10 islam

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10 islam

  1. 1. AIM: How does Islam shape the lives of its believers? DO NOW: Match the people who are central or important to the following monotheistic religions of the Middle East. a. Mohammed 1. Judaism c. 2. Christianity b. 3. Islam a. b. Jesus c. Abraham & Moses Homework: After working on the Islam handout, create a story of the day in the life of a Muslim who follows the basic teachings of Islam.
  2. 2. Aim: How does Islam influence the life of its believers? Do Now: Matching
  3. 3. IRAQ SAUDI ARABIA IRAN AFRICA MUHAMMED’S BIRTHPLACE: MECCA MOSQUE IN MECCA
  4. 4. VISITING MECCA TODAY
  5. 5. DOME OF THE ROCK- holy mosque / site in Jerusalem where Muslim’s believe Mohammed ascended into heaven from.
  6. 6. *NOTES* ISLAM = one of the world’s most practiced religions that means surrender to the will of GOD (ALLAH IN ARABIC) ORIGINS: * Mohammed spoke to Angel Gabriel and became a prophet and recorded Gabriel’s messages in the KORAN. * As Mohammed taught in Mecca, few listened to him and he fled Mecca in 622 A.D. for Medina. This is known as the HEGIRA and it is the beginning of the Muslim calendar. * Mohammed returned to Mecca in 630 A.D. as a military, political & religious leader.
  7. 7. Mohammad The Prophet  Born 570 AD in Mecca – Died June 8, 632 Medina  Central figure of Islam  Messenger and prophet of God  Greatest law bearer of all prophets  Brought up by his uncle  Married at age 25 and worked as a merchant  Unhappy with life in Mecca, he went to a cave in the mountains for meditation.  Muslims believe that age 40 in the month of Ramadan, that he received his first revelation from God.  Preaching begins  Unites the tribes, who then
  8. 8. *NOTES* FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM WHAT IS A PILLAR??? IMPORTANT BELIEFS & VALUES 1. There is no god but ALLAH who spoke through the prophet Mohammed 2. Pray five times a day 3. Give to the poor 4. Fast during the holy month of Ramadan 5. Visit Mecca at least one in your lifetime (HAJJ) MUSLIMS DO NOT GAMBLE, DRINK ALCOHOL OR EAT PORK
  9. 9. There are rituals that Muslims must perform before prayer. This (Al Wudu') is the cleaning of the hands, mouth, and face three times with running water, then the washing of both arms to the elbows (starting with the right), also three times. This is followed by cleaning the ears and behind the ears, followed by the top of the head, and then both feet. The area where the prayer is taking place must also be clean. Muslims recite from the Koran and also perform personal prayers. Muslims must stand erect, head down, hands at sides and feet evenly spaced. They must also be sure their rug is facing in the direction of the holy city of Mecca. Prayer is taken seriously and most Muslims devout themselves to this second pillar of Islam.
  10. 10. There are rituals that Muslims must perform before prayer. This (Al Wudu') is the cleaning of the hands, mouth, and face three times with running water, then the washing of both arms to the elbows (starting with the right), also three times. This is followed by cleaning the ears and behind the ears, followed by the top of the head, and then both feet. The area where the prayer is taking place must also be clean. Muslims recite from the Koran and also perform personal prayers. Muslims must stand erect, head down, hands at sides and feet evenly spaced. They must also be sure their rug is facing in the direction of the holy city of Mecca. Prayer is taken seriously and most Muslims devout themselves to this second pillar of Islam.

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