The Objectives 1. To explain briefly the definition of global warming. 2. To list causes of the global warming. 3. To discuss our views about the effects of the phenomenon. 4. To explain precautions that should be taken.Research Question 1. What is the definition of global warming ? 2. What is the main factors of the phenomenon ? 3. How did the phenomenon occur during the years 2005 until 2010 ? 4. What are the measures which can be taken to reduce the phenomenon ?Definition of the global warming Global warming is a popular term used to a state the rise in average global temperature of the world due to the greenhouse effects.There is an increase in the volume of the water level due of the phenomenon ( Enzinemark.com : 2010 ) . In the same way,while Silver Jerry said based on his research which theglobal warming can be defined as a condition of increased environmental
temperature higher than normal temperature.Our the last hundred years, the earth average temperature has increased about three quarters of a degree centigrade (1.3 " F).In contrast, global warming is defined asoccuring by the nature and mankind activities such as deforestating, burn of fossil, emmision of CFC and carbon dioxide from the industries.In the short form, the temperature will rise worsely for our environment ( Enzinemark.com : 2010 ).StatisticFigure 1 : Future Emissions and Concentrations of CO2 and SO2 for DifferentEmissions Scenarios (Special Report on Emission Scenarios, 2000).
Literature Review The global warming began in 1970s, when the Tun Hussien Onn becomePrime Minister at Malaysia. When he took legacy from Tunku Abdul Razakto spread Felda more huge projects enabled terrace plantation to be done. In contrast when Tun Dr Mahathir became Prime Minister, he innovated Malaysia to become a developing country. Tun Dr.Mathathir emphasized the industrial sector. The countrys temperature rose more than average.Deforestation affects to the green house due to development and industrial sectors.
Activities to increase global warming may affect Earths temperature to human health. According to a study conducted by the World HealthOrganization (WHO), climate change that has occurred since the 1970s has led to 150 thousand deaths per year due to the increased incidence of disease. Viruses, bacteria and bacterial disease is said to be more widespread. In the past, influenza disease can only be attacked when the cold season (four seasons in the country) or in the rainy season (in the tropical country), but now began to attack regardless of the season ( http: www.sabah.org.my ) . According to Fredolin Tangang@Tajudin Mahmud he interpreted global warming in the different way, which is he said global warmingoccurred by the human crime activities that related to environment such as the increases green house gases ( CO2,NH4, N20) concentration and alter the earth’s atmospheric compositions and earth’s heat budget. Furthermore he also explained about a small amount of the heat energy emitted from the surface passesthrough the atmosphere directly to space. Most is absorbed by greenhouse gas molecules and contributes to the energy radiated back down to warm the surface and lower atmosphere. Increasing the concentrations ofgreenhouses gases increases the warming of the surface and slows loss of energy to space ( http // www.ocean.ukm)Causes of global warming
Nowadays the issue of the global warming has more popular that we couldfind from any sources since the past few years. As we know from thegeneral information, global warming occurs when our temperatureenvironment increase affected from greenhouse. However the human arestill not aware about this current issue. They might be thinking that it is asmall matter problem. As result without efforts to find the solution it couldbe destroy our environment. There are various causes why the global warming is happen inMalaysia? Based on our views, the main causes are human activities.Several these kind activities are still non stop especially cutting down themain forests. They want to get the profit without thinking the effect onearth. Furthermore, when all the rain forests are cutting down thetemperature become hot. It is because the sunlight of radiation on earthsurface. In the same way, the greenhouse will affect for environment. On the other hand, burning fossil also the causes of global warming.When the fossil fuels such as natural gas and coal are burned, all thesesubstances are changing to carbon dioxide. This carbon dioxide it couldgive worse for earth. In addition, forests are very important role in the cycleof carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Acid rain also the problem causes for this phenomenon. When acidrain is running it could causes the building especially at the wall willstarted erode. It is very dangerous for the people who live in the building.
The lands also become acid when the acid rain is running and the plantswill die effect from acid rain. If the human aware about this phenomenonour environment will not destroy from this causes of global warming. Thegovernment should be taken this issue more seriously so that ourenvironment is safe from humankind.Effects of Global Warming Global Warming will affect human through our food,water supplies and health conditions.The sudden change in climate patterns are dangerous to human bodywhich won’t be able to endure the extreme conditions,a hint of which can be seen in the form of frequent heat waves and cold waves. Many people will die because of lack of food production due to frequent drought and floods phenomenon.For instance,the increase of ocean waters level will affectfisherman survival.The extremely temperature also cause human’s health problems such as asthma,fever,dry skin and respitory systems problem.This situation lead to increases of dealth rates,particularly among the child,adult,very old people and the poorer can double or triple during the days of unusually high temperatures and humidity.Similarly,The global warming also affect our environment.Forests are animportant of global resorce,it can providing wildlife habitat,fresh air and water and aesthetic values.The green forest also importance for animals to makephotosynthesis process through the sunlight.However,the deforestation activity will affect to flora and fauna and they will be destroyed.The living things will lose their shelter due to the cutting down of trees.As a result,many animals and plants areextinction.Therefore we should find measures to preserve our trees from any illegal activities and keep healthy of our environment.
Precautions Should Be Taken One of the causes of global warming is the use of less environmentally friendly energy such as diesel oil consumption and much more. Throughthe use of environmentally friendly energy such as solar, biomass, biofuels and others. For Example in Malaysia the government has intensified research on the use of biofuels the vehicles in Malaysia. Besides, thecreation of hybrid cars by the world’s major car companies like Toyota and Ford. In addition, the government intended to use hydroelectric power to supply electricity to the entire population of the country smart. For example, the largest dam construction on the dam at Bakun, Sarawak isable to supply electricity to Peninsular and Bornoe. The use of solar panelscan reduce the greenhouse effect. Japan is among countries that use solar panel to supply electricity. The operation that can be done by the community effort to reduce theproblem of global warming is changing the attitude to be more concernedabout the environment. For example the use of bicycle or public transport to get work or school. Use a more friendly light as LED ( Light EmittingDiode ) light. For example in Portland, United States. LED light have been used in signal lights around Portland.This can be reduce the problem of global warming. In Malaysia, several attempts have been to reduce the global warming as a campaign to reduce plastic bags use by NGOs, thepublic and the construction of a systematic public transport system such
as light Rail Transit ( LRT ) and so fourth. Recent government plans to build a mass Rail Transit (MRT). This is intended to encourage use ofpublic transport. This shows the government’s efforts to cooperate with the people in reducing the problem of global warming ( Johanson, 2006 ) .Conclusion In conclusion, the phenomenon of global warming should be takenseriously by all parties to ensure the physical and human environment are not affected by this deck as a result of global warming. Thus, various incentives have to be taken by the authoritiesinclude non government organization, and government and individuals to enhance their ownself-awareness about the factors that lead to global warming as outlined above. Accordingly, the factor of global warming not only affect the people and the environment,even in economic terms at all. Thus, thecommunity and all parties should be sensitive to each of their actions that could lead to this global phenomenon in order to avoid a more severe negative impact and to ensure the prosperity of this land remains for the next generations.