Article 1 Article 10 Article 17 Article 24 Everyone under 18 years of age has all Families who live in different countries Children have the right Children have the right to good qualitythe rights in this Convention. should be allowed to move between those countries so that to reliable information from the health care, to clean water, nutritious food, and a clean parents and children can stay in contact, or get back mass media. Television, radio, environment, so that they will Article 2 together as a family. and newspapers should provide stay healthy. Rich countries The Convention applies toeveryone, whatever their information that children can should help poorer countries Article 11 understand, and should not promote materials that achieve this.race, religion, abilities; Governments should take steps to stopwhatever they think or children being taken out of their own country illegally. could harm children.say, whatever type of Article 18 Article 25family they come from. Both parents share responsibility for Children who are looked after by their Article 12 bringing up their children, and should always consider local authority, rather than their parents, should have their Article 3 Children have the right to what is best for each child. Governments should help situation reviewed regularly. All organisations concerned with children say what they think parents by providing services to support them, especiallyshould work towards what is best for each child. Article 26 should happen, when if both parents work. The Government should provide extra Article 4 adults are making decisions that affect them, and to have money for the children of families in need. Governments should make these rights Article 19 their opinions taken into account. Governments should ensure thatavailable to children. Article 27 Children have a children are properly cared for, and protect them from Article 13 violence, abuse and neglect by their parents, or anyone right to a standard of living that is Article 5 Children have the right to get and to Governments should respect else who looks after them. good enough to meet their physical share information, as long as the information is not the rights and responsibilities of families to and mental needs. The Government damaging to them or to others. Article 20 direct and guide their children so that, as they Children who cannot be looked after by should help families who cannot grow, they learn to use their rights properly. Article 14 their own family must be looked after afford to provide this. Children have the properly, by people who respect their Article 28 Article 6 right to think and believe what they All children and young people have All children have religion, culture and language. want, and to practise their religion, a right to a primary education, which should be the right to life. Governments as long as they are not stopping free. Wealthy countries should help poorer should ensure that children survive other people from enjoying their countries achieve this. Discipline in schools should and develop healthily. rights. Parents should guide their respect children’s human dignity. Young people Article 7 children on these matters. Article 21 should be encouraged to reach the highest level of All children have the right to a legally When children are adopted the first education they are capable of.registered name, and nationality. Also the right to know concern must be what is best for them. The same rules Article 15and, as far as possible, to be cared Children have should apply whether the children are adopted in the Article 29 the right to meet together and country where they were born, or if they are taken to live Education should develop each childsfor by their parents. to join groups and in another country. personality and talents to the full. It should encourage Article 8 organisations, as long as this children to respect their parents, and their own and other Governments Article 22 does not stop other people from cultures.should respect children’s right to a Children who come into a country asname, a nationality and family ties. enjoying their rights. refugees should have the same rights as children born in Article 30 Children have a right to learn and use that country. the language and customs of their families, whether these Article 9 Article 16 Children should not be separated from Children have a right to privacy. The are shared by the majority of people in the country or not.their parents unless it is for their own good. For example, Article 23 law should protect them from attacks against their way Children who haveif a parent is mistreating or neglecting a child. Children of life, their good name, their families and their homes. any kind of disability should have Article 31whose parents have separated have the right to stay in All children have a right to special care and support, so that theycontact with both parents, unless this might hurt the child. relax and play, and to join in can lead full and independent lives. a wide range of activities.
Article 32 Article 41 If children have a right to be educated, then they have the The Government should protect If the laws obligation to learn as much as their capabilities allow and,children from work that is dangerous, or might harm of a particular country where possible, share their knowledge and experiencetheir health or their education. protect children better with others. than the articles of the Article 33 The Government should provide ways Convention, then those If all children have a right to a full life, then they should laws should stay. also lend help so the needy, the disadvantaged, and theof protecting children from dangerous drugs. victims of discrimination also enjoy this right. Article 34 Article 42 The Government should protect If children have a right to freedom of thought, consciencechildren from sexual abuse. The Government should make the Convention known to and religion, then they also have the obligation to respect parents and children. other’s thoughts or religious principles. Article 35 The Convention on the Rights of the Child has 54 The Government should make surethat children are not abducted or sold. articles in all. Articles 43-54 are about how adults and governments should work together to make sure all Article 36 children get all their rights. Children should be protected from anyactivities that could harm their development. Whose responsibility? Article 37 Children’s rights are a special case because many of the You can probably think of many more. Children who break the law rights laid down in the Convention on the Rights of the should not be treated cruelly. Child have to be provided by adults or the state. Derived from a Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities, They should not be put in by an organisation called World Goodwill, composed of ex-heads prison with adults and should However, the Convention also refers to the of state. be able to keep in contact responsibilities of children, in particular to respect the with their families. rights of others, especially their parents (Article 29). Here are some suggestions of the responsibilities Check out UNICEF UK’s Article 38 that could accompany rights… website for children and Governments should not allow childrenunder 16 to join the army. If every child, regardless of their sex, ethnic origin, social young people: This leaflet contains a summary status, language, age, nationality or religion has these www.therightssite.org.uk of the United Nations Convention Article 39 rights, then they also have a responsibility to respect on the Rights of the Child Cartoons by Brick Children each other in a humane way.who have been neglected orabused should receive If children have a right tospecial help to restore their be protected from conflict, cruelty, UNICEF website: www.unicef.org.uk A convention is an agreement between countries to obeyself-respect. exploitation and neglect, then they the same law. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and also have a responsibility not to Northern Ireland agreed to obey (ratified) the Convention bully or harm each other. on the Rights of the Child on 16 December, 1991. For further free copies of this leaflet call the Article 40 UNICEF Helpdesk: 0870 606 3377 Children who are accused of breaking the If children have a right to a clean environment, then they That means our government now has to make sure that Quote code: 32124law should receive legal help. Prison sentences for children also have a responsibility to do what they can to look every child has all the rights in the Convention, except theshould only be used for the most serious offences. after their environment. The UK Committee for UNICEF is a Company Limited by Guarantee, two they have ‘reservations’ about (Articles 10 and 37). registered in England and Wales, No: 3663181. Registered Charity No. 1072612.