   Declaration for Persons with                                                                                          ...
exception or discrimination because ofrace, sex, religion, political opinion, socialor national origin, economic situation...
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Children w disabilities pamphlet


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Children w disabilities pamphlet

  1. 1.  Declaration for Persons with Mental Deficiency (1971)  Letter of the 80 on Interna- A “person with a disability” is one who has an illness, injury or condition that makes it tional Rehabilitation difficult for that person to do the same  Worldwide Action Program of“Championing the Rights and Welfare of things that other people do. They might the Handicapped (1982) Belizean Children and their Families” still be able to perform the same tasks, but  Norms for Equal Opportunities 62 Cleghorn Street Not being able to hear, or see, or being for Persons with Disabilities Belize City, Belize confined in a wheelchair, or to have diffi- (1992) Tel: (501) 223-0059 culty learning as compared to many of their  American Convention for the peers, children with disabilities often feel elimination of all forms of dis- Fax: (501) 223-1229 that they are not able to exercise and enjoy crimination against the persons Email: ncfc@btl.net their rights, opportunities and services that with disabilities (1999). And specifically related to children: The Convention on the Rights of Rights are things that all human beings, in- the Child (1989) cluding children, need in order to grow to The Convention on the their fullest potential. Rights of the Child is the Children with disabilities have the same most widely ratified con- rights as others, which signify first and fore- vention worldwide. In 1989, world leaders de- Freetown Road most the right to a full and normal life. cided that children Tel: (501) 223 -1150 The rights of persons with disabilities have needed a special conven- become a priority for international organiza- tion just for them because children Fax: (501) 223 - 6497 tions, among them United Nations, and and adolescents under 18 years old Email: spedunit@btl.net there are instruments promoting the rights often need special care and protec- of this population, for example: tion that adults do not. In 1990, Be- “Inclusion: Embracing Differences, lize became the fifth country in the  Universal Declaration of Human Uniting Strengths” world to ratify the CRC. Rights (1948) Why are these instruments
  2. 2. exception or discrimination because ofrace, sex, religion, political opinion, socialor national origin, economic situation or Rehabilitation Persons with disabilities, bothany other circumstance. All persons with disabilities children and adults, who are EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES: should be able to obtain and legally incapable, can exercise The needs of each child is of equal impor- maintain services which will en- their rights through their representatives. tance. Children with disabilities are mem- able them to function well and When an individual cannot satisfy his/her bers of a society and have the right to have autonomy and mobility to be able receive necessary support in common ar- This type of discrimination en- to participate in daily activities. Rehabili- eas such as education, health care, and tails an unequally favorable tation includes basic training to improve cultural and recreational activities and treatment (without having a the exercise of an affected function or to Children with disabilities have the right to welfare character) to those SELF DETERMINATION: compensate that function, and advice to express themselves and to have their opin- persons because of their dis- All children with disabilities have the persons with disabilities and their fami- ions and needs listened to and taken intoability and can be reflected in all those should be given the opportunity to ex-measures used to promote the access to consideration on all matters affecting them. press themselves and, based on their ca-all aspects of the social, economic, politi- Adults should assist children with special pacities, make decisions about their owncal and cultural life, with the objective of life and actively participate in the society Children with disabilities to fully develop their own personality. have a right to access education at all levels in NORMALIZATION:Medical attention should be offered in the public and private Children with disabilities can carry on andequal conditions and quality through pub- system, in an integrated develop a life similar to what is consid-lic and private health services, and the The recreational places should have the environment. Advocacy groups or par- ered habitual in society. Quite often, In-country’s social security system, necessary adaptations so that children with ents’ associations and the organizations of clusion takes place to enable the child disabilities can enjoy them. Libraries should with a disability to be placed in a regular persons with disabilities should participate have reading material in the Braille SystemPrevention in all levels of the education process. to enable persons who are blind or visuallyThis includes the adoption of UNIVERSAL ACCESS: impaired to read. Children who have dis-measures to avoid deterioration abilities Children with disabilitiesin the health of a child, which Public and private areas should be accessi- should be able to access the should also becan cause a disability or permanent limita- ble to all persons with disabilities. Public same educational and rec- integratedtion. The prevention can include actions facilities should include adequate urban de- reational facilities goods and services as into courses, velopment and architectural installations, their peers. Environments should belike: education in nutrition, vaccination such as ramps, doors, elevators, handrails, suitably adapted to accommodate all per-campaigns against transmittable diseases,