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Athens V Sparta

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Athens V Sparta

  1. 1. ATHENS vS. SPARTA GREEk ciTy-STATES
  2. 2. locATioN
  3. 3. lAcoNiA & ATTicA
  4. 4. MiliTARy► The Spartan warrior was the most feared soldier in Greece► The Athenian trireme allowed the navy to protect the Athenian way of life
  5. 5. SociAl STRucTuRE► ATHENS ► SPARTA  FREEMEN  SPARTIATES – ► ARISTOCRATS MILITARY ► SMALL FARMERS PROFESSIONALS/ ► URBAN CRAFTSMEN & CITIZENS TRIREME ROWERS  OUTSIDERS –  METICS – CAME FREEMEN; ARTISANS, FROM OUTSIDE CRAFTSMEN, ATHENS; NOT MERCHANTS ALLOWED TO OWN  HELOTS – LAND CONQUERED  SLAVES – LOWEST PEOPLES; TREATED CLASS, NO RIGHTS, LIKE SLAVES; OWED PROPERTY OF 50% OF PRODUCE TO MASTERS SPARTIATES
  6. 6. WoMEN’S RolES► Athenian:  sequestered in the home  not educated  responsible for handicrafts and textiles► Spartan:  Controlled home and land when husbands were fighting  “Come back with your shield, or on it.”
  7. 7. EDucATioN► Athens  No formal education for girls  Boys learned rhetoric, mathematics, reading writing, poetry, music, gymnastics► Sparta  Military school at age 7 for boys  Lived in barracks and stole to survive  Girls learned athletics
  8. 8. SPARTA’S lEGAcy ► Military contributions ► The Phalanx (shown in the picture) ► Training and fighting styles ► Plato viewed Sparta as the first attempt at forming an “ideal” community ► Simple lifestyle  Laconic – of few words  Spartan – frugal, simple, plain
  9. 9. ATHENiAN lEGAcy – PHiloSoPHy, ARcHiTEcTuRE, DRAMA, ART
  10. 10. ATHENS – biRTHPlAcE of DEMocRAcy► Adult male citizens directly participated in affairs of the state► Trial by a jury selected by lot► Ostracism – people could be banished from Athens by vote► Council of 500, the Assembly

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