage,
Gahe tava jaya gatha,
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!